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Not to be confused with IP Code-rated camera.

An Internet protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is usually applied only to those used for surveillance. The first centralized IP camera was Axis Neteye 200, released in 1996 by Axis Communications.

There are two kinds of IP cameras:

  • Centralized IP cameras, which require a central Network Video Recorder(NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
  • Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR), as the cameras have recording function built-in and can thus record directly to any standard storage media, such as SD cards, NAS (network attached storage) or a PC/Server.


The first centralized IP camera was released in 1996 by Axis Communications.[1] It was called the Axis Neteye 200 and was developed by the team of Martin Gren and Carl-Axel Alm. It used a custom web server internal to the camera. In late 1999, the company started using embedded Linux to operate its cameras. Axis also released documentation for its low-level API called "VAPIX", which builds on the open standards of HTTP and real time streaming protocol (RTSP). This open architecture was intended to encourage third-party software manufacturers to develop compatible management and recording software.

The first decentralized IP camera was released in 1999 by Mobotix.[citation needed] The camera's Linux system contained video, alarm, and recording management function, thus the camera system did not require licensed video management software to manage the recording event, or video management.

The first IP camera with onboard video content analytics (VCA) was released in 2005 by Intellio.[citation needed] This camera was able to detect a number of different events, such as if an object was stolen, a human crossed a line, a human entered a predefined zone, or if a car moved in the wrong direction.

Nowadays IP camera market consists of two market segment.The enterprise and SMB video surveillance camera market and a nascent consumer IP camera market.[2] SMB video surveillance market well-known brand:Hikvision, Panasonic, SONY, Samsung. SOHO consumer IP camera market well-known brand:Foscam, Dropcam, Swann,EasyN.

IP cameras are available at resolutions from 0.3 (VGA resolution) to 29 megapixels.[3] As in the consumer TV business, in the early 21st century, there has been a shift towards high-definition video resolutions, e.g. 720p or 1080i and 16:9 widescreen format.

A network IP camera.


Analog closed circuit television uses established broadcast television formats (e.g. Common Intermediate Format (CIF), NTSC, PAL, and SECAM). Generally speaking, each make of IP camera will differ in its features and functions, video encoding (compression) schemes, available network protocols, and the API to be used by video management software.

In order to address issues of standardization of IP video surveillance, two industry groups were formed in 2008: the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF) and the Physical Security Interoperability Alliance (PSIA). While the PSIA was founded by 20 member companies including Honeywell, GE Security and Cisco, and ONVIF was founded by Axis Communications, Bosch and Sony, each group now has numerous members. As of January 2009, each group had released version 1.0 of their specification.

Potential advantages[edit]

  • Two-way audio via a single network cable allows users to communicate with what they are seeing (e.g. gas station clerk assisting a customer on how to use the prepay pumps)
  • Flexibility: IP cameras can be moved around anywhere on an IP network (including wireless).
  • Distributed intelligence: with IP cameras, video analytics can be placed in the camera itself allowing scalability in analytics solutions.[4]
  • Transmission of commands for PTZ (pan, tilt, zoom) cameras via a single network cable.
  • Encryption & authentication: IP cameras offer secure data transmission through encryption and authentication methods such as WEP, WPA, WPA2, TKIP, AES.
  • Remote accessibility: live video from selected cameras can be viewed from any computer, anywhere, and also from many mobile smartphones and other devices. Remote accessibility also prevents police officers from confiscating video and audio evidence that you can use against them
  • IP cameras are able to function on a wireless network.[citation needed]
  • PoE - Power over Ethernet: Modern IP cameras have the ability to operate without an additional power supply. They can work with the PoE-protocol which gives power via the Ethernet cable.

Potential disadvantages[edit]

  • Higher initial cost per camera, except where cheaper webcams are used.[citation needed]
  • High network bandwidth requirements: a typical CCTV camera with resolution of 640x480 pixels and 10 frames per second (10 frame/s) in MJPEG mode requires about 3 Mbit/s.[citation needed]
  • As with a CCTV/DVR system, if the video is transmitted over the public Internet rather than a private IP LAN, the system becomes open to a wider audience of hackers and hoaxers. Criminals can hack into a CCTV system to observe security measures and personnel, thereby facilitating criminal acts and rendering the surveillance counterproductive.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Axis Communications - History". Axis Communications. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Ambarella Positioned To Profit From Booming IP Camera Market". 
  3. ^ "Avigilon Launches Powerful 29 MP HD Surveillance Camera". Avigilon Corporate. 
  4. ^ Alexandr Lytkin. IP Video Surveillance. An Essential Guide, 2012, ISBN 978-5-600-00033-9.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_camera — Please support Wikipedia.
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437 news items

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:56:15 -0700

Compro has introduced the TN95W, its first IP camera with 720P resolution and 105 degree ultra wide angle. For cloud IP video surveillance solutions this means you can cover large monitoring areas in high resolution using less number of installations.
IT Business Net
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 03:52:30 -0700

"Dome cameras continue to be the most popular form factor in the surveillance market," said Vance Kozik, director of marketing for IP Surveillance, D-Link Systems, Inc. "The introduction of these two new IP cameras expands the range of offerings and ...


Mon, 21 Jul 2014 03:25:11 -0700

Managing business improvement can be a mix of excitement, stress and creativity. There are numerous ways to strengthen the company upon the industry that users work in. People Counting by AirLive IP Camera is one way to help to analysis the business.
Jakarta Post
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 18:46:12 -0700

He said the 11AC was the first IP camera to support the latest wireless network standard and was equipped with several new features, such as color night vision and infrared sensor, which helped the device capture pictures and movies in low lighting.


Mon, 14 Jul 2014 09:19:40 -0700

The iPCAM-WL is a new indoor IP camera designed to work in low-light conditions. It does that via night vision and light sensors, as well as a wired or wireless web connection. Once set up, the camera can capture clear, high-quality video and uses H ...


Sat, 28 Jun 2014 07:59:06 -0700

Do not let its diminutive appearance fool you. Despite weighing less than 130g, the D-Link DCS2136L packs a powerful punch with its video-image quality and variety of functions. Set-up is quick and simple. It takes about five minutes, with clear ...
Motor E magazine
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

IP camera is a famous IP camera software company. Its affordable products are available in various in various specifications. China-IP-Cameras.com has been serving worldwide consumers for several years; its aim is to provide worldwide people with the ...


Mon, 14 Jul 2014 12:48:29 -0700

Delivering sharp, stunning visuals even under backlit or dimly lit conditions, this professional-grade IP camera comes equipped with day/night functionality for continuous 24/7 monitoring, along with Wide Dynamic Range to automatically provide the ...

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