digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Hyeonjong of Joseon
Hangul 현종
Hanja 顯宗
Revised Romanization Hyeonjong
McCune–Reischauer Hyŏnjong
Birth name
Hangul 이연
Hanja 李棩
Revised Romanization I Yeon
McCune–Reischauer I Yŏn
Courtesy name
Hangul 경직
Hanja 景直
Revised Romanization Gyeongjik
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngjik
Monarchs of Korea
Joseon Dynasty
  1. Taejo 1392–1398
  2. Jeongjong 1398–1400
  3. Taejong 1400–1418
  4. Sejong the Great 1418–1450
  5. Munjong 1450–1452
  6. Danjong 1452–1455
  7. Sejo 1455–1468
  8. Yejong 1468–1469
  9. Seongjong 1469–1494
  10. Yeonsangun 1494–1506
  11. Jungjong 1506–1544
  12. Injong 1544–1545
  13. Myeongjong 1545–1567
  14. Seonjo 1567–1608
  15. Gwanghaegun 1608–1623
  16. Injo 1623–1649
  17. Hyojong 1649–1659
  18. Hyeonjong 1659–1674
  19. Sukjong 1674–1720
  20. Gyeongjong 1720–1724
  21. Yeongjo 1724–1776
  22. Jeongjo 1776–1800
  23. Sunjo 1800–1834
  24. Heonjong 1834–1849
  25. Cheoljong 1849–1863
  26. Gojong 1863–1907
  27. Sunjong 1907–1910

King Hyeonjong of Joseon (15 March 1641 – 17 September 1675) was the 18th monarch of the Korean Joseon Dynasty, reigning from 1659 to 1675. His reign was mostly marked by heavy conflict among nation's political factions on various issues, especially on funeral issues.

Background[edit]

Hyeonjong was born in 1641 as the first son of King Hyojong as Yi Yeon, while his father was still in China as captive of Manchu Qing Dynasty; thus he was born at Shenyang, the Manchu capital before Qing Dynasty officially move its capital to Beijing after defeating Ming Dynasty in 1644. He returned to Korea in 1645 along with his father and became Crown Prince in 1651.

Conflict About Hyojong's Funeral (Yesong Controversy)[edit]

When King Hyojong died in 1659, Hyeonjong succeeded his father as the ruler of Joseon. The first issue during his reign was about his predecessor's funeral; The conservative Westerners faction and the liberal Southerners faction squared off about how long Queen Jangryeol, King Injo's second wife, should have to wear funeral garment according to the Confucian form of funeral. The Westerners, headed by Song Si-yeol, contended that she needed to wear the funeral garment for only a year, while the Southerners and their leader Heo Jeok wanted a 3-year period. This conflict arose because there was no previous record about Confucian funeral requirements when somebody's second stepson who actually succeeded the family line dies. The Westerners wanted to follow the custom for a second stepson, while the Southerners thought Hyojong deserved a 3-year funeral since he actually succeeded King Injo in the royal line.

The final decision was up to young King Hyeonjong; He chose to enforce a 1-year period, which would keep the Westerners as the major faction. However, at the same time, Hyeonjong did not remove Heo Jeok from office of Prime Minister, in order to prevent the Westerners from threatening royal authority. The feud between the Southerners and the Westerners was highly intensified by funeral issue; Earlier, after the fall of the Greater Northerners in 1623, the Westerners and the Southerners formed political alliance under the leadership of King Hyojong, but on the funeral issue, both sides were intractable, leading to a greater probability of confrontations.

Hyeonjong at first maintained the balance of two factions by compromising between them with the 1 year period of the Westerners and keeping Southerner Heo Jeok as Prime Minister, and the two factions resumed a peaceful relationship temporarily. However in 1674, when Queen Inseon, Hyojong's wife and Hyeonjong's mother, died, the funeral issue came up again; The Southerners wanted Queen Jaeui to wear the funeral garment for one year while the Westerners preferred a nine-month period. This time Hyeonjong listened to the Southerners and selected their method, making the Southerners faction as major political faction over the Westerners. The funeral controversy continued even after Hyeonjong died in 1675, and it was settled by Hyeonjong's successor King Sukjong, who banned all debate about the issue. The controversy even affected the publishment of official history of Hyeonjong's era; at first it was written chiefly by Southerners but later it was revised by Westerner historians.

Achievements[edit]

In 1666, during Hyeonjong's reign, after more than thirteen years of captivity, Dutchman Hendrick Hamel left Korea and returned to the Netherlands, where he wrote a book about Joseon Dynasty and his experience in Korea, which introduced the small kingdom to many Europeans.

Hyeonjong stopped Hyojong's insuperable plan of northern conquest, since the Joseon had become a tributary state of the Qing Dynasty. Furthermore, after a series victories against the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty had become too mighty to resist. However, Hyeonjong continued Hyojong's military expansion and reconstruction of the nation which was devastated from the Seven-Year War and two Manchu invasions. He also encouraged astronomy and printing. He also legally banned the marriage between relatives and also between those who share the same surnames. He died in 1675, and was succeeded by his son Sukjong.

Family[edit]

    1. Royal Prince Successor (왕세자)
    2. Princess Myeongseon (명선공주)
    3. Princess Myeonghye (명혜공주)
    4. Princess Myeongan (명안공주)

His full posthumous name[edit]

  • King Hyeonjong Sohyu Yeongyung Dondeok Suseong Sunmun Sukmu Gyungin Changhyo the Great of Korea
  • 현종소휴연경돈덕수성순문숙무경인창효대왕
  • 顯宗昭休衍慶敦德綏成純文肅武敬仁彰孝大王

Modern depictions in popular culture[edit]

He was portrayed by Han Sang-jin in the 2012 television series Horse Doctor. Hyeonjong's sister, Princess Sukhwi, was also one of the supporting characters.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Not to be confused with another Myeongseong, with the same Sino-Korean syllable yet with different hanja, who came from his son Sukjong's second wife's great-great-great-grand-niece descendant thru her clan (Yeoheung Min)
Preceded by
Hyojong
Rulers of Korea
(Joseon Dynasty)

1659–1675
Succeeded by
Sukjong

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyeonjong_of_Joseon — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
7 videos found

고려 거란 전쟁《Koryo-Khitan War》3/4 How could Koryo defeat the Kitan's 800 thousands troops?

The Koryo(Korea)--Khitan War were a series of 10th- and 11th-century invasions of Korea's Koryo Dynasty by the Khitan Liao Dynasty near the present-day borde...

K-ROADTRIP KOREA culture Soryeongwon 소령원

Soryeongwon (昭 寧 园) is a tomb(园 所) where CHOSUN Dynasty 21 King Yeongjo(英 祖)'s mother called sukbin Choi (淑 嫔 崔氏) was. Sukbin Choi as the daughter of choi hy...

고려 거란 전쟁 《Koryo-Khitan War》 1/4 How could Koryo defeat the Kitan's 800 thousands troops?

The Koryo(Korea)--Khitan War were a series of 10th- and 11th-century invasions of Korea's Koryo Dynasty by the Khitan Liao Dynasty near the present-day borde...

고려 거란 전쟁《Koryo-Khitan War》 2/4 How could Koryo defeat the Kitan's 800 thousands troops?

The Koryo(Korea)--Khitan War were a series of 10th- and 11th-century invasions of Korea's Koryo Dynasty by the Khitan Liao Dynasty near the present-day borde...

고려 거란 전쟁 《Koryo-Khitan War》 4/4 How could Koryo defeat the Kitan's 800 thousands troops?

The Koryo(Korea)--Khitan War were a series of 10th- and 11th-century invasions of Korea's Koryo Dynasty by the Khitan Liao Dynasty near the present-day borde...

[News Today] 4월 15일

[Anchor Lead] Korean national treasures that were taken to the U.S. during the Korean War will be returned next week on the occasion of U.S. President Barack...

[독점취재] 문정왕후어보∙현종어보 LA 현지 실사

문화유산채널 http://www.k-heritage.tv 문화재청(청장 나선화)은 한․미 공조를 통해 미국 국토안보수사국(HSI, 국장 James Dinkins)이 압수한 「문정왕후어보」와 「현종어보」에 대한 현지 실사를 지난 24일 ...

 
7 videos found

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Hyeonjong of Joseon" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight