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Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.


As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwono was titled:

"Ngarsadalem Sampeyandalem Hingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Sultan Hamengkubuwono, Senopati Ing Ngalaga Ngabdurrahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah, Hingkang Jumeneng Kaping I".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)


Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  


External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamengkubuwono — Please support Wikipedia.
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1363 videos foundNext > 

27901 news items


Sun, 18 Jan 2015 22:49:24 -0800

YOGYAKARTA - Gubernur DIY Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X berharap supaya tarif angkutan darat juga ikut turun seiring dua kali penurunan harga Bahan Bahan Minyak jenis Premium dan Solar. "Saya minta turun (tarif angkutan), berapa ya belum tahu ...
Jakarta Post
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 18:03:45 -0800

Sultan Hamengkubuwono X and Sri Paku Alam IX, twin monarchs of the Yogyakarta sultanate, had their positions as governor and deputy governor extended for a further five-year term after the government and the House of Representatives endorsed the bill ...
Jakarta Post
Sat, 27 Dec 2014 00:14:44 -0800

“We have prepared four special royal carriages for tourists,” said co-initiator of the royal carriages project GBPH Yudhaningrat, who is also a younger brother of Yogyakarta Sultan Hamengkubuwono X. The initiative offers a special experience for ...

The Nation

The Nation
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 16:22:30 -0800

The building was reconstructed as a hotel in the 1960s by order of then president Soekarno and King Hamengkubuwono IX. It has been one of Yogyakarta's finest hotels since that time while still preserving many of its important historical aspects. The ...


Thu, 01 Jan 2015 01:33:45 -0800

JAKARTA – Jokowi mengaku banyak menyelami falsafah kenegaraan dari Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, seorang Sultan yang pernah memimpin di Kasultanan Yogyakarta (1940-1988), dan merupakan Gubernur Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta yang ...
Jakarta Post
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 19:00:00 -0800

Yogyakarta Governor Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X said that acts of intolerance were still committed in the province because there were intolerant people. “This is a problem of individual awareness,” he said. He added that his administration would take ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Sat, 03 Jan 2015 23:19:58 -0800

More than 50 similar monitors exist at the museum on the grounds of Fort Vredeburg, one of the city's most famous tourist destinations, built in 1756 to protect Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, whose palace is just to the south. Museum official Suryanta Pamuji ...

Harian Jogja

Harian Jogja
Sun, 25 Jan 2015 00:15:00 -0800

Gubernur DIY, SUltan Hamengkubuwono X (tengah) berfoto bersama dengan sejumlah tokoh Islam, seperti DIn Syamsudin usai pertemuan di Kantor GUbernur, Kepatihan Jogja, Jumat (23/1/2015). Pertemuan tersebut terkait kongres umat Islam se ...

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