|Born: October 31, 1862
|Died: February 6, 1903
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|May 2, 1883 for the Philadelphia Quakers|
|Last MLB appearance|
|May 24, 1888 for the Pittsburg Alleghenys|
|Earned run average||3.50|
James Harding "Hardie" Henderson (October 31, 1862 – February 6, 1903) was Major League Baseball pitcher from 1883 to 1888. He played for the Philadelphia Quakers, Baltimore Orioles, Brooklyn Grays, and Pittsburg Alleghenys, and he finished with a win–loss record of 81-121.
Early life 
Henderson was born on October 31, 1862 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Baseball playing career 
Early baseball career 
Henderson made his professional baseball debut in the League Alliance in 1882. He made his National League debut on May 2, 1883 for the Philadelphia Quakers, as an outfielder. The next day, he made his pitching debut against the Providence Grays. Henderson gave up 19 earned runs and 26 hits, and struck out two batters. Providence won the game 24-6, with Charles Radbourn getting the win. Later that month, he was acquired by the Baltimore Orioles.
Baltimore Orioles 
On May 29, 1883, Henderson made his pitching debut for the Baltimore Orioles of the American Association. Henderson and the Orioles lost to the Louisville Colonels 11-3. In his first year with Baltimore, Henderson finished with a 10-32 win–loss record, a 4.02 earned run average, and 145 strikeouts. He continued playing for the Orioles in 1884 and 1885. In 1884, Henderson led the American Association in walks allowed with 116. He led Association in 1885 in losses with 35, hits allowed with 539, walks allowed with 117, and wild pitches with 51. He began the 1886 season with Baltimore, pitching in 19 games, but joined the Brooklyn Grays midway through the season.
Brooklyn and Pittsburgh 
Henderson made his Brooklyn pitching debut on August 19, 1886 against the New York Metropolitans, losing the game 5-1. He would pitch in 14 total games for Brooklyn in 1886, finishing with a 10-4 record and a 2.90 earned run average. Brooklyn finished in third place in the American Association that season. Henderson would play the 1887 season in Brooklyn, but he was acquired by the Pittsburg Alleghenys for 1888, pitching in five games for Pittsburgh. He would not play in the major league again. He finished with a 81-121 win-loss record, a 3.50 earned run average, and 930 strikeouts. Over Henderson's 230 major league games, 210 of them were as a pitcher, 16 of them as an outfielder, two as a shortstop, and one as a second baseman and third baseman. After not playing at any level in 1889, Henderson returned to baseball in 1890, playing for Sioux City in the minor league Western League, now known as the American League.
In parts of three seasons, Henderson was used as a major league umpire. First, on June 16, 1889, he umpired an American Association game. Later, in 1895, he umpired 11 National League games. The next season, he umpired 51 NL games, the final of which was on September 12, 1896.
- "Hardie Henderson Statistics and History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
- 1882 Philadelphia Phillies
- 1883 Philadelphia Quakers
- 1883 Philadelphia Quakers game log
- 1883 Baltimore Orioles game log
- 1884 American Association pitching leaders
- 1885 American Association pitching leaders
- 1883 Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers game log
- 1886 American Association standings
- Hardie Henderson's fielding statistics
- Find a Grave
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Baseball Almanac