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This article is about the Austroasiatic language of India. For the Tibeto-Burman language also known as Ho of China, Vietnam and Laos, see Hani language.
Ho
Native to India, Bangladesh
Ethnicity Ho people
Native speakers
1.04 million (2001 census)[1]
Varang Kshiti,
Oriya, Devanagari, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hoc
Glottolog hooo1248[2]

Ho (also known as Bihar Ho and Lanka Kol) is a Munda language of the Austroasiatic language family spoken primarily in India by about 1.04 million people (0.103% of India's population) per the 2001 census. It is spoken by the Ho people and is written with the "Varang Kshiti" (also "Warang Chiti" script). In some regions, in Oriya, Devanagari and Latin [3] but are considered non-ideal by the native speakers who prefer exclusive use of Varang Kshiti. [4] The name "Ho" is derived from the native word "ho", which means "human".[5]

Distribution[edit]

The largest concentrations of Ho speakers are in the East Singhbhum district of southern Jharkhand and in the Mayurbhanj district and Keonjhar district of northern Odisha. Ho is closer to the Mayurbhanj dialect of Mundari than the language spoken in Jharkhand. Although Ho and Mundari are linguistically closer, the ethnic identity of the speakers is distinct.[5] [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ho at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ho". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "The Warang Chiti Alphabet". Swarthmore.edu. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Harrison, Anderson, David, Gregory. "Review of Proposal for Encoding Warang Chiti (Hoorthography) in Unicode" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Ho Web Sketch: Ho writing" (PDF). Livingtongues.org. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Anderson, edited by Gregory S. (2008). The Munda languages (1. publ. ed.). London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Deeney, J. J. (1991). Introduction to the Ho language: [learn Ho quickly and well]. Chaibasa: Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Burrows, L. (1915). Ho grammar: with vocabulary.
  • Deeney, J. J. (1975). Ho grammar and vocabulary. Chaibasa: Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Hembram, D.r. "Shishu Halang" Part-2. jharkhand Publications.
  • Bandia, Kaira Singh. "OL INITU".
  • Bodra, Lako. "Saraswati Gwari".
  • Bodra, Lako. "Baha Buru-Bonga Buru" in Ho language.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Kol Rule" in Hindi.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Kol Rule" in Ho by Dr. lako bodra.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Halang Halpung" in Ho By Dr. lako bodra.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Sahar Hora" part-1 by Dr. lako bodra.
  • Bodra, Lako. (2000). "Sishu Alang" part I & part II by Dr. lako bodra.
  • lala rai niranjan Shrivastav, Bhubaneswar prasad Awasthi, S.A.B.D.Hans,Dulay ch. munda. "Munda lokgeet abang lokkathayain".
  • Bible Society of India, "Jiban Reya Hora" By Bible Society of India.
  • Paleya, Padiyar., "Landa Bagan" Padiyar Paleya.
  • Tiu, Prafulla., "Oriya-Ho" Language Translation. By Prafulla tiu.
  • Honhage, Vibhishan." Sing Bonga Ashra". (1968).
  • Deogam, Moraji., "Luku Hadam Deshum-Rumul".(1993).by Moraji Deogam.
  • Purty, Dhanursingh, "Ho-Dishum Ho Honko" seven volumes.(1982) Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Tiu, Soneya Kumar, "Re-ed-Ranu" PRACTICE OF MEDICINE. (Allopathic, Birth control & Horo vocabulary).physician Soneya Kumar Tiu.(1976).
  • Deogam, Chandrabhusan, "Larka Ho", by Chandrabhusan Deogam.
  • Purty, Laxman., "Elabu Padawa" Part-II. By Laxman Purty.
  • Gagarai, Ghanshyam., "Parichaya" (Adivasi Ho Samaj). by Ghanshyam Gagarai.(6.10.1993). published by Krishi ebang jilla samanbayak. south Bihar, Jamshedpur.
  • Tiu, Singhrai, "Warang Chiti Chinab" in Ho. by Singhrai Tiu.
  • Bodra, Bagun, "Sishu Seyan" in Ho by Bagun Bodra. approved by Ho Bhasa Sahitya Vikash Samity Chaibasa, Singhbhum(W.)Bihar.
  • Tiriya, Kali Charan, "SUSAR".publishes By Sida Hora Susar Aakala, Orissa, bhubaneswar.(1985).
  • Sikander Tamsoy, Raiman kudada,Dobro Buliuli. "Dupub-Dustoor meeyad-marshal".
  • Tiu, D.R. Soneya Kumar,."TURTUNG" by D.R. Soneya Kumar Tiu.
  • Kumar, Bajra Bihari,. "HINDI-HO DICTIONARY". by Bajra Bihari Kumar. Nagaland Bhasha Parishad, Kohima. 395 pages.
  • Uxbond,F.A., "Munda-Magyar-Maori". by F.A.Uxbond.london lUZAC & CO. 46, GREAT RUSSELL STREET.(1928).
  • Hasan, Amir, " Kols Of Patta" by Amir Hasan(I.A.S).
  • P.Ponette, S.J., "THE MUNDA WORLD". By FR J.B.HOFFMANN, S.J.(1978)Catholic Press Ranchi.
  • Deeney, J. J. (1978). Ho-English Dictionary. Chaibassa: Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Anderson, Gregory D. S., Toshiki Osada and K. David Harrison. "Ho and the other Kherwarian Languages" In Gregory Anderson (ed.) Munda Languages. (2008). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-32890-6
  • Bodra, Ghanshyam 'Sakinj'., "UNKURU" a book for beginners" ( a selected book to promote Education in Adivasi HO Language and in WARANG KSHITI script.) 3rd eddition.

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ho_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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64 news items

Avenue Mail

Avenue Mail
Mon, 11 Apr 2016 17:11:15 -0700

TCS has also built a team to offer systematized and step-by-step learning for Warang Kshiti, the script for Ho language. A team of 190 people, including teachers and academicians, have been trained on adopting teaching approaches and methodologies in ...
 
Business Standard
Thu, 22 Aug 2013 09:35:50 -0700

BJP Rajya Sabha MP Dharmendra Pradhan today led a delegation to Minister of State for Home R P N Singh to demand that Ho, a language spoken by Ho, Munda, Kol and Kolha tribals of Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal be included in the Eighth ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 12:00:50 -0800

"It means 'against the current' in the Omaha or Umo"ho" language," said Miller. "We know a little bit about running against the current." The tiny plains tribe of 3,000 members is located near the Missouri River about 80 miles north of Omaha, Nebraska.
 
Times of India
Mon, 18 Jul 2011 12:08:20 -0700

After a detailed study on the Ho language and community, this committee found that Ho meets all the required criteria to merit inclusion in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. TAC then recommended to the state government to ask the Centre to ...
 
Times of India
Tue, 14 Jul 2015 07:46:29 -0700

BHUBANESWAR: Ahead of the elections for two newly created municipal corporations—Sambalpur and Rourkela, chief minister Naveen Patnaik on Tuesday urged the Centre to expedite inclusion of Sambalpuri/Kosali and Ho languages in the Eighth ...

Avenue Mail

Times of India
Wed, 14 Oct 2015 23:26:22 -0700

JAMSHEDPUR: A team of 190 people have been qualified to offer systematized learning of Warang Kshiti, the script for Ho language, after a nine-day training at Warang Kshiti in Tata Steel's Tribal Cultural Society (TCS) in Sonari. The training focused ...

VietNamNet Bridge

VietNamNet Bridge
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 18:03:45 -0800

The Tiger Cave waterfall nestles in a 308-ha forest. It's 50 meters high and 500 meters wide. It's imposing beauty inspires romantic thoughts. The 40 m high Dambri waterfall whose name means “waiting” in the K'ho language, has an associated legend ...

Zee News

Zee News
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 02:22:30 -0700

Written and Directed by a journalist-turned-film director Vinod Kapri, 'Miss Tanakpur Haazir Ho' is a social satire inspired by true events. The film delves into how; numerous, ridiculously false and blatantly obscure cases are registered in the Indian ...
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