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Igbo-Ukwu
9th century Igbo-Ukwu bronze ceremonial staff head
9th century Igbo-Ukwu bronze ceremonial staff head
Igbo-Ukwu is located in Nigeria
Igbo-Ukwu
Igbo-Ukwu
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°1′N 7°1′E / 6.017°N 7.017°E / 6.017; 7.017
Country Nigeria
State Anambra
LGA Aguata
Government
 • King His Royal Highness Igwe Dr. Barr. Martin N. Ezeh (Idu II)[1]
Population (2007)
 • Total 79,317
 • Ethnicity Igbo 99%
 • Religion Christianity, Odinani
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Igbo-Ukwu (Igbo: Great Igbo) is a town in the Nigerian state of Anambra in the southeastern part of the country. The town is made up of seven villages, called Obiuno, Ngo, Akukwa, Umudege, Ezihu, Ezigbo and Etiti.[2]

It was in Igbo-Ukwu that Uchenna Nwosu founded the Apex Medical Center.[3]

Archaeological significance[edit]

Human and ram's head pendants from Igbo-Ukwu in the British Museum

Igbo-Ukwu is notable for three archaeological sites, where excavations have found bronze artifacts from a highly sophisticated bronze metal-working culture dating perhaps to the ninth or tenth century, centuries before other known bronzes of the region.

The first, called Igbo Isaiah, was uncovered in 1938 by Isaiah Anozie, a local villager, who found the bronze works while digging beside his home. Five bronze artefacts from the original excavation are now in the British Museum's collection.[4] They include a small staff, a head of a ram, a large manilla, an intricately designed crescent-shaped vessel and a small pendant in the shape of a tribal chief's head with tattoo marks on the face.

Formal excavations by the archaeologist Thurstan Shaw in 1959 at the request of the Nigerian government, resulted in the discovery of two other sites, Igbo Richard and Igbo Jonah, containing the remains of an ancient culture. Later, these were excavated as well. Artifacts have included jewelry, ceramics, a corpse adorned in what appears to be regalia, and many assorted bronze, copper, and iron objects. Some of these contain materials that are evidence of a long-distance trading system extending to Egypt.

Radiocarbon dating placed the sites around the tenth century or earlier, which would make the Igbo-Ukwu culture the earliest-known example of bronze casting in the region. The craftsmen were working centuries before those who made the more well-known Ife bronzes. The archaeological sites in southeastern Nigeria are associated with the Nri-Igbo. The three sites include Igbo Isaiah (a shrine), Igbo Richard (a burial chamber), and Igbo Jonah (a cache).

History[edit]

Bronzes[edit]

Alice Apley writes about the work:

"The inhabitants of Igbo-Ukwu had a metalworking art that flourished as early as the ninth century. Three sites have been excavated, revealing hundreds of ritual vessels and regalia castings of bronze or leaded bronze that are among the most inventive and technically accomplished bronzes ever made. The people of Igbo-Ukwu, ancestors of present-day Igbo, were the earliest smithers of copper and its alloys in West Africa, working the metal through hammering, bending, twisting, and incising. They are likely among the earliest groups of West Africans to employ the lost-wax casting techniques in the production of bronze sculptures. Oddly, evidence suggests that their metalworking repertory was limited and Igbo smiths were not familiar with techniques such as raising, soldering, riveting, and wire making, though these techniques were used elsewhere on the continent."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rothmans, William (25 February 2014). "Igwe Eze Calls On FG To Expand Roads". Orient Newspaper. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Fidesnigeria (5 May 2013). "Tension Grips Igboukwu* Leadership Crisis, Gunmen Hold Town Hostage". Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Uchenna Nwosu. Wrapped Soil. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781477173831. 
  4. ^ British Museum Collection [1]
  5. ^ Apley, Alice. "Igbo-Ukwu (ca. 9th century)". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°01′N 7°01′E / 6.017°N 7.017°E / 6.017; 7.017


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igbo-Ukwu — Please support Wikipedia.
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64 news items

Premium Times

Premium Times
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 09:07:30 -0700

The APC said it wondered why the reader cards that recorded 80 per cent during its test run on March 7 in Igbo Ukwu Ward 1, could fail to work in the Saturday election. It, therefore, called for proper independent investigation into the massive ...

Daily Sun

Daily Sun
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 16:08:41 -0800

A socio-political group, South-East Election Boycott Forum, has threatened to mobilise Igbo across the country to boycott this month's general elections if there is no firm promise by the leading presidential candidates to work for the creation of an ...

Daily Sun

Daily Sun
Sun, 08 Mar 2015 16:35:35 -0700

Part of the statements read: “Sequel to the test exercise embarked upon by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to determine the effectiveness of its card reader in the general elections of 2015, I travelled to Igbo-ukwu, the designated ...
 
Daily Trust
Sat, 21 Mar 2015 20:56:15 -0700

These are recognized among the most advanced cultural treasures of Africa. Through artistic preservation we also know about the Igbo-Ukwu bronze works in Anambra State. Dr. Ladi Kwali has a hostel named after her in University of Ibadan in memory of ...
 
Vanguard
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 05:28:58 -0700

Awka--THE Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, in Anambra State, yesterday, appraised the public demonstration of the Smart Card Readers, SCR, at Igboukwu Ward 1, weekend, saying the success recorded was a result of painstaking efforts ...
 
Premium Times
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 07:17:28 -0700

... Garaku ward, Kokona (Nasarawa), Egwa/gwada ward, Shiroro (Niger), Onigbongbo ward, Ikeja (Lagos), Igbo-ukwu I ward, Aguata (Anambra), Umuezei ward, Oshimili South (Delta) and Jama'are B ward, Jama'are (Bauchi). The exercise was conducted in ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 02:44:41 -0800

On his part, the paramount ruler of Igbo-Ukwu Kingdom in Aguata Local Government Area of Anambra State, Igwe Martin Eze, however blamed the increased violent crimes among youths on globalisation. He identified the encroachment of foreign cultures ...
 
THISDAY Live
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 17:56:15 -0700

The pomp and pageantry that attended the grand finale of the five-day New Yam Festival (Iri Ji Ndi Igbo) in Igbo Ukwu on Saturday, 30 August spoke eloquently of the Igbo's rich cultural heritage. The festival which started at the palace of the ...
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