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House of Oldenburg
Arms of the County of Oldenburg.svg
Country Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Russian Empire, Kingdom of Denmark, Kingdom of Norway, Kingdom of Sweden, Kingdom of Greece, Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein
Titles
Founded 1448
Founder Elimar I, Count of Oldenburg
Final ruler
Russia:
Nicholas II of Russia (1894–1917)
Sweden:
Charles XIII of Sweden (1809–18)
Oldenburg:
Friedrich August II (1900–18)
Saxe-Lauenburg:
Christian IX (1864)
Schleswig-Holstein:
Christian IX (1864)
Augustenborg:
Albert (1921–31)
Current head Christoph, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein
Deposition
Russia:
February Revolution 1917
Sweden:
1818 (line extinct)
Greece:
Greek military junta of 1967–74 1973
Oldenburg:
German Revolution of 1918–19 1918
Saxe-Lauenburg:
Second Schleswig War 1864
Schleswig-Holstein:
Second Schleswig War 1864
Augustenborg:
1931 (line extinct)
Cadet branches

The House of Oldenburg is a European royal house of North German origin. It is one of Europe's most influential Royal Houses with branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Greece, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Schleswig, Holstein, and Oldenburg. The current Queen of Denmark, the King of Norway and the ex-King of Greece as well as consorts of Greece and the United Kingdom belong to this House.

It rose to prominence when Count Christian I of Oldenburg was elected King of Denmark in 1448, Norway in 1450 and Sweden in 1457. The house has occupied the Danish throne ever since.

History[edit]

Marriages of medieval counts of Oldenburg had paved the way for their heirs to become kings of various Scandinavian kingdoms. Through marriage with a descendant of King Valdemar I of Sweden and of King Eric IV of Denmark, a claim to Sweden and Denmark was staked, since 1350.

At that time, its competitors were the successors of Margaret I of Denmark. In the 15th century, the Oldenburg heir of that claim married Hedwig of Schauenburg, a descendant of Euphemia of Sweden and Norway and also a descendant of Eric V of Denmark and Abel of Denmark. Since descendants better situated in genealogical charts died out, their son Christian (the abovementioned) became the king of all three kingdoms of the whole Kalmar Union. The House of Mecklenburg was its chief competitor regarding the Northern thrones, and other aspirants included the Duke of Lauenburg. Different Oldenburgine branches have reigned in several countries. The House of Oldenburg was briefly poised to claim the British thrones through the marriage of Queen Anne and Prince George of Denmark and Norway; however, due to the early deaths of all their children, the crown passed to the House of Hanover.

The head of the house since 1980 is Christoph, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein.[1]

Main line[edit]

  • Kings of Denmark (1448–1863)
  • Kings of Norway (1450–1814)
  • Kings of Sweden (1457–64, 1497–1501 and 1520–21)
  • Counts, Dukes and Grand Dukes of Oldenburg (1101–1918)
  • Dukes of Schleswig and Counts of Holstein (1460–1544)
  • Dukes of Schleswig and Holstein ruling only part of the Duchies (1544–1721/1773)
  • Dukes of Schleswig (1721–1864) (ruling the entire Duchy)
  • Dukes of Holstein (1773–1864, ruling the entire Duchy)

Branches[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XVI. Haus Holstein. C.A. Starke Verlag, 2001, pp.44-50. ISBN 3-7980-0824-8. In German.
  2. ^ Royal Styles and Titles – 1960 Letters Patent

External links[edit]

Media related to House of Oldenburg at Wikimedia Commons

House of Oldenburg
House of Oldenburg
Preceded by
House of Romanov
Imperial house of Russia
1762–1917
Vacant
Preceded by
House of Wittelsbach
Royal house of Greece
1863–1973
Monarchy abolished
Preceded by
House of Palatinate-Neumarkt
Royal house of Denmark
1448–present
Present house
(branch: Glücksburg)
Preceded by
House of Bernadotte
Royal house of Norway
1905–present
Vacant
Title last held by
House of Bonde
Royal house of Norway
1450–1818
Succeeded by
House of Bernadotte
Royal house of Sweden
1457-1464
Vacant
Title next held by
House of Bonde
Royal house of Sweden
1497–1501
Vacant
Vacant Royal house of Sweden
1520–1521
Vacant
Title next held by
House of Vasa
Preceded by
House of Schaumburg
Comital House of Holstein
1460–1474
County raised to duchy
Ducal house of Schleswig
1474-1864
Second Schleswig War
County raised to duchy Ducal House of Holstein
1474-1864
Vacant
Title last held by
House of Hanover
Ducal House of Saxe-Lauenburg
1814–1864
Vacant
Title next held by
House of Hohenzollern

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Oldenburg — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

9 news items

 
Huffington Post
Sun, 28 Jul 2013 18:51:34 -0700

Much less likely, any one of them could even choose to declare the royal house "the House of Oldenburg," as Charles, William, and George are all patrilineally descended (via Prince Philip) from the Oldenburg kings of Denmark (and then Greece). But ...

Times of India

Times of India
Wed, 19 Mar 2014 06:54:11 -0700

European dynastic family members of this web include: House of Guelph/House of Windsor, Britain; House of Wettin, Belgium; House of Bernadotte, Sweden; House of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein; House of Oldenburg, Denmark; House of Hohenzollern, ...
 
The Japan Times
Fri, 26 Apr 2013 08:12:33 -0700

THE HAGUE – The Netherlands' Prince Willem-Alexander will become Europe's youngest monarch when Queen Beatrix abdicates Tuesday as his country prepares to hail the avowedly 21st-century king with a massive orange-hued party. Willem-Alexander ...
 
New York Times
Fri, 22 Jul 2011 11:07:59 -0700

His House of Oldenburg lives on, and so does that little trumpet corps, as the ROYAL DANISH ORCHESTRA, according to its official history. The orchestra comes to the Lincoln Center Festival this summer, performing a program of prime Danish music: pieces ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Fri, 26 Jul 2013 03:30:00 -0700

The law which excluded women from the succession was repealed in 1953. Royal family: House of Oldenburg. Japan. Prince Hisahito, six, the only son of Prince Akishino (the younger brother of Crown Prince Naruhito), is third in line to the throne after ...
 
Royal Central
Sun, 15 Sep 2013 00:20:50 -0700

To celebrate the 29th birthday of His Royal Highness Prince Harry of Wales, here are 29 facts about everyone's favourite red-headed Prince. 1) Prince Harry is a fan of Arsenal football club. 2) When he turned 18 in 2002, The Queen gave him his own Coat ...
 
Daily Mail
Tue, 03 May 2011 09:15:53 -0700

Some two billion people across the world may have been watching the Royal Wedding on Friday between Prince William and Kate Middleton. And it seem some Russians were watching their televisions, green with envy - because now a leading former ...
 
Slate
Tue, 05 Aug 2008 16:12:10 -0700

The host is the actress Catherine Oxenberg, who descends from the Glücksburg branch of the House of Oldenburg. No less important, Oxenberg played both Amanda Carrington on Dynasty and the Spencer girl in The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana ...
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