digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Abu'l-Faraj Muhammad bin Is'hāq al-Nadim (Arabic: ابوالفرج محمد بن إسحاق النديم‎) (died September 17, 995 or 998) was a Muslim scholar and bibliographer, possibly of Persian origin.[1] He is famous as the author of the Kitāb al-Fihrist. It is, in his own words "an Index of the books of all nations, Arabs and non-Arabs alike, which are extant in the Arabic language and script, on every branch of knowledge; comprising information as to their compilers and the classes of their authors, together with the genealogies of those persons, the dates of their birth, the length of their lives, the times of their death, the places to which they belonged, their merits and their faults, since the beginning or every science that has been invented down to the present epoch : namely, the year 377 of the Hijra."[2]

Biography[edit]

Very little is actually known about his life. He was a bookseller, a calligrapher who copied manuscripts for sale, as his father, known as al-Warrāq (الورّاق), was before him. He lived in Baghdad and sometimes he mentions a sojourn in Mosul. In 988 AD, the year his book was compiled, he reports he was in Constantinople (Dar al-Rum).[2] However, Carlo Alfonso Nallino believes this is a misunderstanding and Dar al-Rum does not mean Constantinople, rather al-Nadim meant that he met someone in a Christian neighborhood in Baghdad.[3]

Of his teachers he mentions al-Sirafi (died 978-9), the Munajjimid Ali ibn Harun ibn al-Munajjim (died 963) and the philosopher Abu Sulayman al-Mantiqi. He belonged to the circle of a son of 'Ali b. 'Isa the "Good Vizier" of the Banu al-Jarrah, whom he praises for his profound knowledge of the logic and the sciences of the Greeks, Persians and Indians. Ibn al-Nadim also met in his house the Christian philosopher Ibn al-Khammar. With these men, none of whom was an orthodox Sunni, he shared an admiration for philosophy and especially for Aristotle, and the Greek and Hindu sciences of antiquity (before Islam). He admired their breadth of outlook and their air of toleration.

It did not escape his biographers that he was a Shi'ite (Ibn Hajar, l.c.); he uses khassi instead of Shi'ite, 'ammi instead of Sunnite, al-hashwiyya for the Sunnis, Ahl al-Hadith ("People of the Hadith") instead of Ahl al-Sunna ("People of the Tradition"). He inserts the eulogy for prophets (consisting of the words alaihi al-salam, "peace be with him") after the names of the Shi'i Imams and the Ahl al-Bayt (the descendants of Muhammad). He calls the Ali ar-Rida mawlana. He asserts that al-Waqidi [q.v.] was a Shi'ite but concealed this fact by taqiyya. He claims most of the (orthodox) 'traditionists' for the Zaydiyya. He speaks of the Mu'tazila as Ahl al-'Adl ("People of the justice"), calls the Ash'arites al-mujbira. That he belonged to the Twelver Shi'a is shown by his distaste for the doctrines of the Sab'iyya and by his criticisms in dealing with their history. He remarks that a certain Shafi'i scholar was secretly a Twelver Shi'ite. He mentions Shi'is among his acquaintances, e.g., Ibn al-Mu'allim, the da'i Ibn Hamdan and the author Khushkunanadh. To the same circle belonged the Jacobite Yahya ibn 'Adi (d. 363/973) who instructed 'Isa b. 'Ali in philosophy and who was, like Ibn al-Nadim, a copyist and bookseller (p. t64, 8).

Fihrist[edit]

His great book, the Fihrist, gives ample testimony to the knowledge of pre-Islamic, Syriac, Greek, Sanskrit, Latin and Persian in classical Islamic civilization. Unfortunately of the Persian books listed by Ibn al-Nadim only a minute sample is extant. According to Fihrist's brief preface, it is meant to be an index of all books written in Arabic, whether by Arabs or others. There existed already books (tabaqat) dealing with the biographies of poets. The Fihrist was published in 938; it exists in two manuscript traditions, or "editions": the more complete edition contains ten "discourses" (maqalat). The first six of them are detailed bibliographies of books on Islamic subjects:

1. the Holy Scriptures of Muslims, Jews, and Christians, with emphasis on the Qur'an and hadith;

2. works on grammar and philology;

3. history, biography, genealogy and the like;

4. poetry;

5. dialectical theology (kalam);

6. law (fiqh) and hadith.

The last four discourses deal with secular subjects:

7. philosophy and the 'secular sciences';

8. legends, fables, magic, conjuring, etc.;

9. the doctrines (maqalat) of other religions (Manichaeans, Hindus, Buddhists and Chinese);

10. alchemy.

He gives the titles only of those books which he had seen himself or whose existence was vouchsafed by a trustworthy person.

The shorter edition contains (besides the preface and the first section of the first discourse on the scripts and the different alphabets) only the last four discourses, in other words, the Arabic translations from Greek, Syriac and other languages, together with Arabic books composed on the model of these translations. Perhaps it was the first draft and the longer edition (which is the one that is generally printed) was an extension.

Ibn al-Nadim often mentions the size of a book and the number of pages, so that buyers would not be cheated by copyists passing off shorter versions. Compare the Stichometry of Nicephorus. He refers often to copies written by famous calligraphers, to bibliophiles and libraries, and speaks of a book auction and of the trade in books. In the opening section he deals with the alphabets of 14 peoples and their manner of writing and also with the writing-pen, paper and its different varieties. His discourses contain sections on the origins of philosophy, on the lives of Plato and Aristotle, the origin of One Thousand and One Nights, thoughts on the pyramids, his opinions on magic, sorcery, superstition, and alchemy etc. The chapter devoted to what the author rather dismissively calls "bed-time stories" and "fables" contains a large amount of Persian material.

In the chapter on anonymous works of assorted content there is a section on "Persian, Indian, Byzantine, and Arab books on sexual intercourse in the form of titillating stories", but the Persian works are not separated from the others; the list includes a "Book of Bahrām-doḵt on intercourse." This is followed by books of Persians, Indians, etc. on fortune telling, books of "all nations" on horsemanship and the arts of war, then on horse doctoring and on falconry, some of them specifically attributed to the Persians. Then we have books of wisdom and admonition by the Persians and others, including many examples of Persian andarz literature, e.g. various books attributed to Persian emperors Khosrau I, Ardashir I, etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FEHREST – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Nicholson, Reynold Alleyne (1907). A literary history of the Arabs. T.F. Unwin. p. 362. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  3. ^ Nallino, Carlo Alfonso. Ilm al-falak: Tarikhuhu ind al-Arab fi al-qurun al-wusta (Astronomy: the history of Arabic Writers of the Middle Ages). 

Sources[edit]

  • L. H. Gray, "Iranian material in the Fihrist," Le Muséon, 3/1, 1915, pp. 24–39.
  • R. A. Nicholson, A Literary History of the Arabs, Cambridge, 1907.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_al-Nadim — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
746 videos foundNext > 

Preuves que l'islam est une invention humaine!!!

La plus grande influence sur l'Islam a été l'environnement païen qui l'entourait, Il avait dessus un très grand impact spécialement quand les musulmans ...

Ibn Taymiyyah uses Bible (Injeel) to prove his Aqeeda - Shaykh Mohammad Yasir

Ibn Taymiyyah uses Bible (Injeel) to prove his Aqeeda - Shaykh Mohammad Yasir Join facebook: http://www.facebook.com/MuhammadWajidNisar Follow on ...

Ibn-Nadim ..... Tasjile

Nazem Al Ghazali - Ayartni Be Sheyb / Hayak Baba Hayak

Great hits live...

SHOPOTH | শপথ _ First look

"SHOPOTH" - a short film cast___ M. M. Haque Sun Sabbir Ibn Daud Asaduzzaman Rumy Abdullah Al Masud Nadim Rayhan Hasan Mujahid Saklain Munna, ...

