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For the municipality in Lower Saxony in Germany, see Hörden am Harz.
Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Population 8,087 (2011)[1]
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village and electoral ward in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[2] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[3] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[4] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[5]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[6]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[7]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses were buily=t but the project was abandoned midway through. The houses that were built are objects of vandalism and some have even been burnt out.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

22190 news items

 
Sunderland Echo
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Horden Youth and Community Centre want to say a big thank you to all the staff at Sainsbury's, Cotsford Lane, who throughout the year have fundraised for the centre. They organised collections, tombolas, etc and also supported the healthy eating ...

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 02:33:45 -0700

A woman has admitted abandoning her newborn baby son on the doorstep of a property in County Durham. The child was discovered at Emerson Court in Horden, near Peterlee, in May and taken to the University Hospital of North Tees in Stockton.

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 09:41:15 -0700

The 12-day-old baby was discovered abandoned on a doorstep in Emerson Court, Horden, and near Shinwell Medical Centre, in the early hours, with the police and ambulance service quickly alerted. The boy was taken to the University of North Tees ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 15 Aug 2015 04:26:15 -0700

But the unbeaten Horden boxer was injured in sparring and has been ruled out. Gus Robinson Developments head coach Peter Cope said: “It's a blow for Liam. “But, as I've said before about the young lads in our gym, we're in no rush with him. “It's ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Wed, 19 Aug 2015 09:19:50 -0700

Greg O'Neil has been forced to pull out of his challenge for the Northern Area super-middleweight title. The Hartlepool and Horden boxer damaged his back in training at the Gus Robinson Developments gym last night as he continued his build-up to Friday ...

Het Laatste Nieuws

De Morgen
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 21:30:43 -0700

Eerder op de dag lieten Van der Plaetsen en Pittomvils respectievelijk 14.76 en 15.09 optekenen op de 110m horden en waren ze in het discuswerpen goed voor worpen over 43m01 (Van der Plaetsen) en 39m90 (Pittomvils). Later vandaag staan met het ...

De Morgen

De Morgen
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:59:45 -0700

Anne Zagré heeft zich op het WK atletiek in Peking niet kunnen plaatsen voor de finale van de 100 meter horden. De Belgische eindigde in haar halve finale als derde. Enkel de eerste twee gingen rechtstreeks door. Haar verliezende tijd van 12.88 ...

De Morgen

NOS
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 06:16:45 -0700

De Keniaan Nicholas Bett heeft bij de WK atletiek in Peking voor een sensatie gezorgd door de wereldtitel op de 400 meter horden te veroveren. Hij is de eerste Keniaan die WK-goud op een sprintnummer heeft gewonnen. Alle ogen waren in de finale gericht ...
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