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Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.


As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwono was titled:

"Ngarsadalem Sampeyandalem Hingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Hamengkubuwono, Senopati Ing Ngalaga Ngabdurrahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah, Hingkang Jumeneng Kaping I".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)


Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  


External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamengkubuwono — Please support Wikipedia.
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3377 news items

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Wed, 06 May 2015 19:26:15 -0700

Members of the royal family at Yogyakarta Palace have expressed opposition to Sultan Hamengkubuwono X's decision to name his eldest daughter his heir, claiming the choice violates the palace's paugeran (regulations). The 69-year-old monarch, who has ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Tue, 19 May 2015 03:30:00 -0700

Metrotvnews.com, DI Yogyakarta: Gubernur Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X membuka Olimpiade Sains Nasional (OSN) 2015 di Jogja Expo Center (JEC), Yogyakarta. Dalam kata sambutannya Sultan mengatakan olimpiade ini ...


Fri, 08 May 2015 02:56:13 -0700

Yogyakarta, - Raja Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X menggelar konferensi pers yang terbuka untuk umum untuk memaparkan sabda dan perintah raja. Sultan memaparkan alasan mengubah namanya lewat sabda.


Fri, 08 May 2015 19:57:30 -0700

COM, YOGYAKARTA - Raja Keraton Yogyakarta, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono (HB) X telah mengeluarkan Sabdaraja dan Dawuh Raja. Isi dalam Sabdaraja serta Dawuh Raja tersebut sempat menjadi perdebatan di kalangan internal Keraton Yogyakarta.

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Tue, 05 May 2015 23:33:45 -0700

Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X adalah raja Kesultanan Yogyakarta sejak tahun 1989 dan Gubernur Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sejak tahun 1998. Ia lahir dengan nama BRM Herjuno Darpito. Setelah dewasa bergelar KGPH Mangkubumi dan setelah ...
Jakarta Post
Mon, 11 May 2015 16:48:45 -0700

The rift between Yogyakarta Sultan Hamengkubuwono X and his younger half brothers will not affect the palace as an institution, a senior official within the palace says. The head of the palace's Dwarapura office, Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung H Jatiningrat ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 16:56:15 -0800

Hear ye, hear ye: Journalists take photos of the sabdotomo (a royal decree) at the Kencana hall in Yogyakarta Palace on Friday. Governor Hamengkubuwono, also the sultan of Yogyakarta, issued the sabdotomo on the royal succession and warned against ...
Jakarta Globe
Mon, 18 May 2015 06:53:52 -0700

He plans to meet Indonesian leaders including President Joko Widodo, Vice President Jusuf Kalla, Yogyakarta Governor Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, Finance Minister Bambang Brodjonegoro and other high-level government officials. “Indonesia is one of ...

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