digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses are expected to be finished on the site by December 2008.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
38638 videos foundNext > 

Horden. Co Durham

Horden Past and Present.

horden colliery 1986ish part 3[nsk factory + wearmouth col]

sorry quality not so good but off old video and compressed.

Horden Big Club

A trip down memory lane for all of you like me have had so many happy memories over the years in here and such a shame to see the old girl a shadow of her fo...

Pokémon X/Y: Tutorial - EV Training mit Horden

Ein kleines tutorial, was euch zeigen soll, wie man mit Horden sehr schnell EV Training betreiben kann. Ich hoffe, dass ich denen helfen kann, die diese Meth...

Division Germania - Gott unser Horden

Epic Empires 2013 - Horden des Chaos

Schlachten der Horden des Chaos auf dem Epic Empires 2013 Musik: Fever Dream - 300 Soundtrack . Tyler Bates Amaterasu Theme - Naruto Shippuden Soundtrack If ...

Ferre Gola Horden aboyi chikito,Nicodeme alobi baza ba faux chanteurs

Showtek @ Horden Pavilion Sydney 2012

http://www.showtek.nl http://www.facebook.com/showtekofficial http://www.twitter.com/showtekmusic.

horden colliery 1986ish 4

old horden video 1986ish[durham big meeting] this is the last part of a video.

Horden CW Vs. Easington C AFC Wearside League 30/08/2014

HIGHLIGHTS and reaction to the Wearside League match between Horden CW and Easington C AFC 30/08/2014. Follow us on Twitter: @ButlerSportsTV. Web: www.butler...

38638 videos foundNext > 

2238 news items

 
Northumberland Gazette
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

Such was the crushing margin of Alnwick's victory in this try extravaganza, that by the end, one began to feel a measure of sympathy for a gallant Horden side that have yet to win a game this season and are obviously struggling to come to terms with ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 10:37:30 -0700

HORDEN are off the mark – and now the strugglers want to kick on at Alnwick tomorrow. After going six Saturdays without picking up a solitary point, the colliery side collected a losing bonus in the 22-15 derby defeat at West Hartlepool. The penalty ...
 
Sunderland Echo
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Just before the end, Robert Taylor made it three for Keith Brown's Horden side from a free-kick and Dane Wilson completed the scoring to help lift the Colliers into their highest position this season, albeit eight points behind leaders Stockton Town ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Officers say a blue Citroen Berlingo had been stolen from Southbrooke Avenue, in Hartlepool, some time last month. The car was spotted by a road policing unit vehicle belonging to Durham Police in Horden. After a short chase, the car was abandoned near ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:13:40 -0700

Dixon is well aware that points and pride are of equal importance at Catcote Road tomorrow. “A derby against Horden is like a cup final – for both clubs,” Dixon told SportMail. “I wouldn't read anything into the league table at all where this match is ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 03:52:30 -0700

HORDEN CW missed the opportunity to go joint second in the Wearside League when they were surprisingly beaten at Leam Rangers. The Colliers lost despite twice being ahead through Dan Turner and Michael Kane (penalty). Gordon Hutchinson levelled ...

Ilkley Gazette

Ilkley Gazette
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 00:30:00 -0700

ILKLEY'S gradual march up the North One East table continued with a substantial second away win at bottom-placed Horden. While their hosts were able to put the wind up the Dalesmen for the first quarter of the game, at one stage leading by 15-3 ...
 
The Northern Echo
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 08:22:30 -0700

FINAL plans have been unveiled for an extension and refurbishment of a medical group's practice to transform it into a village health centre. Staff at Shinwell Medical Group in Fourth Street at Horden plans to extend their general practice surgery, so ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight