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Bayan ng Hagonoy
|Nickname(s): The Aquaculture Capital of Bulacan
|Motto: Ahon Hagonoy (Ascend Hagonoy)|
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Hagonoy
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Raulito T. Manlapaz Sr. (Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino)|
|• Vice mayor||Pedro Santos Jr.|
|• Total||103.10 km2 (39.81 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Languages||Tagalog and English|
|Income class||1st Class; Urban|
It is the birthplace of Former Senator Gat. Blas F. Ople, a famous journalist and politician who had served several high-ranking positions in the executive and legislative branch of the Philippine government including Senate President, Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Labor.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Municipal government
- 6 Points of interest
- 7 Fiestas and Local Holidays
- 8 Social Services
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Cemeteries
- 11 Education
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Hagonoy was first mentioned in the history of the Philippines in 1571 . Even before the "blood compact" between Spain's Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and the Philippines' Sikatuna was made, the place was already known as Hagonoy. The land consists of archipelagic marsh and river tributaries going to the sea, where the first ancestors of this town probably took this way to reach Hagonoy.
According to research and studies, there are Malay groups from Borneo, Sumatra, and Java who came to the island of Panay. It is considered as the first wave of travelers who lived and resided on that part of the country long before Ferdinand Magellan’s discovery of the Philippines. The second blast came, with their families and clans migrating in the Visayas region. The rest of the families on the second wave continue to travel and reach the islands of Luzon, until they arrive at Manila Bay. Some of them stay on the coastal side of the bay and built communities (believed that this came from other parts of Indonesia and Malaysia), while others went into the rivers and searched for living in the forests nearby. They maybe also the group passed by estuary of the Rio Grande de Pampanga and maybe the first natives in the place.
Hagonoy first appeared in Philippine history when they formed part of the fleet of Rajah Soliman of Macabebe, Pampanga that met Martin de Goiti at the Battle of Bankusay in the initial defense of the Lusong Empire against the Spaniards in 1571.
In the beginning, Hagonoy was part of Alcaldia de Calumpit as its visita together with Apalit.It was founded in January 17,1582 as one of the visitas of Calumpit by Fray Diego Ordonez de Vivar. At first, it was also included in the territorial part of Encomienda de Calumpit that was given by Governor General Gonzalo Ronquillo to Sargento Juan de Moron for his good service and loyalty to Spanish Crown. Sargento Moron once trusted his land to the Augustinian friars, and that's how it was handed to Fray Diego Vivar and it was officially established as a Civil Town in May 1671. According to records and old folks, there were already inhabitants in some places of this settlement.These places were Tibaguin and Pugad, coastal barrios sharing the coastline with the City of Malolos and towns of Bulakan, Obando and the City of Manila,Tampok.
Origin of name
The town was named after the "hagunoy" (Chromolaena odorata), a medicinal plant that used to be abundant in its river banks and along the seashores. The original populace used its leaves as their herbal remedy of choice for common illnesses and as food ingredients. Because of the medicinal value of the plant, the news of its effectiveness spread leading the people to call the place "Hagonoy".
In the 15th century, some friars took a boat from Manila to the province of Bulacan and reached what was then called Quinabaloan (meaning "pinag-alaman" - which was then still part of the town of Calumpit). This is now the Barangays of Sta. Monica & San Jose). At that time, a very charming lass was so popular among the young men of the locality. She had many suitors and admirers. One day, she fell ill. She needed someone to get leaves of the hagonoy plant by the river(which is now called Sapang Pari---because the friars and priests used this river to commute.
A man offered to promptly get some leaves of the plant and in deep gratitude, she promised to marry him. As he was gathering the leaves of the hagonoy plant for his dearly beloved, the group of friars in a passing boat stopped to ask him, "Quien vive?" (where are we?). The man did not understand Spanish and was extremely intimidated by the guardia civil (Spanish civil guard)that escorted the friars. Thinking that they were asking what he was grasping in his hands, he quickly retorted "hagonoy po!" (hagonoy sir!) and scampered away.
These were the first Augustinian friars that got into town and they noted the place's name as "Hagonoy". Hence, the origin of the illustrious town's name.
With a total land area of 103.10 square kilometers, Hagonoy is situated at the southwest corner of the province of Bulacan. It is bounded by the municipality of Calumpit on the north, municipality of Paombong on the east, municipality of Masantol, Pampanga on the west and Manila Bay on the south. The municipality is approximately 54 kilometers from Metro Manila or about an hour and a half drive. It can be accessed via North Luzon Expressway and MacArthur Highway.
Hagonoy is a long ridge with a lake on its edge by the Manila Bay called "Wawa", which is now part of Barangays San Sebastian and San Nicolas. It is basically a fishing town with the Manila Bay as its proximate fishing ground, which extends up to the provinces of Pampanga, Bataan, and Cavite. Its more adventurous fisherfolk brave the waves of the South China Sea northward and cross into the Philippine Sea in the Pacific Ocean on the eastern seaboard where they cast their nets and haul their catch to the fishing ports of Quezon province.
Hagonoy is politically subdivided into 26 barangays which are grouped into 5 clusters or "kumpol" for statistical purposes. All barangays are urban according to National Statistical Coordination Board, with San Agustin as the most populated barangay and Carillo as the least.
|Santo Niño (Poblacion)||3,859|
|Population census of Hagonoy|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Hagonoy is mainly a fishing municipality with 7,837.65 hectares devoted to fish farming or about three-fourths of its total land area. It is home to about 1,423 fishpond operators and 55 registered consignacions – a venue for trading aquaculture products. The town offers a variety of harvest which includes prawns, shrimps, milkfish, tilapia, crabs, mussels and oysters.
With its abundant water resources and the coastal nature of the town, majority of the population is dependent on fishing industry. Even the municipal government has its own fishpond locally known as "Propyus", situated in Pugad and Tibaguin, two coastal barangays of Hagonoy along the coast of Manila Bay. It is subdivided to 7 lots with a combined lot area of 412 hectares of municipal waters.
Two local fish ports called "pundohan" – one in barrio San Nicolas and the other at the Poblacion, are the busiest commercial areas in the town. Fish traders from Lucena City, Quezon and Dagupan City, Pangasinan among other merchants of other provinces are regular bulk buyers the local ports or at the private "consignacions" (brokerage) of the large milkfish growers.
The coastal barrios are virtually 24/7 as fishermen go out to the sea at night for hours or even days while their loving families and relatives await them. Upon their return, their catch is immediately sorted out and sold at the local public markets and "talipapa" of the barangays. Their catch are also transported to the public markets in nearby towns and up to the public/private markets and supermarkets in Metro Manila.
Barangay Sto. Niño adjacent to the Poblacion is host to the numerous brokers of prawns for the domestic and export markets. The boats that sell their prawn catch at these brokers at times come from as far as the province of Capiz. A processing plant very near the brokers prepares and packages the prawns to export quality and global standards.
There are 2 “talipapa” (flea markets) in Hagonoy that also played minor central business districts – Sto. Rosario and San Agustin. Business activities include wet and dry market, grocery stores, carinderia and computer shops.
According to the Commission on Audit (COA) 2010 Annual Financial Report, Hagonoy ranked as the 8th richest municipality in Bulacan, surpassing the annual income of other 1st class municipalities like Bocaue, Calumpit, Plaridel, San Ildefonso and Balagtas.
Trade and Commerce
Trade and commerce in Hagonoy is concentrated at the town center where the public market, municipal hall, church, schools, hospital, clinics, and commercial spaces are situated. Major business activities include drugstores, banks, financial institutions, private consignacions, restaurants/food shops, groceries, and construction supplies.
Indigenous and raw materials
Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) and Digital Telecommunications Philippines, Inc. (DIGITEL) are the main landline telephone service provider in Hagonoy with 2,134 and 1,700 subscriber respectively.
Many residents have subscribed to wireless phone services such as Globe, Smart, Talk 'N Text, TM (Touch Mobile), Sun Cellular and Red Mobile. As per Municipal Engineers Office record, there are 10 cell sites installed in strategic locations in Hagonoy to improve the signal coverage and reception.
On the other hand, telegraph and express mail services are being provided by the local post office and private companies such as LBC and RCPI-Western Union.
Just as the national government, the municipal government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.
The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays. The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.
The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor and other elected officers who hold office at the Town hall. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation.
The following officials were elected in the Philippine Midterm Elections on May 13, 2013 to serve a three-year term.
- Mayor: Raulito 'Amboy' Manlapaz Sr. -PMP
- Vice-Mayor: Pedro 'Kap' Santos Jr. – Independent
- Elmer S. Santos – PMP
- Christopher R. Baluyot – PMP
- Jeffrey C. Reyes – Independent
- Rosemarie S. Magat – Lapiang K
- Francis Dianne T. Cervantes – Independent
- Kim Junior S. Laderas – PMP
- Ihna Alyssa Marie O. Santos – Lapiang K
- Basilio R. Cruz Jr. – PMP
Points of interest
- Municipal Hall of Hagonoy and its new buildings.
- Bulacan Garden – located in Barangay San Agustin.
- Ina ng Laging Saklolo Parish is the first Parish of Ina ng Laging Saklolo in the Province of Bulacan headed by their first parish priest, Rev. Fr. Paul Samuel "Sammy" Sunga. It is located in Hangga, Barangay San Pedro, and known to be the 'Baclaran of Bulacan.'
- Cherubim of Heaven Memorial Park near the Ina ng Laging Saklolo Parish.
- Parong-Parong Chapel is home of the Miraculous Black Nazarene in Bulacan. Dubbed as the 'Quiapo of Hagonoy,' it is one of the most popular festivity in town flocked by the devotees of the Black Nazarene.
- Puso Niño Mini-Mall 1 & 2
- Puregold Hagonoy - a hypermart operated by Puregold Price Club, Inc., opened on October 24, 2012. It is located at Brgy. Santo Niño (Poblacion).
- Various antique houses and barangays of the great heroes and statesmen of the Philippines.
- National Shrine of St. Anne in the Philippines is a 16th-century church established by the Augustinian Friars in Hagonoy and the only "National Shrine" built for the Mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Philippines.
National Shrine of St. Anne in the Philippines
Hagonoy is deeply religious, in the town centre is the native's principal Church. The National Shrine of St. Anne was originally a visita under the parish of Calumpit, it became a town church in 1731 with Fr. Juan Albarran OSA, as the first curate. It was rebuilt in 1871 by Fr. Ignacio Manzanares. The church was taken over by the Filipino clergy in 1896 with Fr. Clemente Garcia as the first Filipino curate. He was succeeded by Fr. Dr. Mariono Sevilla from 1902-1922, Fr. Exequiel Morales, 1922-1936. Fr. Celestino Rodriguez, curate since 1936 improved the church. It was made into a national shrine to honor St. Anne, the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary. This church holds the relics of St. Anne from the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, the international shrine in Quebec, Canada and also the relics of St. Joaquim.
Fiestas and Local Holidays
Annual fiestas are held to honor the town's and each barangay's patron saints. The town's patron saint is St. Anne (the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary) or fondly called Apo Ana in the vernacular by the natives. She is enshrined at the church named after her in the poblacion. This church is a National Shrine. There are also small fiestas among the different puroks of the barangays, there are feasts for the: Sacred Heart of Jesus, Our Lady of the Rosary, and other commemorative feasts of the Catholic Church. The Holy Week observance include flagellants on the road, zarzuelas, the "pabasa" (the passion sang as a psalm), the Good Friday and Easter dawn processions, in all the parishes. The Good Friday processions of the Parishes like the Poblacion and the Sto. Rosario parishes are attended by at least 15 to 30 Lenten icons. The fiestas and Holy Week rituals are deemed as a sacred tradition. Some barangays hold their feasts with extraordinary roadside decorations and buntings so elaborate that the road is almost covered with overhead decor sufficient to screen-off the sunlight at noontime. Major Fiestas in Hagonoy such as the Sto. Niño Fiesta, Sta. Elena Fiesta, & the Town’s Fiesta & Foundation Day are some of the major festivities in town.
|1 January or Last Sunday of April||Feast of the Holy Family (Brgy. Sagrada Familia)|
|9 January||Feast of the Black Nazarene (Brgy. San Agustin – Parong-Parong)|
|20 January||Feast of St. Sebastian (Brgy. San Sebastian)|
|25 January||Feast of St. Paul, the Apostle (Brgy. San Pablo)|
|3 February||Ka Blas F. Ople Day (Commemorating the Birth of Hagonoy’s Proud of Son)|
|11 February||Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes (Brgy. Abulalas)|
|2nd or 3rd Sunday of February||Feast of the Holy Child (Brgy. Sto. Niño)|
|2 April||Balagtas Day (Commemorating the birth of Francisco Baltazar)|
|10 April||Feast of Our Lady of Barangay (Brgy. San Sebastian - Peralta)|
|Last Sunday of April||Pista ng Sama-samang Pasasalamat ng Bayang Hagonoy (Brgy. Sto. Nino – Poblacion)|
|1 May||Feast of St. Joseph, the Worker (Brgy. San Jose)|
|1 May & 14 September||Feast of the Holy Cross (Brgy. Sta. Cruz)|
|4 May||Feast of St. Helen, the Empress (Brgy. Sta. Elena)|
|1st Saturday of May||Feast of St. Monica (Brgy. Sta. Monica)|
|2nd week of May & 13 June||Feast of St. Anthony (Brgy. Iba-Ibayo)|
|2nd week of May & 1st Sunday of October||Feast of the Most Holy Rosary (Brgy. Sto. Rosario)|
|8 May||Feast of St. Michael, the Archangel (Brgy. San Miguel)|
|15 May||Feast of St. Isidore Labrador, the Farmer (Brgy. Tampok & Brgy. San Isidro)|
|17 May||Feast of St. Paschal Bailon (Brgy. San Pascual)|
|3 June||Feast of the Holy Trinity (Brgy. San Agustin - Mestiza)|
|13 June||Feast of St. Anthony of Padua (Brgy. Iba & Brgy. Palapat)|
|24 June||Feast of St. John, the Baptist (Brgy. San Juan)|
|27 June||Feast of the Mother of Perpetual Help (Brgy. San Pedro)|
|29 June||Feast of St. Peter, the Apostle (Brgy. San Pedro)|
|26 July||Feast of St. Anne, Patroness of Hagonoy / Foundation Day of the town of Hagonoy / Palaisdaan Festival (Brgy. Sto. Nino – Poblacion)|
|31 July||Feast of St. Ignatius of Loyola (Brgy. Pugad)|
|15 August||Bulacan Day (Foundation Day of the Province of Bulacan)|
|16 August||Feast of St. Roch (Brgy. San Roque)|
|28 August||Feast of St. Augustine (Brgy. San Agustin)|
|30 August||Marcelo H. Del Pilar Day (Commemorating the Birth of the Great Propagandist)|
|10 September||Feast of St. Nicholas of Tolentine (Brgy. San Nicolas)|
|11 September||Feast of Mother of Perpetual Help (Brgy. Tampok – Sapang Bundok)|
|1st Sunday of October||Feast of Our Lady of Rosary (Brgy. Carillo)|
|23 October||Feast of St. Raphael, the Archangel (Brgy. Tibaguin)|
|29 October||Anniversary of the National Shrine of St. Anne (Brgy. Sto. Nino – Poblacion)|
|26 November||Feast of Virgen delos Remedios (Brgy. Mercado)|
|8 December||Feast of the Immaculate Conception (Brgy. Sto. Niño – Sapang Pari)|
Palaisdaan Festival/Desposorio Festival
On July 24, 2015 the municipality formally introduce the Palaisdaan Festival (or Pangisdaan Festival) nationwide through the morning show Umagang Kay Ganda of ABS-CBN Channel 2. Aside from showcasing the main livelihood of the town, the festival also offers a variety of cultural and religious events which the town of Hagonoy is known for. It is a month-long celebration in honor of the town's patroness, Saint Anne, and the founding anniversary of Hagonoy as a pueblo way back 1581. The celebration usually starts when the image of St. Anne visits places around Hagonoy or even outside the town. The processional image is then brought back to the shrine to formally open the festivity for the 9-days novena, followed by the fluvial parade or pagoda in the river systems of Hagonoy. Indak-kalye or street dancing is also one of the highlights of the festival, where the traditional Desposorio is danced to the tune of Lerion hymn. Other activities before the fiesta include entertainment and cultural programs, games or laro ng lahi, religious activities like baptism and confirmation. The Visperas Mayores or the day before the fiesta is also a highlight, this is when the battle of marching bands happens.
Hagonoy is generally a peaceful community. Peace and order is being maintained by the Philippine National Police – Hagonoy Station manned by 29 PNP personnel. The Hagonoy PNP is equipped by 24 long firearms and 17 short firearms, with 2 patrol cars and 4 motorcycles as service vehicles.
In 2009, there were 113 reported crime incidence in the municipality. The crime solution efficiency rate is registered at 97.26%.
Health and Nutrition
There are 3 hospitals operating in Hagonoy – 2 private hospitals and a government-controlled district hospital. The Emilio Perez Memorial District Hospital, situated at Barangay Sto. Nino, is a 50-bed capacity hospital that offers secondary healthcare services. It is one of the district hospitals owned and controlled by the Provincial Government of Bulacan. Immediately beside it is the Mateo-Mabborang General Hospital, a private hospital which was opened on October 9, 2010. The Divine Word Hospital is a private hospital situated at Barangay San Pedro also offers secondary healthcare services.
These hospitals are being complemented by the Amado Aldaba Memorial Health Center, the main rural health unit (RHU) being operated by the municipal government. It offers primary healthcare services which also includes laboratory and dental services. Aside of this, 3 other rural health units in barangays San Juan, San Nicolas and Sto. Rosario are also under the local government, headed by the municipal officer in RHU-Aldaba, and 3 other physicians are servicing the other RHUs.
The municipality also operates two (2) physical therapy and rehabilitation centers. The first is located at the municipal compound while the other is situated at Barangay Sta. Monica.
The medical personnel of the municipal government is composed of 4 Rural Health Physicians, 4 public nurses, 26 midwives, 2 sanitary inspectors, 1 medical technologist and 2 dentists. These are aided by the 172 Barangay Health Workers at the barangay level.
On the other hand, nutrition program is being implemented by the Municipal Nutrition Office. At the barangay, they are assisted by the 29 Lingkod Lingap sa Nayon (LLNs) supported by 189 Mother Leaders. As of 2008, there were 35 identified very low and 565 low nutritional status in Hagonoy.
Power and water supply
The power requirement of the entire municipality is supplied by the Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) including the coastal barangays of Pugad and Tibaguin. While the Hagonoy Water District provides the water requirement of Hagonoy. It supplies the daily water use of all 26 barangays using their 24 barangay pump stations.
In Hagonoy, the primary and most dominant mode of transportation is tricycle because of its narrow roads. In 2011, there are 4,671 registered members of Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association (TODA) in Hagonoy servicing all barangays except Pugad and Tibaguin. Both of those barangays are being served by boats for hire.
Other modes of transportation are jeepneys and buses. There are about 565 registered jeepneys in Hagonoy divided into 3 routes – Malolos Bayan, BSU-Malolos Crossing, and Hagonoy-Calumpit. There is also a jeepney route from the poblacion going to Robinsons Place Malolos and back. Passenger buses transport passengers in Hagonoy to and from Divisoria, Monumento, Cubao and Pasay City in Metro Manila via the 2 bus companies that are presently operating in Hagonoy. The Baliwag Transit having 32 buses leaving Hagonoy every 30 minutes and the First North Luzon Transit with 11 buses leaving every 45 minutes.
- Baliwag Transit
- First North Luzon Transit
- Jeepneys (going to Paombong, Malolos Bayan, BSU, Malolos Crossing, Robinsons Place Malolos and Calumpit)
- Tricycles (most common mean of tranpostation locally)
Hanging and wooden bridges
The four hanging bridges which are now in state of disrepair are located in barangays Iba, Abulalas, Carillo and San Agustin. Barangay Abulalas' hanging bridge links it to Barangay San Isidro II in Paombong town. The bridge is about 200 meters long as it crossed the downstream of the Labangan Channel. In Barangay Carillo, residents said the hanging bridge in their village linking Barangay Abulalas was totally damaged just before the 2007 elections. Its steel cable snapped while supporters of a mayoralty candidate were crossing in April 2007. In Barangay San Agustin, residents are trying to protect what remains of their hanging bridge that links with Barangay San Pablo.
- Hagonoy Public Cemetery
- Hagonoy Catholic Cemetery
- Hagonoy Memorial Park
- Peralta Cemetery (San Sebastian)
- Sto. Rosario Catholic Cemetery
- Sta. Elena Catholic Cemetery
- San Juan Cemetery
- Iba Cemetery
- Cherubim of Heaven Memorial Park (San Pedro)
The educational institutions in Hagonoy is composed of 29 public elementary schools, 10 private elementary schools, 4 public secondary schools, 4 private schools, 26 Day Care Centers, 1 Technical/Vocational School and 1 satellite campus of the provincial university.
In School Year 2008-2009, the combined elementary school enrollment is 17,934, where 9 out of the 10 students are enrolled in public elementary school. On the other hand, secondary school enrolment is registered at 10,477 students, of which 78.45% are enrolled in public high school.
Every barangay has a Day Care Center with an assigned Day Care Worker. The total number of children enrolled is 1,315 in School Year 2008-2009, composed of 629 boys and 686 girls.
The Bulacan State University-Hagonoy Campus situated at Barangay Iba-Ibayo officially opened on June 7, 2011. The fourth satellite campus of BulSU offers Education, Engineering, Information Technology and Hotel and Restaurant Management as its initial courses.
- Iba National High School
- Mayor Ramona S. Trillana National High School
- Sta. Monica National High School
- San Pedro National High School
- Hagonoy East Central School (Sto. Nino)
- Hagonoy West Central School (Sto. Rosario)
- Abulalas Elementary School
- Carillo Elementary School
- Hangga Elementary School (San Pedro)
- Iba Elementary School
- Iba Ibayo Elementary School
- Iba Poblacion Elementary School (Iba)
- Mercado Elementary School
- Palapat Elementary School
- Pugad Elementary School
- Sagrada Familia Elementary School
- San Agustin Elementary School
- Eugenio G. Sy Tamco Elementary School (San Isidro)
- San Jose Elementary School
- San Juan Elementary School
- San Nicolas Elementary School
- San Pablo Elementary School
- San Pascual Elementary School
- San Roque Elementary School
- San Sebastian Elementary School
- Sta. Elena Elementary School
- Sta. Monica Elementary School
- Tampok Elementary School
- Tibaguin Elementary School
- Don Miguel Elementary School (San Nicolas)
- Sitio Buga Elementary School (Sta. Elena)
- Teodora Cruz Elementary School (San Miguel)
- VCRaymundo Elementary School (Sta. Cruz)
- Godwin’s Montesorri School
- Saint Anne's Catholic School (formerly known as Saint Anne's Catholic High School)
- Saint Mary's Academy of Hagonoy or SMA (formerly known as Saint Anne's Academy)
- Mother of Perpetual Help School (offering 1st Year HS only )
- Godwin’s Montesorri School
- Hagonoy Ecumenical School
- Holy Child School of hagonoy
- Jesus is Lord Christian School
- Saint Mary’s Academy of Hagonoy
- Santiago Trillana Academy
- School of Wisdom for Ideal Children
- St. Anne's Catholic School
- Mother of Perpetual Help School(Grade 1 to Grade 6)
- Victoria-Vazquez Christian School
- Kid's Lane Learning Center
- Mother of Perpetual Help School
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hagonoy, Bulacan.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Hagonoy Bulacan
- Hagonoy Bulacan Website
- Philippine Census Information
- 2010 Philippine Census Information
- Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants United Nations Statistics Division, accessed 24 August 2006