digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Guaicaipuro
(Guacaipuro)
Born circa 1530
Venezuela
Died 1568
Venezuela

Guaicaipuro (c. 1530–1568) was a native (indigenous) Venezuelan chief of both the Teques and Caracas tribes. Though known today as Guaicaipuro, in documents of the time his name was written Guacaipuro.

Life[edit]

Guaicaipuro formed a powerful coalition of different tribes which he led during part of the 16th century against the Spanish conquest of Venezuelan territory in the central region of the country, specially in the Caracas valley. He commanded, among others, Cacique (Spanish: Indian chief) Naiguatá, Guaicamacuto, Chacao, Aramaipuro, Paramaconi and his own son Baruta. Guaicaipuro is one of the most famous and celebrated Venezuelan Caciques. The area occupied by the Teques was populated by several native groups each with its own cacique. Guaicaipuro's tribe, which was located in what is now San Antonio de los Altos, was the largest one. He had a son named Baruta, himself a Cacique. The name of two is his sisters is also known: Tiora and Caycape.

The Spaniards discovered gold in the area of the land of the Teques, and as they started to exploit the mines, Guaicaipuro attacked, forcing the Spanish to leave. Following the attack, the governor of the province of Venezuela sent Juan Rodríguez Suárez to pacify the area, which apparently he did after defeating Guaicaipuro in several engagements. Believing he had achieved his task, the Spanish commander and his soldiers left the area leaving behind miners and three of his sons. Once the Spanish soldiers had left, Guiacaipuro assaulted the mines killing all the workers as well as the sons of Rodríguez Suárez. Immediately thereafter, Rodríguez Suárez who was on his way to the city of Valencia, with a small contingent of only six soldiers, with the purpose of meeting Lope de Aguirre, another Spanish conquistador, was ambushed by Guaicaipuro and killed.

After these successes Guaicaipuro became the main and central figure in the uprising of all the native tribes in the vicinity of the Caracas valley, and managed to unite all the tribes under his command. In 1562 they defeated an expeditionary force led by Luis Narváez. Due to the fierce attacks, the Spanish retreated away from the area for several years.

In 1567 the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas was founded in the Caracas valley. The Spanish worried about the nearby presence of Guaicaipuro and his men, and given his previous attacks, they decided not to wait for him to attack, and as a preventive move Diego de Losada, (founder of Caracas) ordered the mayor of the city, Francisco Infante to undertake Guacaipuro's capture. In 1568 Infante and his men were led by native guides to the hut where Guaicaipuro lived and they set it on fire to force the native cacique out. Guaicaipuro stormed out and found death at the hands of the Spanish soldiers.

Legacy[edit]

The county of Guaicaipuro in the state of Miranda, Venezuela was named in his honor. Later the county reformed to the Guaicaipuro Municipality.

Amidst the new policy started by former president Hugo Chávez of re-assessing and valuing the role of Venezuela's Caciques and indigenous peoples in a historical narrative which has traditionally given greater prominence to the Spanish conquistadores, Guaicaipuro's remains were symbolically moved (his remains have never been found) under ceremonial pomp to the national pantheon on December 8, 2001.

Under the same new policy president Chávez often mentioned Guaicaipuro and other native chiefs in his speeches with the purpose of inspiring Venezuelans to resist what he called the policies of American imperialists and interventionists directed towards Venezuela. Most notably, he did it every year during the October 12 holiday, which after being renamed several years ago Dia de la Raza (previously America's Discovery Day), was recently renamed as Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance).

The Venezuelan government named as Mission Guaicaipuro one of its ongoing Bolivarian Missions; this specific program seeks to restore communal land titles and human rights to Venezuela's, still remaining, 33 indigenous tribes.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaicaipuro — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

14061 news items

Diario La Región

Diario La Región
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 02:45:00 -0700

El secretario general de la Mesa de Unidad Democrática (MUD) en Guaicaipuro, Franco Accardo, ratificó el llamado unitario a marchar mañana miércoles al Consejo Nacional electoral (CNE) para exigir la entrega de las planillas que permitirán la ...
 
Diario La Región
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 16:26:15 -0700

Los funcionarios de la Coordinación de Investigaciones y Estrategias Preventivas de delitos de Poliguaicaipuro, lograron aprehender a dos sujetos que le habían propinado una fuerte golpiza y despojado a un ciudadano de su teléfono móvil, además de ...

Diario La Región

Diario La Región
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 03:52:30 -0700

Este lunes inició en el municipio Guaicaipuro el nuevo Sistema Popular de Abastecimiento que ejecuta el Gobierno Bolivariano en contra de la guerra económica, para eliminar el bachaqueo y las colas; el mismo se llevó a cabo en los Pdmercal de la calle ...

Últimas Noticias

Últimas Noticias
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 12:41:15 -0700

Con cuentos, juegos y donación de libros para los niños la Fundación Cultural Chito Aguilar celebró ayer el Día Internacional del Libro en la plaza Guaicaipuro de la capital mirandina. Saibeth Aguilar, miembro de la organización, destacó la importancia ...
 
Agencia Venezolana de Noticias (Comunicado de prensa)
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 16:03:08 -0700

Los Teques, 26 Abr. AVN.- Con el propósito de brindar prevención durante el periodo de lluvias, este martes el alcalde del municipio Guaicaipuro, Francisco Garcés, llevó a cabo el relanzamiento oficial del Plan de Lluvias en el sector El Consejito de ...

Diario La Región

Diario La Región
Wed, 20 Apr 2016 04:03:45 -0700

La delegación de Guaicaipuro, demostró, por enésima oportunidad, que es la que manda en materia de bolas criollas. Ahora fue en el Campeonato Estatal Categoría Máster 2016 Masculino y Femenino, que se disputó en Charallave. En esa contienda todos ...

Diario La Región

Diario La Región
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 02:45:00 -0700

El día miércoles en la ciudad de Caracas se realizó la presentación a la prensa de las candidatas oficiales del Miss Miranda 2016. El evento contó con la animación de la ex miss y afamada animadora Osmariel Villalobos y el nuevo talento en la animación ...

Mundoriental.com

Mundoriental.com
Thu, 21 Apr 2016 03:37:02 -0700

El general Guaicaipuro Lameda afirmó que Nicolás Maduro es el hombre ideal para el trabajo que viene haciendo. “Luce estúpido y puede cometer estupideces y nos ocupamos burlándonos de él mientras le dejamos el camino franco para que avance en el ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight