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Iba
Municipality
Iba Zambales street view.png
Official seal of Iba
Seal
Nickname(s): Seat of Provincial Government; Beach Capital of Zambales
Motto: Bangon Iba, Asenso Tungo sa pagiging Lungsod!
Map of Zambales showing the location of Iba
Map of Zambales showing the location of Iba
Iba is located in Philippines
Iba
Iba
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°20′N 119°59′E / 15.333°N 119.983°E / 15.333; 119.983Coordinates: 15°20′N 119°59′E / 15.333°N 119.983°E / 15.333; 119.983
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Zambales
District 2nd district of Zambales
Founded 1611
Barangays 14
Government[1]
 • Mayor Rundy Ebdane
Area[2]
 • Total 153.38 km2 (59.22 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 46,761
 • Density 300/km2 (790/sq mi)
Demonym Ibanian
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code[4] 2201
Dialing code[4] 47
Income class 2nd class[2]

Iba is the capital municipality of the province of Zambales Philippines. According to the 2010 Philippine census, it has a population of 46,761 people with an income classification of second class.[2][3] Iba is the second largest provincial capital in terms of land area in Central Luzon Region after Tarlac. Iba is the birthplace of former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay.

History[edit]

Iba was founded by the order of Augustinian Recollect priest in 1611 as the village of Paynauen.[5] The early inhabitants of the town are called Zambales. They were later joined by the Ilocanos who migrated to the town which resulted in intermingling of customs and traditions. The Aeta people settled in the hinterlands and the majority of them dwelled in the Mount Pinatubo area. In 1860, the administration of the town was turned over to the Dominican priests until the civil government came to power. There are no available records as to when Paynauen was renamed to Iba.[5]

The municipality was named after the sour fruit "Iba", commonly known as kamias (Averrhoa bilimbi), which is abundant in the place.[5] Local folklore talks about the Spaniards who came to the town asking the name of the place, the natives shouted "Iba, Iba" thinking that the man was asking what they were eating. From then on, the place was called Iba.

The permanent capital of Zambales was moved from Masinloc to Iba because of its strategic location being on the central part of Zambales. On August 28, 1901, American Civil Governor William Howard Taft held the historic session of the second Philippine Commission establishing the Province of Zambales under the American rule held at Roman Catholic Church of Iba.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Iba is bounded by the municipalities of Botolan to the south, Palauig to the north, the province of Tarlac to the east, and the South China Sea to the west. Like most of the municipalities in the province, Iba is geographically bound by the coast in the west with the Zambales Mountains in the eastern portion of the municipality. Iba is about 200 kilometres (120 mi) northwest of Manila.

Barangays[edit]

Iba is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.[2]

  • Amungan (partly urban)
  • Bangantalinga (rural)
  • Dirita-Baloguen (partly urban)
  • Lipay-Dingin-Panibuatan (rural)
  • Palanginan (highly urban)
  • San Agustin (rural)
  • Santa Barbara (rural)
  • Santo Rosario (rural)
  • Zone 1 Pob. (highly urban)
  • Zone 2 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 3 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 4 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 5 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 6 Pob. (urban)

Climate[edit]

Iba has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Iba's climate is no different from the other towns where rainy season begins from June and ends in September, while the dry season is from October to May. An average of 43.15 centimetres (16.99 in) of annual rainfall with a temperature of 22 °C (72 °F) is observed during rainy season. The highest temperature recorded is 34 °C (93 °F) while the lowest is 19.18 °C (66.52 °F).

Climate data for Iba, Zambales
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Rainfall mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.43)
36
(1.42)
252
(9.92)
595
(23.43)
853
(33.58)
993
(39.09)
605
(23.82)
230
(9.06)
96
(3.78)
33
(1.3)
3,712
(146.14)
Source: Weatherbase[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Iba
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 29,221 —    
1995 31,503 +1.52%
2000 34,678 +1.94%
2007 44,344 +3.57%
2010 46,761 +1.78%
Source: National Statistics Office[7][8][9]

The population of Iba has become a mixture of different people over the last twenty years as opportunities in employment and business attracted people from Pangasinan, Bataan and Batangas. Originally, the population was composed of the Sambal and Ilocano speaking people. While Sambal and Ilocano are spoken by many of the population, Tagalog or Pilipino has become the common dialect spoken in Iba.

Religion[edit]

The majority of the people in Iba, Zambales are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups included are the Church of God International (A.K.A. Ang Dating Daan/The Old Path/El Camino Antiguo), United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP),Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches, Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches.

