digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Indian sarsaparilla
Hemidesmus scandens.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Hemidesmus
Species: H. indicus
Binomial name
Hemidesmus indicus
(L.) R.Br.
Synonyms
  • Periploca indica

Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla ( Sanskrit: क्षीरिणी Kshirini, कराला Karala,اُشبا Punjabi. Nannari, நறு நெட்டி), is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. It is a slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes prostrate or semi-erect shrub. Roots are woody and aromatic. The stem is numerous, slender, terete, thickened at the nodes. The leaves are opposite, short-petioled, very variable, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate. The flowers are greenish outside, purplish inside, crowded in sub-sessile axillary cymes. It is occurs over the greater part of India, from the upper Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and in some places in central, western and South India.

The root is a substitute for sarsaparilla (the dried root of the tropical species of Smilax, Smilacaceae; in India Smilax aspera L., and Smilax ovalifolia Roxb.). It should be distinguished from American Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochaefolia Mill. and Jamaican Sarsaparilla Smilax ornata Hook.f. (Puri 2003)

Traditional uses[edit]

Hemidesmus indicus is used to make beverages and also used in traditional medicine. In Ayurveda it goes by the name of Ananthamoola or Ananthamul, also known locally as Naruneendi or Nannari.[1] It is also called the False Sarsaparilla. It is administered in the form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup. It is one of the Rasayana plants of Ayurveda.[2] It is sometimes confused with another Ayurvedic herb called white sariva. Studies have proven its anti-diabetic effect both in vitro and in vivo.[3][4]

The syrup made with an infusion of the roots is used to make a Sherbet, and is served at most small refreshment shops in South India.

Chemical constituents[edit]

The roots of H. indicus contain hexatriacontane, lupeol, its octacosanoate, α-amyrin, β-amyrin, its acetate and sitosterol. It also contains new coumarino-lignoid-hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II50, six pentacyclic triterpenes including two oleanenes, and three ursenes. The stem contains calogenin acetylcalogenin-3-0-β-D-digitoxopyrannosyl-0-β-D-digitoxopyronsyl-0-β-D-digitoxopyranoside. It also afforded 3-keto-lup-12-en-21 28-olide along with lupanone, lupeol-3-β-acetate, hexadecanoic acid, 4-methoxy-3-methoxybenzalaldehyde and 3-methoxy-4-5methoxybenzalaldehydglycosides-indicine and hemidine. The leaves contain tannins, flavonoids, hyperoside, rutin and coumarino.[5] Leucoderma lignoids such as hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II are rare group of naturally occurring compounds present in leaves.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Naruneendi Nannari
  2. ^ Kottakkal, [edited by] Vaidyaratnam P S Varier's Arya Vaidya Sala, (1996). Indian medicinal plants : a compendium of 500 species. Vol.3 (1. publ. ed.). Madras: Orient Longman. ISBN 9788125003021. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Rastogi, Archit; Mahalingam Gayathri; Munusami Punnagai (September 2013). "An in Vitro investigation into the Mechanism of Anti-Diabetic activity of selected Medicinal Plants". International Journal of Drug Development & Research 5 (3): 221. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Mahalingam, Gayathri; Krishnan Kannabiran (March 2008). "Hypoglycemic activity of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats". International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 28 (1): 6. doi:10.4103/0973-3930.41979. PMC 2772005. PMID 19902032. 
  5. ^ http://www.disabled-world.com/artman/publish/hemidesmus-indicus.shtml

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemidesmus_indicus — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
97 videos foundNext > 

Herbal Medicine - Hemidesmus indicus - A Natural Diuretic

Herbal Medicine - Hemidesmus indicus or Indian Sarsaparilla - A Natural Diuretic - Herbal & Natural Remedies Siddha Medicine, Natural Remedies, Herbal or Nat...

Anantmool, Indian Sarsaparilla, Hemidesmus Indicus

Botanical Name : Hemidesmus Indicus English Name : Indian Sarsaparilla Common Name : Anantmul Plant Part : Roots PART : ROOT USE : Fragrant root-bark of this...

