digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

"Haab" redirects here. For the airport designated by ICAO code HAAB, see Bole International Airport.

The Haab' (Mayan pronunciation: [haːɓ]) is part of the Maya calendric system. It was the Maya version of the 365-day calendar known to many of the pre-Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica. Unlike the Tzolk'in, another Mayan Calendar system with no obvious relation to an astronomical or geophysical cycle, the Haab' approximated the solar year.

Description[edit]

Haab' months: names in glyphs[1] in sequence
No.
Seq.
Name of
month
Glyph
example
glyph meaning No.
Seq.
Name of
month
Glyph
example
glyph meaning
1 Pop Pop mat 10 Yax Yax green storm
2 Wo' Wo black conjunction 11 Sak' Sak white storm
3 Sip Sip red conjunction 12 Keh Keh red storm
4 Sotz' Sotz' bat 13 Mak Mak enclosed
5 Sek Sek death 14 K'ank'in K'ank'in yellow sun
6 Xul Xul dog 15 Muwan' Muan owl
7 Yaxk'in' Yaxk'in new sun 16 Pax Pax planting time
8 Mol Mol water 17 K'ayab K'ayab turtle
9 Ch'en Ch'en black storm 18 Kumk'u Kumk'u granary
        19 Wayeb' Wayeb five unlucky days

The Haab' comprises eighteen "months" of twenty days each, plus an additional period of five days ("nameless days") at the end of the year known as Wayeb' (or Uayeb in 16th-century orthography).

Bricker (1982) estimates that the Haab' was first used around 500 BCE with a starting point of the winter solstice.[2]

The Haab' month names are most commonly referred to by their names in colonial-era Yucatec (Yukatek). In sequence, these (in the revised orthography[3]) are as seen on the right: Each day in the Haab' calendar was identified by a day number within the month followed by the name of the month. Day numbers began with a glyph translated as the "seating of" a named month, which is usually regarded as day 0 of that month, although a minority treat it as day 20 of the month preceding the named month. In the latter case, the seating of Pop is day 5 of Wayeb'. For the majority, the first day of the year was Seating Pop. This was followed by 1 Pop, 2 Pop ... 19 Pop, Seating Wo, 1 Wo and so on.

Inscriptions on The Temple of the Cross at Palenque shows clearly that the Maya were aware of the true length of the year, even though they did not employ the use of leap days in their system of calculations generally. J. Eric Thompson[4] wrote that the Maya knew of the drift between the Haab and the solar year and that they made "calculations as to the rate at which the error accumulated, but these were merely noted as corrections they were not used to change the calendar."

Wayeb'[edit]

The five nameless days at the end of the calendar, called Wayeb', were thought to be a dangerous time. Foster (2002) writes "During Wayeb, portals between the mortal realm and the Underworld dissolved. No boundaries prevented the ill-intending deities from causing disasters." To ward off these evil spirits, the Maya had customs and rituals they practiced during Wayeb'. For example, people avoided leaving their houses or washing or combing their hair.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kettunen and Helmke (2005), pp.47–48
  2. ^ Zero Pop actually fell on the same day as the solstice on 12/27/−575, 12/27/−574, 12/27/−573, and 12/26/−572 (astronomical year numbering, Universal Time), if you don't account for the fact that the Maya region is in roughly time zone UT−6. See IMCCE seasons.
  3. ^ Again, per Kettunen and Helmke (2005)
  4. ^ p.121, J. Eric Thompson, Maya Hieroglyphic Writing. University of Oklahoma Press. (1971) ISBN 0-8061-0958-0

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haab' — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

3278 news items

 
Stowe Today
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 09:51:59 -0700

“We were both up here being ski bums and chefs,” said Haab, who graduated from the Culinary Institute of America, and they decided to specialize in what they call “Northern Southern barbecue” because they couldn't find any decent bar food in town.
 
Boulder Daily Camera
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:40:04 -0700

(JB Haab / For the Camera). Chris Weidner Wicked Gravity (JB Haab / For the Camera). An exciting relationship is blossoming right now in Boulder's outdoor community. For years it's been a tease as they've circled each other in the workplace, too ...
 
Goshen News
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 07:11:05 -0700

Visitors can drop by or stay to finish a project and Christy Haab will share small project ideas. Local authors' book. “Syracuse and Lake Wawasee,” written by local authors Erin Lomax and Ann Garceau, is for sale at the Syracuse-Wawasee Historical ...
 
The Daily Star
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 11:00:00 -0700

The religious affairs ministry and Hajj Agencies Association Bangladesh (Haab) made the arrangements with money collected from responsible Hajj agencies and Hajj Pilgrims' Welfare Fund, said Abul Malek, assistant Hajj officer. “I was dejected as I ...
 
Herald Sun
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

LUCKY Meteor, one of racing's real bargain buys, can continue his winning streak in the May'Haab at Glenthorne Park Handicap (1015m) at Grafton on Thursday. The likelihood of a very heavy track surface doesn't deter trainer John Shelton who is ...
 
Bloomington Pantagraph
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 05:32:28 -0700

We'll have good yields this year, but prices will be down some,” said Dennis Haab, who farms corn and soybeans near Forrest in Livingston County. Corn prices have already dropped below the $4 per bushel threshold that could lead to losses for farmers.

New Paltz Times

New Paltz Times
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 14:00:00 -0700

Schools Superintendent Deborah Haab defended the contract, stating that under the New York State Taylor law, all schools are required to give qualified union members the right of first refusal for assignments considered unit-member work. “The ...
 
Delaware County Daily Times
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 19:51:06 -0700

Wayne's Matt Greskoff speeds to third base early on in Game 4 of the Delco League championship series against Middletown on Wednesday, before game was suspended due to darkness. When Wayne beat Middletown in the conclusion of Game 4 Thursday ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Haab'

You can talk about Haab' with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!