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Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.


As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwonowas titled:

"Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I Senopati Ing Ngalaga Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)


Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  


External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamengkubuwono — Please support Wikipedia.
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60 news items

Jakarta Post
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 19:37:30 -0700

Soon after she married Sultan Hamengkubuwono X in 1989, she was obliged to follow Javanese rules, traditions and customs. In her biography GKR Hemas: Ratu di Hati Rakyat (GKR Hemas: The Queen in People's Hearts), she explains her stressful ...

Channel News Asia

Channel News Asia
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 01:02:35 -0700

In addition, Jogjakarta's governor Sultan Hamengkubuwono is a long-time member of the Golkar party. Golkar is fielding one of Suharto's daughters, Siti Hediati Hariyadi, better known as Titiek Suharto, as a parliamentary candidate in the April 9 polls ...
Jakarta Globe
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 20:45:28 -0700

A newcomer on Indonesia's political sphere, the National Democrat Party (NasDem) sprang from a youth-oriented non-governmental organization founded in 2010 by media mogul Surya Paloh and Yogyakarta's Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X. The first ...

Global Indonesian Voices

Global Indonesian Voices
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 14:02:49 -0700

The Javanese Royal Wedding of Sultan Hamengkubuwono X's Daughter, Gusti Ratu Kanjeng Hayu And KPH Notonegoro that had taken place in Yogyakarta (22 October 2013, photo credit: Getty Images). A royal wedding has always managed to attract ...
Jakarta Post
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 18:23:53 -0700

At the time of the survey, only Yogyakarta, which has special autonomy, was a multi-party province: The DPRD leader was from the PDI-P, the ruling party in the council was the Democratic Party and the governor, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, was from the ...
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 03:41:15 -0700

Selain satu panggung dengan Mahfud, akan hadir juga beberapa tokoh yakni Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, Ridwan Kamil, dan Chairul Tanjung. Terkait#Anies Baswedan#Mahfud MD. Berita Terkait: Konvensi Demokrat · Konvensi di Ujung Tanduk, Anies ...
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 20:45:00 -0700

Ke-empat calon incumbent itu posisi teratas diraih GKR Hemas yang tak lain permaisuri Raja Kraton Yogyakarta sekaligus Gubernur DIY Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X. Selanjutanya, Hafid Asrom, Cholid Mahfud, dan Afnan Hadikusumo. "Kalau 2009, Pak ...
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 19:59:32 -0700

Di usianya yang baru 28 tahun, Pandu berhasil mengungguli dua pesaing besar di partai Gerindra yaitu ketua umum Partai Gerindra, Prof Suhardi dan Menantu Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, KPH.Wironegoro, dengan perolehan 72.290 suara. Pandu ...

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