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For other uses, see Hagen (disambiguation).
Hagen
Old Town Hall (right) and Square. In the center the Volme Galerie (City Mall).
Old Town Hall (right) and Square. In the center the Volme Galerie (City Mall).
Flag of Hagen
Flag
Coat of arms of Hagen
Coat of arms
Hagen  is located in Germany
Hagen
Hagen
Coordinates: 51°22′N 7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483Coordinates: 51°22′N 7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Arnsberg
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord Mayor Erik O. Schulz (independent)
Area
 • Total 160.4 km2 (61.9 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 185,996
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 58000-58139
Dialling codes 02331, 02334, 02337
Vehicle registration HA
Website www.hagen.de

Hagen (German pronunciation: [ˈhaːɡən]) is the 41st-largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the south eastern edge of the Ruhr area, 15 km south of Dortmund, where the rivers Lenne and Volme (met by the river Ennepe) meet the river Ruhr. As of 31 December 2010 the population was 188,529. The city is home to the FernUniversität Hagen, which is the only state funded distance education university in Germany. Counting more than 67,000 students (March 2010), it is the largest university in Germany. [1]

History[edit]

Hagen was first mentioned ca. 1200, presumably the name of a farm at the junction of the Volme and the Ennepe. After the conquest of Burg Volmarstein in 1324, Hagen passed to the County of Mark. In 1614 it was awarded to the Margraviate of Brandenburg according to the Treaty of Xanten. In 1701 it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

After the defeat of Prussia in the Fourth Coalition, Hagen was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg from 1807–13. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia.

The growth of the city began in the 19th century with the mining of coal and the production of steel in the Ruhr Area. It was the scene of fighting during the Ruhr Uprising, 13 March - 2 April 1920 and has a monument to the Ruhr Red Army.

In 1928 Hagen developed into a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants.

On the night of 1 October 1943, 243 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitos from the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command attacked the city. According to the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost." Severe damage was caused.

After World War II the town became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Economy[edit]

Owing to the extensive use of water power along the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme and Ennepe, metal processing played an important role in the region of Hagen in and even before the 15th century.

In the 17th and 18th century, textile and steel industries as well as paper production followed.

Hagen is the home of the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer, as well as Sparkasse Hagen, the local municipal savings bank. The bank's former headquarters, the Sparkasse Hagen tower, was a regional landmark until its demolition in 2004.

The city is heavily indebted and in the process of cutting city services in order to balance its budget.

Attractions[edit]

Hagen is home to the LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen Open-air Museum, a collection of historic industrial facilities where trades such as printing, brewing, smithing, milling, and many others are represented not simply as static displays, but as living, working operations that visitors may in some cases even be invited to participate in. It is located near the Hagen community of Eilpe. The Historical Center contains the Museum of the City and the Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen the oldest fossils of modern people in Westphalia and the Ruhr were found. Some date back to the early Mesolithic, 10,700 years B.C. It seems that the descendants of Mesolithic people in this area maintained a foraging lifestyle for more than 2000 years after the arrival of farming societies.[2]

Panoramic view of Hagen (taken from urban forest of Hagen)

Boroughs[edit]

Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17th century)
Borough Population
Oct 2007
Area
in km²
Hagen-Mitte 78.952 20,5
Hagen-Nord 38.451 29,6
Hagen-Haspe 30.360 22,2
Hagen-Eilpe/Hagen-Dahl 17.148 51,1
Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.306 37,0

some localities of Hagen:

Demographics[edit]

The following table shows the largest foreign resident groups in the city of Hagen.[3]

Rank Nationality Population (2012)
1  Turkey 8,182
2  Italy 3,363
3  Greece 3,019
4  Poland 1,695
5  Portugal 1,121
6  Serbia (incl. Montenegro) 1,108
7  Bosnia and Herzegovina 636
8  Croatia 553
9  Morocco 474
10  Ukraine 320
11  Russia 300

Traffic[edit]

Shunting yard Hagen-Vorhalle

The Autobahnen A1, A45 and A46 touch Hagen.

Hagen has been an important rail junction for the southeastern Ruhr valley since the first rail line opened in 1848. The shunting yard of Hagen-Vorhalle is among Germany's largest, and the central station offers connections to the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to local and S-Bahn services. Since December 2005, Hagen has also been the starting point for a new service into Essen, operated by Abellio Rail.

Local traffic is handled by Hagener Straßenbahn (Hagen Tramways), which, despite its name, offers only bus services, as the last tramway route in Hagen was abandoned in May 1976. All local rail and bus services operate under the transport association VRR.

Sport[edit]

The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen

Sport clubs in Hagen:

International relations[edit]

Hagen is twinned with the following towns:

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ 2000 Years of Parallel Societies in Stone Age Central Europe. Ruth Bollongino, Olaf Nehlich, Michael P. Richards, Jörg Orschiedt, Mark G. Thomas, Christian Sell, Zuzana Fajkošová, Adam Powell, Joachim Burger. Science. Published Online October 10, 2013. DOI: 10.1126/science.1245049 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/10/09/science.1245049
  3. ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2013" (PDF). Stadt Hagen. Retrieved 2015-07-21. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagen — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1188730 news items

Cambridge News

Cambridge News
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 23:33:45 -0700

Cambridge University Health Partners (CUHP) is welcoming a new chief operating officer and research lead into its fold next week. Dr Hans Hagen, who for the past nine years has been at the Royal Society and most recently as its Head of Grants, will be ...

The Sunshine Coast Daily

The Sunshine Coast Daily
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 13:15:00 -0700

SUPER Rugby scouts will be hovering over the Sunshine Coast's Elliott Hagen today when he makes his maiden appearance in a Queensland Premier Rugby grand final. After a prolific first year for Brisbane club Easts, Hagen finishes the season as one of ...

Sun Sentinel

Sun Sentinel
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 15:07:30 -0700

Richard Hughes, 60, has worked for the district since 1977 and has been principal at Hagen Road since 2005. District officials declined to give any information as to the nature of the investigation, other than to say "to our knowledge, no students were ...

WPTV.com

WPTV.com
Tue, 21 Jul 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Next. PALM BEACH COUNTY, Fla. - Palm Beach County School Superintendent Robert Avossa explained Tuesday afternoon that the reason Hagen Road Elementary Principal Richard Hughes was reassigned was not due to physical or sexual behavior.

Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier

Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier
Fri, 10 Jul 2015 15:01:15 -0700

The Texas Tenors debuted in 2009 on NBC's "America's Got Talent” and remain the show's highest-ranking vocal group. The classically trained singers joined forces for the show and their stand-out performances gave them opportunities Hagen once could ...

AirForceTimes.com

AirForceTimes.com
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 08:42:09 -0700

Haters gonna hate, hate, hate, hate, hate, but Air Force Academy Cadet Brett Hagen just pulled out all the stops in his effort to get a date with pop superstar Taylor Swift. Rising junior Hagen on Wednesday posted a music video on YouTube asking Swift ...

Grand Forks Herald

Grand Forks Herald
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 15:04:01 -0700

With more than 120,000 views, you may have already seen Cadet Brett Hagen's parody music video to Taylor Swift's Shake It Off. In the video, Hagen asks Taylor to be his date to the Ring Dance, a ceremony where all rising seniors in the Air Force ...

KELO AM-FM

KELO AM-FM
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 17:28:09 -0700

PIERRE, SD (KELO AM) - South Dakota Highway Patrol officials are thanking the public and the media for their assistance in apprehending a person of interest. Eric Lee Hagen, 33, was taken into custody Thursday afternoon by the Deadwood Police ...
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