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For the municipality in Lower Saxony in Germany, see Hörden am Harz.
Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Population 8,087 (2011)[1]
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village and electoral ward in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[2] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction of Horden Colliery began in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[3] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[4] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[5]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[6]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[7]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. Twenty-one two and three-bedroom houses were built but the project was abandoned midway through. The houses that were built are objects of vandalism and some have even been burnt out.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Community, Durham (D.C.C.). "Horden History". Durham in Time. Durham City Council. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Durham County Council historical records
  4. ^ Horden South Ward Appraisal, Easington Council
  5. ^ Durham Miner project research
  6. ^ Coal Authority Pilot Project
  7. ^ See also other picture of same place (with geograph.org.)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
59368 videos foundNext > 

Horden. Co Durham

Horden Past and Present.

Tourist guide to horden!!!!!!

horden colliery co durham

horden colliery 1986ish part1

from a old video excuse the quality HAVE A LOOK YOU MAY SEE SOME ONE YOU KNOW includes the big club and durham big meeting the pit was just about ...

horden colliery 1986ish part 2

old video sorry about the quality but a quality mullet by john ?

Day of action in Horden, Peterlee

Police in Peterlee have executed a number of warrants on addresses in the Horden area.

Low water sea coaling Horden blackhall

Sea coaling 1960s.

Unveiling of `marra` in Horden Welfare Park

On a blustery day Marra was unveiled in Horden Welfare Park on Saturday 21st November 2015. Artist is Ray Lonsdale. The wind was howling so I have ...

Horden Beach

Kids from Our Lady Star of the Sea on the news talking about Horden beach.

Division Germania - Gott unser Horden

59368 videos foundNext > 

33970 news items

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 03:52:30 -0700

Pop along to Roseby Road Wellbeing Centre, Roseby Road, Horden, to see the winter welfare champions for free and impartial energy service. Get energy efficiency advice, help with switching tariffs and supplier, you may be eligible for £140 discount on ...

The Northern Echo (registration)

The Northern Echo (registration)
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 02:05:32 -0700

A WOULD-BE robber who threatened a betting shop staff member with a meat cleaver has been jailed. Wayne Cleere marched into the William Hill betting shop, in Blackhills Road, Horden, and demanded money with the blade. Durham Crown Court ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Wed, 20 Apr 2016 01:09:18 -0700

Two crews from Peterlee were called to a home on Twelfth Street, Horden, in County Durham at 9.30pm. Fire fighters spent over two hours trying to put out the blaze using two hose reel jets before they left the property at midnight. The two storey ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sun, 17 Apr 2016 23:00:00 -0700

Horden then put Rovers under pressure inside their 22 and Kieran Forbes picked up from the base of an attacking scrum but his 15-metre burst for the line was halted by another good tackle by Rochester. A turnover by Maddison on his own line, three ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Thu, 07 Apr 2016 08:33:45 -0700

It is a village steeped in mining industry so we've turned the clock back to the halcyon days of Horden Colliery. Who can tell us more about them? Two of our pictures show the visit of the Duchess of Kent to Horden pit in October 1944.

Het Laatste Nieuws

Het Laatste Nieuws
Sun, 01 May 2016 03:30:00 -0700

McLeod veroverde op het WK indoor van midden maart in Portland nog goud op de 60 meter horden. Met zijn chrono van zaterdag nadert hij zijn persoonlijk record (12.97), dat hij in juni 2015 in Kingston op de tabellen zette. De vorige BWJP stond sinds 22 ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 18 Apr 2016 03:30:00 -0700

The season had already been extended to May 16 before a further eight games were called off at the weekend, leaving secretary Kevin Harrison with even more fixtures to fit in. Only two matches went ahead and both were in Cumbria, which escaped the ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 04:15:00 -0700

Peterlee mayor Mary Cartwright and Horden RFC president John Groves, with back from left, treasurer Joss Fenwick, Peterlee Town Council sports development officer Sharon Pounder and chairman Trevor Thubron.
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