|• Total||1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)|
|Elevation||461 m (1,512 ft)|
|• Density||49.7/km2 (129/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Union councils||36|
Gujar Khan is approximately 55 kilometres southeast of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan and 220 km to the north west of Lahore, capital of Punjab. It is bounded on the north by Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Attock, on the south by Jhelum, Lahore and Gujrat, on the east by Azad Kashmir and Kahuta and on the west by Chakwal and Khushab.
In recent times the city has seen a rapid increase in population due to its unique location in providing services and materials for surrounding villages in the district, which in turn has developed the city into a centre of commerce for the area, this is evidenced by the many bazaars and market-stalls set up in the city and also by increased investments from national and international companies.
The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim during this time primarily due to Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. The Mughal Empire later fell into a deep decline at which point the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Rawalpindi District. Eventually the Sikh Empire collapsed and the British began direct rule in the region until independence in 1947.
Gujar Khan also contained a notable Hindu and Sikh population, though much of this population either converted to Islam during British rule, or migrated to India following partition. However the area is still home to Hindu temples and Sikh Gurdwaras which have been maintained through the years by residents of the area.
Gujar Khan is administratively subdivided into 36 Union Councils; whereas City Gujar Khan is administered by Municipal Corporation :
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the city had a population of 57,099.
Large reserves of oil and gas were discovered in February 2002 at Tobra, about ten kilometres from Gujar Khan. The field is being developed by the Oil and Gas Development Company. The field could produce 1,600 barrels of crude oil daily.
Gujar Khan is located on the N5 National highway from Islamabad-Lahore. Railway Road links from the east of the city to the nearby towns of Bewal and Islampura. There are also many other minor roads linking the villages and towns of the region to the city.
Local services also provide extensive bus routes around the local towns, and smaller shuttles go from village to village. There are also services to Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Jhelum, and Lahore. Local Auto-Rickshaw drivers also provide transport for people in and around the city.
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