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For other ships with this name, see Half Moon.
Half Moon in Hudson.jpg
The Halve Maen in the Hudson River
Career (Dutch Republic) Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg
Name: Halve Maen
Owner: Dutch East India Company
Chamber of Amsterdam
Completed: 1608

Halve Maen (English: Half Moon) was a Dutch East India Company vlieboot (similar to a carrack) which sailed into what is now New York Harbor in September 1609. She was commissioned by the Dutch Republic to covertly find a western passage to China. The ship was captained by Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the service of the Dutch Republic.[1]

In 1909, the Kingdom of the Netherlands presented the United States with a replica of Halve Maen in order to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage; the replica was destroyed in a 1934 fire. Eighty years later, the New Netherland Museum commissioned a second replica.

History[edit]

Halve Maen sailed from Amsterdam to the Arctic, turning westward to traverse the Atlantic Ocean, then sailed from Newfoundland to the south in search of the Northwest Passage.

In his 1625 book New World,[2] which contains invaluable extracts from Hudson’s lost journal, Johannes de Laet, a director of the West India Company, writes that they "bent their course to the south until, running south-southwest and southwest by south, they again made land in latitude 41° 43’, which they supposed to be an island, and gave it the name of New Holland, but afterwards discovered that it was Cape Cod".

From there they sailed south to the Chesapeake Bay and then went north along the coast navigating first the Delaware Bay and, subsequently, the bay of the river which Hudson named the Mauritius River, for Holland's Lord-Lieutenant Maurits. Halve Maen sailed up Hudson's river as far as the present day location of Albany, New York, where the crew determined the water was too narrow and too shallow for farther progress. Concluding then that the river was also not a passage to the west, Hudson exited the river, naming the natives that dwelled on either side of the Mauritius estuary the Manahata. Leaving the estuary, he sailed north-eastward, never realizing that what are now the islands of Manhattan and Long Island were islands, and crossed the Atlantic to England where he sailed into Dartmouth harbor with the Dutch East India Company ship and crew.[3]

In 1618, or a few years after, the ship was destroyed during an English attack on Jakarta in the Dutch East Indies.[4]

Replicas[edit]

Halve Maen replica, being towed along the Amstel.
1909 Replica of Halve Maen

In 1909 a replica of Halve Maen was given to the United States by the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage. The ship was constructed at the Rijksmarinewerf in Amsterdam. The keel was laid on 29 October 1908 and on 15 April 1909 the ship was launched and then transported to the US on the Holland America Lines freight liner Soestdijk. This replica was eventually towed to Cohoes, New York and perished in a fire on July 22, 1934.

1989 replica of Halve Maen docked in the Hudson River at Albany, New York.

Another replica of Halve Maen (officially Anglicized as Half Moon) was constructed in Albany, New York in 1989 by the New Netherland Museum. The museum contracted with Nicholas S. Benton to design and build the replica. Mr. Benton, a master ship-rigger and shipwright, was president of the Rigging Gang of Middletown, Rhode Island, which specialized in colonial ship restoration and design. To prepare for building Half Moon, a $1 million project, he visited maritime museums in the Netherlands and the United States. After his death while assisting with the rigging of another vessel,[5] the construction of the Half Moon was completed by the New Netherland Museum.

The year 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of Halve Maen's voyage. For the anniversary, the crown prince of the Netherlands and his wife were on board, as well as students from a Dutch school. This anniversary was marked in September 2009 with festivals, music, sailing ships parading around New York Harbor.[6]

The replica ship sails in and around the Hudson River and serves as a traveling museum that conducts programs for youth and adults about the history of the Dutch colony called New Netherland. With its voyages of discovery and 4th and 7th grade interdisciplinary curricula, the ship pursues a comprehensive education program. A non-for-profit organization, the Half Moon is run by a crew of volunteers that range in age from their teens to octogenarians.[7]

At 10-foot (3.0 m) in both height and length, the model of Halve Maen on top of the SUNY System Administration Building in Albany, New York, is the largest working weathervane in North America.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mancall, Peter C., "Strangers in a New Land," American Heritage, Spring 2009.
  2. ^ Johannes de Laet (Dutch Wikipedia) (1625). Nieuwe Wereldt, ofte beschrijvinghe van West-Indien (New World, or the description of West India). Leiden. 
  3. ^ Robert Juet. Transcribed by Brea Barthel "Purchas His Pilgrimes (Juet's Journal of Hudson's 1609 Voyage)," June 28, 2006.
  4. ^ Johnson, Donald S. (1992). Charting the Sea of Darkness: The Four Voyages of Henry Hudson. p. 218. ISBN 978-0877423218. 
  5. ^ Nicholas Benton, 35, Builder of Ship Replica, a June 21, 1989 obituary from The New York Times
  6. ^ "NY400 Events". ny400.org. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2012-05-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ "What is the Half Moon and New Netherland Museum?". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  8. ^ "Albany Trivia & Fun Facts". Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halve_Maen — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

2749 news items

Noordhollands Dagblad

Noordhollands Dagblad
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 08:11:15 -0700

HOORN - Twintig mensen hebben zich inmiddels aangemeld als vrijwilliger om als gastvrouw of -heer of als gids/verteller vanaf 30 mei bezoekers aan VOC-museumschip de Halve Maen te ontvangen. Henk Tameling van het Westfries Museum, dat het schip ...
 
Noordhollands Dagblad
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 04:47:20 -0700

AMSTERDAM - Het VOC-museumschip Halve Maen gaat meedoen aan Sail Amsterdam 2015. De Halve Maen zal als visitekaartje van Hoorn meevaren tussen de Tall Ships en krijgt ook een plek tussen de grote schepen in de Oranjehaven (IJ-haven).

Noordhollands Dagblad

Noordhollands Dagblad
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 12:03:57 -0700

HOORN - Waar sommigen zich afvragen of de replica van het VOC-jacht Halve Maen met zijn diepgang van 2.70 meter wel op het Markermeer kan varen, maakt Bram Nijenhuis zich daar geen seconde druk om. De Horinees, die in Nederland de schipper ...

Historiek.net

Historiek.net
Sat, 14 Mar 2015 03:22:32 -0700

Het VOC-museumschip de Halve Maen wordt op zaterdag 23 mei feestelijk onthaald in de haven van Hoorn. Het New Netherland Museum en het Westfries Museum hebben de bruikleenovereenkomst voor vijf jaar getekend. In april begint het schip met de ...

RTV Noord-Holland

RTV Noord-Holland
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 05:47:28 -0800

Eind maart kreeg het Westfries Museum het aanbod om museumschip de Halve Maen voor niets over te nemen. Voorwaarde was dat de gemeente een plan maakte voor een levensvatbare exploitatie van het schip en dat de gemeente bereid was om de ...

Noordhollands Dagblad

Noordhollands Dagblad
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:58:44 -0700

Op de uitslag van het onderzoek naar de haalbaarheid van exploitatie van de Halve Maen wordt reikhalzend gewacht. De Amerikaanse eigenaar heeft de replica van dit VOC-jacht aan Hoorn aangeboden. De oppositie in de raad heeft kritische vragen ...
 
Noordhollands Dagblad
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 07:52:09 -0800

HOORN - Het voorstel aan de Hoornse gemeenteraad om de replica van het VOC-jacht Halve Maen in bruikleen te aanvaarden sterkt de oppositie in haar vrees 'dat dit een schip van bijleg wordt'. Dat blijkt uit een eerste reactie van de fracties HSP, HOP, ...

Telegraaf.nl

Telegraaf.nl
Thu, 25 Dec 2014 22:45:00 -0800

Burgemeester Kathy Sheehan van de stad Albany in de staat New York wil niet dat de replica van de Halve Maen, het Nederlandse schip waarmee de Engelsman Henry Hudson in de 17e eeuw New York 'ontdekte', de oversteek naar Nederland maakt.
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