Nadim Shamsu Mnafunzi wa Sheikh Nurdin Kishki Wa Dsm Tanzania Mada uharamu wa Nyimbo na Muziki Prt 2 By Ahmed Ahlusuna TV Mwanza Tz

IRWA U NADIM TRADUIT EN WOLOF SERIGNE ABDOU RAHMAN MBACKE PARTIE 3

IRWA U NADIM TRADUIT EN WOLOF SERIGNE ABDOU RAHMAN MBACKE PARTIE 3.

Ye Rafizi Nangay Imam K Aasray Mein Kya Shia Ibn E Mutta Facebook

Sabaq No 03 Husam Ul Haramin Ka Tahqiqi Jaiza Moulana Abu Ayub Qadri Why shias want to stop Anti Majos Hazrat Ameer Mahavia (ra) Husam Ul Haramain ...

Idris Abkar ~ Surah Al Kahf - full سوره الكهف

Quran: Surah Al kahf by Idris Abkar سوره الكهف : ادريس ابكر.

SHOPOTH | শপথ

"SHOPOTH" - a short film Achievement: 1. Screened at City Group - Mirror : Intra University Ad & Short Film Competition 2. Screened at CUETDS - PROTHOM ...

746 videos foundNext > 

10 news items

Daily Sabah

Daily Sabah
Thu, 16 Jul 2015 14:11:15 -0700

Although there is not a great deal of information about her, the name Mariam al-Ijliya al-Astrulabi appears in Al Fihrist, the biography/bibliography written by Ibn al-Nadim. In this work, al-Nadim provides information about mathematicians, engineers ...
 
Daily Sabah
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 14:00:00 -0700

In Abbasid Baghdad, the bibliographer Ibn al-Nadim was one of the first authors to write on the subject of time, offering details of mechanical clocks, sundials and water clocks. "Our monarchs and scholars use astrolabes during the day and water clocks ...
 
Executive Intelligence Review (EIR)
Wed, 16 Oct 2013 22:03:45 -0700

The renowned Muslim historian Ibn Al-Nadim writes in his book of chronicles Al-Fihrast: "When Al-Ma'moun defeated the Roman king, he wrote to him demanding that he disclose all the books he had been keeping in secret places in Rome (Constantinople).

LiFO

LiFO
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 11:57:44 -0700

Τὰ ὀνόματα τῶν ὁποῖων διασώζει ὁ Ibn al-Nadim σχολιάζοντας τὴν πρῶτην ἀραβικὴν μετάφρασιν ἀπὸ τὴν ἀντίστοιχην περσικὴν : Ἀπὸ τὰ συγγράμματα τοῦ Δωροθέου τὸ μέγα βιβλίον του, ποὺ ἀποτελεῖται ἀπὸ ἄλλα βιβλία, ὀνομάζεται Πεντάτευχος.

Orient XXI

Orient XXI
Thu, 21 May 2015 21:07:35 -0700

À la fin du même siècle, un autre érudit bagdadien, le bibliographe Ibn Al-Nadim, est l'auteur du Kitab-al-Fihrist, un index complet, selon ses propres termes, de tous les livres arabes de l'époque. Il y explique que « les premiers à composer des ...
 
gulfnews.com
Thu, 17 May 2012 05:14:40 -0700

Consequently, while Greek authors influenced some of his contributions, a much larger invention distinguished him, with hundreds of treatises on a wide variety of scientific and philosophical disciplines. Ibn Al Nadim, the 10th-century bookseller ...
 
Independent
Thu, 15 Jul 2010 16:02:11 -0700

A 10th-century bookseller called Ibn al-Nadim referred to Nights as "coarse" while his contemporary, the sage Masudi, condemned it as "full of untrue stories". But then, Islam was never happy with fiction. I remember, at the height of the Rushdie ...
 
Jakarta Post
Wed, 29 Jul 2009 22:58:56 -0700

It all began, he said, when a great Islam philosopher Ibn al-Nadim published a text called Kitab al Fihrist in the mid-10th century. It was followed by many other works by Islam-based scientists who glorified humanity. However, Luthfi says, in its ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight