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For the municipality in Lower Saxony in Germany, see Hörden am Harz.
Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses are expected to be finished on the site by December 2008.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
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38469 news items

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 28 May 2015 03:07:30 -0700

A newborn baby has been found abandoned on the doorstep of a property in County Durham. He was discovered at about 04:50 BST on Fourth Street in Horden, near Peterlee, and taken to the University Hospital of North Tees in Stockton. The baby, named ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Wed, 27 May 2015 08:33:45 -0700

Unbeaten fighters Anth Hardy and Liam Cammock will box at least once more this season after being handed spots on a big show in Gateshead. The Horden pair, who box out of the Gus Robinson Developments gym in Hartlepool, will be in action on the ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Wed, 20 May 2015 15:18:45 -0700

The nine former students attended Bishop Horden residential school in Moose Factory, Ont. in the 1960s. They have pursued claims through the independent assessment process, the system set up under the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement ...

BBC News

BBC News
Sun, 03 May 2015 02:14:57 -0700

A pedestrian was badly hurt when he was struck by a car, which then made off from the scene in County Durham. The Peugeot was negotiating traffic calming measures at Blackhills Road, in Horden, at 11.30 BST on Saturday when it crossed the carriageway.

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Tue, 05 May 2015 08:17:15 -0700

There is nothing wrong with the 23-year-old's skill set, far from it, the Horden fighter is pleasing on the eye. But, like many a southpaw, he prefers to counterpunch rather than be the all-out aggressor. “We're in no mad rush with Anth,” said Cope ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 09 May 2015 18:18:45 -0700

But it was not just an evening for the Hartlepool fans – Horden was also out in force. The Copes' Gus Robinson Developments team-mates Anth Hardy and Liam Cammock enjoyed the best wins of their careers to date, Hardy outpointing Fonz Alexander while ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Thu, 07 May 2015 09:30:00 -0700

The Horden boxer, part of the Gus Robinson Developments team, will take on one of boxing's most awkward fighters, Matt Seawright. Dynamic Dart Advertisement. The Tamworth veteran has made making opponents look bad an art form, as Cammock is well ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Thu, 14 May 2015 00:52:30 -0700

They begin against Tow Law on Thursday, July 9, before hosting South Shields (July 11), Sunderland RCA (July 16) and Jarrow Roofing (July 21). Horden also visit Esh Winning on July 18 and meet Northern League newcomers Easington Colliery on July 25, ...
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