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Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses are expected to be finished on the site by December 2008.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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29478 videos foundNext > 

1339 news items

 
Sunderland Echo
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 02:56:15 -0700

IN-FORM Horden CW moved into second place in the Wearside League with an emphatic 4-0 home victory over Seaton Carew last night. Martin Fowler broke the deadlock after 35 minutes with a shot into the bottom corner of the net and, early in the second ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 10:40:10 -0700

Horden RFC have been nominated for club of the year at the Hartlepool Mail Sports Awards. The Northumberland Street outfit are on the shortlist with the winner being announced at the swanky bash at Hardwick Hall in Sedgefield. I might even have a look ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:13:40 -0700

IAIN Dixon is braced for a fierce derby battle tomorrow when West Hartlepool host Horden in North One East clash which is vital to both clubs. West have home advantage for what the head coach describes as a “cup final” (kick-off 3pm). And how West need ...
 
Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 16:37:30 -0700

View the latest news and sport or download full editions of the newspaper to read offline. Search for Hartlepool Mail in your Android or iOS app store today. Newspaper subscribers get free unlimited access to the app.

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Officers say a blue Citroen Berlingo had been stolen from Southbrooke Avenue, in Hartlepool, some time last month. The car was spotted by a road policing unit vehicle belonging to Durham Police in Horden. After a short chase, the car was abandoned near ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 03:52:30 -0700

HORDEN CW missed the opportunity to go joint second in the Wearside League when they were surprisingly beaten at Leam Rangers. The Colliers lost despite twice being ahead through Dan Turner and Michael Kane (penalty). Gordon Hutchinson levelled ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Sheffield, beaten by an injury-time penalty at West on the opening weekend of the programme have come back well with back-to-back wins. But Horden will take encouragement from the fact West's forwards gave trhem a hard time and they will look to turn ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 01:00:04 -0700

The is the brainchild of Bobby Turnbull and is in memory of his mum Alison Turnbull, 44, sister Tanya Turnbull, 24, and aunt Susan McGoldrick, 47, who died on New Year's Day 2012 in Horden. They were shot dead by Susan's partner, Michael Atherton, 42, ...
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