digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Not to be confused with IP Code-rated camera.

An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which, unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras, can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is usually applied only to those used for surveillance. The first centralized IP camera was Axis Neteye 200, released in 1996 by Axis Communications.

There are two kinds of IP cameras:

  • Centralized IP cameras, which require a central Network Video Recorder(NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
  • Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR), as the cameras have recording function built-in and can thus record directly to any standard storage media, such as SD cards, NAS (network attached storage) or a PC/Server.

History[edit]

The first centralized IP camera was released in 1996 by Axis Communications.[1] It was called the Axis Neteye 200 and was developed by the team of Martin Gren and Carl-Axel Alm. It used a custom web server internal to the camera. In late 1999, the company started using embedded Linux to operate its cameras. Axis also released documentation for its low-level API called "VAPIX", which builds on the open standards of HTTP and real time streaming protocol (RTSP). This open architecture was intended to encourage third-party software manufacturers to develop compatible management and recording software.

The first decentralized IP camera was released in 1999 by Mobotix.[citation needed] The camera's Linux system contained video, alarm, and recording management function, thus the camera system did not require licensed video management software to manage the recording event, or video management.

The first IP camera with onboard video content analytics (VCA) was released in 2005 by Intellio.[citation needed] This camera was able to detect a number of different events, such as if an object was stolen, a human crossed a line, a human entered a predefined zone, or if a car moved in the wrong direction.

IP cameras are available at resolutions from 0.3 (VGA resolution) to 29 megapixels.[2] As in the consumer TV business, in the early 21st century, there has been a shift towards high-definition video resolutions, e.g. 720p or 1080i and 16:9 widescreen format.

A network IP camera.

Standards[edit]

Analog closed circuit television uses established broadcast television formats (e.g. Common Intermediate Format (CIF), NTSC, PAL, and SECAM). Generally speaking, each make of IP camera will differ in its features and functions, video encoding (compression) schemes, available network protocols, and the API to be used by video management software.

In order to address issues of standardization of IP video surveillance, two industry groups were formed in 2008: the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF) and the Physical Security Interoperability Alliance (PSIA). While the PSIA was founded by 20 member companies including Honeywell, GE Security and Cisco, and ONVIF was founded by Axis Communications, Bosch and Sony, each group now has numerous members. As of January 2009, each group had released version 1.0 of their specification.

Potential advantages[edit]

  • Two-way audio via a single network cable allows users to communicate with what they are seeing (e.g. gas station clerk assisting a customer on how to use the pay pumps)
  • Flexibility: IP cameras can be moved around anywhere on a network (wireless).
  • Distributed intelligence: with IP cameras, video analytics can be placed in the camera itself allowing ability in analytics solutions.[3]
  • Transmission of commands for PTZ (pan, tilt, zoom) cameras via a single network.
  • Encryption & authentication: IP cameras offer secure data transmission through encryption and authentication methods such as WPA, WPA2, TKIP, AES.
  • Remote accessibility:[4] live video from selected cameras can be viewed from any computer, anywhere, and also from many mobile smartphones and other devices. Remote accessibility also prevents police officers from confiscating video and audio evidence that you can use against them
  • IP cameras are able to function on a wireless network.[5]
  • PoE - Power over Ethernet: Modern IP cameras have the ability to operate without a power supply. They can work with the PoE-protocol.
  • IP camera communication signals are not just electronic voltage, it is numerically decoded as bits and bytes with security features and TCP/IP protocol.

Potential disadvantages[edit]

  • Higher initial cost per camera,[6][7] except where cheaper webcams are used.[8][9][10]
  • High network bandwidth requirements: a typical CCTV camera with resolution of 640x480 pixels and 10 frames per second (10 frame/s) in MPEG mode requires about 3 Mbit/s.[citation needed]
  • As with a CCTV/DVR system, if the video is transmitted over the public Internet rather than a private IP LAN, the system becomes open to a wider audience of hackers and hoaxers. Criminals can hack into a CCTV system to observe security measures and personnel, thereby facilitating criminal acts and rendering the surveillance counterproductive.
  • public internet connection video is rather complicated to set up and requires a dynamic DNS. Recently, some producers of IP cameras (D-Link, Axis) have made their own software avilable with built-in dynamic DNS.[11]

List of IP camera software[edit]

Following is a list of non-brand specific IP camera software, for various platforms, which may or may not offer remote (web) monitoring:

Windows[edit]

  • Blue Iris[12]
  • NetcamStudio[13]
  • iSpy[14]
  • MultiEye
  • Bikal
  • Codestuff
  • DeskShare
  • go1984
  • i2V VMS
  • i-Catcher
  • InitSys
  • LuxRiot
  • Netcam Watcher
  • Nuuo
  • Sicura Systems
  • SoleraTec Phoenix RSM
  • Vitamin D
  • Webcam XP

OS X[edit]

  • EvoCam
  • SecuritySpy
  • Vitamin D[15]

Linux[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_camera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Simple Cheap Effective Outdoor WiFi Night-vision IP camera

A review of the Zmodo ZP-IBI13-W - a budget IP camera that's easy to set-up and gives good results, but it won't suit everyone.... It seems this model, has n...

IP Surveillance Cameras

Info Level: Intermediate Presenter: Eli the Computer Guy Date Created: March 2, 2012 Length of Class: 50 Minutes Tracks Digital Surveillance Prerequisites Di...

Foscam Wireless IP Camera FI8916W Set-up and demo.

Available from here http://stores.ebay.co.uk/smartcamdirect Blog Entry: http://goo.gl/Ymrxk.

IP Camera Training: How an IP camera system works

http://mxinstaller.com/tag/ip-surveillance-starter-guide/ "How An IP Camera System Works" Tutorial timeline: 00:00 Analog vs. Digital system comparison 00:57 Why IP cameras are more popular...

IP Camera Installation - 1080P 2 Megapixel Security Camera System install

IP camera installation at car lot. We used 1080P 2 megapixel cameras and NVR. The customer is in Oshawa and he wanted his car lot monitored with the cameras ...

How to Setup a Wireless IP Security Camera.

http://www.nullsetcomputerco.com ** WE OFFER REMOTE SETUP OF ANY IP CAMERA FOR ONLY $45.00** Contact us for details!! david(at)nullsetcomputerco.com --------...

TRENDnet: Viewing IP Cameras Over The Internet

An instruction video from TRENDnet showing how to setup an IP camera over the Internet, including how to view your video footage from a smartphone. More info...

IP Camera Review | Foscam FI9821W V2 HD Security Cam

Best Price: http://amzn.to/1yDh4Ny If you're interested in the cheaper standard definition Foscam IP camera, here is a link: http://amzn.to/1pCia8d Foscam ma...

Cheap HD WiFi IP Camera -The Tenvis TH671 REVIEW

A sub £50 720p IP cam with simple set-up, but also a few issues. Buy One AMAZON http://amzn.to/1tzwRqh (UK) http://amzn.to/1qAVyTt (US) ebay http://goo.gl/gG...

วิธีตั้งค่ากล้อง wireless ip camera

วิธีการตั้งค่า Wireless IP Camera ได้ง่าย ๆ ด้วยตัวเอง ภายใน 10 นาที สามารถประยุกต์ใช้สำหรับดูเด็ก ดูพี่เลี้ยงเด็ก ดูรถ รวมไปถึงผู้สูงอายุอีกด้วย ตัวกล้องสาม...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

11000 news items

SecurityInfoWatch

SecurityInfoWatch
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 19:00:00 -0800

AXIS P3905-RE Network Camera is specially designed for outdoor video surveillance on buses, trains, subway cars and other rugged environment vehicles. Request more information · Axis Communications, the global leader in network video surveillance, ...

SecurityInfoWatch

SecurityInfoWatch
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 14:13:56 -0800

Featuring an M12 industrial Ethernet connector, rather than a standard RJ45, the new LILIN FD2452V-M12 five megapixel sensor 360° panoramic IP camera is an advanced video solution to help monitor and deter crime, vandalism or terrorism on public ...

Examiner.com

Examiner.com
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 21:48:45 -0800

The IP Camera was connected to a port on my router and plugged into a nearby power strip. On the bottom of the camera is a sticker with the login name and the ID number that you will need to enter when setting up the camera. The software will detect ...
 
PCR-online.biz
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 06:13:48 -0800

The IP camera market has hit its tipping point in Europe, accounting for around half of all revenue from surveillance and security camera sales - while UK sales have risen. The UK market grew by 42 per cent in terms of revenues in 2013/2014, and by 57 ...

NerdWallet (blog)

NerdWallet (blog)
Thu, 05 Feb 2015 09:15:00 -0800

This camera features high image and video quality and is equipped for two-way audio monitoring. It includes auto IR-LED illumination for night vision and allows for remote pan/tilt control. This online-only deal is available until Feb. 10, while ...
 
ZDNet
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 12:48:45 -0800

Live cast is a simple application that turn your phone into a wireless IP camera and stream live to your Chromecast.** This app requires a Chromecast dongle ** - You do NOT need to have a rooted device.Easy to use:1. Start the application.2. Select ...

Bidness ETC

Investor's Business Daily
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 13:22:30 -0800

And FBN estimates that Ambarella's sales growth from IP camera's this fiscal year will outpace growth from GoPro. The company also is well positioned in automotive video recorder market, FBN added, with growth from drones and wearable police cameras ...
 
ZDNet.be
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 00:48:45 -0800

Panasonic Cameramanager introduceert op MWC de Nubo. De Nubo is een kleine IP-camera met een twist: het ding heeft geen ethernet of wifi nodig om te werken. De camera zal gebruik maken van een eigen 4G-netwerk, waardoor hij overal verbonden is.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight