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Hafizabad District
District
Map of Punjab with Hafizabad District highlighted
Map of Punjab with Hafizabad District highlighted
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Headquarters Hafizabad
Government
 • District Coordination Officer Mohammad Usman
Area
 • Total 2,367 km2 (914 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,200,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 2

Hafizabad District (Urdu: ضلع حافظ آباد ‎) is located in Punjab, Pakistan. Hafizabad was made a district in 1991; formerly, it was a tehsil of Gujranwala District. It is situated in central Punjab and is known for its rice industry on the agricultural side and Rice industry on the industrial side and have top 5 exporters of rice from Pakistan .capital of the district, Hafizabad, was built by the Mughal emperor Akbar, known for strengthening administration of Punjab.

Hafizabad is known as "Sheraz-e-Hind" (Shiraz) since many poets and scholars of international repute were born in the area, including Arif Saharni and Hanif Saqi.

History[edit]

In 327 BC, when Alexander the Great invaded modern Pakistan, the territory of the Sandal Bar (where Hafizabad is now located) was a populated area. Big cities were located in here, and a lot of sub-states were organized here in the presidency of native Maharajas and Rajas. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. During the Delhi Sultanate period a big city was situated at the site of the present village of Mehdiabad. But afterwards this territory became unpopulated and jungle-like because of a shortage of water and Afghan incursions. This situation persisted until Mughal Emperor Akbar's period. Hafizabad was formerly a place of some importance, and is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as headquarters of a Mahal. Hafiz, the founder, was a favourite of emperor Mughal Emperor Akbar.[1] After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Hafizabad District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule.

In 1846 Hafizabad came under the supervision of British colonial rule, when a settlement of land revenue was effected under order from the provisional government at Lahore. The Jat Muslim Tarar family was made Sardar of Hafizabad city by the British Government during the mid-19th century. The main population was located where an old church is now located. The area along the Chenab River was also settled by Muslim Jat clans:Bhatti and Chatha.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Hafizabad. Most of the refugees have since settled and inter-married into the local population.

Geography[edit]

Hafizabad is situated at 800 feet (240 m) above sea-level in central Punjab. The district is located between 32°-20' north latitudes and 73°-12' and 73°-46' east longitude. The river Chenab forms the northern and northwestern boundary of the district. Hafizabad shares its borders with Sheikhupura District and Gujranwala District in the east, Mandi Bahauddin District in the north, Sargodha District in the west, Faisalabad and Chiniot District in the south. Hafizabad is situated at a distance of 303 km from the Federal Capital, Islamabad, and is 109 km away from the Provincial Capital, Lahore.[2] The district has a total area of 2,367 square kilometres and comprises two tehsils, namely Hafizabad and Pindi Bhattian. Major villages are Kaleke Mandi, Sukheke Mandi, Jalalpur Bhattian,Vanikay Tarrar,Burj Dara, Lawaray Kalan,Narianwala Shreef and Shameer Bhattian. .

Climate[edit]

The climate of the district is hot and dry during the summer and moderately cold in the winter. The maximum summer temperature in the month of June is 48 °C (118 °F), while in winter, during January, the lowest minimum temperature is 1 °C (34 °F). Owing to the proximity of the hills, there is more rainfall in the east than the west. The monsoon season usually starts in the middle of July and continues until September. The soil is alluvial and fertile.[2]

Industry[edit]

Rice & Power Loom industry are also important industries, located in Hafizabad city. Hafizabad Power Loom industry is directly connected with Faisalabad, that is the major industrial city in Pakistan

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1998 census, the district had a population of 832,980, of which 26.73% were urban.[3]

97% of the population are Muslim, while Christians and Ahmadis represent 2.9% and 0.1%, respectively. Punjabi is the dominant language at 98.7%, while other languages spoken in the district are Urdu (0.9%), Pushto (0.3%) and Siraiki (0.1%).[2]

Language[edit]

The Punjabi is the most spoken language. Urdu is also spoken while English is spoken by the educated elite.

Education[edit]

Hafizabad has many colleges; the most famous are Government Degree College for men and Islamia Girls College for women. But technical institutes are now opened. Many primary school in the city. Most famous secondary school is Govt.high school no.2.Hafiz Abad Govt. high School No.1 Hafiz Abad .Govt.Muslim high school Hafiz Abad Govt.high school Burj Dara and Government Higher Secondary School Kaleki Mandi,Govt High School Vinni, Punjab college,Beconhouse School system and Superiour College, Elite Academy Hafizabad.

References[edit]

(( "Aina-i-Hafizabad" by Pt. Hargolal Sharma (Urdu).

Coordinates: 32°04′12″N 73°40′48″E / 32.07000°N 73.68000°E / 32.07000; 73.68000

[clarification needed]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafizabad_District — Please support Wikipedia.
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1939 videos foundNext > 

Flood 2013 in Hafizabad District

Flood in Chanab River passing from District Hafizabad. 16th August, 2013.

District Public School Hafizabad.flv

Ahmad Ali Hakim...Yadgar Program in Kot Chiyyan Hafizabad.2014

Naat go Shair Janab Ahmad Ali Hakim Sahb.....of Sahiwal.....Ka Yadgar Program in Kot Chiyyan Hafizabad....on 21 March 2014. Uploaded by Muhammad Mansha Mugha...

Hafizabad Singing Talent

A young girl from School of Kaleki in Hafizabad District.

Sufiyan Haidar..(Jafar Qureshi Jounior)

Muhammad Sufiyan Haidar......from Jalal Pur Bhattian District Hafizabad......0301-7326107.....(Jafar Qureshi Jounior).....in Kot Ishaq....on 10 April 2014......

Makhdoom Jafar Qureshi..Shan Waldain e Mustafa SAW..2014

Hazrat Allama Moulana Makhdoom Muhammad Jafar Qureshi Sahb of Multan....ka new released Biyan on 21 March 2014... ....Yadgar Program.... .Shan Waldain e Must...

Mohsin Ali, Tandoor Boy Tops BA Examination Post by Zagham

http://mwf.com.pk --- Morning with Farah interview with Muhammad Mohsin Ali, a private candidate from Hafizabad district, was the overall topper who secured ...

PTI Hafizabad Malik Ali Abbas Awan 03006524007 "Change Has Come"

He is an Educated,loyal,sensible and honest person who is candidate for the district president of PTI in Hafizabad.Do Consider Him........

Punjab Model helps identify problems quickly - DCO Hafizabad Asif Tamman

DCO = District Coordination Officer.

Sana ullah of kulluwal poet of Sialkot

this video is lanched by Dhaunkal ke rang.to see this kind of video and images please like https://www.facebook.com/dhaunkalkerang?ref=hl it is spcial for pu...

1939 videos foundNext > 

89 news items

Daily Times

The Nation
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 17:56:19 -0800

The chief minister informed that 10,572 flood affectees belonging to Hafizabad district would be provided Rs610 million in second instalment for their losses to crops and houses. SUBSTANDARD MEDICINES On the complaints of citizens that substandard ...
 
The Nation
Sun, 09 Nov 2014 18:02:09 -0800

In 2013 general elections, he was transferred to Hafizabad district, but came back to Sialkot after perfuming elections duty. On Saturday, RPO Syed Dilawer Husain has transferred over 131 station house officers/inspectors and sub-inspectors working in ...

The Nation

dunyanews.tv
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 04:52:09 -0700

Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif arrived today (Saturday) at flood-hit areas of Hafizabad and Chiniot. CM Punjab said on this occasion that the country is flooded with rainwater but Chairman Pakistan tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) Imran Khan and ...

DAWN.com

DAWN.com
Sun, 05 Oct 2014 08:23:19 -0700

Yaqoob Shehzad, a father of four, was sitting in the office of a local journalist on Gujranwala road in Hafizabad district of Punjab when motorcycle-riding gunmen arrived at the spot and opened indiscriminate fire. The spray of bullets killed Shehzad ...

IBNLive

Los Angeles Times
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:50:28 -0700

The death toll from nearly one week of heavy monsoon rains in India and Pakistan has surpassed 350, officials said Monday, as elite Indian troops joined an urgent rescue effort to reach residents marooned on rooftops and stranded in submerged homes.
 
The Nation
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 18:57:48 -0700

HAFIZABAD - Ten persons were killed during recent flood in River Chenab in Hafizabad district as confirmed by the district administration whereas about 100 persons belonging to different villages were still missing and their near and dear one are ...
 
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 15:07:30 -0700

One such distribution took place last weekend in Wanike Talar village in Hafizabad District in central Punjab, where 250 families received food rations to feed a family for a week, along with six litres of fresh water. Hafizabad received its share of ...
 
The Nation
Thu, 15 May 2014 18:51:59 -0700

HAFIZABAD-Politics in the Hafizabad district has been altogether changed when former MPA Intisar Hussain Bhatti and his younger brother Ansar Abbas Bhatti Ex-Tehsil Nazim Pindi Bhattian, staunch supporters of PML-N district leader Ch Afzal Hussain ...
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