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Not to be confused with IP Code-rated camera.

An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which, unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras, can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is usually applied only to those used for surveillance. The first centralized IP camera was Axis Neteye 200, released in 1996 by Axis Communications.[1]

There are two kinds of IP cameras:

  • Centralized IP cameras, which require a central network video recorder (NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
  • Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central NVR, as the cameras have recording function built-in and can thus record directly to any standard storage media, such as SD cards, NAS (network-attached storage) or a PC/server.


The first centralized IP camera was released in 1996 by Axis Communications.[2] It was called the Axis Neteye 200 and was developed by the team of Martin Gren and Carl-Axel Alm. It used a custom web server internal to the camera. In late 1999, the company started using embedded Linux to operate its cameras. Axis also released documentation for its low-level API called "VAPIX", which builds on the open standards of HTTP and real time streaming protocol (RTSP). This open architecture was intended to encourage third-party software manufacturers to develop compatible management and recording software.

The first decentralized IP camera was released in 1999 by Mobotix.[citation needed] The camera's Linux system contained video, alarm, and recording management functions, thus the camera system did not require licensed video management software to manage the recording event, or video management.

The first IP camera with onboard video content analytics (VCA) was released in 2005 by Intellio.[citation needed] This camera was able to detect a number of different events, such as if an object was stolen, a human crossed a line, a human entered a predefined zone, or if a car moved in the wrong direction.

IP cameras are available at resolutions from 0.3 (VGA resolution) to 29 megapixels.[3] As in the consumer TV business, in the early 21st century, there has been a shift towards high-definition video resolutions, e.g. 720p or 1080i and 16:9 widescreen format.

An IP camera.


Analog closed circuit television uses established broadcast television formats (e.g. Common Intermediate Format (CIF), NTSC, PAL, and SECAM). Generally speaking, each make of IP camera will differ in its features and functions, video encoding (compression) schemes, available network protocols, and the API to be used by video management software.

In order to address issues of standardization of IP video surveillance, two industry groups were formed in 2008: the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF) and the Physical Security Interoperability Alliance (PSIA). While the PSIA was founded by 20 member companies including Honeywell, GE Security and Cisco, and ONVIF was founded by Axis Communications, Bosch and Sony, each group now has numerous members. As of January 2009, each group had released version 1.0 of their specification.

Potential advantages[edit]

  • Two-way audio via a single network cable allows users to communicate with what they are seeing (e.g. gas station clerk assisting a customer on how to use the pay pumps)
  • Flexibility: IP cameras are able to function on a wireless network.[4]
  • Distributed intelligence: with IP cameras, video analytics can be placed in the camera itself allowing ability in analytics solutions.[5]
  • Transmission of commands for PTZ (pan, tilt, zoom) cameras via a single network.
  • Encryption & authentication: IP cameras offer secure data transmission through encryption and authentication methods such as WPA, WPA2, TKIP, AES.
  • Remote accessibility:[6] live video from selected cameras can be viewed from any computer, anywhere, and also from many mobile smartphones and other devices.
  • PoE - Power over Ethernet: Modern IP cameras have the ability to operate without a power supply. They can work with the PoE-protocol.
  • IP camera communication signals are not just electronic voltage, it is numerically decoded as bits and bytes with security features and TCP/IP protocol.

Potential disadvantages[edit]

  • Higher initial cost per camera,[7][8] except where cheaper webcams are used.[9][10][11]
  • High network bandwidth requirements: a typical CCTV camera with resolution of 640x480 pixels and 10 frames per second (10 frame/s) in MPEG mode requires about 3 Mbit/s.[citation needed]
  • As with a CCTV/DVR system, if the video is transmitted over the public Internet rather than a private network / intranet, the system potentially becomes open to a wider audience including hackers and hoaxers. Criminals can hack into a CCTV system to observe security measures and personnel, thereby facilitating criminal acts and rendering the surveillance counterproductive. This can be counteracted by ensuring the network and device is secured and staying informed on new security methods.
  • Public internet connection video is rather complicated to set up and requires a dynamic DNS. Some producers of IP cameras have made their own software available with built-in dynamic DNS.[12]

List of IP camera software[edit]

Following is a list of non-brand specific IP camera software, for various platforms, which may or may not offer remote (web) monitoring:


  • SecurityTronix EVS[13]
  • Blue Iris[14]
  • NetcamStudio[15]
  • iSpy[16]
  • MultiEye
  • Bikal
  • Codestuff
  • DeskShare
  • go1984
  • i2V VMS
  • i-Catcher
  • InitSys
  • LuxRiot
  • Netcam Watcher
  • Nuuo
  • Sicura Systems
  • SoleraTec Phoenix RSM
  • Vitamin D
  • Webcam XP
  • Camdox
  • Genius Vision[17]

OS X[edit]

  • EvoCam
  • SecuritySpy
  • Vitamin D[18]


See also[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_camera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

39232 news items

CSO Online

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Thu, 04 Feb 2016 03:03:05 -0800

An in-depth analysis of yet another Internet-connected security camera has revealed a host of software problems. Password entry · Sample password protection policy. The password protection policy of a large financial services institution with more than ...

We Got Served (blog)

We Got Served (blog)
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 05:14:49 -0800

The Foscam FHD R2 1080P IP Camera is a compact surveillance camera that offers wireless or wired connectivity and the ability to pan, tilt, and optically zoom. The Security Camera market is growing in popularity due to the availability of affordable ...


Tue, 19 Jan 2016 05:18:45 -0800

Veracity, a leading provider of innovative, intelligent solutions that solve real-world IP video challenges in transmission, storage and display has launched POINTSOURCE Wireless, an innovative tool for security installers designed to ease the ...

We Got Served (blog)

We Got Served (blog)
Sun, 24 Jan 2016 07:16:50 -0800

The Foscam 1080P IP Camera FHD R2 is a compact 1080P surveillance camera that offers wireless or wired connectivity and the ability to pan, tilt, and optically zoom. Stay tuned for my review of the camera, which is coming soon, but in the meantime let ...

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It's just about time to close out another week, but before we got, we've got a fresh batch of HOT deals for you. On tap for you all this Friday, we have deals on a Core i7-based Alienware Steam Machine, a Dell Inspiron (3847) desktop machine with ...
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The report firstly introduced IP Camera basic information included IP Camera definition classification application industry chain structure industry overview; international market analysis, China domestic market analysis, Macroeconomic environment and ...
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Speaking at the company's headquarters this afternoon; the product manager said that this product aims to eliminate fogging problem on speedometers, IP camera lenses, digital gauge and other instrument cluster lens. “People spend a lot of money in ...

International Supermarket News

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Aldi Nord reports security risks in IP Camera sold through its stores. Aldi IP surveillance cameras has been recalled many times during last year also. There were reports that these cameras were sold with massive security problems. While in operation ...

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