digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other ships with this name, see Half Moon.
Halve Maen
Appletons' Hudson Henry - Half Moon.jpg
19th-century illustration of the Halve Maen
Career (Dutch Republic) Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg
Name: Halve Maen
Owner: Dutch East India Company
Chamber of Amsterdam
Completed: 1608

The Halve Maen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɑlvə maːn]; English: Half Moon) was a Dutch East India Company vlieboot (similar to a carrack) which sailed into what is now New York Harbor in September 1609. She was commissioned by the VOC Chamber of Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic to covertly find a western passage to China. The ship was captained by Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the service of the Dutch Republic.[1]

In 1909, the Kingdom of the Netherlands presented the United States with a replica of Halve Maen in order to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage; the replica was destroyed in a 1934 fire. Eighty years later, the New Netherland Museum commissioned a second replica.

History[edit]

19th-century illustration the Halve Maen in the Hudson River in 1609

Halve Maen sailed from Amsterdam to the Arctic, turning westward to traverse the Atlantic Ocean, then sailed from Newfoundland to the south in search of the Northwest Passage.

In his 1625 book New World,[2] which contains invaluable extracts from Hudson’s lost journal, Johannes de Laet, a director of the West India Company, writes that they "bent their course to the south until, running south-southwest and southwest by south, they again made land in latitude 41° 43’, which they supposed to be an island, and gave it the name of New Holland, but afterwards discovered that it was Cape Cod".

From there they sailed south to the Chesapeake Bay and then went north along the coast navigating first the Delaware Bay and, subsequently, the bay of the river which Hudson named the Mauritius River, for Holland's Lord-Lieutenant Maurits. Halve Maen sailed up Hudson's river as far as the present day location of Albany, New York, where the crew determined the water was too narrow and too shallow for farther progress. Concluding then that the river was also not a passage to the west, Hudson exited the river, naming the natives that dwelled on either side of the Mauritius estuary the Manahata. Leaving the estuary, he sailed north-eastward, never realizing that what are now the islands of Manhattan and Long Island were islands, and crossed the Atlantic to England where he sailed into Dartmouth harbor with the Dutch East India Company ship and crew.[3]

In 1618, or a few years after, the ship was destroyed during an English attack on Jakarta in the Dutch East Indies.[4]

Replicas[edit]

1909 replica of the Halve Maen

1909 replica[edit]

In 1909 a replica of Halve Maen was given to the United States by the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage. The ship was constructed at the Rijksmarinewerf in Amsterdam. The keel was laid on 29 October 1908 and on 15 April 1909 the ship was launched and then transported to the US on the Holland America Lines freight liner Soestdijk in order to attend the Hudson-Fulton Celebration in New York. This replica was eventually towed to Cohoes, New York and perished in a fire on 22 July 1934.

1989 replica[edit]

Another replica of Halve Maen (officially Anglicized as Half Moon) was constructed in Albany, New York in 1989 by the New Netherland Museum. The museum contracted with Nicholas S. Benton to design and build the replica. Mr. Benton, a master ship-rigger and shipwright, was president of the Rigging Gang of Middletown, Rhode Island, which specialized in colonial ship restoration and design. To prepare for building Half Moon, a $1 million project, he visited maritime museums in the Netherlands and the United States. After his death while assisting with the rigging of another vessel,[5] the construction of the Half Moon was completed by the New Netherland Museum.

1989 replica of the Halve Maen docked in the Hudson River at Albany, New York

The year 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of Halve Maen's voyage. For the anniversary, the crown prince of the Netherlands and his wife were on board, as well as students from a Dutch school. This anniversary was marked in September 2009 with festivals, music, sailing ships parading around New York Harbor.[6]

The replica ship sails in and around the Hudson River and serves as a traveling museum that conducts programs for youth and adults about the history of the Dutch colony called New Netherland. With its voyages of discovery and 4th and 7th grade interdisciplinary curricula, the ship pursues a comprehensive education program. A non-for-profit organization, the Half Moon is run by a crew of volunteers that range in age from their teens to octogenarians.[7]

In April 2015 the ship was tranported on loan to the Netherlands. It is located at the West Frisian Ship Museum in Hoorn and open to the public at a permanent mooring at the Oostereiland at the Centre Sailing Heritage. The replica will take part in SAIL Amsterdam 2015.[8]

Weathervane[edit]

At 10 feet (3.0 m) in both height and length, the model of Halve Maen on top of the SUNY System Administration Building in Albany, New York, is the largest working weathervane in North America.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mancall, Peter C., "Strangers in a New Land," American Heritage, Spring 2009.
  2. ^ Johannes de Laet (Dutch Wikipedia) (1625). Nieuwe Wereldt, ofte beschrijvinghe van West-Indien (New World, or the description of West India). Leiden. 
  3. ^ Robert Juet. Transcribed by Brea Barthel "Purchas His Pilgrimes (Juet's Journal of Hudson's 1609 Voyage)," 28 June 2006.
  4. ^ Johnson, Donald S. (1992). Charting the Sea of Darkness: The Four Voyages of Henry Hudson. p. 218. ISBN 978-0877423218. 
  5. ^ Nicholas Benton, 35, Builder of Ship Replica, a 21 June 1989 obituary from The New York Times
  6. ^ "NY400 Events". ny400.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "What is the Half Moon and New Netherland Museum?". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Replica VOC ship Halve Maen arrives in Horn", NU, 23 May 2015
  9. ^ "Albany Trivia & Fun Facts". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halve_Maen — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
13179 videos foundNext > 

Halve Maen komt aan in Hoorn

Na een wereldreis is de Halve Maen eindelijk aangekomen in de haven van Hoorn, waar het schip door duizenden mensen ontvangen werd.

Efteling - Halve Maen (HD) - 6 november 2011

Onride van de Halve Maen in de Efteling, gefilmd op 6 november 2011. Camera: Canon PowerShot SX130 IS.

Halve Maen - Efteling Onride

Stap in het schip de Halve Maen en laat je verwonderen. Spanning en sensatie in de grootste schipschommel ter wereld, gelegen in een pittoreske Hollandse ...

Henry Hudson's Halve Maen

Here's a tour on board the Half Moon (Halve Maen) replica was docked at Victor C. Waryas Park in Poughkeepsie NY. This clip was taken with a Panasonic ...

Halve Maen in Hoorn aangekomen

Het leek er echt even op dat de Halve Maen al in Hoorn was aangekomen. Via een vernuftige projectie op een scherm van water werd het in goud uitgevoerde ...

Een ritje Halve Maen (Efteling)

Ga mee met een hysterisch ritje op de schipschommel van de Efteling... Het was gewoon te grappig hoe iedereen hysterisch begon te schreeuwen whahahaha ...

Hoorn op video: Aankomst van de Halve Maen Hoorn

Reportage over de aankomst van de Halve Maen in Hoorn. Deze reportage laat zien wat er allemaal gebeurde die dag. leuke interviews en veel achtergrond ...

KPN verbindt SAIL Amsterdam 2015 | Tallship Halve Maen als werkplek tijdens SAIL-in Parade

Als aftrap van SAIL 2015 was de SAIL-in Parade op 19 augustus een groot succes. Aan boord van de Halve Maen, een 17de eeuws VOCschip, had KPN 4 ...

Halve Maen Onride Video 2015 - Freizeitpark Efteling NL by kirmesmarkus

Halve Maen Onride Video 2015 - Freizeitpark Efteling NL by kirmesmarkus http://www.kirmesmarkus.de/

Halve Maen te water in IJmuiden

Een maritiem spektakel in IJmuiden, daar werd een VOC schip genaamd de Halve Maen te water gelaten.

13179 videos foundNext > 

2720 news items

RTV NH

RTV NH
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 10:01:30 -0700

De Halve Maen zwalkte over het IJ terwijl het schip afstevende op het terras aan het Wilhelminadok. Volgens Ad Geerdink, directeur van het Westfries Museum, waar het schip normaal ligt, ging het maar net goed: "Ik stond op het bovendek en heb alles ...

Historiek.net

Historiek.net
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 11:56:15 -0700

Tijdens Sail bracht astronaut André Kuipers een bezoek aan VOC-museumschip Halve Maen. Daar nam museumdirecteur Ad Geerdink, verkleed als ontdekkingsreiziger Willem Schouten uit de Gouden Eeuw, hem mee over het dek om het schip te ...

DeStadNijkerk.nl

DeStadNijkerk.nl
Mon, 03 Aug 2015 22:15:08 -0700

NIJKERK/HOORN De Halve Maen, een betrouwbare replica van het VOC-schip waarmee de Engelse kapitein Henry Hudson in 1609 de Oostkust van Amerika verkende, is op 23 mei uit de VS in Hoorn aangekomen. Het schip heeft een relatie met Nijkerk.
 
Economic Times
Mon, 25 May 2015 01:20:06 -0700

... replica of Halve Maen. 25 May, 2015. The replica of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) ship Halve Maen (Half Moon) sailes in the harbour of Hoorn on May 23, 2015. PrevNextPlay Slideshow. Promoted Stories. http://static.clmbtech.com/ad/7477/images/.

News & Observer

News & Observer
Sun, 16 Aug 2015 17:11:06 -0700

“Half moon” was a familiar term to poets like Shakespeare and to the Dutchmen who called Henry Hudson's ship the Halve Maen when it sailed into New York Harbor in 1609. But to confuse matters further, such older sources were often referring to the ...

NOS

NOS
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 01:34:29 -0700

VOC-kapitein Henry Hudson ging in 1609 met De Halve Maen voor anker bij Manhattan. De replica is door het New Netherlands Museum voor vijf jaar uitgeleend aan het Westfries Museum in Hoorn. Nadat de schepen in Amsterdam zijn afgemeerd kan het ...

RTV Noord-Holland

RTV Noord-Holland
Fri, 22 May 2015 23:20:40 -0700

Kijk hier naar een samenvatting van de aankomst van de VOC-replica 'Halve Maen' in de haven van Hoorn. De Halve Maen heeft aangelegd bij het Houten Hoofd. Daar gingen de Amerikaanse eigenaren van het schip van boord. Zij werden verwelkomd door ...

Elsevier

Elsevier
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 06:39:03 -0700

De schipper van VOC-schip Halve Maen, Bram Nijenhuis (42), is al aan het duimen voor westenwind. Dan kan hij zeilend zijn debuut maken tijdens de Sail-In parade op 19 augustus. De Halve Maen, een replica van het zeventiende-eeuwse jacht waarmee ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight