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Hallermann–Streiff syndrome
Classification and external resources
ICD-9 756.0
OMIM 234100
DiseasesDB 32617
MeSH D006210

Hallermann–Streiff syndrome (also known as the François dyscephalic syndrome, Hallermann–Streiff–François syndrome, Oculomandibulodyscephaly with hypotrichosis and Oculomandibulofacial syndrome) is a congenital disorder that affects growth, cranial development, hair growth and dental development.

There are fewer than 200 people with the syndrome worldwide.[citation needed] An organisation supporting people with the Hallermann–Streiff syndrome is the Germany based "Schattenkinder e.V."[1]


Patients with this syndrome are shorter than the average person and may not develop hair in many places, including in the facial, leg and pubic areas. Patients also have eye problems including clouded eyes or reduced eye size, bilateral cataracts[2] and glaucoma.

It can be associated with sleep apnea.[3]

It can complicate intubation.[4]


It may be associated with GJA1.[5]


It is named for Wilhelm Hallermann and Enrico Streiff.[6][7][8]


  1. ^ Germany based Schattenkinder e.V.
  2. ^ Ertekin V, Selimoğlu MA, Selimoğlu E (2004). "Non-lethal Hallermann-Streiff syndrome with bone fracture: report of a case". Ann. Genet. 47 (4): 387–91. doi:10.1016/j.anngen.2004.03.005. PMID 15581837. 
  3. ^ Shiomi T, Guilleminault C, Izumi H, Yamada S, Murata K, Kobayashi T (October 1999). "Obstructive sleep apnoea in a puerperal patient with Hallermann-Streiff syndrome". Eur. Respir. J. 14 (4): 974–7. doi:10.1034/j.1399-3003.1999.14d42.x. PMID 10573253. 
  4. ^ Malde AD, Jagtap SR, Pantvaidya SH (1994). "Hallermann-Streiff syndrome: airway problems during anaesthesia". J Postgrad Med 40 (4): 216–8. PMID 9136243. 
  5. ^ Pizzuti A, Flex E, Mingarelli R, Salpietro C, Zelante L, Dallapiccola B (March 2004). "A homozygous GJA1 gene mutation causes a Hallermann-Streiff/ODDD spectrum phenotype". Hum. Mutat. 23 (3): 286. doi:10.1002/humu.9220. PMID 14974090. 
  6. ^ synd/1767 at Who Named It?
  7. ^ W. Hallermann. Vogelgesicht und Cataracta congenita. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, Stuttgart, 1948, 113: 315–318.
  8. ^ E. B. Streiff. Dysmorphie mandibulo-faciale (tête d’oiseau) et alterations oculaires. Ophthalmologica, Basel, 1950, 120: 79–83.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallermann–Streiff_syndrome — Please support Wikipedia.
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