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Guaicaipuro
(Guacaipuro)
Born circa 1530
Venezuela
Died 1568
Venezuela

Guaicaipuro (circa 1530–1568) was a native (indigenous) Venezuelan chief of both the Teques and Caracas tribes. Though known today as Guaicaipuro, in documents of the time his name was written Guacaipuro.

Life[edit]

Guaicaipuro formed a powerful coalition of different tribes which he led during part of the 16th century against the Spanish conquest of Venezuelan territory in the central region of the country, specially in the Caracas valley. He commanded, among others, Cacique (Spanish: Indian chief) Naiguatá, Guaicamacuto, Chacao, Aramaipuro, Paramaconi and his own son Baruta. Guaicaipuro is one of the most famous and celebrated Venezuelan Caciques. The area occupied by the Teques was populated by several native groups each with its own cacique. Guaicaipuro's tribe, which was located in what is now San José de los Altos, was the largest one. He had a son named Baruta, himself a Cacique. The name of two is his sisters is also known: Tiora and Caycape.

The Spaniards discovered gold in the area of the land of the Teques, and as they started to exploit the mines, Guaicaipuro attacked, forcing the Spanish to leave. Following the attack, the governor of the province of Venezuela sent Juan Rodríguez Suárez to pacify the area, which apparently he did after defeating Guaicaipuro in several engagements. Believing he had achieved his task, the Spanish commander and his soldiers left the area leaving behind miners and three of his sons. Once the Spanish soldiers had left, Guiacaipuro assaulted the mines killing all the workers as well as the sons of Rodríguez Suárez. Immediately thereafter, Rodríguez Suárez who was on his way to the city of Valencia, with a small contingent of only six soldiers, with the purpose of meeting Lope de Aguirre, another Spanish conquistador, was ambushed by Guaicaipuo and killed.

After these successes Guaicaipuro became the main and central figure in the uprising of all the native tribes in the vicinity of the Caracas valley, and managed to unite all the tribes under his command. In 1562 they defeated an expeditionary force led by Luis Narváez. Due to the fierce attacks, the Spanish retreated away from the area for several years.

In 1567 the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas was founded in the Caracas valley. The Spanish worried about the nearby presence of Guaicaipuro and his men, and given the past history of attacks, they decided not to wait for an attack from him, and as a preventive move Diego de Losada, (founder of Caracas) ordered the mayor of the city, Francisco Infante to undertake Guacaipuro's capture. In 1568 Infante and his men were led by native guides to the hut where Guaicaipuro lived and they set it on fire to force the native cacique out. Guaicaipuro stormed out and found death at the hands of the Spanish soldiers.

Legacy[edit]

The county of Guaicaipuro in the state of Miranda, Venezuela was named in his honor. Later the county reformed to the Guaicaipuro Municipality.

Amidst the new policy started by former president Hugo Chávez of re-assessing and valuing the role of Venezuela's Caciques and indigenous peoples in a historical narrative which has traditionally given greater prominence to the Spanish conquistadores, Guaicaipuro's remains were symbolically moved (his remains have never been found) under ceremonial pomp to the national pantheon on December 8, 2001.

Under the same new policy president Chávez often mentioned Guaicaipuro and other native chiefs in his speeches with the purpose of inspiring Venezuelans to resist what he called the policies of American imperialists and interventionists directed towards Venezuela. Most notably, he did it every year during the October 12 holiday, which after being renamed several years ago Dia de la Raza (previously America's Discovery Day), was recently renamed as Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance)

The Venezuelan government named as Mission Guaicaipuro one of its ongoing Bolivarian Missions; this specific program seeks to restore communal land titles and human rights to Venezuela's, still remaining, 33 indigenous tribes.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaicaipuro — Please support Wikipedia.
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200 news items

 
Noticias24
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 07:11:06 -0700

(Caracas, 11 de septiembre- Noticias24) – El alcalde del municipio Guaicaipuro del estado Miranda, Francisco Garcés, conversó este jueves en Noticias24TV sobre las acciones que implementará su despacho para reforzar el servicio de recolección de ...

EntornoInteligente

EntornoInteligente
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 05:07:41 -0700

El Universal / Un funcionario de la Policía municipal de Guaicaipuro, fue asesinado en la vía a San Pedro de los Altos, a la altura del sector El Matadero. La víctima fue identificada como José Fajardo de 55 años. Era supervisor agregado de los ...
 
Agencia Venezolana de Noticias
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 12:30:00 -0700

Los Teques, 12 Sep. AVN.- Este lunes 15, 25.000 estudiantes del municipio Guaicaipuro, estado Miranda, están convocados para el inicio del nuevo período escolar 2014-2015. El jefe del Distrito Escolar Guaicaipuro del Ministerio para la Educación, José ...
 
Agencia Venezolana de Noticias
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 10:37:30 -0700

Los Teques, 10 Sep. AVN.- Un total de 4.611 atletas mirandinos provenientes de 50 comunidades populares del municipio Guaicaipuro del estado Miranda, han participado en los XIV Juegos Deportivos Comunales Guaicaipuro 2014, organizado por la ...
 
El Tiempo
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 13:03:45 -0700

Los Teques.- Desde marzo de este año se han colocado 11.000 toneladas de asfalto en el casco central de Los Teques, capital de Miranda, así como diversas comunidades populares, informó el alcalde del municipio Guaicaipuro, Francisco Garcés.

Venezolana de Televisión

EntornoInteligente
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 09:17:13 -0700

AVN / Los Teques, 18 Sep. AVN.− La Juventud del Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (Psuv) convocó este jueves a los jóvenes de las siete parroquias del municipio Guaicaipuro, en el estado Miranda, a sumarse a la conformación de las brigadas ...
 
Venezuelanalysis.com
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 07:03:45 -0700

This Monday the Venezuelan chapter of the Indigenous Parliament of America completed the final details of a report on the levels of inclusion of original peoples in Venezuela communities. Proposals to include the people who were excluded for more than ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:22:30 -0700

El parque Gustavo Knoop, considerado el primer jardín botánico de Venezuela, es un hermoso espacio natural, ideal para quebrar con la rutina diaria, ubicado en Los Teques, capital del estado Miranda, el cual cuenta con 14 hectáreas para el ...
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