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Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.


As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwono was titled:

"Ngarsadalem Sampeyandalem Hingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Hamengkubuwono, Senopati Ing Ngalaga Ngabdurrahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah, Hingkang Jumeneng Kaping I".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)


Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  


External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamengkubuwono — Please support Wikipedia.
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4978 news items


Mon, 08 Feb 2016 06:15:00 -0800

Kabar24.com, JAKARTA--Patung Sri Sultan HB IX yang selama puluhan tahun berada di rumah warga Jalan Batikan No.665, Kelurahan Wirogunan, Yogyakarta, dan dalam kondisi kurang terawat, Senin sore dipindahkan ke dalam kompleks Keraton di ...


Thu, 11 Feb 2016 22:42:23 -0800

CO, Jakarta - Yogyakarta Governor the Sultan Hamengkubuwono X has provided 270 hectares of land in Rongkop, Mount Kidul as a leading center of solar power plants in Indonesia. "We support clean, renewable and ecofriendly energy sources, therefore ...

Dublin Inquirer

Dublin Inquirer
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 16:17:06 -0800

After some back and forth, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X of Yogyakarta agreed to commission a gamelan especially for Dublin. Moran laughs at my reaction and spells the name out for me. Moran spent some time in Java organising the instruments arrival in ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Sun, 31 May 2015 21:33:39 -0700

Regarded as one of Indonesia's founding fathers, an important figure in both the Sukarno and Soeharto administrations and as the hereditary king of Yogyakarta, the late Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX has an ambiguous political legacy. One puzzle is why did ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 02:22:30 -0800

Other honorary recipients include founding fathers Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, leading education figure Ki Hajar Dewantara, Yogyakarta Governor Hamengkubuwono and renowned poet WS Rendra. According to Dwikorita, Tahir embodies many of the ...


Sat, 30 Jan 2016 02:41:15 -0800

... conference were State Secretary Pratikno, Research, Technology and Higher Education Minister M. Nasir, Communication and Information Minister Rudiantara, Home Affairs Minister Tjahjo Kumolo and Yogyakarta Governor Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X.


Sun, 17 Jan 2016 00:26:15 -0800

Secara terpisah, Kanjeng Pangeran Harya (KPH) Purbodiningrat menuturkan, kemungkinan Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat tidak jadi menjelaskan isi Sabda Jejaring yang disampaikan Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X pada 31 Desember 2015 lalu.

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 16:56:15 -0800

Hear ye, hear ye: Journalists take photos of the sabdotomo (a royal decree) at the Kencana hall in Yogyakarta Palace on Friday. Governor Hamengkubuwono, also the sultan of Yogyakarta, issued the sabdotomo on the royal succession and warned against ...

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