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Horden
View of Horden from 800 feet above sea level.
Horden is located in County Durham
Horden
Horden
 Horden shown within County Durham
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterlee
Postcode district SR8
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Easington
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°45′54″N 1°18′50″W / 54.7651°N 1.3139°W / 54.7651; -1.3139

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History[edit]

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664).[1] However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[2] By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.[citation needed]

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.[citation needed]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[3] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.[citation needed]

Mining[edit]

Horden Colliery memorial pit wheel.

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[4]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[5]

Regeneration[edit]

Opening gates of Horden Colliery Welfare park.
Eroding bank of coal-mine waste, Horden Beach[6]

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Horden Big Club closed in June 2007 after a series of issues forced the owners to withdraw their licence with the site earmarked for residential development. 21 two and three-bedroom houses are expected to be finished on the site by December 2008.

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horden — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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12497 news items

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 15:48:45 -0800

Horden deserved a score in the second half and almost got it when Dave Heckles engineered an opportunity to put Carl Oliver through a gap. He was pulled down with only the full-back to beat and while the visitors recycled well, they mishandled and ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 17:30:00 -0800

Horden welcome back stand-off Andrew Turner after injury at Bradford & Bingley tomorrow but while he returns through the entrance, several players go out through the exit door. Michael Thompson and Chris Wood are out injured and now Jordan Yates, Jona ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 01:56:15 -0800

Before the break, however, Chris Freeman and Michael Patterson gave Horden a three-goal cushion and although Matthew Robinson claimed a second strike for the visitors, the Colliers went nap when Patterson scored his second goal for 5-2 13 minutes ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 07:45:00 -0800

HORDEN CW moved into third position in the Wearside League thanks to a 2-0 victory at Hartlepool on Saturday. Paul Moss and Michael Kane (penalty) were the match winners for Keith Brown's side, getting back to winning ways after a 2-0 defeat at Boldon ...

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 10:00:00 -0800

Willow got one back after some sloppy defending, but Horden went on to win comfortably, man of the match Scott completing his hat-trick and Burns grabbing his second. Mill View WMC claimed a superb 4-1 success at Shildon Grey Horse to stay five points ...
 
FOCUS Online
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 09:59:05 -0800

"Die Blicke wanderten dorthin, wo sie eigentlich nichts zu suchen hatten": Deborah Rosenkranz war lange Jahre Flugbegleiterin und wurde als singende Stewardess berühmt. Jetzt erzählt sie, warum sie trotz Beleidigungen gerne Stewardess war - und stellt ...

Gazette Live

Gazette Live
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 06:48:45 -0800

Wolviston's home game against Horden next Saturday will be recorded as part of the Wearside League's commemorations of the cease fire in World War One when England and Germany played football in No Man's Land. Redcar Athletic have a free weekend ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 08:07:30 -0800

... Wood, A Rollins, A Coates, J Corbett, J Rafferty, D Boatman (capt), J Baggs, C Atkins. Subs: J Angus, S Miller, L Bailey. HORDEN have yet to finalise their squad for tomorrow's basement clash in Halifax where they visit second-bottom side Old ...
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