Wellscience testimony of Active IQ and Women health by Venita Sirohi

Women Health Benefits: A unique and natural way to restore the body's ability to absorb Calcium. Provides phytoestrogens. Provides essential Iron and other t...

Medicinal importance of Indian sarsaparilla

Sanskrit-Anantamula, Sariva, Karpoori, Sugandhi English-Indian sarsaparilla Latin Name-Hemidesmus indicus Family-Asclepiadaceae Morphology: It is a found thr...

Pithecellobium dulce in Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database. Part-513

Life Saving Medicinal Plants from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Medicinal Plants of India with reference to Biodiversity rich dense forests of And...

WELLSCIENCE WOMEN HEALTH

ANEMIA IN INDIAN WOMEN According to National Health Statistics, 1 in every 2 Indian women has anemia or iron deficiency. Undetected long term anemia can impa...

Botanicals from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database: Management of Amsacta moorei

Wild herbs for management of Amsacta moorei in Cotton through Traditional Agricultural Knowledge Medicinal Plants of India with reference to Healing Flora of...

Antimigraine Plants in Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database. Part-251

Life Saving Medicinal Plants from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Medicinal Plants of India with reference to Biodiversity rich dense forests of And...

K-Link Ayu Rin.mp4

Ginjal merupakan organ yang mempunyai pembuluh darah yang sangat banyak (pembuluh vaskuler) dimana berfungsi "menyaring atau membersihkan" darah. Jika darah ...

Herbal Teas for Heart Blockages. Part-3319. © Pankaj Oudhia

This film is a part of report titled "35000 Promising Herbal Teas of India with special reference to Chhattisgarh." by Pankaj Oudhia. This Film is a part (33...

97 videos foundNext > 

42 news items

 
The Island.lk (subscription)
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Iramusu (Hemidesmus indicus) also known as Nannari (Tamil) belongs to the Apocynaceae Family. The plant is indigenous to South Asian countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Indonesia. It is a fast- growing perennial creeper with a woody ...
 
The Island.lk (subscription)
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

When the Portuguese occupied Sri Lanka, from 1505, they may have got their priorities wrong. The world was at peace, except for piracy and tribal wars. Science, invention and literary advancement were not priorities then. Christopher Columbus sailed ...

Monitorul Expres

Monitorul Expres
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 21:52:30 -0700

Hemidesmus indicus este o plantă a cărei rădăcină conţine cantităţi importante de fier, calciu, potasiu şi magneziu, fiind recomandată în carenţe de minerale, dar şi în afectiunile tractului urinar, ale pielii, colonului, sifilis, gonoree, reumatism ...

Lankaweb

Lankaweb
Sat, 08 Mar 2014 11:01:51 -0800

Hela Veda, Sri Lanka's indigenous medicine is a national heritage that has been passed down through the generations by our forefathers considered to be from the time of Ravan the great king of Lanka in the time of Indian great epic Ramayana. A Sri ...
 
Economic Times
Thu, 02 Aug 2012 11:49:22 -0700

One is a forest creeper called Crytolepis buchanani, but the more common one is Hemidesmus indicus, a shrub with slender leaves that grows across much of India, and which is known by names like anantamulor nannari. Dominik Wujastyk's The Roots of ...
 
Caribbean Media Vision
Fri, 06 Jan 2012 17:46:30 -0800

Some medicines useful in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer include Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), Varun (Craetea nurvala), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia ...
 
HealthJockey.com
Tue, 02 Sep 2008 00:00:00 -0700

Anantamoola (latin:sariva hemidesmus indicus) – The root is used as medicine. It is sweet, unctuous, heavy, cold and fragrant, and subdues all the 3 doshas. To introduce doshas, there are five fundamental elements that make up the universe–space ...
 
MilanoPost
Mon, 28 Oct 2013 03:33:32 -0700

... officinale (Ginger), Piper nigrum (Black pepper) & Piper longum (Long pepper), Ocimum sanctum (Holy Basil) Tulsi, Glycyrrhiza glabra (Licorice) Mulethi, Hemidesmus indicus (Indian Sarsaparilla) Anantmool, Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Cinnamon) Dalchini.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight