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For other uses, see Hagen (disambiguation).
Hagen
Old Town Hall (right) and Square. In the center the Volme Galerie (City Mall).
Old Town Hall (right) and Square. In the center the Volme Galerie (City Mall).
Flag of Hagen
Flag
Coat of arms of Hagen
Coat of arms
Hagen is located in Germany
Hagen
Hagen
Coordinates: 51°22′N 7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483Coordinates: 51°22′N 7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Arnsberg
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord Mayor Jörg Dehm (CDU)
Area
 • Total 160.4 km2 (61.9 sq mi)
Elevation 106 m (348 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 185,996
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 58000-58139
Dialling codes 02331, 02334, 02337
Vehicle registration HA
Website www.hagen.de

Hagen is the 41st-largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the south eastern edge of the Ruhr area, 15 km south of Dortmund, where the rivers Lenne and Volme (met by the river Ennepe) meet the river Ruhr. As of 31 December 2010 the population was 188,529. The city is home to the FernUniversität Hagen, which is the only state funded distance education university in Germany. Counting more than 67,000 students (March 2010), it is the largest university in Germany. [1]

History[edit]

Hagen was first mentioned ca. 1200, presumably the name of a farm at the junction of the Volme and the Ennepe. After the conquest of Burg Volmarstein in 1324, Hagen passed to the County of Mark. In 1614 it was awarded to the Margraviate of Brandenburg according to the Treaty of Xanten. In 1701 it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

After the defeat of Prussia in the Fourth Coalition, Hagen was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg from 1807–13. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia.

The growth of the city began in the 19th century with the mining of coal and the production of steel in the Ruhr Area. It was the scene of fighting during the Ruhr Uprising, 13 March - 2 April 1920 and has a monument to the Ruhr Red Army.

In 1928 Hagen developed into a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants.

On the night of 1 October 1943, 243 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitos from the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command attacked the city. According to the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost." Severe damage was caused.

After World War II the town became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Economy[edit]

Owing to the extensive use of water power along the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme and Ennepe, metal processing played an important role in the region of Hagen in and even before the 15th century.

In the 17th and 18th century, textile and steel industries as well as paper production followed.

Hagen is the home of the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer, as well as Sparkasse Hagen, the local municipal savings bank. The bank's former headquarters, the Sparkasse Hagen tower, was a regional landmark until its demolition in 2004.

The city is heavily indebted and in the process of cutting city services in order to balance its budget.

Attractions[edit]

Hagen is home to the LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen Open-air Museum, a collection of historic industrial facilities where trades such as printing, brewing, smithing, milling, and many others are represented not simply as static displays, but as living, working operations that visitors may in some cases even be invited to participate in. It is located near the Hagen community of Eilpe. The Historical Center contains the Museum of the City and the Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen the oldest fossils of modern people in Westphalia and the Ruhr were found. Some date back to the early Mesolithic, 10,700 years B.C. It seems that the descendants of Mesolithic people in this area maintained a foraging lifestyle for more than 2000 years after the arrival of farming societies.[2]

Panoramic view of Hagen (taken from urban forest of Hagen)

Boroughs[edit]

Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17th century)
Borough Population
Oct 2007
Area
in km²
Hagen-Mitte 78.952 20,5
Hagen-Nord 38.451 29,6
Hagen-Haspe 30.360 22,2
Hagen-Eilpe/Hagen-Dahl 17.148 51,1
Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.306 37,0

some localities of Hagen:

Demographics[edit]

The following table shows the largest foreign resident groups in the city of Hagen.[3]

Rank Nationality Population (2011)
1  Turkey 8,463
2  Italy 3,309
3  Greece 2,936
4  Serbia (incl. Montenegro) 1,190
5  Poland 1,572
6  Portugal 1,127
7  Bosnia and Herzegovina 604
8  Croatia 549
9  Morocco 484
10  Ukraine 330

Traffic[edit]

Shunting yard Hagen-Vorhalle

The Autobahnen A1, A45 and A46 touch Hagen.

Hagen has been an important rail junction for the southeastern Ruhr valley since the first rail line opened in 1848. The shunting yard of Hagen-Vorhalle is among Germany's largest, and the central station offers connections to the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to local and S-Bahn services. Since December 2005, Hagen has also been the starting point for a new service into Essen, operated by Abellio Rail.

Local traffic is handled by Hagener Straßenbahn (Hagen Tramways), which, despite its name, offers only bus services, as the last tramway in Hagen went out of service at 29/05/1976. All local rail and bus services operate under the transport association VRR.

Sport[edit]

The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen

Sport clubs in Hagen:

International relations[edit]

Hagen is twinned with the following towns:

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ 2000 Years of Parallel Societies in Stone Age Central Europe. Ruth Bollongino, Olaf Nehlich, Michael P. Richards, Jörg Orschiedt, Mark G. Thomas, Christian Sell, Zuzana Fajkošová, Adam Powell, Joachim Burger. Science. Published Online October 10, 2013. DOI: 10.1126/science.1245049 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/10/09/science.1245049
  3. ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2012". Stadt Hagen. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagen — Please support Wikipedia.
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78994 news items

 
Jerusalem Post
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 10:36:44 -0700

Hagen has enjoyed a diversified career but has never stopped challenging her audiences. Her December 16 at the Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center will focus on her 2011 album Volksbeat, which the singer described as containing elements of “Bertolt Brecht, ...

Lynchburg News and Advance

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Wed, 24 Sep 2014 17:00:00 -0700

As soon as the Bulldogs lined up, Hagen remembered something he saw watching video of Bryant's previous games. He knew one receiver would run a short curl, the other a seven-cut smash to the sideline. He followed the quarterback's eyes and read the ...
 
CapitalGazette.com
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 19:08:59 -0700

An Anne Arundel County judge recently ordered a Crownsville man to pay more than $9 million to an investor in purported government contracts. Between July 2012 and November 2013, Richard Hagen, 56, borrowed nearly $4.6 million from Donald Hoffman ...
 
Appleton Post Crescent
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 19:32:45 -0700

Hagen made the switch to the NWSL in June after her contract with Bayern Munich expired, where she spent the first 2½ years of her professional career. Hagen played the final nine games with Kansas City, starting seven games and scoring four goals with ...

Southernminn.com

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Wed, 24 Sep 2014 19:49:50 -0700

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Tue, 02 Sep 2014 10:37:30 -0700

BAY CITY, MI — Those who knew him remember Arthur Edward "Art" Hagen, founder of Bay County's Hagen Ford, as a business leader and devoted family man. "He was a very strong family man. I think family came first," said his son and Hagen Ford ...
 
EastDay.com
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 03:18:45 -0700

The waxwork of Yao Ming is seen on the media day of the Hagen Wax Museum in Shenyang, capital of northeast China's Liaoning Province, Sept. 26, 2014. The wax museum has the waxworks of 60 celebrities. (Xinhua/Yao Jianfeng).

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According to reporting by Politico, both major party, US Senate candidates for North Carolina fattened their wallets between 2009 and 2010 with Federal stimulus money that they, in their positions as legislators, ushered through the system and back to ...
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