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This article is about the Austroasiatic language of India. For the Tibeto-Burman language also known as Ho of China, Vietnam and Laos, see Hani language.
Ho
Native to India, Bangladesh
Ethnicity Ho people
Native speakers
1.04 million  (2001 census)[1]
Varang Kshiti,
Oriya, Devanagari, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hoc
Glottolog hooo1248[2]

Ho (also known as Bihar Ho and Lanka Kol) is a Munda language of the Austroasiatic language family spoken primarily in India by about 1.04 million people (0.103% of India's population) per the 2001 census. It is spoken by the Ho people and is written with the "Varang Kshiti" (also "Warang Chiti" script). In some regions, in Oriya, Devanagari and Latin [3] but are considered non-ideal by the native speakers who prefer exclusive use of Varang Kshiti. [4] The name "Ho" is derived from the native word "ho", which means "human".[5]

Distribution[edit]

The largest concentrations of Ho speakers are in the East Singhbhum district of southern Jharkhand and in the Mayurbhanj district and Keonjhar district of northern Odisha. Ho is closer to the Mayurbhanj dialect of Mundari than the language spoken in Jharkhand. Although Ho and Mundari are linguistically closer, the ethnic identity of the speakers is distinct.[5] [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ho at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ho". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "The Warang Chiti Alphabet". Swarthmore.edu. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Harrison, Anderson, David, Gregory. "Review of Proposal for Encoding Warang Chiti (Hoorthography) in Unicode" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Ho Web Sketch: Ho writing" (PDF). Livingtongues.org. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Anderson, edited by Gregory S. (2008). The Munda languages (1. publ. ed.). London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Deeney, J. J. (1991). Introduction to the Ho language: [learn Ho quickly and well]. Chaibasa: Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Burrows, L. (1915). Ho grammar: with vocabulary.
  • Deeney, J. J. (1975). Ho grammar and vocabulary. Chaibasa: Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Hembram, D.r. "Shishu Halang" Part-2. jharkhand Publications.
  • Bandia, Kaira Singh. "OL INITU".
  • Bodra, Lako. "Saraswati Gwari".
  • Bodra, Lako. "Baha Buru-Bonga Buru" in Ho language.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Kol Rule" in Hindi.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Kol Rule" in Ho by Dr. lako bodra.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Halang Halpung" in Ho By Dr. lako bodra.
  • Bodra, Lako. "Sahar Hora" part-1 by Dr. lako bodra.
  • Bodra, Lako. (2000). "Sishu Alang" part I & part II by Dr. lako bodra.
  • lala rai niranjan Shrivastav, Bhubaneswar prasad Awasthi, S.A.B.D.Hans,Dulay ch. munda. "Munda lokgeet abang lokkathayain".
  • Bible Society of India, "Jiban Reya Hora" By Bible Society of India.
  • Paleya, Padiyar., "Landa Bagan" Padiyar Paleya.
  • Tiu, Prafulla., "Oriya-Ho" Language Translation. By Prafulla tiu.
  • Honhage, Vibhishan." Sing Bonga Ashra". (1968).
  • Deogam, Moraji., "Luku Hadam Deshum-Rumul".(1993).by Moraji Deogam.
  • Purty, Dhanursingh, "Ho-Dishum Ho Honko" seven volumes.(1982) Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Tiu, Soneya Kumar, "Re-ed-Ranu" PRACTICE OF MEDICINE. (Allopathic, Birth control & Horo vocabulary).physician Soneya Kumar Tiu.(1976).
  • Deogam, Chandrabhusan, "Larka Ho", by Chandrabhusan Deogam.
  • Purty, Laxman., "Elabu Padawa" Part-II. By Laxman Purty.
  • Gagarai, Ghanshyam., "Parichaya" (Adivasi Ho Samaj). by Ghanshyam Gagarai.(6.10.1993). published by Krishi ebang jilla samanbayak. south Bihar, Jamshedpur.
  • Tiu, Singhrai, "Warang Chiti Chinab" in Ho. by Singhrai Tiu.
  • Bodra, Bagun, "Sishu Seyan" in Ho by Bagun Bodra. approved by Ho Bhasa Sahitya Vikash Samity Chaibasa, Singhbhum(W.)Bihar.
  • Tiriya, Kali Charan, "SUSAR".publishes By Sida Hora Susar Aakala, Orissa, bhubaneswar.(1985).
  • Sikander Tamsoy, Raiman kudada,Dobro Buliuli. "Dupub-Dustoor meeyad-marshal".
  • Tiu, D.R. Soneya Kumar,."TURTUNG" by D.R. Soneya Kumar Tiu.
  • Kumar, Bajra Bihari,. "HINDI-HO DICTIONARY". by Bajra Bihari Kumar. Nagaland Bhasha Parishad, Kohima. 395 pages.
  • Uxbond,F.A., "Munda-Magyar-Maori". by F.A.Uxbond.london lUZAC & CO. 46, GREAT RUSSELL STREET.(1928).
  • Hasan, Amir, " Kols Of Patta" by Amir Hasan(I.A.S).
  • P.Ponette, S.J., "THE MUNDA WORLD". By FR J.B.HOFFMANN, S.J.(1978)Catholic Press Ranchi.
  • Deeney, J. J. (1978). Ho-English Dictionary. Chaibassa: Xavier Ho Publications.
  • Anderson, Gregory D. S., Toshiki Osada and K. David Harrison. "Ho and the other Kherwarian Languages" In Gregory Anderson (ed.) Munda Languages. (2008). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-32890-6

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ho_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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21 news items

Peninsula On-line

Peninsula On-line
Tue, 12 May 2015 07:48:45 -0700

Mr. President Barak Hussein Obama, first and foremost, it is only fair to note that I, unlike most Arabs and Moslems, have wished for you not to win the presidential race back in 2008. Your color, race and Arabic-Moslem name, and counter-to-gun-ho ...
 
Business Standard
Thu, 22 Aug 2013 09:35:50 -0700

BJP Rajya Sabha MP Dharmendra Pradhan today led a delegation to Minister of State for Home R P N Singh to demand that Ho, a language spoken by Ho, Munda, Kol and Kolha tribals of Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal be included in the Eighth ...
 
Times of India
Mon, 18 Jul 2011 12:08:20 -0700

KEONJHAR: Lakhs of tribals belonging to the Ho community of Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal have reason to cheer they are hopeful that their language will get official recognition soon. The state government sent a recommendation to the Centre to ...

Irish Examiner

Irish Examiner
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 17:56:15 -0700

I'm almost grinning when I tell my boss, in gung-ho language, ”Yeah, there was a problem, it's not us, but I've lit a fire under the [Whoever's fault it is] team”. 2, There is a problem. It turns out it's us. Our shoulders slump. Instead of fixing the ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 14 Feb 2015 16:04:52 -0800

Even the dynamic, gung-ho language Alex uses – 'chuck, fling, bung, throw' – reflects her down-to-earth approach. 'We all live busy lives, and those moments when we eat together are special, to be treasured, so why make life more complicated than it ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 13:33:02 -0800

It has included the Ho language in the Eighth Schedule. We have integrated indigenous systems of people's participation in decision-making in the mainstream, like the Manki-Munda Sangh. We work on the principles of inclusion. But Babulal Marandi, your ...

IBNLive

IBNLive
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 09:55:05 -0700

Similarly, Ho language is the mother tongue of over a million tribal people living on the borders of Odisha and Jharkhand. He urged upon the Prime Minister to include these two languages in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution. He also sought ...

indiatvnews.com

indiatvnews.com
Sat, 01 Mar 2014 12:26:15 -0800

Similarly, Ho language is the mother tongue of more than a million tribal people living on the borders of Odisha and Jharkhand and also satisfies majority of the criteria required for inclusion in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution,' said Patnaik in ...
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