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For other ships with this name, see Half Moon.
Half Moon in Hudson.jpg
The Halve Maen in the Hudson River
Career (Dutch Republic) Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg
Name: Halve Maen
Owner: Dutch East India Company
Chamber of Amsterdam
Completed: 1608

The Halve Maen (English: Half Moon) was a Dutch East India Company vlieboot (similar to a carrack) which sailed into what is now New York Harbor in September 1609. It was commissioned by the Dutch Republic to covertly find a western passage to China. The ship was captained by Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the service of the Dutch Republic.[1]

In 1909, the Kingdom of the Netherlands presented the United States with a replica of the Halve Maen in order to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage; the replica was destroyed in a 1934 fire. Eighty years later, the New Netherland Museum commissioned a third replica.

History[edit]

The Halve Maen sailed from Amsterdam to the Arctic, turning westward to traverse the Atlantic Ocean, then sailed from Newfoundland to the south in search of the Northwest Passage.

In his 1625 book New World,[2] which contains invaluable extracts from Hudson’s lost journal, Johannes de Laet, a director of the West India Company, writes that they "bent their course to the south until, running south-southwest and southwest by south, they again made land in latitude 41° 43’, which they supposed to be an island, and gave it the name of New Holland, but afterwards discovered that it was Cape Cod".

From there they sailed south to Chesapeake and then went north along the coast navigating first the Delaware Bay and, subsequently, the bay of the river which Hudson named the Mauritius River, for Holland's Lord-Lieutenant Maurits. The Halve Maen sailed up Hudson's river as far as the present day location of Albany, New York, where the crew determined the water was too narrow and too shallow for farther progress. Concluding then that the river was also not a passage to the west, Hudson exited the river, naming the natives that dwelled on either side of the Mauritus estuary the Manahata. Leaving the estuary, he sailed north-eastward, never realizing that what are now the islands of Manhattan and Long Island were islands, and crossed the Atlantic to England where he sailed into Dartmouth harbor with the Dutch East India Company ship and crew.[3]

In, or a few years after, 1618 the ship was destroyed during an English attack on Jakarta in the Dutch East Indies.[4]

Replicas[edit]

Halve Maen replica, being towed along the Amstel.
1909 Replica of Halve Maen

In 1909 a replica of Halve Maen was given to the United States by the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage. The ship was constructed at the Rijksmarinewerf in Amsterdam. The keel was laid on 29 October 1908 and on 15 April 1909 the ship was launched and then transported to the US on the Holland America Lines freight liner Soestdijk. This replica was eventually towed to Cohoes, New York and perished in a fire on July 22, 1934.

1989 replica of Halve Maen docked in the Hudson River at Albany, New York.

Another replica of the Halve Maen (officially Anglicized as Half Moon) was constructed in Albany, New York in 1989 by the New Netherland Museum. The museum contracted with Nicholas S. Benton to design and build the replica. Mr. Benton, a master ship-rigger and shipwright, was president of the Rigging Gang of Middletown, Rhode Island, which specialized in colonial ship restoration and design. To prepare for building the Half Moon, a $1 million project, he visited maritime museums in the Netherlands and the United States. After his death while assisting with the rigging of another vessel,[5] the construction of the Half Moon was completed by the New Netherland Museum.

The year 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of the Halve Maen's voyage. For the anniversary, the crown prince of the Netherlands and his wife were on board, as well as students from a Dutch school. This anniversary was marked in September 2009 with festivals, music, sailing ships parading around New York Harbor.[6]

The replica ship sails in and around the Hudson River and serves as a traveling museum that conducts programs for youth and adults about the history of the Dutch colony called New Netherland. With its voyages of discovery and 4th and 7th grade interdisciplinary curricula, the ship pursues a comprehensive education program. A non-for-profit organization, the Half Moon is run by a crew of volunteers that range in age from their teens to octogenarians.[7]

At 10-foot (3.0 m) in both height and length, the model of the Halve Maen on top of the SUNY System Administration Building in Albany, New York, is the largest working weathervane in North America.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mancall, Peter C., "Strangers in a New Land," American Heritage, Spring 2009.
  2. ^ Johannes de Laet (Dutch Wikipedia) (1625). Nieuwe Wereldt, ofte beschrijvinghe van West-Indien (New World, or the description of West India). Leiden. 
  3. ^ Robert Juet. Transcribed by Brea Barthel "Purchas His Pilgrimes (Juet's Journal of Hudson's 1609 Voyage)," June 28, 2006.
  4. ^ Johnson, Donald S. (1992). Charting the Sea of Darkness: The Four Voyages of Henry Hudson. p. 218. ISBN 978-0877423218. 
  5. ^ Nicholas Benton, 35, Builder of Ship Replica, a June 21, 1989 obituary from The New York Times
  6. ^ "NY400 Events". ny400.org. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2012-05-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ "What is the Half Moon and New Netherland Museum?". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  8. ^ "Albany Trivia & Fun Facts". Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halve_Maen — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
9100 videos foundNext > 

Efteling - Halve Maen (HD) - 6 november 2011

Onride van de Halve Maen in de Efteling, gefilmd op 6 november 2011. Camera: Canon PowerShot SX130 IS.

Een ritje Halve Maen (Efteling)

Ga mee met een hysterisch ritje op de schipschommel van de Efteling... Het was gewoon te grappig hoe iedereen hysterisch begon te schreeuwen whahahaha HUMOR!!

Efteling - Halve Maen en D'Oude Tuffer (The Half Moon and Tin Lizzies)

More theme park videos: http://www.youtube.com/davey1986 To subscribe: http://full.sc/1nzp2jZ Efteling playlist: http://full.sc/1nzt8st Twitter: http://full....

Halve Maen - Efteling Onride

Stap in het schip de Halve Maen en laat je verwonderen. Spanning en sensatie in de grootste schipschommel ter wereld, gelegen in een pittoreske Hollandse haven. Sterke zeemansbenen zijn niet...

Henry Hudson's Halve Maen

Here's a tour on board the Half Moon (Halve Maen) replica was docked at Victor C. Waryas Park in Poughkeepsie NY. This clip was taken with a Panasonic MiniDV...

Halve Maen in de Efteling

Offride van schommelschip Halve Maen in de Efteling, het grootste schommelschip ter wereld, volgens het Guinness Book of Records. Offride of Pirate Ship Half...

Efteling - Halve Maen (Onride) [HD]

Halve Maen in de Efteling onride. [gefilmd op: 23-02-2014 door Efteldingeling] Gefilmd met: Canon Legria HFR205 Muziek: Foxes - Youth (Adventure Club Remix) ...

Efteling - Halve Maen (schipschommel) onride

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Een CFR van de Halve Maen in de Efteling voor RCT3 download http://www.wonderplein.nl/rctobjecten/rct3/?id=32.

Efteling - Halve Maen (onride)

Dagje Efteling.

9100 videos foundNext > 

2073 news items

 
Telegraaf.nl
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Als een duveltje kwam Berend Mink met zijn scheepje d'Halve Maen ineens voorop te liggen. De 55-jarige schipper Mink, die vorig jaar een beroerd seizoen voer en zichzelf zag als een 'grijze muis', was dolgelukkig met de zege op de Snitser Mar bij ...
 
HetKompasSliedrecht.nl
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 08:56:15 -0700

In oktober vorig jaar stemde het Bestuur van Parkschap Nationaal Park De Biesbosch in met het voorstel om een geschikte marktpartij te vinden voor de exploitatie van de Halve Maen. Ottevanger OV wordt de nieuwe eigenaar van Europa's grootste ...
 
Telegraaf.nl
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Zo dik tevreden als hij was tijdens de routebespreking 's ochtend vanwege de dagwinst bij Terherne, zo prachtig voer Berend Mink van het skûtsje d'Halve Maen gistermiddag als eerste over de startlijn. Maar Akkrum trok in Langweer aan het langste eind.
 
dé Weekkrant
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

“Dit is de grootste op zonne-energie aangedreven rondvaartboot in Europa”, zegt Ottevanger. De vaste ligplaats is bij bezoekerscentrum Hollandse Biesbosch. De Halve Maen vervoert jaarlijks meer dan 10.000 passagiers. De meeste mensen maken gebruik ...

Leeuwarder Courant

Leeuwarder Courant
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 07:45:00 -0700

Geen van de schepen kwam met een protest over de streep. Uitslag Langweer: 1. Akkrum; 2. Earnewâld; 3. Lemmer; 4. Woudsend; 5. Heerenveen; 6. Grou; 7. Sneek; 8. Leeuwarden; 9. Langweer; 10. d'Halve Maen; 11. Drachten; 12. Stavoren; 13. Huizum; 14 ...
 
Telegraaf.nl
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Als een duveltje kwam Berend Mink met zijn scheepje d'Halve Maen ineens voorop te liggen. De 55-jarige schipper Mink, die een beroerd seizoen voer vorig jaar en zichzelf vorig jaar zag als een 'grijze muis', was dolgelukkig met de zege op de Snitser ...

Leeuwarder Courant

Leeuwarder Courant
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 07:48:45 -0700

Akkrum viel uit met averij aan het roer. Bij het ronden van eerste ton knalde Leeuwarden achterop Akkrum. Voorlopige uitslag, Earnewâld: 1. Sneek; 2. Earnewâld; 3. Lemmer; 4. d' Halve Maen; 5. Drachten; 6. Grou; 7. Joure; 8. Huizum; 9. Heerenveen; 10.

Leeuwarder Courant

Leeuwarder Courant
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 07:41:07 -0700

Op de derde plek eindigde Gerhard Pietersma van Earnewâld. Uitslag De Veenhoop: 1. Grou;, 2. Langweer; 3. Earnewâld; 4. Woudsend; 5. Joure; 6. Akkrum; 7. Leeuwarden; 8. Stavoren; 9. Halve Maen; 10. Sneek; 11. Drachten; 12. Heerenveen; 13. Huizum ...
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