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Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.


As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwono was titled:

"Ngarsadalem Sampeyandalem Hingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Hamengkubuwono, Senopati Ing Ngalaga Ngabdurrahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah, Hingkang Jumeneng Kaping I".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)


Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  


External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamengkubuwono — Please support Wikipedia.
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567 news items


Tue, 21 Oct 2014 07:01:35 -0700

Merdeka.com - Gubernur Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X berharap jajaran kabinet yang nanti akan dipilih Presiden Joko Widodo dan Wakil Presiden Jusuf Kalla harus tahan banting. Sebab, kata Sultan, tantangan pemerintahan ...


Sat, 27 Sep 2014 19:37:58 -0700

Pantauan Liputan6.com, Minggu (28/9/2014), selain digelarnya acara Fun Bike HUT TNI Ngepit Bareng Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono (HB) X, pada kesempatan itu dilaksanakan juga kunjungan ke bekas warung sate di Gamelan Kidul. Dari informasi yang ...


Sat, 11 Oct 2014 00:15:58 -0700

VIVAnews - Merayakan HUT TNI ke 69, sebanyak 15 kendaraan tempur milik TNI AD hari ini berpawai mengelilingi ruas utama di Kota Yogyakarta, dari Alun-alun Utara ke Jalan Trikora lalu ke Jalan Senopati. Dari Jalan Senopati iring-ringan armada tempur ...

Metro TV News

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 00:18:45 -0700

JAKARTA - Unjuk rasa yang dilakukan massa Front Pembela Islam (FPI) membuat kemacetan di sepanjang Jalan Kebon Sirih, Jakara Pusat. Bahkan, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X terpaksa jalan kaki saat mendatangi Istana Wakil Presiden yang terletak di ...
Jakarta Post
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 21:07:30 -0700

The minister expressed his hope that young athletes could learn from the spirit shown by Sarengat, who was once the private physician of former vice president Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and former foreign minister Adam Malik. “He was someone we ...
Jakarta Post
Sun, 05 Oct 2014 17:36:28 -0700

The assorted writers include NasDem Party chairman Surya Paloh, Yogyakarta Governor Hamengkubuwono X and Surakarta Mayor FX Hadi Rudyatmo. Speaking at the launch, Jokowi reiterated his promise to strive for public participation after being sworn in ...
Jakarta Post
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 20:33:45 -0700

The protesters, mostly women, were not able to meet with Yogyakarta Governor Hamengkubuwono because he was out of town. Instead, they were met by the provincial administration secretariat's assistant II overseeing economy and development, Didi ...
Jakarta Post
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 01:04:26 -0700

... the race during a plenary session on Thursday. The plenary session also witnessed the inauguration of Farouq and Tatiek Drajad Supriastuti, better known as Queen Hemas, the 61-year-old wife of Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, the governor of Yogyakarta, ...

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