digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Not to be confused with IP Code-rated camera.

An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which, unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras, can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is usually applied only to those used for surveillance. The first centralized IP camera was Axis Neteye 200, released in 1996 by Axis Communications.

There are two kinds of IP cameras:

  • Centralized IP cameras, which require a central Network Video Recorder(NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
  • Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR), as the cameras have recording function built-in and can thus record directly to any standard storage media, such as SD cards, NAS (network attached storage) or a PC/Server.


The first centralized IP camera was released in 1996 by Axis Communications.[1] It was called the Axis Neteye 200 and was developed by the team of Martin Gren and Carl-Axel Alm. It used a custom web server internal to the camera. In late 1999, the company started using embedded Linux to operate its cameras. Axis also released documentation for its low-level API called "VAPIX", which builds on the open standards of HTTP and real time streaming protocol (RTSP). This open architecture was intended to encourage third-party software manufacturers to develop compatible management and recording software.

The first decentralized IP camera was released in 1999 by Mobotix.[citation needed] The camera's Linux system contained video, alarm, and recording management function, thus the camera system did not require licensed video management software to manage the recording event, or video management.

The first IP camera with onboard video content analytics (VCA) was released in 2005 by Intellio.[citation needed] This camera was able to detect a number of different events, such as if an object was stolen, a human crossed a line, a human entered a predefined zone, or if a car moved in the wrong direction.

IP cameras are available at resolutions from 0.3 (VGA resolution) to 29 megapixels.[2] As in the consumer TV business, in the early 21st century, there has been a shift towards high-definition video resolutions, e.g. 720p or 1080i and 16:9 widescreen format.

A network IP camera.


Analog closed circuit television uses established broadcast television formats (e.g. Common Intermediate Format (CIF), NTSC, PAL, and SECAM). Generally speaking, each make of IP camera will differ in its features and functions, video encoding (compression) schemes, available network protocols, and the API to be used by video management software.

In order to address issues of standardization of IP video surveillance, two industry groups were formed in 2008: the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF) and the Physical Security Interoperability Alliance (PSIA). While the PSIA was founded by 20 member companies including Honeywell, GE Security and Cisco, and ONVIF was founded by Axis Communications, Bosch and Sony, each group now has numerous members. As of January 2009, each group had released version 1.0 of their specification.

Potential advantages[edit]

  • Two-way audio via a single network cable allows users to communicate with what they are seeing (e.g. gas station clerk assisting a customer on how to use the pay pumps)
  • Flexibility: IP cameras can be moved around anywhere on a network (wireless).
  • Distributed intelligence: with IP cameras, video analytics can be placed in the camera itself allowing ability in analytics solutions.[3]
  • Transmission of commands for PTZ (pan, tilt, zoom) cameras via a single network.
  • Encryption & authentication: IP cameras offer secure data transmission through encryption and authentication methods such as WPA, WPA2, TKIP, AES.
  • Remote accessibility:[4] live video from selected cameras can be viewed from any computer, anywhere, and also from many mobile smartphones and other devices. Remote accessibility also prevents police officers from confiscating video and audio evidence that you can use against them
  • IP cameras are able to function on a wireless network.[5]
  • PoE - Power over Ethernet: Modern IP cameras have the ability to operate without a power supply. They can work with the PoE-protocol.
  • IP camera communication signals are not just electronic voltage, it is numerically decoded as bits and bytes with security features and TCP/IP protocol.

Potential disadvantages[edit]

  • Higher initial cost per camera,[6][7] except where cheaper webcams are used.[8][9][10]
  • High network bandwidth requirements: a typical CCTV camera with resolution of 640x480 pixels and 10 frames per second (10 frame/s) in MPEG mode requires about 3 Mbit/s.[citation needed]
  • As with a CCTV/DVR system, if the video is transmitted over the public Internet rather than a private IP LAN, the system becomes open to a wider audience of hackers and hoaxers. Criminals can hack into a CCTV system to observe security measures and personnel, thereby facilitating criminal acts and rendering the surveillance counterproductive.
  • public internet connection video is rather complicated to set up and requires a dynamic DNS. Recently, some producers of IP cameras (D-Link, Axis) have made their own software avilable with built-in dynamic DNS.[11]

List of IP camera software[edit]

Following is a list of non-brand specific IP camera software, for various platforms, which may or may not offer remote (web) monitoring:


  • Blue Iris[12]
  • NetcamStudio[13]
  • iSpy[14]
  • MultiEye
  • Bikal
  • Codestuff
  • DeskShare
  • go1984
  • i2V VMS
  • i-Catcher
  • InitSys
  • LuxRiot
  • Netcam Watcher
  • Nuuo
  • Sicura Systems
  • SoleraTec Phoenix RSM
  • Vitamin D
  • Webcam XP

OS X[edit]

  • EvoCam
  • SecuritySpy
  • Vitamin D[15]


See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_camera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Simple Cheap Effective Outdoor WiFi Night-vision IP camera

A review of the Zmodo ZP-IBI13-W - a budget IP camera that's easy to set-up and gives good results, but it won't suit everyone.... It seems this model, has now been updated slightly with a...

IP Surveillance Cameras

Info Level: Intermediate Presenter: Eli the Computer Guy Date Created: March 2, 2012 Length of Class: 50 Minutes Tracks Digital Surveillance Prerequisites Digital Surveillance Cameras Introduction...

Foscam Wireless IP Camera FI8916W Set-up and demo.

Available from here http://stores.ebay.co.uk/smartcamdirect Blog Entry: http://goo.gl/Ymrxk.

IP Camera Installation - 1080P 2 Megapixel Security Camera System install

IP camera installation at car lot. We used 1080P 2 megapixel cameras and NVR. The customer is in Oshawa and he wanted his car lot monitored with the cameras and recorded. The 2 megapixel...

IP Camera Training: How an IP camera system works

http://mxinstaller.com/tag/ip-surveillance-starter-guide/ "How An IP Camera System Works" Tutorial timeline: 00:00 Analog vs. Digital system comparison 00:57 Why IP cameras are more popular...

How to Setup a Wireless IP Security Camera.

http://www.nullsetcomputerco.com ** WE OFFER REMOTE SETUP OF ANY IP CAMERA FOR ONLY $45.00** Contact us for details!! david(at)nullsetcomputerco.com -------------------------------------------...

TRENDnet IP Camera Introduction

An instruction video from TRENDnet showing how to setup an IP camera over the Internet, including how to view your video footage from a smartphone. More info about TRENDnet IP Cameras here:...

Cheap HD WiFi IP Camera -The Tenvis TH671 REVIEW

A sub £50 720p IP cam with simple set-up, but also a few issues. Buy One AMAZON http://amzn.to/1tzwRqh (UK) http://amzn.to/1qAVyTt (US) ebay http://goo.gl/gGgNxK (UK) http://goo.gl/rGp7Eh...

ขั้นตอนการติดตั้งกล้อง iP Camera ที่ง่ายที่สุดในโลก#1

กล้อง iP Camera ที่ง่ายที่สุดในโลก ราคา 2200 บาท โทร 095-8463846,095-5352421,080-6002992 IP Camera กล้องวงจรป...

IP Camera Review | Foscam FI9821W V2 HD Security Cam

Best Price: http://amzn.to/1yDh4Ny If you're interested in the cheaper standard definition Foscam IP camera, here is a link: http://amzn.to/1pCia8d Foscam makes really good camera's and they've...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

11028 news items

Global Sources

Global Sources
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 00:06:40 -0700

The recently launched IP-CC200M model from Zhuhai Everpro Co. Ltd is a wired IR and water-resistant IP camera. It has 48 LEDs and a 2MP 1080p 1/3in CMOS sensor. Video compression format is H.264 HP. The device supports 3G mobile monitoring.
Global Sources
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 21:27:26 -0700

The WiFi IP Camera model from Mustech Electronics Co. Ltd has 350-degree pan and 120-degree tilt angles. It is controlled by mobile phone apps. The plug-and-play IP camera with night vision, alarm and motion detection features can be used to protect ...


Sat, 28 Feb 2015 19:00:00 -0800

AXIS P3905-RE Network Camera is specially designed for outdoor video surveillance on buses, trains, subway cars and other rugged environment vehicles. Request more information · Axis Communications, the global leader in network video surveillance, ...
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 07:03:45 -0700

Taiwan IP Camera Industry research report presents shipment volume and value forecast and recent quarter review of shipment volume, value, ASP, manufacturer volume and value rankings, shipment by resolution, production location, and shipment ...


Mon, 30 Mar 2015 16:26:15 -0700

While there is some variability depending on image resolution, frame rate, compression, scene activity and other factors, as a general rule, an IP camera will generate anywhere from one to 10 megabits-per-second (Mbps) of data per camera on a regular ...


Tue, 31 Mar 2015 06:41:15 -0700

想在外出時也留意到家中子女、老人家、寵物或傭人的情況,買個IP Camera 再用手機監控是個好方案。最近TP-LINK 就推出這個300Mbps Wi-Fi Cloud Camera NC200,有著使用簡單,安裝容易、價格相宜等的優點。想試玩IP Camera,可能是個不錯的選擇。 NC200- ...
Computer Totaal
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Het ir cut filter van mijn ip camera werkt ineens niet meer. Hoe op te lossen? Krijg erg fletse beelden.Met de leverancier kom ik er niet meer uit. Hoor ook geen klikkend geluid meer wanneer ik de lichtgevoeligheidssensor afdek. Deed ie voorheen wel ...


Mon, 30 Mar 2015 08:33:45 -0700

Symmetry v8.0.2 supports the newly released Symmetry HD EN-7530HD Indoor Ultra Compact Dome IP camera and Symmetry EN-7567HD Indoor/ Outdoor IR Bullet IP camera. The complete Symmetry range of advanced network cameras provides full HD ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight