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Haryanvi language
हरियाणवी
Native to India, Pakistan
Region Haryana, New Delhi in India, Punjab, Pakistan
Native speakers
13 million (1992)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bgc
Glottolog hary1238[3]

Haryanvi (Devanagari: हरियाणवी hariyāṇvī or हरयाणवी harayāṇvī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is native to the regions of Haryana and Delhi of India. It is written using the Devanagari script. It is also considered to be the northernmost dialect of Hindi. It is similar to Braj Bhasha[4] and has a ≈60% lexical similarity with Bagri.[5] It is most widely spoken in the North Indian state of Haryana. The term Haryanvi is also used for people from Haryana. The variety of Haryanvi spoken in Rohtak (Rohtaki) is considered the standard form.

Geographical distribution[edit]

Haryanvi is spoken in the south-eastern area of the Punjab region. Today this area largely lies within Haryana, India although there are some Haryanvi speakers in Punjab, India and Haryanvi migrant communities in Punjab, Pakistan during the Partition of India.

Present (Summary)[edit]

Haryanvi is natively spoken by the majority of the population of Haryana within in India. However, the language does not have official status as the official languages of Haryana are Hindi and Punjabi. There are also Haryanvi speakers who live in Delhi and in bordering areas of Punjab, India. During the Partition of India, many Muslim Haryanvi speakers migrated to Pakistan. These migrants largely settled in the districts of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Bhakkar, Bahawalnagar. The language is known as "Raangri" within Pakistan.

Literature[edit]

Haryanvi literature is not as extensive as literature in other north Indian languages such as Braj Bhasha, Awadhi or Urdu. However, the Haryanvi language often contributed to Hindi and Urdu literature since Hindi and Urdu writers such as Balmukund Gupta or Altaf Husssain Haali (who were from Haryana) often incorporated elements of their mother tongue into their writing. Contemporary Haryanvi authors include Khushiram Sharma, the songwright Bhai Paramchand and the playwright Lakshmi Chang Sangi among others. However, due to a lack of any official recognition of Haryanvi, literature in the Haryanvi language remains relatively sparse.

Sample sentences[edit]

Haryanvi Meaning
kadey ja rha hai? Where are you going?
kay kare se? What are you doing?
Kae naam se tera? What is your name?
Kae khaaya tanne? What did you eat?
aur bahi ke chal rahya se? What's going on?
Manne koni beraa. I don't know.
Ke chakker sai susre tera? What is your problem?
Kit ka se tu? What's the name of your place?
Gharay kaun kaun se? Who's at home?
Tera ghar kit si hai? Where is your home?
Jeem liya ke? Had your breakfast/brunch/lunch/dinner?
Aur theek se? How are you?
Manne tere te kahi na thi I told you.
Yaa mhaari chhori se. She's my daughter.
Yoo mhaara chhora se He's my son.
kad si aavega? When you will be coming?
Teri baatt dekhun tha. I was waiting for you.
Tera byaah ho raakha se? Are you married?
Kunn si jagah jaaoga? Which city you are going to?
Urene aa. Come here.
hambe Yes/no both with expression
kade/kitod/kit/kinge where.
Chal chala ge lets move
chup raey silent
Ghanna matna bole don't speak too much

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haryanvi language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Haryanvi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgc
  5. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgq

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haryanvi_language — Please support Wikipedia.
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