Diocese of Iba[edit]

The Cathedral of Iba, also known as the Cathedral of Saint Augustine, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Iba. The church of the diocese is a 17th century Baroque church built by the Augustinian Recollects. It is located adjacent to the Provincial Capitol Building. The current bishop of the diocese is Most Reverend Florentino G. Lavarias, D.D..

Economy[edit]

Savemore market
Iba Town Center

Being a center of employment and commerce as well being the host of major educational institutions, the population of Iba increase during day time because of traders, market buyers, students, government and private employees flocking in the town. Some of the newest establishments in Iba are Puregold and the Iba Town Center - the first and only community mall in the heart of Zambales.

Conversion to Cityhood[edit]

The League of Cities of the Philippines has the expanding disagreement in opinion against the conversion of sixteen municipalities into constituent cities. The LCP had tried to influence President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to certify as call for immediate attention a draft of a law imposing a suspension on the conversion of additional towns into cities.

On the other hand, former Senator Edgardo Angara expect that Baler, the birthplace of the late President Manuel Luis Quezon, will ultimately reach the state of being a city within the year. A bill converting the town of Baler into a city has been filed by House Deputy Majority Leader and Aurora Congressman turned Senator Juan Edgardo Angara, a son of former Senator Ed Angara.

Local Government Code states that before a town could be classified as a city, it must have an annual income of at least Php100 million and a land area of at minimum 100 square kilometres (39 square miles) or a population of 150,000.

Senator Angara advocates House Bill 24 filed by Zamboanga Sibugay Representative ANN Hofer giving automatic cityhood to capitals of provinces without cities by freeing the capital towns of provinces from the income needs of the cityhood.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is one of the major economic activity in Iba during the summer period. It has become a popular destination for summer vacationists and tourists due to the pristine and beautiful beaches that line the shorelines of Iba, and adventure trekking to the unique 3-series of Iba waterfalls. Its pollution-free beaches due to the absence of industrial-polluting activities in the locality, make it one of the best places in the Philippines.

In response to the growing number of both local and foreign visitors, investments in beach resorts have increased in the last fifteen years. Today there are about 50 beach resorts in Iba.

Festivals[edit]

Mango Fest
Zambales Mango Festival
The festival is a celebration of a bountiful harvest of mangoes and other agricultural products which the province is known for. It is also aimed to highlight the attractions and places of interest in all of its towns. As a way of promoting and giving thanks for a good harvest, the people of Zambales annually celebrate the six-day Mango Festival in March or April in Iba.[10]
Paynauen Festival
A summer festival in Iba featuring local traditional arts and culture first celebrated in the 1980s, Paynauen Festival (also spelled as Paynawen) has become a yearly tradition and a tourist attraction lasting for about seven days. Paynauen's festivities include street dancing, singing competition, boxing events, sports events, sand castle building, carabao race, kite flying contests, Miss Paynauen competition, cooking contest, barangay booth displays, products display and sales, ballroom dancing, traditional parade, concerts and many others.
The festival is held late April, during the summer season where thousands of visitors flock to Iba for beach activities. Led by the Iba Tourism Council, Paynauen is supported by the local government, different civic organizations, volunteers and the private business sector.

Transportation[edit]

Iba Field now Iba Airport in 1941
By land
Iba is easily reached from Manila and Pangasinan by land transportation. It is about 207 kilometres (129 mi) or a 3-hour drive from Rizal Park in Manila via North Luzon Expressway exiting in San Fernando, Pampanga to Olongapo. From Olongapo, Iba is about an hour away.[11]
By air
The town can be also reached by small aircraft using the Iba Airport, a small feeder airport with a 900-metre (3,000 ft) runway located along the coast of Iba.

Health centers[edit]

The provincial government administers the President Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Hospital in Bargy. Palanginan to provide convenient medical services at a lower costs to the people of the Zambales. The hospital received a ₱50-million equipment upgrade in 2011 to better serve its patients.[12][13]

The Sta. Cecilia Medical Center is a private institution offering one of most complete and advance medical facilities in the province.[14] Other institutions that provide health care in Iba are:

  • ABG Clinic
  • Marcia Polyclinic and Diagnostics
  • Iba Primary Health Care Clinic
  • Family Vaccines Clinic
  • Zambales Doctor's Clinic
  • Sta. Cecilia Medical Center

Education[edit]

Tertiary education[edit]

The Ramon Magsaysay Technological University (RMTU), formerly Ramon Magsaysay Polytechnic College (RMPC), is a government-funded higher education institution founded in 1910. The school was merged with two other colleges in the province in 1998 to become the present multi-campus university system. Its main campus is located in the center of Iba with satellite campuses located all over the province.[15]

The provincial office of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) in Zambales is located on Magsaysay Avenue. TESDA was established by the Philippine government to manage and supervise the vocational education and skills development of the country's human resources through training and scholarships.[16]

  • Hopeful Beginnings Institute
  • Micro Asia College of Science and Technology
  • Subic Bay Colleges Inc.
  • Virgin de los Remedios College of Criminology
  • Sand Valley Institute of Arts and Trades Inc.
Saint Augustine's School

Secondary education[edit]

Primary education[edit]

There are 7 public elementary schools in the Division of Iba South and there are 8 public elementary schools in the Division of Iba North.

Iba South District
  • Iba South Central E/S
  • Libaba E/S
  • Dirita-Baloguen E/S
  • Tambac E/S
  • Pasmes
  • Sta. Barbara E/S
  • Lipay-Dingin E/S
Iba North District
  • Bangantalinga E/S
  • Amungan E/S
  • Dampay E/S
  • Sto. Rosario E/S
  • Little Baguio E/S
  • Lawak E/S
  • San Agustin E/S
  • Lupang Pangako E/S

Popular culture[edit]

Local government[edit]

Town hall of Iba
Elected Officials
Mayor Jun Rundsted "Rundy" Ebdane
Vice-Mayor Benjamin Farin Jr.
Member's Sangguniang Bayan Frank Aldea
Badong Redondo
Lilia Butaran
Gerry Montefalcon
Noel Sarmiento
Al Fallorin
Danny Ballesteros
Lanie Tabile Nengasca

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Province: Zambales". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Zambales Zip Codes and Area Codes". Philippine Zip Codes Directory. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.
  5. ^ a b c "Municipalities". Zambales Now, Official Website of the Province. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Iba, Central Luzon, Philippines". Weatherbase. 2012. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  7. ^ "1995 Philippine Census Information". National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  8. ^ "2000 Philippine Census Information". National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  9. ^ "2007 Philippine Census Information". National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieveda on 2012-05-30.
  10. ^ "Events/Festivals". Zambales Now, Official Website of Zambales. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
  11. ^ "Manila to Iba". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.
  12. ^ Online (2012-01-21). "Zambales hospital acquires P50M equipment". Tempo. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
  13. ^ Bayarong, Anthony (2011-09-21). "Zambales hospital gets major upgrade worth P50 million". Sun Star Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-06-02.
  14. ^ "Welcome to SCMC, Iba, Zambales". Sta. Cecilia Medical Center Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-02.
  15. ^ "About us - RMTU at a Glance". RMTU Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
  16. ^ "Directory". Technical Education and Skills Development Authority. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.
  17. ^ Webmaster (2012-05-23). "Apocalypse Now". The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  18. ^ "Trivia: Apocalypse Now". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iba,_Zambales — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

 
GMA News
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 19:06:32 -0700

First week of March; held in Iba, Zambales Did you know that Zambales is in the Guinness Book of World Records for having the sweetest mango in the world? Each year since 2010, the people of Zambales come together to celebrate their most famous ...
 
Business Mirror
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 04:35:34 -0700

IBA, Zambales—Four municipalities in Zambales have qualified for the P1-million 2013 Performance Challenge Fund (PCF), a monetary incentive given to local government units (LGUs) in the form of counterpart funds for their priority development projects.

Philippine Information Agency

Philippine Information Agency
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 03:07:30 -0700

IBA, Zambales, April 4 (PIA) -- Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) recently conferred Performance Challenge Fund (PCF) check, amounting to P1 million, to the town of Palauig. “The PCF is bestowed to local government units who earlier ...

Manila Standard Today

Manila Standard Today
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 03:18:45 -0700

Paynauen Festival, Iba, Zambales. The lively Paynauen festival is held annually on the last week of April at Iba, Zambales. It is filled with beauty pageants, street dancing, boat and carabao racing, seaside activities such as sand castle building and ...
 
Abante Online
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 09:16:23 -0700

Noong March 8, si Cesar ang special guest sa event ng mga mason na ginanap sa Iba, Zambales at dito siya ipinakilala bilang bida ng Andres Bonifacio movie. Kahapon, nakarating sa amin ang balita na si Robin Padilla na ang gaganap na Andres Bonifacio ...
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