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Guaicaipuro
(Guacaipuro)
Born circa 1530
Venezuela
Died 1568
Venezuela

Guaicaipuro (circa 1530–1568) was a native (indigenous) Venezuelan chief of both the Teques and Caracas tribes. Though known today as Guaicaipuro, in documents of the time his name was written Guacaipuro.

Life[edit]

Guaicaipuro formed a powerful coalition of different tribes which he led during part of the 16th century against the Spanish conquest of Venezuelan territory in the central region of the country, specially in the Caracas valley. He commanded, among others, Cacique (Spanish: Indian chief) Naiguatá, Guaicamacuto, Chacao, Aramaipuro, Paramaconi and his own son Baruta. Guaicaipuro is one of the most famous and celebrated Venezuelan Caciques. The area occupied by the Teques was populated by several native groups each with its own cacique. Guaicaipuro's tribe, which was located in what is now San José de los Altos, was the largest one. He had a son named Baruta, himself a Cacique. The name of two is his sisters is also known: Tiora and Caycape.

The Spaniards discovered gold in the area of the land of the Teques, and as they started to exploit the mines, Guaicaipuro attacked, forcing the Spanish to leave. Following the attack, the governor of the province of Venezuela sent Juan Rodríguez Suárez to pacify the area, which apparently he did after defeating Guaicaipuro in several engagements. Believing he had achieved his task, the Spanish commander and his soldiers left the area leaving behind miners and three of his sons. Once the Spanish soldiers had left, Guiacaipuro assaulted the mines killing all the workers as well as the sons of Rodríguez Suárez. Immediately thereafter, Rodríguez Suárez who was on his way to the city of Valencia, with a small contingent of only six soldiers, with the purpose of meeting Lope de Aguirre, another Spanish conquistador, was ambushed by Guaicaipuo and killed.

After these successes Guaicaipuro became the main and central figure in the uprising of all the native tribes in the vicinity of the Caracas valley, and managed to unite all the tribes under his command. In 1562 they defeated an expeditionary force led by Luis Narváez. Due to the fierce attacks, the Spanish retreated away from the area for several years.

In 1567 the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas was founded in the Caracas valley. The Spanish worried about the nearby presence of Guaicaipuro and his men, and given the past history of attacks, they decided not to wait for an attack from him, and as a preventive move Diego de Losada, (founder of Caracas) ordered the mayor of the city, Francisco Infante to undertake Guacaipuro's capture. In 1568 Infante and his men were led by native guides to the hut where Guaicaipuro lived and they set it on fire to force the native cacique out. Guaicaipuro stormed out and found death at the hands of the Spanish soldiers.

Legacy[edit]

The county of Guaicaipuro in the state of Miranda, Venezuela was named in his honor. Later the county reformed to the Guaicaipuro Municipality.

Amidst the new policy started by former president Hugo Chávez of re-assessing and valuing the role of Venezuela's Caciques and indigenous peoples in a historical narrative which has traditionally given greater prominence to the Spanish conquistadores, Guaicaipuro's remains were symbolically moved (his remains have never been found) under ceremonial pomp to the national pantheon on December 8, 2001.

Under the same new policy president Chávez often mentioned Guaicaipuro and other native chiefs in his speeches with the purpose of inspiring Venezuelans to resist what he called the policies of American imperialists and interventionists directed towards Venezuela. Most notably, he did it every year during the October 12 holiday, which after being renamed several years ago Dia de la Raza (previously America's Discovery Day), was recently renamed as Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance)

The Venezuelan government named as Mission Guaicaipuro one of its ongoing Bolivarian Missions; this specific program seeks to restore communal land titles and human rights to Venezuela's, still remaining, 33 indigenous tribes.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaicaipuro — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Guaicaipuro Parte 2

Guaicaipuro formó una coalición de gran alcance en contra de la conquista española del territorio de la actual Venezuela, con diversas tribus que él condujo ...

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Guaicaipuro Parte 4

Guaicaipuro formó una coalición de gran alcance en contra de la conquista española del territorio de la actual Venezuela, con diversas tribus que él condujo ...

Proyecto Guaicaipuro

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7138 videos foundNext > 

4224 news items

 
EntornoInteligente
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 14:09:58 -0800

Gil señaló que para este nuevo año se tiene previsto continuar con la creación de un Mapa de Riesgo para el municipio Guaicaipuro, el cual se inició con un plan piloto de siete comunidades que ya cuentan con topografía local que permite abordar con ...

Últimas Noticias

Últimas Noticias
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 07:16:25 -0800

La alcaldía del municipio Guaicaipuro, en el estado Miranda, duplicará la intervención vial, como una de las prioridades de gestión establecidas para este año sobre la base de las demandas surgidas en las asambleas ciudadanas que se efectuaron el año ...
 
Agencia Venezolana de Noticias (Comunicado de prensa)
Fri, 09 Jan 2015 11:18:45 -0800

Los Teques, 09 Ene. AVN.- Como parte de los planes y proyectos planteados para este 2015, se impulsará un programa de conciencia social para generar una adecuada cultura de reciclaje en la población del municipio Guaicaipuro, estado Miranda.
 
Aporrea.org (blog)
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 06:37:30 -0800

Al revisar la cronología histórica de Guaicaipuro, nos encontrábamos con que en los primeros años de la década de 1560, Guaicaipuro, con su alianza de pueblos y caciques, se había convertido en el Libertador de toda la costa centro-norte de Venezuela, ...

El Universal (Venezuela)

El Universal (Venezuela)
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 15:34:01 -0800

La empresa Distribuidora Zamora J.P.H. 170, C.A., le dictaron una medida de ocupación temporal, según anunció el Superintendente de Precios Justos, Andrés Eloy Méndez, luego de que encontraran en el almacén, ubicado en el municipio Guaicaipuro del ...
 
Venezolana de Televisión
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 22:22:30 -0800

Durante la fiscalización a la Distribuidora Zamora JPH 1970, ubicada en el municipio Guaicaipuro, estado Miranda, Méndez informó que el Gobierno nacional realiza mil 300 fiscalizaciones semanales y 274 inspecciones a grandes distribuidores de ...

El Universal (Venezuela)

El Universal (Venezuela)
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 14:41:15 -0800

Mantenimiento Miranda, a través del plan de "Rehabilitación y Mantenimiento de Escuelas Estadales", realiza reparaciones generales en la U.E.E Monseñor Arias Blanco, ubicada en Los Teques, municipio Guaicaipuro, obra que una vez concluida ...

EntornoInteligente

Agencia Venezolana de Noticias (Comunicado de prensa)
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 06:26:15 -0800

El programa será impulsado por el Distrito Escolar Guaicaipuro del Ministerio para la Educación, la División de Educación de la Alcaldía de Guaicaipuro, la Universidad Experimental Simón Rodríguez, núcleo Los Teques, y el Colectivo Guaicaipuro Activo, ...
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