Baseball is the national game of Nicaragua, and is one of the most popular sports in the country. Nicaragua has a professional baseball league, the Nicaraguan Professional Baseball League, consisting of four teams. The national baseball team has been successful in the past, mainly throughout the 1970s. In many pick-up games, players have to improvise due to lack of equipment. Often, grapefruits, and rocks are used as baseballs. Nicaragua and near-by Panama are two countries who have baseball as their national sport, rather than football, the national sport of many Central American countries.
History timeline 
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Early history 
Baseball was introduced in the 19th century by Albert Addlesberg, who was a United States retailer. During this time, the British occupied the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua and the influence of Cricket was much stronger through the nation. Addlesberg supplied the locals with equipment he imported from New Orleans, Louisiana. Two teams were created in 1887, the Southern and Four Roses. They began to play in 1888 and that would lead to the first official game taking place in 1891 between Managua and Granada. Carter Donaldson, who was the U.S. Consul in Nicaragua at the time, founded the first continuous team in 1904. United States Marines stationed in Nicaragua in the early part of the 20th century were also credited for bringing the sport to the country, and popularizing it in the area.
1960s and 1970s 
Professional baseball came to an end in Nicaragua in 1967, after years of political and economic problems. In the 1970s, however, baseball again became popular after the success of the Nicaragua national baseball team.
1980s and 1990s 
In the 1980s, popularity of baseball in the country began to decline. After the Nicaraguan civil war, baseball began to flourish again. The policy of Nicaraguan professional baseball before the 1990s was to discourage the recruitment of Nicaraguan players by Major League Baseball scouts. On August 6, 1990, the San Francisco Giants signed two players from Nicaragua, and considered building a baseball academy in a move that was seen as a step to normalizing the relationship between Nicaragua and Major League Baseball. During the 1996 Nicaraguan presidential election, candidates, Arnoldo Alemán, and Daniel Ortega, promised increased funding for the Nicaraguan national baseball team.
Present day 
In the spring of 2004, professional baseball returned to Nicaragua for the first time since 1967. In a typical modern-day game, teams have sets of cheerleaders, as well as team mascots, and marching bands who play throughout the game.. Dennis Martínez National Stadium, located in Managua, Nicaragua, is used by the Indios del Bóer of the Nicaraguan Professional Baseball League. The stadium has been described being in poor shape by many, including Nicaraguan native, and former Major League Baseball pitcher Dennis Martínez, whom the stadium is named after. The World Baseball Classic has been criticized by NBC Sports writer Joe Connor, after the WBC invited national baseball teams from China, Australia, and Italy, over teams from Nicaragua, and Colombia, where the sport is considerably more popular. In 2009 it was announced that a privately funded baseball academy would be built by the International Baseball Association in Villa del Carmen, Nicaragua.
Nicaraguans in Major League Baseball 
Eleven players born in Nicaragua have competed in Major League Baseball. Currently, Everth Cabrera, Devern Hansack, Wilton López, and Vicente Padilla are the only four active native Nicaraguan players in Major League Baseball. A fifth Nicaraguan, J. C. Ramírez, is currently in the Philadelphia Phillies organization and on the team's 40-man roster, but has not yet appeared in a Major League Baseball game.
Professional baseball in Nicaragua 
The Nicaraguan Professional Baseball League (La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional in Spanish) is the professional baseball league in Nicaragua. There are four teams that compete against each other, the Indios del Bóer, the Tigres del Chinandega, the Leones de León, and the Orientales de Granada. There is one defunct team, the Fieras del San Fernando.
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- Stefan Smagula. "Nicaraguan Americans: Sports". Countries and their Culture. veryculture.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "The Nation's Pride: Baseball". University of Pittsburgh: University Center for International Studies. ucis.pitt.edu. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "A Short History of Nicaraguan Baseball". nicanews.com.ni. Retrieved February 13, 2010.[dead link]
- Leslie Bornstein (August 19, 1985). "While War Rages, Baseball Remains The National Passion In Nicaragua". Sports Illustrated. sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Linda Diebel (September 29, 1996). "Baseball Nicaragua's real passion More than a game, 'It is our religion, our daily bread'". Toronto Star. pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- William R. Long (October 25, 1985). "Baseball Blues Nicaragua: the National Sport Slides". Los Angeles Times. pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Ridder Knight (June 26, 1992). "Baseball reborn in Nicaragua after years of civil upheaval". Chicago Tribune. pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Kevin Baxter (August 6, 1990). "A Country Makes Baseball Comeback Nicaragua: Once the game was played well there, but war and politics intervened. With the war over, the nation and the game are rebuilding". Los Angeles Times. pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Joe Connor (March 5, 2009). "How to improve the World Baseball Classic". NBC Sports. nbcsports.msnbc.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Jesse Sanchez (December 17, 2009). "Academy planned for Nicaragua". Major League Baseball. mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "11 players born in Nicaragua". Baseball-Reference. baseball-reference.com. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- "Bóer: La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional". La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional. lnbp.com.ni. Retrieved February 16, 2010.[dead link](Spanish)
- "OrientalLa Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional". La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional. lnbp.com.ni. Retrieved February 16, 2010.[dead link](Spanish)
- "León:La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional". La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional. lnbp.com.ni. Retrieved February 16, 2010.[dead link](Spanish)
- "Chinandega:La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional". La Liga Nicaragüense de Beisbol Profesional. lnbp.com.ni. Retrieved February 16, 2010.[dead link](Spanish)
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