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For the municipality in Lower Saxony in Germany, see Hörden am Harz.
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
 Horden shown within County Durham
Population 8,087 (2011)[1]
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village and electoral ward in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.


The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[2] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[3] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[4] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]


Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[5]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[6]


Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[7]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses were buily=t but the project was abandoned midway through. The houses that were built are objects of vandalism and some have even been burnt out.


Notable residents[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
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13349 news items

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Tue, 22 Sep 2015 04:15:00 -0700

A new youth club, the Horden Young Citizens Project (HYCP), for seven to 13 years, will run every Tuesday and Thursday from 5.30pm to 7.30pm at 50p per session. HYCP will offer games, arts and crafts, and outings. Working with qualified senior youth ...

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 17 Sep 2015 05:22:30 -0700

A woman who abandoned her newborn son on a County Durham doorstep has been given a suspended sentence. The baby was discovered in Horden, near Peterlee, in May. Leigh-Anne Varley, pleaded guilty last month to having wilfully ill-treated, ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Tue, 15 Sep 2015 01:26:15 -0700

The case of Michael Atherton, 42, who used a licensed firearm to shoot dead his partner, her sister and her niece before killing himself in Horden on New Year's Day in 2012 is a case study in the report, as is the Independent Police Complaints ...

Gazette Live

Gazette Live
Sat, 26 Sep 2015 06:53:42 -0700

Luckily no one was injured in the collision on Horden Road, including the woman who was driving the Citroen or the two children who were in the car with her. “I was just lying on the settee watching about to watch the football and some racing when I ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 21 Sep 2015 07:26:15 -0700

Ironically, Horden started well enough, with winger Cameron hauled down just short on the left after good hands set him free. Jack McCallum then broke through and made 30 metres. But Novos rattled off four tries and while a charge down by Chris Reilly ...

The Northern Echo

The Northern Echo
Wed, 09 Sep 2015 08:22:30 -0700

He used the hammer to damage the counter and the area round the till, but was chased from the premises, and was arrested later at an address elsewhere in Horden. Neil Bennett, for Ord, asked for preparation of a background report on his client by the ...

The Northern Echo

The Northern Echo
Sun, 04 Oct 2015 11:00:00 -0700

Mike Thornburn was driven over for the final try with Bircham adding his third conversion to his two penalties. Stockton won 19-13 at home to Horden after trailing 13-6 following an 80-metre interception try early in the second half. Flanker Liam ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Tue, 08 Sep 2015 22:15:00 -0700

The parish council purchased the sculpture to honour Britain's proud coal mining heritage and are determined that Horden's roots should be celebrated, linking the past to the present. Consultation documents can be found in most shops in Horden as well ...

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