digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

World map by quartiles of Human Development Index in 2013.
  Very high
  Low
  High
  Data unavailable
  Medium
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2012 data, published on 14 Mar 2013).[1]
  0.900 and over
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.349 and under
  Data unavailable

The Human Development Report (HDR) is an annual milestone published by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).[2]

As of 2013 the last decade saw convergence in human development indicators (HDI) values globally, although progress was uneven within and between regions. Developing countries' transformation into major economies with growing political influence has impacted human development progress.[3]

Projections in the 2013 report suggested that by 2020 the combined economic output of three leading developing countries alone—Brazil, China and India—will surpass the aggregate production of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States. This shift has related to trade and technology partnerships between emerging economies.[4]

However economic growth does not automatically translate into human development progress, so reports have highlighted the need for pro-poor policies and investments in capacity building with a focus on education, nutrition, health and employment skills.

The 2013 report identified four areas of focus for sustainable development:

It also critiqued global governance and outdated institutions that do not do reflect economic and geopolitical reality.

History[edit]

The report was first launched in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen.[1] Its goal was to place people at the center of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy and advocacy. Development was characterized by the provision of choices and freedoms resulting in widespread outcomes.

“People are the real wealth of a nation,” Haq wrote in the opening lines of the first report in 1990. “The basic objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives. This may appear to be a simple truth. But it is often forgotten in the immediate concern with the accumulation of commodities and financial wealth.”

The United Nations General Assembly has formally recognized the Report as “an independent intellectual exercise” and “an important tool for raising awareness about human development around the world.”

The Human Development Report is an independent report, commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and is the product of a selected team of leading scholars, development practitioners and members of the Human Development Report Office of UNDP.It is a report independent of the Administrator of the UNDP, as suggested by Ul Haq.[5] It is translated into numerous languages and launched in more than 100 countries annually.[1]

Since 1990, more than 140 countries have published some 600 national Human Development Reports, with UNDP support. UNDP has also sponsored scores of regional reports, such as the ten-volume Arab Human Development Report series, which have made internationally recognized contributions to the global dialogue on democracy, women’s rights, inequality, poverty eradication and other critical issues.

The 2010 Human Development Report’s review of human development trends showed that most developing countries made dramatic yet often underestimated progress in health, education and basic living standards since 1970 with many of the poorest countries posting the greatest gains.

In the 2010 Report, the Sultanate of Oman was reported to be the most improved country in the past 40 years out of the 135 countries assessed (the report reported on improvement in the period 1970-2010). Oman's strides in education, women empowerment and health care under the patronage of the current Sultan of Oman led to it securing the 1st position.

Several new indices have been introduced over the years in different reports, including the Human Development Index, the Gender-related Development Index, the Gender Empowerment Measure, the Human Poverty Index.[1] The Gender-related Development Index, the Gender Empowerment Measure and the Human Poverty Index were removed in 2010. The 2010 Human Development Report introduced three new indices the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the Gender Inequality Index, and the Multidimensional Poverty Index. Each Report has its own focus drawn from contemporary debate.

The 2009 Human Development Report, Overcoming Barriers, focused on migration - both within and beyond borders. It was chosen because it is a prominent theme in domestic and international debates. Its starting point is that the global distribution of capabilities is extraordinarily unequal, and that this is a major driver for movement of people.

2010 Human Development Report[edit]

The 2010 Human Development Report—The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development —showed through a detailed new analysis of long-term Human Development Index (HDI) trends that most developing countries made dramatic yet often underestimated progress in health, education and basic living standards in recent decades, with many of the poorest countries posting the greatest gains.

Yet patterns of achievement vary greatly, with some countries losing ground since 1970, the 2010 Human Development Report shows. Introducing three new indices,[6] the 20th anniversary edition of the report[7] documented wide inequalities within and among countries, deep disparities between women and men[8] on a wide range of development indicators,[9] and the prevalence of extreme multidimensional poverty[10] in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The new report also included a change in the methodology used to calculate the indexes using better statistical methods, as well as new parameters for judging the growth and development.

The first Human Development Report[11] introduced its pioneering HDI[12] and analyzed previous decades of development indicators, concluding that “there is no automatic link between economic growth and human progress.” The 2010 Report's[13] rigorous review of longer-term trends—looking back at HDI indicators[14] for most countries from 1970—showed there is no consistent correlation between national economic performance and achievement in the non-income HDI areas of health and education.

Overall, as shown in the Report’s analysis of all countries for which complete HDI data[14] are available for the past 40 years, life expectancy climbed from 59 years in 1970 to 70 in 2010, school enrollment rose from just 55 percent of all primary and secondary school-age children to 70 percent, and per capita GDP doubled to more than US$10,000. People in all regions shared in this progress, though to varying degrees. Life expectancy, for example, rose by 18 years in the Arab states between 1970 and 2010, compared to eight years in sub-Saharan Africa. The 135 countries studied include 92 percent of the world’s population.

The “Top 10 Movers” highlighted in the 2010 Report—those countries among the 135 that improved most in HDI terms over the past 40 years—were led by Oman, which invested energy earnings over the decades in education and public health.

The other nine “Top Movers” are China, Nepal, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Laos, Tunisia, South Korea, Algeria and Morocco. Remarkably, China was the only country that made the “Top 10” list due solely to income performance; the main drivers of HDI achievement were in health and education. The next 10 leaders in HDI improvement over the past 40 years include several low-income but high HID-achieving countries “not typically described as success stories,” the Report notes, among them Ethiopia (#11), Cambodia (#15) and Benin (#18)—all of which made big gains in education and public health.

The 2010 Human Development Report continued the HDI tradition[15] of measurement innovation by introducing new indices that address crucial development factors not directly reflected in the HDI:

  • The Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI):[16] The 2010 Report examined HDI data through the lens of inequality, adjusting HDI achievements to reflect disparities in income, health and education.
  • The Gender Inequality Index (GII): The 2010 Report introduced a new measure of gender inequities, including maternal mortality rates and women’s representation in parliaments. The GII calculated national HDI losses from gender inequities, from the Netherlands (the most equal in GII terms) to Yemen (the least).
  • The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): The 2010 Report featured a new multidimensional poverty measure that complements income-based poverty assessments by looking at multiple factors at the household level, from basic living standards to access to schooling, clean water and health care. About 1.7 billion people—fully a third of the population in the 104 countries included in the MPI—are estimated to live in multidimensional poverty, more than the estimated 1.3 billion who live on $1.25 a day or less.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "The 2013 Human Development Report – "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World"". HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 144–147. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Reports (1990-2013) | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  3. ^ "Summary Human Development Report 2013 | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  4. ^ "2013 Human Development Report | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  5. ^ "United Nations Intellectual History Project". Unhistory.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  6. ^ "Indices & Data | Composite Indices | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  7. ^ "Media | 2011 Report Summary | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  8. ^ "Media | 2011 Report Summary | Gender inequality | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  9. ^ "International Human Development Indicators - UNDP". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  10. ^ "Media | 2011 Report Summary | Multidimensional poverty | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  11. ^ "Reports (1990-2013) | Global Reports | HDR 1990 | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  12. ^ "Indices & Data | Human Development Index | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  13. ^ "Media | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  14. ^ a b "Indices & Data | Getting and Using Data | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  15. ^ "Media | 2011 Report Summary | New measures | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  16. ^ "Media | 2011 Report Summary | Adjusting the HDI | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 

External links[edit]

Recent reports:

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Development_Report — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Animation: Human Development Report 2013 - Rise of the South | hdr.undp.org | #hdr

The 2013 Human Development Report -- "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World" -- examines the profound shift in global dynamics driven by t...

Human Development Report 2010

The 20th anniversary edition of UNDP's annual Human Development Report documents extraordinary and often overlooked progress in health and education in most ...

People First : Human Development Reports [HQ]

This video tells the story of the Human Development Report, its origin, its concepts and the reasons for its emergence in 1990. It discusses the Human Develo...

Human Development Report 2013 Launch

Launched on March 14th, 2013 in Mexico City, Mexico, by UNDP Administrator Helen Clark, report author Khalid Malik, and hosted by Mexican President Enrique N...

UNDP Human Development Report 2013 The Rise of the South

Launch at Chatham House of the UNDP Human Development Report 2013: The Rise of the South by lead author Khalid Malik, Director of the Human Development Repor...

African Human Development Report 2012

Sub-Saharan Africa cannot sustain its present economic resurgence unless it eliminates the hunger that affects nearly a quarter of its people, the United Nat...

Vice President releases Delhi Human Development Report 2013

'Delhi Human Development Report 2013' has been released by The Vice President in New Delhi. He said that it is his expectation that the Delhi Human Developme...

Human Development Report 2006 - Beyond scarcity english ver.

This is a video I found on the United Nations homepage and gives you the essence of the Human Development Report 2006. Across the world, 2.6 billion people l...

Human Development Report 2009 - Overcoming Barriers

Allowing for migration both within and between countries has the potential to increase peoples freedom and improve the lives of millions around the world, ac...

UNDP Human Development Report: How Equitable is Malaysia?

The UN Resident Co-ordinator for Malaysia and UNDP Resident Representative for Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam Kamal Malhotra spoke with Carla Saps...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

9423 news items

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 17:10:16 -0700

Australia has come in as the second best country in the United Nations' Human Development report measuring improvements in health and longevity, income and education, and personal security. But, the United Nations says in its annual report that ...

Caribbean Journal

Awoko
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Sierra Leoneans joined with members of the international community at the British Council Hall Friday morning for the national launch of the United Nations 2014 Global Human Development Report. The event included speeches from the United Nations ...

HelpAge International

HelpAge International
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 02:15:18 -0700

Mr Malik, Director of the UN Human Development Report Office, will present the report at our joint event in London. This will be followed by keynote responses and a panel discussion with development experts.
 
The Interpreter
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 15:30:00 -0700

UNDP's 2014 Human Development Report is out. Headline news is that more than 2.2 billion people are either near or living in multidimensional poverty. Interestingly, rankings remain unchanged at both ends of the Human Development Index (see image).
 
InCyprus
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 04:15:00 -0700

The 2014 Human Development Report was launched yesterday by Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Helen Clark and Director of the Human Development Report Office Khalid Malik.

Inter Press Service

Inter Press Service
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 07:58:54 -0700

“The most successful anti-poverty and human development initiatives to date have taken a multidimensional approach, combining income support and job creation with expanded healthcare and education opportunities." -- UNDP Human Development Report ...
 
Yahoo!7 News
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 16:48:45 -0700

Australia has come in as the second best country in the United Nations' Human Development report measuring improvements in health and longevity, income and education, and personal security. But, the United Nations says in its annual report that ...

Saudi Gazette

Saudi Gazette
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 14:32:13 -0700

According to the 2014 Human Development Report released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) office in Riyadh on Thursday, human development is improving in Arab states, with some countries showing very high development. Still, there ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Human Development Report

You can talk about Human Development Report with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!