digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses are expected to be finished on the site by December 2008.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
42261 videos foundNext > 

Horden. Co Durham

Horden Past and Present.

Horden Big Club

A trip down memory lane for all of you like me have had so many happy memories over the years in here and such a shame to see the old girl a shadow of her fo...

horden colliery 1986ish part 3[nsk factory + wearmouth col]

sorry quality not so good but off old video and compressed.

HORDEN. A Tale of a Mining Village in Co.Durham..

A Tale of a mining village in Co Durham. Horden. :)

Division Germania - Gott unser Horden

horden colliery 1986ish part 2

old video sorry about the quality but a quality mullet by john ?

100m horden finale 1985 vrouwen 12,96

Marjan Olijslager wint de finale bij het NK 100m Horden 1985 te Zwolle (gecorrigeerde tijd) Goud Marjan Olyslager 12,96 s (+ 4,68 m/s) Zilver Tineke Hidding ...

Pokémon X/Y: Tutorial - EV Training mit Horden

Ein kleines tutorial, was euch zeigen soll, wie man mit Horden sehr schnell EV Training betreiben kann. Ich hoffe, dass ich denen helfen kann, die diese Meth...

Ferre Gola Horden aboyi chikito,Nicodeme alobi baza ba faux chanteurs

Horden CW Vs. Annfield Plain Wearside League 19/11/2014

HIGHLIGHTS and reaction Horden CW Vs. Annfield Plain Wearside League 19/11/2014. Twitter: @ButlerSportsTV www.butlersporttv.com.

42261 videos foundNext > 

13841 news items

Doncaster Today

Doncaster Today
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 11:30:00 -0800

Right winger James Montgomery touched down at the corner flag for a try, but Horden then took play upfield for Oliver to land an impressive penalty from wide out and into the wind. But Wheatley put the result beyond down when, with 13 minutes still to ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 14:41:42 -0800

Situated near the beautiful Durham coastline among rolling green fields, they sound like a beautiful place to live. Yet homes in the once thriving villages of Horden and Blackhall stand empty and – even with a price tag of just £1 – have no buyer ...

Channel 4 News

Channel 4 News
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 08:41:16 -0800

The properties are managed by Accent housing association, which manages 361 social housing properties in Horden and Blackhall. It's just like a disease that's spread down the streets Pat Barnett. The housing association say they have withdrawn of ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 22:00:54 -0800

Accent housing association, which manages 361 social housing properties in Horden and Blackhall, says it has reluctantly taken the decision after exhausting all other avenues including approaching other landlords. It is seeking consent from the Homes ...

Channel 4 News

Channel 4 News
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 06:22:40 -0800

She's lived in Horden for 38 years and says the state of the village is an "absolute disgrace". Another resident likened the place to "the Bronx". Many viewers have been quick to point out Beirut's merits. Few, however, had much that was good to say ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 06:34:05 -0800

HORDEN'S latest addition to the professional boxing ranks is just eight days away from making his pro debut. Liam Cammock, part of the young and exciting team of boxers at Hartlepool's Gus Robinson Developments gym, will take on Mick Mills at Houghton ...

The Northern Echo

The Northern Echo
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 22:06:43 -0800

RESIDENTS of a former colliery community plan to take over the running of dozens of boarded up homes themselves. A total of 160 homes out of 361 properties managed by Accent housing association stand empty in east Durham – 130 of them in Horden, ...

The Northern Echo

The Northern Echo
Sat, 07 Feb 2015 04:45:00 -0800

Durham County Council's Community Action Team (CAT) will be starting work in Horden East, near Peterlee, to tackle various issues, including housing and the environment, as well as giving advice on health and wellbeing from Monday (February 9).
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight