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Indian sarsaparilla
Hemidesmus scandens.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Hemidesmus
Species: H. indicus
Binomial name
Hemidesmus indicus
(L.) R.Br.
  • Periploca indica

Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla ( Sanskrit: क्षीरिणी Kshirini, कराला Karala,اُشبا Punjabi. Nannari, நறு நெட்டி), is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. It is a slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes prostrate or semi-erect shrub. Roots are woody and aromatic. The stem is numerous, slender, terete, thickened at the nodes. The leaves are opposite, short-petioled, very variable, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate. The flowers are greenish outside, purplish inside, crowded in sub-sessile axillary cymes. It is occurs over the greater part of India, from the upper Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and in some places in central, western and South India.

The root is a substitute for sarsaparilla (the dried root of the tropical species of Smilax, Smilacaceae; in India Smilax aspera L., and Smilax ovalifolia Roxb.). It should be distinguished from American Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochaefolia Mill. and Jamaican Sarsaparilla Smilax ornata Hook.f. (Puri 2003)

Traditional uses[edit]

Hemidesmus indicus is used to make beverages and also used in traditional medicine. In Ayurveda it goes by the name of Ananthamoola (अनंत मूल), also known locally as Naruneendi or Nannari.[1] Sanskrit meaning: endless root. Also known as Anant Vel (अनंतवेल)/Maeen Mool (माईन मूळ) in Marathi. In southern states of India (particularly Tamil Nadu), Sarsaparilla roots are called Maahali or Mahani Kazangu and in its pickled form is also served along with rice dishes. It is also called the False Sarsaparilla. It is administered in the form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup. It is one of the Rasayana plants of Ayurveda.[2] It is sometimes confused with another Ayurvedic herb called white sariva.

The extracts from the root are used as a coolant and a blood-purifier and is used in many forms, especially as refreshing syrup with sugar and a dash of lemon (Sharbat), and is served at most small refreshment shops in South India.

Chemical constituents[edit]

The roots of H. indicus contain hexatriacontane, lupeol, its octacosanoate, α-amyrin, β-amyrin, its acetate and sitosterol. It also contains new coumarino-lignoid-hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II50, six pentacyclic triterpenes including two oleanenes, and three ursenes. The stem contains calogenin acetylcalogenin-3-0-β-D-digitoxopyrannosyl-0-β-D-digitoxopyronsyl-0-β-D-digitoxopyranoside. It also afforded 3-keto-lup-12-en-21 28-olide along with lupanone, lupeol-3-β-acetate, hexadecanoic acid, 4-methoxy-3-methoxybenzalaldehyde and 3-methoxy-4-5methoxybenzalaldehydglycosides-indicine and hemidine. The leaves contain tannins, flavonoids, hyperoside, rutin and coumarino. Leucoderma lignoids such as hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II are rare group of naturally occurring compounds present in leaves.


  1. ^ Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Naruneendi Nannari
  2. ^ Kottakkal, [edited by] Vaidyaratnam P S Varier's Arya Vaidya Sala, (1996). Indian medicinal plants : a compendium of 500 species. Vol.3 (1. publ. ed.). Madras: Orient Longman. ISBN 9788125003021. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemidesmus_indicus — Please support Wikipedia.
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The Island.lk (subscription)
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Iramusu (Hemidesmus indicus) also known as Nannari (Tamil) belongs to the Apocynaceae Family. The plant is indigenous to South Asian countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Indonesia. It is a fast- growing perennial creeper with a woody ...

Monitorul Expres

Monitorul Expres
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 21:52:30 -0700

Hemidesmus indicus este o plantă a cărei rădăcină conţine cantităţi importante de fier, calciu, potasiu şi magneziu, fiind recomandată în carenţe de minerale, dar şi în afectiunile tractului urinar, ale pielii, colonului, sifilis, gonoree, reumatism ...
The Island.lk (subscription)
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

When the Portuguese occupied Sri Lanka, from 1505, they may have got their priorities wrong. The world was at peace, except for piracy and tribal wars. Science, invention and literary advancement were not priorities then. Christopher Columbus sailed ...
Economic Times
Thu, 02 Aug 2012 11:49:22 -0700

One is a forest creeper called Crytolepis buchanani, but the more common one is Hemidesmus indicus, a shrub with slender leaves that grows across much of India, and which is known by names like anantamulor nannari. Dominik Wujastyk's The Roots of ...


Sat, 08 Mar 2014 11:01:51 -0800

Hela Veda, Sri Lanka's indigenous medicine is a national heritage that has been passed down through the generations by our forefathers considered to be from the time of Ravan the great king of Lanka in the time of Indian great epic Ramayana. A Sri ...


Wed, 22 Apr 2015 07:28:53 -0700

Gettyimages Model Gisele Bündchen. Gesichtsöl von RMS Pinterest. © PR Gesichtsöl von RMS. Calendula, Hemidesmus Indicus und Vanille – das sind nur einige der Extrakte, die im Gesichstöl von RMS stecken. Obwohl es ein Öl ist, soll es sich durch eine ...


Thu, 25 Jun 2015 06:31:02 -0700

Ajurvedos medicina siūlo visokias žoleles: indines tirpokles (hemidesmus indicus), širdžialapes raudes (rubia cordifolia), kašmyrinį patvenį (swertia chiraita), ciberžoles, alavijus ir kt. visos jos stiprina imuninę sistemą ir yra naudojamos gydyti ...
Tue, 02 Sep 2008 00:00:00 -0700

Anantamoola (latin:sariva hemidesmus indicus) – The root is used as medicine. It is sweet, unctuous, heavy, cold and fragrant, and subdues all the 3 doshas. To introduce doshas, there are five fundamental elements that make up the universe–space ...

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