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For the municipality in Lower Saxony in Germany, see Hörden am Harz.
Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses were buily=t but the project was abandoned midway through. The houses that were built are objects of vandalism and some have even been burnt out.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
25997 videos foundNext > 

Horden. Co Durham

Horden Past and Present.

100m horden finale 1985 vrouwen 12,96

Marjan Olijslager wint de finale bij het NK 100m Horden 1985 te Zwolle (gecorrigeerde tijd) Goud Marjan Olyslager 12,96 s (+ 4,68 m/s) Zilver Tineke Hidding 13 ...

Division Germania - Gott unser Horden

M 400m horden Finale

"Niets is wat het lijkt" zo luidt een bekend gezegde. Eelco Sintnicolaas leek als meerkamper de nationale 400m horden titel op z'n naam te gaan schrijven.

No 13 and other Ghost Stories By Mr James/Michael Horden reads Ghost Stories by M.R James

No 13 and other Ghost Stories By Mr James/Michael Horden reads Ghost Stories by M.R James.

Horden Big Club

A trip down memory lane for all of you like me have had so many happy memories over the years in here and such a shame to see the old girl a shadow of her ...

Epic Empires 2013 - Horden des Chaos

Schlachten der Horden des Chaos auf dem Epic Empires 2013 Musik: Fever Dream - 300 Soundtrack . Tyler Bates Amaterasu Theme - Naruto Shippuden ...

Let's Play The Witcher 3 Wild Hunt Deutsch #30 - Die Horden der Muhmen

Let's Play The Witcher 3 German kaufen: http://amzn.to/1BqNtGe Let's Play The Witcher 3 Wild Hunt Deutsch Playlist: https://goo.gl/HNgDJT FACEBOOK: ...

horden colliery 1986ish part1

from a old video excuse the quality HAVE A LOOK YOU MAY SEE SOME ONE YOU KNOW includes the big club and durham big meeting the pit was just about ...

Richard Horden, Architekt Horden Cherry Lee Architects Ltd, zu Natur und Architektur

Swissbau Focus 2014, Samstag, 25. Januar 2014, 11.00-13.00 Uhr Themenanlass Architekturvortrag: Arch-Tec: Entwurf und Baurealität Veranstalter: Architektur ...

25997 videos foundNext > 

11199 news items

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 04:37:30 -0700

“We'll discuss and decide what is best for Horden Rugby Club and go from there.” As the crow flies, the Eden Lane ground is just hundreds of yards away from the Welfare Park ground where Horden currently ply their trade. Should members back the idea ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 01:15:00 -0700

Pictured on the site of a new play area in Cotsford Park Estate, Horden are l-r residents John Maudling snr., Joyce Maudling, Paul Ryan, Christine Ritchie, Tracy Maudling, John Maudling and Coun. June Clark, on Wednesday.

Hartlepool Mail

The Northern Echo
Fri, 12 Jun 2015 08:34:35 -0700

ART: Colin Kays, the son of pitman and self-taught artist Jimmy Kays, with Jimmy's granddaughters, Christine Borrill, Elsa Kyle, Edan committee member Jean Spence and Elsa Kyle, at a show of Jimmy's work at Horden Heritage Centre. Picture: TOM BANKS ( ...

The Northern Echo

The Northern Echo
Wed, 24 Jun 2015 08:48:36 -0700

Cotsford Park, in Horden, will get new play equipment including wings, roundabouts, a climbing frame and a slide under a revamp costing more than £50,000. A turf-cutting ceremony was held at the Horden Parish Council-owned park today (Wednesday, ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 01 Jun 2015 10:04:05 -0700

Horden reached 54 before losing their first wicket, and a classy fourth-wicket partnership between Madagaonkar, who hit six boundaries and a six in 68, and Scott Birks (32) had them on course before Hylton rallied strongly, restricting them to 178-5.

Toronto Star

Toronto Star
Fri, 05 Jun 2015 18:18:45 -0700

The judge noted that after an inquiry from Brunning, Ottawa disclosed that Ernest Constant, a supervisor at Bishop Horden from 1965 to 1966, was convicted in 2005 of indecent assault of students at another native residential school — Dauphin (MacKay) ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 15:52:30 -0700

A court ruling has compelled the federal government to search RCMP records for evidence of abuse at Bishop Horden Indian Residential School in Moose Factory, Ont. The ruling comes after a group of former students asked an Ontario Superior Court to ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Wed, 03 Jun 2015 22:26:15 -0700

Ryhope made 158-3, with Connor Pearson's unbeaten 77 backed by Tomlin (59), but Horden roared home as Carl Watson stroked 70 not out, backed by Jamie Greenwood (53no). Dawdon progressed in the Horner Cup, defeating Durham City by four wickets ...
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