digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Indian sarsaparilla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Hemidesmus
Species: H. indicus
Binomial name
Hemidesmus indicus
(L.) R.Br.
Synonyms
  • Periploca indica

Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla ( Sanskrit: क्षीरिणी Kshirini, कराला Karala,اُشبا punjabi), is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. It is a slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes prostrate or semi-erect shrub. Roots are woody and aromatic. The stem is numerous, slender, terete, thickened at the nodes. The leaves are opposite, short-petioled, very variable, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate. The flowers are greenish outside, purplish inside, crowded in sub-sessile axillary cymes. It is occurs over the greater part of India, from the upper Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and in some places in central, western and South India.

The root is a substitute for sarsaparilla (the dried root of the tropical species of Smilax, Smilacaceae; in India Smilax aspera L., and Smilax ovalifolia Roxb.). It should be distinguished from American Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochaefolia Mill and Jamaican Sarsaparilla Smilax ornata Hook.f. (Puri 2003)

Traditional uses[edit]

H. indicus is used to make beverages and also used in traditional medicine. In Ayurveda it goes by the name of ananthamoola or Anantmula. It is also called the False Sarsaparilla. It is administered in the form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup. It is one of the Rasayana plants of Ayurveda. [1] It is sometimes confused with another Ayurvedic herb called white sariva. Studies have proven its anti-diabetic effect both in vitro and in vivo.[2] [3]

Chemical constituents[edit]

The roots of H. indicus contain hexatriacontane, lupeol, its octacosanoate, α-amyrin, β-amyrin, its acetate and sitosterol. It also contains new coumarino-lignoid-hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II50, six pentacyclic triterpenes including two oleanenes, and three ursenes. The stem contains calogenin acetylcalogenin-3-0-β-D-digitoxopyrannosyl-0-β-D-digitoxopyronsyl-0-β-D-digitoxopyranoside. It also afforded 3-keto-lup-12-en-21 28-olide along with lupanone, lupeol-3-β-acetate, hexadecanoic acid, 4-methoxy-3-methoxybenzalaldehyde and 3-methoxy-4-5methoxybenzalaldehydglycosides-indicine and hemidine. The leaves contain tannins, flavonoids, hyperoside, rutin and coumarino. Leucoderma lignoids such as hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II are rare group of naturally occurring compounds present in leaves.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kottakkal, [edited by] Vaidyaratnam P S Varier's Arya Vaidya Sala, (1996). Indian medicinal plants : a compendium of 500 species. Vol.3 (1. publ. ed.). Madras: Orient Longman. ISBN 9788125003021. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Rastogi, Archit; Mahalingam Gayathri, Munusami Punnagai (September 2013). "An in Vitro investigation into the Mechanism of Anti-Diabetic activity of selected Medicinal Plants". International Journal of Drug Development & Research 5 (3): 221. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Mahalingam, Gayathri; Krishnan Kannabiran (March 2008). "Hypoglycemic activity of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats". International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 28 (1): 6. doi:10.4103/0973-3930.41979. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemidesmus_indicus — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
85 videos foundNext > 

Herbal Medicine - Hemidesmus indicus - A Natural Diuretic

Herbal Medicine - Hemidesmus indicus or Indian Sarsaparilla - A Natural Diuretic - Herbal & Natural Remedies Siddha Medicine, Natural Remedies, Herbal or Nat...

Medicinal importance of Saariva/Anantamoola/ Indian sarsaparilla (Hemidesmus indicus )

Sanskrit-Anantamula, Sariva, Karpoori, Sugandhi English-Indian sarsaparilla Latin Name-Hemidesmus indicus Family-Asclepiadaceae Morphology: It is a found thr...

Anantmool, Indian Sarsaparilla, Hemidesmus Indicus

Botanical Name : Hemidesmus Indicus English Name : Indian Sarsaparilla Common Name : Anantmul Plant Part : Roots PART : ROOT USE : Fragrant root-bark of this...

WELL SCIENCE WOMEN HEALTH.VOB

Provides Phytoestrogens, which can mimic the activity of estrogens. Provides essential Iron and other trace minerals required for women's health It is used f...

Botanicals from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database: Management of Amsacta moorei

Wild herbs for management of Amsacta moorei in Cotton through Traditional Agricultural Knowledge Medicinal Plants of India with reference to Healing Flora of...

Pithecellobium dulce in Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database. Part-513

Life Saving Medicinal Plants from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Medicinal Plants of India with reference to Biodiversity rich dense forests of And...

Impetigo - Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

http://howtocureimpetigo.tamoev.com ◅◅ THE BEST NATURAL CURE FOR IMPETIGO THAT EXISTS AND REALLY WORKS!!! Impetigo - Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment Impetigo i...

Lyme Killer Sarsaparilla Root..AVI

Kill Lyme disease dead with Sarsaparilla Root Powder. Free wild herb pick your own. How to grind root into useable powder, and how to prepare for use. Help y...

Antimigraine Plants in Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database. Part-251

Life Saving Medicinal Plants from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Medicinal Plants of India with reference to Biodiversity rich dense forests of And...

Wellscience testimony of Active IQ and Women health by Venita Sirohi

Women Health Benefits: A unique and natural way to restore the body's ability to absorb Calcium. Provides phytoestrogens. Provides essential Iron and other t...

85 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Hemidesmus indicus" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Hemidesmus indicus

You can talk about Hemidesmus indicus with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!