digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Born circa 1530
Died 1568

Guaicaipuro (circa 1530–1568) was a native (indigenous) Venezuelan chief of both the Teques and Caracas tribes. Though known today as Guaicaipuro, in documents of the time his name was written Guacaipuro.


Guaicaipuro formed a powerful coalition of different tribes which he led during part of the 16th century against the Spanish conquest of Venezuelan territory in the central region of the country, specially in the Caracas valley. He commanded, among others, Cacique (Spanish: Indian chief) Naiguatá, Guaicamacuto, Chacao, Aramaipuro, Paramaconi and his own son Baruta. Guaicaipuro is one of the most famous and celebrated Venezuelan Caciques. The area occupied by the Teques was populated by several native groups each with its own cacique. Guaicaipuro's tribe, which was located in what is now San José de los Altos, was the largest one. He had a son named Baruta, himself a Cacique. The name of two is his sisters is also known: Tiora and Caycape.

The Spaniards discovered gold in the area of the land of the Teques, and as they started to exploit the mines, Guaicaipuro attacked, forcing the Spanish to leave. Following the attack, the governor of the province of Venezuela sent Juan Rodríguez Suárez to pacify the area, which apparently he did after defeating Guaicaipuro in several engagements. Believing he had achieved his task, the Spanish commander and his soldiers left the area leaving behind miners and three of his sons. Once the Spanish soldiers had left, Guiacaipuro assaulted the mines killing all the workers as well as the sons of Rodríguez Suárez. Immediately thereafter, Rodríguez Suárez who was on his way to the city of Valencia, with a small contingent of only six soldiers, with the purpose of meeting Lope de Aguirre, another Spanish conquistador, was ambushed by Guaicaipuro and killed.

After these successes Guaicaipuro became the main and central figure in the uprising of all the native tribes in the vicinity of the Caracas valley, and managed to unite all the tribes under his command. In 1562 they defeated an expeditionary force led by Luis Narváez. Due to the fierce attacks, the Spanish retreated away from the area for several years.

In 1567 the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas was founded in the Caracas valley. The Spanish worried about the nearby presence of Guaicaipuro and his men, and given the past history of attacks, they decided not to wait for an attack from him, and as a preventive move Diego de Losada, (founder of Caracas) ordered the mayor of the city, Francisco Infante to undertake Guacaipuro's capture. In 1568 Infante and his men were led by native guides to the hut where Guaicaipuro lived and they set it on fire to force the native cacique out. Guaicaipuro stormed out and found death at the hands of the Spanish soldiers.


The county of Guaicaipuro in the state of Miranda, Venezuela was named in his honor. Later the county reformed to the Guaicaipuro Municipality.

Amidst the new policy started by former president Hugo Chávez of re-assessing and valuing the role of Venezuela's Caciques and indigenous peoples in a historical narrative which has traditionally given greater prominence to the Spanish conquistadores, Guaicaipuro's remains were symbolically moved (his remains have never been found) under ceremonial pomp to the national pantheon on December 8, 2001.

Under the same new policy president Chávez often mentioned Guaicaipuro and other native chiefs in his speeches with the purpose of inspiring Venezuelans to resist what he called the policies of American imperialists and interventionists directed towards Venezuela. Most notably, he did it every year during the October 12 holiday, which after being renamed several years ago Dia de la Raza (previously America's Discovery Day), was recently renamed as Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance)

The Venezuelan government named as Mission Guaicaipuro one of its ongoing Bolivarian Missions; this specific program seeks to restore communal land titles and human rights to Venezuela's, still remaining, 33 indigenous tribes.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaicaipuro — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

16693 news items


Mon, 12 Oct 2015 09:43:37 -0700

Este 12 de octubre se conmemora en Venezuela el Día de la Resistencia Indígena, y en honor a esta fecha fue develada la estatua del cacique Guaicaipuro, quien fuera uno de los principales guerreros originarios que luchó contra del colonialismo europeo.


Mon, 12 Oct 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Imagínense, si en las filas de Guaicaipuro, las cuales debían enfrentarse a invasores que contaban con armas desconocidas y mentalidad criminal, estuvieran los 'quejones', que lloran permanentemente; se rinden y vuelven a llorar; no le gusta el ...


Mon, 12 Oct 2015 06:16:41 -0700

Vaya mi jefe, como te han creado y recreado sin todavía saber por qué. Convertido en un recuerdo lejano, de los héroes pasados que ya ninguno de nuestros niños entiende, mas allá del bello sonido de tu nombre que es repetido sin que se sepa a ciencia ...

El Universal (Venezuela)

El Universal (Venezuela)
Wed, 07 Oct 2015 09:44:17 -0700

Durante la mañana de este miércoles un grupo de personas instaló la estatua del indio Guaicaipuro, en el Paseo Colón en Plaza Venezuela, que en 2004 fue rebautizado como el Paseo de la Resistencia Indígena. La iniciativa ocurre cinco días antes del 12 ...


Sun, 11 Oct 2015 10:37:30 -0700

En octubre de 2004, un grupo de jóvenes de la UCV plantean derribar la estatua de Colon ubicada en la Plaza Venezuela. Para aquel momento estábamos construyendo el Movimiento 13 de Abril (M13A) como parte del Proyecto Nuestra América (PNA).
El Universal (Venezuela)
Fri, 02 Oct 2015 04:48:45 -0700

Construyen presupuesto participativo 2016 en municipio Guaicaipuro. El alcalde Francisco Garcés destacó que hasta la fecha estos ejercicios de consulta popular han sido satisfactorios, pues han permitido verificar junto a las comunidades el avance en ...

teleSUR English

teleSUR English
Tue, 13 Oct 2015 14:00:00 -0700

Venezuela's government erected a statue, in central Caracas, in honor to Guaicaipuro, the indigenous chief who led the resistance against the Spanish colonialism five hundred years ago. The sculpture replaced a Christopher Columbus statue that stood ...

El Universal (Venezuela)

El Universal (Venezuela)
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 13:11:18 -0700

Asimismo, en la reciente medición, la Red Francisco de Miranda registró 4 casos de dengue en el municipio Guaicaipuro, de los cuales tres son casos sospechosos de Fiebre Dengue y un caso de Dengue Hemorrágico, mientras que en el municipio Pedro ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight