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Ichamati River
Taki ViewFromGuestHouse.jpg
View from Taki Guest House. The shores of Bangladesh are visible on the other side of Ichamati River.
Countries Bangladesh, India
The lower Ichamati channel flows criss-cross through India and Bangladesh

Ichamati River (Bengali: ইছামতি নদী)(also spelt Ichhamati), is a trans-boundary river which flows through India and Bangladesh and also forms the boundary between the two countries.[1] The river is facing the problem of siltation leading to thin flow of water in the dry season and floods in the rainy season. Experts are handling the situation and remedial matters are being discussed between the governments of India and Bangladesh.[2]

Ichamati flow[edit]

Ichamati River is now in three parts: (1) The longer part flows from the Mathabhanga River, a distributary of the Padma, and after flowing for 208 kilometres (129 mi) joins the Kalindi River near Hasnabad in North 24 Parganas and Debhata in Satkhira District. (2) Once the main river west of Dhaka and (3) Ichamati of Dinajpur. Rennel’s map of 1764–66, shows the last two rivers as one. According to a number of hydrologists, the three Ichamati rivers, in the past, were a single channel.[1][2] The second river marked above originates south of Jafarganj opposite to the mouth of the Hoorsagar near Nathpur factory and runs towards Joginighat in Munshiganj. Joginighat is situated at the confluence of the Jamuna and the Ichamati. There are five pilgrimage ghats along the river locally known as Panchatirtha ghats—Tirthaghat, Agla, Solepur, Barunighat and Joginighat.[1]

Lower Ichamati[edit]

The Mathabhanga River originates from the rightbank of the Padma, at Munshiganj in Kushtia District in Bangladesh. It bifurcates near Majidia in Nadia District in India, creating two rivers, Ichamati and Churni. After traversing a length of 19.5 kilometres (12.1 mi) in India, the Ichamati enters Bangladesh near Mubarakpur. It flows for 35.5 kilometres (22.1 mi) in Bangladesh and again enters India at Duttaphulia in Nadia district. It forms the international border between India and Bangladesh for 21 kilometres (13 mi) from Angrail to Kalanchi, and again from Goalpara to the Kalindi-Raimangal outfall into the Bay of Bengal.[2]

The Bhairab once flowed from the Ganges, across the present beds of the Jalangi, and further eastwards towards Faridpur. The Bhairab is no more a very active river. The Mathabhanga is a younger stream than Jalangi and it was not till very recently that the river completed its junction with the Hooghly by adopting the River Churni (now its lower reaches) for its main course. Earlier most of the water of the Mathabhanga ran off to the east down the Kumara, Chitra, Coboduk (Bhairab), and Ichamati, but all these escape routes have been shut off, except a small amount for the Ichamati. The point to note is that while earlier the rivers in the region flowed in a south-easterly direction, but later some force pulled the Jalangi and the Mathabhanga in a south-westerly direction. The inference is that it occurred because of a local subsidence, which was active for some period prior to 1750 and which has since become inactive.[3]

River bed raised[edit]

While the bed of the Ichamati river is 4.3 metres (14 ft) higher than that of the Mathabhanga, that of the Churni is lower than Mathabhanga by 15 centimetres (6 in). During the lean period the level of water in the Mathabhanga is higher than that of the Padma. As a result, no water enters the Ichamati during the dry season. One of the causes of silting of the river was construction of guard wall for railway over bridge. The river beds in the area need to be excavated in order that there is flow of water during the lean season. Since this is required to be done both in India and Bangladesh, there is need for accord on this point. The matter has been discussed at the ministerial level, the area surveyed to have better idea of the problems of the people in the affected area, and decisive action is expected in the near future.[2][4][5][6]

The Ichamati from Taki-Saidpur

The ashes of so many burnt bodies have been carried by the river to the blue ocean illimitable. The man who expected so much return from his plantain trees on the southern side of that green, and at the bend of the river put bamboo traps to catch fish, is lying today on the bank of the Ichhamati – only his white bones remain, bleached by sunrays. So many young girls came to the river for water, and as they grow old their footprints are lost… during ceremonies of marriage, of making the child taste rice for the first time and of investing with the holy thread, the festivals of Durgpuja, Luxmipuja… those ladies of so many families pass away unnoticed… who knows when death may embrace us? Like a deceptive guide Death accompanies us at every bend of life and then suddenly, mysteriously he reveals his real character to a child, to an old man, perhaps… one listens to the music of eternity when one spots the old flowers or smells the pungent fragrance of herbal plants in Autumn. Some can visualise and dream the unlimitable unknown eternity in the image of the Ichhamati river during the turbulent rainy season.[7]

The river zone also faces the problem of industrial pollution and forcible occupation of land by people. Arresting environmental hazards resulting from lack of sanitation facilities, encroachment, groundwater contamination like arsenic pollution, destruction of aquatic flora, fauna are some of the burning problem of the areas that needs to be tackled through participatory mechanism.[2]

Ichhamati river and its branches form a large oxbow lake complex near Bangaon in North 24-Paraganas district. Besides agricultural and anthropogenic stresses, weed infestation particularly with water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a major concern because it is covering the surface of lake waters.[8]

Immersion of Durga images[edit]

At the end of Durga Puja the immersion ceremony in the Ichamati offers a unique spectacle along the India-Bangladesh river border. The Ichhamati river, which acts as a natural border between the two countries, becomes the scene of tremendous revelry on this day, when boats crammed with people from both countries converge here to immerse their respective idols. Boats of all shapes and sizes can be seen on the river, as far as the eye can see — each one flying the flag of its respective country. It is the only day during the year when border patrolling is relaxed and people can cross over to the other side of the river. While earlier, after immersing their idols, people could even disembark from their boats on the other side, restrictions imposed by border officials in the last few years has put an end to this practice.[9]


  1. ^ a b c Tahmina Ahmed (2012). "Ichamati River". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Basu, Biplab Bhusan. "Overview of Conservation and Development of Affected Rivers in South Bengal". School of Fundamental Research. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  3. ^ Hirst, Major F.C., Director of Surveys, Bengal and Assam, Report on the Nadia Rivers 1915, first published in 1916 by the Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, reproduced in Rivers of Bengal, Vol III, p.27, West Bengal District Gazetteers, Higher Education Department, Government of West Bengal, 2002.
  4. ^ "India-Bangladesh river accord soon". IANS. Yahoo India News. Retrieved 2007-12-10. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal". Environmental management. envfor.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  6. ^ "Dhaka-Delhi secretary-level meet on water issues likely in June". People’s Daily online. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  7. ^ Chattopadhyaya, Sunil Kumar. Bibhutibhusan Badopadhyaya. books.google.com. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  8. ^ "Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal". Environmental management. envfor.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  9. ^ Sethi, Atul (2007-10-28). "Shared joy on the Ichhamati". Times of India, 28 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichamati_River — Please support Wikipedia.
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350 videos foundNext > 

Ichamati River,An Indo Bangladesh river

Ichamoti river is connected with sentiments of Bengalis..various stories and poems have been written with this river as the theme.The river divides the two countries India and Bangladesh.On...

Ichamati River with side scenes

Ichamati River with side scenes.

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I created this video with the YouTube Slideshow Creator (http://www.youtube.com/upload) Taki is a town and a municipality under Hasnabad police station of Basirhat subdivision in North 24 Parganas...

Immertion Of Dugra Idol Ichamati River Basirhat 2010

Immertion Of Dugra Idol Ichamati River Basirhat 2010.

Taki Ichamati River boat journey

Taki Ichamati River boat journey.

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Apart from strolling in the Parmadan Forest, you can visit the local villages and enjoy a boat ride down Ichamati River. Bibhuti Bhushan Abhayaranya(Bibhuti Bhushan Wildlife Sanctuary)

The Ichamati River(the turning portion)

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Ichamati River

Beautiful views of Ichamati River.

Haniging bridge on ichamati river

Haniging bridge on ichamati river.

Immersion of Durga Idol ( Bijaya Dashami) at River Ichamati, Basirhat

Immersion of Durga Idol ( Bijaya Dashami) at River Ichamati, Basirhat.

350 videos foundNext > 

17 news items

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 05:56:15 -0700

These lines from John Lennon's song Imagine comes to Gautam Ghose' mind whenever he stands on the banks of Ichamati river in the border town of Taki and looks on both sides of the border. "There seems to be a seamless border. But when it comes to ...
Economic Times
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 08:17:23 -0800

Carried out in two spots in the region - Swarupganj on the Hooghly river and Majdia on the transboundary Ichamati river - the study took into consideration the required flow for four indicators - Gangetic dolphins, Sundari trees, Hilsa migration and ...
The Hindu
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 10:34:24 -0800

The study was carried out in two spots in the archipelago: Swarupganj on the Hooghly and Majdia on the trans-boundary Ichamati river, and studied four indicators: the Gangetic dolphins, Sundari trees, Hilsa migration and navigation. Over the past few ...
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 02:35:08 -0800

Based at T-Junction, Sagar and Shamsernagar on the Ichamati river, the FBOPs, supported by fast patrol boats, act as floating check points, routinely inspecting ships and boats to and from Bangladesh for illegal immigrants, livestock, drugs and currency.

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Sun, 25 Jan 2015 00:55:20 -0800

Not every Indian is free. A look at individuals who have fought, and won, battles against poverty, circumstance, censure and prejudice. Despite India's 67 years of freedom, many of its citizens remain trapped - by poverty, circumstance, indebtedness ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 10:11:18 -0800

Sonatola High School was established in 'Sonatola' village beside the 'Ichamati' river five kilometers away from the upazila Sadar in 1971, just after the liberation war. The school has become better known in the region following the success of its ...
Business Standard
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 09:40:35 -0800

Laying emphasis on controlling the trans-border crime including cattle smuggling and illegal migration across the Indo-Bangla border, Director General of BSF DK Pathak today stressed on the need to ensure the safety and security of the BSF jawans while ...
Times of India
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 11:29:46 -0700

According to the information collected by the officials, persons from Bangladesh cross the Indo-Bangladesh border during the summer by crossing Ichamati River by foot as the river becomes dry during the season. While others cross the river during other ...

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