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Not to be confused with IP Code-rated camera.

An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which, unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras, can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is usually applied only to those used for surveillance. The first centralized IP camera was Axis Neteye 200, released in 1996 by Axis Communications.

There are two kinds of IP cameras:

  • Centralized IP cameras, which require a central network video recorder (NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
  • Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central NVR, as the cameras have recording function built-in and can thus record directly to any standard storage media, such as SD cards, NAS (network attached storage) or a PC/server.


The first centralized IP camera was released in 1996 by Axis Communications.[1] It was called the Axis Neteye 200 and was developed by the team of Martin Gren and Carl-Axel Alm. It used a custom web server internal to the camera. In late 1999, the company started using embedded Linux to operate its cameras. Axis also released documentation for its low-level API called "VAPIX", which builds on the open standards of HTTP and real time streaming protocol (RTSP). This open architecture was intended to encourage third-party software manufacturers to develop compatible management and recording software.

The first decentralized IP camera was released in 1999 by Mobotix.[citation needed] The camera's Linux system contained video, alarm, and recording management function, thus the camera system did not require licensed video management software to manage the recording event, or video management.

The first IP camera with onboard video content analytics (VCA) was released in 2005 by Intellio.[citation needed] This camera was able to detect a number of different events, such as if an object was stolen, a human crossed a line, a human entered a predefined zone, or if a car moved in the wrong direction.

IP cameras are available at resolutions from 0.3 (VGA resolution) to 29 megapixels.[2] As in the consumer TV business, in the early 21st century, there has been a shift towards high-definition video resolutions, e.g. 720p or 1080i and 16:9 widescreen format.

A network IP camera.


Analog closed circuit television uses established broadcast television formats (e.g. Common Intermediate Format (CIF), NTSC, PAL, and SECAM). Generally speaking, each make of IP camera will differ in its features and functions, video encoding (compression) schemes, available network protocols, and the API to be used by video management software.

In order to address issues of standardization of IP video surveillance, two industry groups were formed in 2008: the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF) and the Physical Security Interoperability Alliance (PSIA). While the PSIA was founded by 20 member companies including Honeywell, GE Security and Cisco, and ONVIF was founded by Axis Communications, Bosch and Sony, each group now has numerous members. As of January 2009, each group had released version 1.0 of their specification.

Potential advantages[edit]

  • Two-way audio via a single network cable allows users to communicate with what they are seeing (e.g. gas station clerk assisting a customer on how to use the pay pumps)
  • Flexibility: IP cameras can be moved around anywhere on a network (wireless).
  • Distributed intelligence: with IP cameras, video analytics can be placed in the camera itself allowing ability in analytics solutions.[3]
  • Transmission of commands for PTZ (pan, tilt, zoom) cameras via a single network.
  • Encryption & authentication: IP cameras offer secure data transmission through encryption and authentication methods such as WPA, WPA2, TKIP, AES.
  • Remote accessibility:[4] live video from selected cameras can be viewed from any computer, anywhere, and also from many mobile smartphones and other devices.
  • IP cameras are able to function on a wireless network.[5]
  • PoE - Power over Ethernet: Modern IP cameras have the ability to operate without a power supply. They can work with the PoE-protocol.
  • IP camera communication signals are not just electronic voltage, it is numerically decoded as bits and bytes with security features and TCP/IP protocol.

Potential disadvantages[edit]

  • Higher initial cost per camera,[6][7] except where cheaper webcams are used.[8][9][10]
  • High network bandwidth requirements: a typical CCTV camera with resolution of 640x480 pixels and 10 frames per second (10 frame/s) in MPEG mode requires about 3 Mbit/s.[citation needed]
  • As with a CCTV/DVR system, if the video is transmitted over the public Internet rather than a private IP LAN, the system becomes open to a wider audience of hackers and hoaxers. Criminals can hack into a CCTV system to observe security measures and personnel, thereby facilitating criminal acts and rendering the surveillance counterproductive.
  • public internet connection video is rather complicated to set up and requires a dynamic DNS. Recently, some producers of IP cameras (D-Link, Axis) have made their own software available with built-in dynamic DNS.[11]

List of IP camera software[edit]

Following is a list of non-brand specific IP camera software, for various platforms, which may or may not offer remote (web) monitoring:


  • SecurityTronix EVS[12]
  • Blue Iris[13]
  • NetcamStudio[14]
  • iSpy[15]
  • MultiEye
  • Bikal
  • Codestuff
  • DeskShare
  • go1984
  • i2V VMS
  • i-Catcher
  • InitSys
  • LuxRiot
  • Netcam Watcher
  • Nuuo
  • Sicura Systems
  • SoleraTec Phoenix RSM
  • Vitamin D
  • Webcam XP
  • Camdox
  • Genius Vision[16]

OS X[edit]

  • EvoCam
  • SecuritySpy
  • Vitamin D[17]


See also[edit]




Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_camera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

10163 news items


Sun, 15 Nov 2015 07:19:12 -0800

Today's MyAppFree app is My Webcam, an app which will turn your Windows Phone into an IP camera. The app is normally $3.99 but today only can be had for absolutely nothing. My Webcam turns your Windows Phone into a fully capable remote wireless ip ...


Mon, 16 Nov 2015 05:34:58 -0800

Netgear's push into the consumer IP camera / smart home space began with the Arlo Wire-Free cameras launched last year. The first generation Arlo cameras aimed at addressing the major pain points associated with consumer IP cameras - location ...

Greater Kashmir

Greater Kashmir
Sun, 22 Nov 2015 11:18:45 -0800

IP camera installed at Jammu warehouse Representational Pic. In a significant move aimed to help check pilferage of food-grains, government started process of installation of IP cameras in CAPD godowns. The first such camera was today installed at CAPD ...


Fri, 27 Nov 2015 12:15:00 -0800

D-Link is well known for its wide range of IP camera solutions, many of which we have reviewed in the past. With the use of new technology, D-Link has now come to market with a new indoor camera solution named the DCS-2630L.

Global Sources

Global Sources
Wed, 04 Nov 2015 04:11:15 -0800

The multifunction Wi-Fi IP camera supports video viewing on Android phones, iPhones, iPads and PCs. It also supports two-way audio, multiuser accss, alarm, video storage and night vision. Users can check on their homes, stores and offices whenever and ...


Mon, 09 Nov 2015 10:10:36 -0800

You may want it facing the main entry point to your home, your backyard, where you store valuables or a point you think might be particularly vulnerable. You can also setup an IP camera as a baby monitor. If you have multiple old phones lying around ...

Security Sales

Security Sales
Thu, 12 Nov 2015 12:37:30 -0800

Featuring an M12 industrial Ethernet connector, rather than a standard RJ45, the new LILIN FD2452V-M12 five megapixel sensor 360° panoramic IP camera is a video solution used to help monitor and deter crime, vandalism or terrorism on public ...

PR Newswire (press release)

PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 06:37:30 -0800

Making your IP camera more secure by renaming the default username and password. The Foscam team routinely engages with network professionals around the world to perform security testing on their cameras and Foscam takes security very seriously.

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