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Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses are expected to be finished on the site by December 2008.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
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1086 news items

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 00:34:55 -0700

HORDEN are braced for a battle of brute strength when they play their opening home North One East game of the season against Pocklington. The Yorkshire side come to Welfare Park with an opening-day 27-19 win over Ilkley under their belt and with a ...
 
The Northern Echo
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 03:29:09 -0700

SPENNYMOOR Town Reserves were flying high when they arrived at Welfare Park, but Horden CW halted their march up the table. A fifth-minute header by Mark Brischuk separated the teams at interval before two goals in minutes from Andrew Lonsdale and ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 04:48:45 -0700

Callum Sweeney converted the spot-kick to level matters and immediately goalkeeper Ethan Anderson was red-carded after pushing the goalscorer as he celebrated. Ethan Payne was dismissed soon after, reducing Horden to eight men and, not surprisingly, ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 07:02:12 -0700

Last season's Durham and Northumberland One champions competed strongly only to be undone by a home scoring spree either side of half-time. Horden had taken the lead midway through the half with a David Heckles penalty just outside the 22. With new ...
 
Huffington Post
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 13:12:11 -0700

"The I Ching is the shortest path to two of the deepest of human desires." It was one of those monsoons that infrequently strike Southern California and the rain was torrential and unrelenting. It pounded on the roof comfortingly. The courtyard outside ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 22:03:45 -0700

“If approved, the new station at Horden will significantly improve the accessibility of East Durham to both commuters travelling into the area for work and potential inward investors looking to expand so we're pleased to hear that the planning process ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Shown with the awards at Horden Welfare Park are Yohden primary school pupils Morgan Wright, Leah Hanson and Josh Dowson with (left to right) Pat Wild, Isobel Roberts and park staff Walter Rudkin, Richard Hepworth, Cory Barron and Matthew Scott.

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 06:52:30 -0700

Our Lady Roman Catholic Church, in Cemetery Road, Easington Colliery, held its final service last week. Parishioners of the 1978-built church will now join the Catholic congregation at Our Lady Star of the Sea Church, in Horden. Although local police ...
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