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Hamengkubuwono
Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.

Honorifics[edit]

As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwono was titled:

"Ngarsadalem Sampeyandalem Hingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Hamengkubuwono, Senopati Ing Ngalaga Ngabdurrahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah, Hingkang Jumeneng Kaping I".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)

Meaning[edit]

Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamengkubuwono — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

3182 news items

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 08:55:31 -0700

When Indonesia's Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, governor of Yogyakarta, made an announcement paving the way for his eldest daughter, Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Pembayun, to succeed him on the throne, he dismantled a 400-year-old gender barrier in the nation's ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 16:56:15 -0800

Hear ye, hear ye: Journalists take photos of the sabdotomo (a royal decree) at the Kencana hall in Yogyakarta Palace on Friday. Governor Hamengkubuwono, also the sultan of Yogyakarta, issued the sabdotomo on the royal succession and warned against ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Sun, 31 May 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Regarded as one of Indonesia's founding fathers, an important figure in both the Sukarno and Soeharto administrations and as the hereditary king of Yogyakarta, the late Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX has an ambiguous political legacy. One puzzle is why did ...

Republika Online

Republika Online
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 16:03:45 -0700

Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X. REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Oleh Muhammad Subarkah. Hubungan Keraton Mataram Islam dengan kaum Muslim itu unik, yakni saling memanfaatkan dan kadang menafikan. Lalu, risiko apa setelah terjadi polemik terkait Sabda Raja ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 02:01:11 -0700

Kepala Bagian Biro Humas UHP Sekretaris Daerah DIY Iswanto mengatakan Gubernur Yogyakarta Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X mengimbau kepada PNS agar tidak menerima bingkisan, uang, parsel, dan fasilitas terkait Lebaran dari siapapun. "Sesuai ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 23:22:30 -0700

Raja sekaligus Gubernur Yogyakarta, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, Metrotvnews.com/ Ahmad Mustaqim. Metrotvnews.com, Yogyakarta: Momen Lebaran Idul Fitri menjadikan banyak orang berwisata ke Keraton Yogyakarta. Namun, Pemerintah Kota ...

Tribunnews

Tribunnews
Fri, 08 May 2015 19:57:30 -0700

COM, YOGYAKARTA - Raja Keraton Yogyakarta, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono (HB) X telah mengeluarkan Sabdaraja dan Dawuh Raja. Isi dalam Sabdaraja serta Dawuh Raja tersebut sempat menjadi perdebatan di kalangan internal Keraton Yogyakarta.

News Liputan6.com

News Liputan6.com
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 03:14:50 -0700

Aksi coret-coret Tugu Yogyakarta yang dilakukan perempuan Ceko itu pun mendapat perhatian dari Gubernur DIY, Sultan Hamengkubuwono atau HB X. Sultan pun langsung menghubungi Kepala Dinas Kebudayaan Pemda DIY, Umar Priyono dan meminta ...
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