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For other ships with this name, see Half Moon.
Halve Maen
Appletons' Hudson Henry - Half Moon.jpg
19th-century illustration of the Halve Maen
History
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svgDutch Republic
Name: Halve Maen
Owner:
Completed: 1608

The Halve Maen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɑlvə maːn]; English: Half Moon) was a Dutch East India Company vlieboot (similar to a carrack) which sailed into what is now New York Harbor in September 1609. She was commissioned by the VOC Chamber of Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic to covertly find a western passage to China. The ship was captained by Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the service of the Dutch Republic.[1]

In 1909, the Kingdom of the Netherlands presented the United States with a replica of Halve Maen in order to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage; the replica was destroyed in a 1934 fire. Eighty years later, the New Netherland Museum commissioned a second replica.

History[edit]

19th-century illustration the Halve Maen in the Hudson River in 1609

Halve Maen sailed from Amsterdam to the Arctic, turning westward to traverse the Atlantic Ocean, then sailed from Newfoundland to the south in search of the Northwest Passage.

In his 1625 book New World,[2] which contains invaluable extracts from Hudson’s lost journal, Johannes de Laet, a director of the West India Company, writes that they "bent their course to the south until, running south-southwest and southwest by south, they again made land in latitude 41° 43’, which they supposed to be an island, and gave it the name of New Holland, but afterwards discovered that it was Cape Cod".

From there they sailed south to the Chesapeake Bay and then went north along the coast navigating first the Delaware Bay and, subsequently, the bay of the river which Hudson named the Mauritius River, for Holland's Lord-Lieutenant Maurits. Halve Maen sailed up Hudson's river as far as the present day location of Albany, New York, where the crew determined the water was too narrow and too shallow for farther progress. Concluding then that the river was also not a passage to the west, Hudson exited the river, naming the natives that dwelled on either side of the Mauritius estuary the Manahata. Leaving the estuary, he sailed north-eastward, never realizing that what are now the islands of Manhattan and Long Island were islands, and crossed the Atlantic to England where he sailed into Dartmouth harbor with the Dutch East India Company ship and crew.[3]

In 1618, or a few years after, the ship was destroyed during an English attack on Jakarta in the Dutch East Indies.[4]

Replicas[edit]

1909 replica of the Halve Maen

1909 replica[edit]

In 1909 a replica of Halve Maen was given to the United States by the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage. The ship was constructed at the Rijksmarinewerf in Amsterdam. The keel was laid on 29 October 1908 and on 15 April 1909 the ship was launched and then transported to the US on the Holland America Lines freight liner Soestdijk in order to attend the Hudson-Fulton Celebration in New York. This replica was eventually towed to Cohoes, New York and perished in a fire on 22 July 1934.

1989 replica[edit]

Another replica of Halve Maen (officially Anglicized as Half Moon) was constructed in Albany, New York in 1989 by the New Netherland Museum. The museum contracted with Nicholas S. Benton to design and build the replica. Mr. Benton, a master ship-rigger and shipwright, was president of the Rigging Gang of Middletown, Rhode Island, which specialized in colonial ship restoration and design. To prepare for building Half Moon, a $1 million project, he visited maritime museums in the Netherlands and the United States. After his death while assisting with the rigging of another vessel,[5] the construction of the Half Moon was completed by the New Netherland Museum.

1989 replica of the Halve Maen docked in the Hudson River at Albany, New York

The year 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of Halve Maen's voyage. For the anniversary, the crown prince of the Netherlands and his wife were on board, as well as students from a Dutch school. This anniversary was marked in September 2009 with festivals, music, sailing ships parading around New York Harbor.[6]

The replica ship sails in and around the Hudson River and serves as a traveling museum that conducts programs for youth and adults about the history of the Dutch colony called New Netherland. With its voyages of discovery and 4th and 7th grade interdisciplinary curricula, the ship pursues a comprehensive education program. A non-for-profit organization, the Half Moon is run by a crew of volunteers that range in age from their teens to octogenarians.[7]

In April 2015 the ship was tranported on loan to the Netherlands. It is located at the West Frisian Ship Museum in Hoorn and open to the public at a permanent mooring at the Oostereiland at the Centre Sailing Heritage. The replica will take part in SAIL Amsterdam 2015.[8]

Weathervane[edit]

At 10 feet (3.0 m) in both height and length, the model of Halve Maen on top of the SUNY System Administration Building in Albany, New York, is the largest working weathervane in North America.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mancall, Peter C., "Strangers in a New Land," American Heritage, Spring 2009.
  2. ^ Johannes de Laet (Dutch Wikipedia) (1625). Nieuwe Wereldt, ofte beschrijvinghe van West-Indien (New World, or the description of West India). Leiden. 
  3. ^ Robert Juet. Transcribed by Brea Barthel "Purchas His Pilgrimes (Juet's Journal of Hudson's 1609 Voyage)," 28 June 2006.
  4. ^ Johnson, Donald S. (1992). Charting the Sea of Darkness: The Four Voyages of Henry Hudson. p. 218. ISBN 978-0877423218. 
  5. ^ Nicholas Benton, 35, Builder of Ship Replica, a 21 June 1989 obituary from The New York Times
  6. ^ "NY400 Events". ny400.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "What is the Half Moon and New Netherland Museum?". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Replica VOC ship Halve Maen arrives in Horn", NU, 23 May 2015
  9. ^ "Albany Trivia & Fun Facts". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halve_Maen — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

738 news items

Dagblad van het Noorden

Dagblad van het Noorden
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 21:47:19 -0800

De organisatie van DelfSail heeft het schip Halve Maen gecontracteerd voor het publieksevenement eind juni in Delfzijl. Het gaat om een replica van het VOC-schip waarmee Henry Hudson in 1609 de oostkust van Noord-Amerika verkende op zoek naar een ...

RTV NH

RTV NH
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 10:01:30 -0700

AMSTERDAM De VOC-replica Halve Maen is zondag aan een ramp ontsnapt. Het beroemde schip uit Hoorn raakte tijdens de Sail Out op drift en ramde bijna een bomvol terras. Het schip raakte stuurloos door een defect aan de motor. De Halve Maen ...

OnsWestfriesland.nl

OnsWestfriesland.nl
Thu, 07 Jan 2016 03:15:00 -0800

HOORN – De komst van VOC-replica de Halve Maen en de Virtual Reality beleving van de Gouden Eeuw hebben in 2015 gezorgd voor bijna een verdubbeling van het aantal bezoekers aan het Westfries Museum. Dankzij de komst van twee grote, ...

NU.nl

NU.nl
Sat, 23 May 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Henry Hudson, kapitein van de Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC), ontdekte ruim 400 jaar geleden met de Halve Maen Manhattan, waar later Nieuw-Amsterdam werd gesticht, het huidige New York. Het schip werd in 1989 nagebouwd in opdracht ...

OnsWestfriesland.nl

OnsWestfriesland.nl
Fri, 30 Oct 2015 09:52:30 -0700

HOORN – Als stad heb je een fraai VOC museumschip en Sinterklaas komt via de haven de stad binnen. Dat vraagt natuurlijk om een mooie combinatie. En dat gaat het ook worden, want op zaterdag 14 november meert de stoomboot van Sint Nicolaas af in ...

DagjeWeg.nl

DagjeWeg.nl
Fri, 29 May 2015 12:18:58 -0700

Een replica van het beroemde schip de Halve Maen ligt de komende vijf jaar aangemeerd bij het Oostereiland. Het schip kan rekenen op veel belangstelling. Vanaf vandaag, zaterdag 30 mei, gaat de loopplank uit en kan iedereen zelf het harde leven aan ...

OnsWestfriesland.nl

OnsWestfriesland.nl
Wed, 28 Oct 2015 03:41:01 -0700

HOORN – Zaterdagavond 31 oktober kunnen kinderen en hun (groot) ouders griezelen op de Halve Maen. Speciaal hiervoor zijn de Halve Maen en Centrum Varend Erfgoed die avond met Halloween te bezoeken. Het VOC-museumschip en de omgeving ...

OnsWestfriesland.nl

OnsWestfriesland.nl
Tue, 20 Oct 2015 08:22:30 -0700

HOORN – De laatste weken van het seizoen VOC-museumschip de Halve Maen zijn in zicht. Maar eerst nog diverse activiteiten in de herfstvakantie. Voor kinderen en volwassen en vooraf reserveren is dan niet noodzakelijk. Tijdens de herfstvakantie kunnen ...
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