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Guaicaipuro
(Guacaipuro)
Born circa 1530
Venezuela
Died 1568
Venezuela

Guaicaipuro (circa 1530–1568) was a native (indigenous) Venezuelan chief of both the Teques and Caracas tribes. Though known today as Guaicaipuro, in documents of the time his name was written Guacaipuro.

Life[edit]

Guaicaipuro formed a powerful coalition of different tribes which he led during part of the 16th century against the Spanish conquest of Venezuelan territory in the central region of the country, specially in the Caracas valley. He commanded, among others, Cacique (Spanish: Indian chief) Naiguatá, Guaicamacuto, Chacao, Aramaipuro, Paramaconi and his own son Baruta. Guaicaipuro is one of the most famous and celebrated Venezuelan Caciques. The area occupied by the Teques was populated by several native groups each with its own cacique. Guaicaipuro's tribe, which was located in what is now San José de los Altos, was the largest one. He had a son named Baruta, himself a Cacique. The name of two is his sisters is also known: Tiora and Caycape.

The Spaniards discovered gold in the area of the land of the Teques, and as they started to exploit the mines, Guaicaipuro attacked, forcing the Spanish to leave. Following the attack, the governor of the province of Venezuela sent Juan Rodríguez Suárez to pacify the area, which apparently he did after defeating Guaicaipuro in several engagements. Believing he had achieved his task, the Spanish commander and his soldiers left the area leaving behind miners and three of his sons. Once the Spanish soldiers had left, Guiacaipuro assaulted the mines killing all the workers as well as the sons of Rodríguez Suárez. Immediately thereafter, Rodríguez Suárez who was on his way to the city of Valencia, with a small contingent of only six soldiers, with the purpose of meeting Lope de Aguirre, another Spanish conquistador, was ambushed by Guaicaipuo and killed.

After these successes Guaicaipuro became the main and central figure in the uprising of all the native tribes in the vicinity of the Caracas valley, and managed to unite all the tribes under his command. In 1562 they defeated an expeditionary force led by Luis Narváez. Due to the fierce attacks, the Spanish retreated away from the area for several years.

In 1567 the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas was founded in the Caracas valley. The Spanish worried about the nearby presence of Guaicaipuro and his men, and given the past history of attacks, they decided not to wait for an attack from him, and as a preventive move Diego de Losada, (founder of Caracas) ordered the mayor of the city, Francisco Infante to undertake Guacaipuro's capture. In 1568 Infante and his men were led by native guides to the hut where Guaicaipuro lived and they set it on fire to force the native cacique out. Guaicaipuro stormed out and found death at the hands of the Spanish soldiers.

Legacy[edit]

The county of Guaicaipuro in the state of Miranda, Venezuela was named in his honor. Later the county reformed to the Guaicaipuro Municipality.

Amidst the new policy started by former president Hugo Chávez of re-assessing and valuing the role of Venezuela's Caciques and indigenous peoples in a historical narrative which has traditionally given greater prominence to the Spanish conquistadores, Guaicaipuro's remains were symbolically moved (his remains have never been found) under ceremonial pomp to the national pantheon on December 8, 2001.

Under the same new policy president Chávez often mentioned Guaicaipuro and other native chiefs in his speeches with the purpose of inspiring Venezuelans to resist what he called the policies of American imperialists and interventionists directed towards Venezuela. Most notably, he did it every year during the October 12 holiday, which after being renamed several years ago Dia de la Raza (previously America's Discovery Day), was recently renamed as Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance)

The Venezuelan government named as Mission Guaicaipuro one of its ongoing Bolivarian Missions; this specific program seeks to restore communal land titles and human rights to Venezuela's, still remaining, 33 indigenous tribes.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaicaipuro — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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4087 news items

Venezolana de Televisión

Venezolana de Televisión
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 13:46:16 -0800

La Alcaldía de Guaicaipuro (Los Teques) asumió hace una semana los trabajos de rehabilitación del tramo colapsado hace un mes en la vía de San Diego a San José de los Altos, en Miranda, tras el abandono absoluto de la Gobernación de Henrique ...
 
Noticias24
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 12:37:30 -0800

(Caracas, 11 de noviembre. Noticias24) .- El alcalde del municipio Guaicaipuro del estado Miranda, Francisco Garcés informo que se estará realizando el Operativo de Recaudación Tributaria del 10 de noviembre al 31 de diciembre en la alcaldía con el ...

Noticias24

Noticias24
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:59:12 -0700

(Caracas, 30 de octubre – Noticias24).- El presidente Nicolás Maduro recorrió Fuerte Guaicaipuro (Charallave, estado Miranda) inspeccionando obras ejecutadas por la Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana (Fanb). La información la dio a conocer la ministra ...
 
Últimas Noticias
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 15:43:08 -0800

El alcalde de Guaicaipuro, Francisco Garcés, solicitará un crédito adicional al Gobierno nacional para cancelar los aguinaldos de dos mil trabajadores municipales. Indicó que realizan los cálculos para definir si requieren del apoyo financiero del ...
 
Últimas Noticias
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 18:04:28 -0800

En 15 días los mototaxistas del municipio Guaicaipuro contarán con carnets y chalecos que los identificarán como trabajadores de los vehículos de dos ruedas. Elio Amundaray, presidente de la Fuerza Motorizada en la subregión, informó que este fue uno ...
 
Últimas Noticias
Sun, 09 Nov 2014 15:15:53 -0800

Mary Montilla, vecina, refirió que en varias ocasiones han ido a Servicios Públicos de la Alcaldía de Guaicaipuro a pedir que hagan una inspección y determinen los peligros reales de esta construcción, pero no han recibido respuesta. La situación se ...
 
Agencia Venezolana de Noticias (Comunicado de prensa)
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 20:18:45 -0800

Caracas, 03 Nov. AVN.- Este lunes, 206 voceros de consejos comunales y miembros de los comités de alimentación del municipio Guaicaipuro, capital del estado Miranda, recibieron información y orientación por parte de Víctor de Abreu y Emilio Rojas, ...
 
Últimas Noticias
Wed, 05 Nov 2014 15:51:32 -0800

Regiones | 06/11/2014 06:00:00 a.m.. Compensarán a quiosqueros de la Independencia en municipio Guaicaipuro. El dinero cubrirá las pérdidas de 13 puestos por ventas de octubre. Compartir vía email Agrandar letra Disminuir letra. cantidad_comentarios ...
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