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M. M. Gromov Flight Research Institute or LII for short (Russian: Лётно-исследовательский институт имени М. М. Громова, Russian: ЛИИ) is an important Russian aircraft test base, scientific research center located in Zhukovsky, 40 km south-east of Moscow.

It has one of the longest runways in Europe at 5,403 m. LII's concrete surfacing covers the area of 2.5 million square meters.

LII was used as the backup landing site for the Shuttle Buran test program and also as a test base for a Buran's aerodynamic prototypes. (See OK-GLI)

LII periodically holds the MAKS event, the International Air Show (Aviasalon).

At present, LII is also used as a cargo airport.

The airfield is also known as Zhukovsky Air Base or Ramenskoye Air Base (Ramenskoye Airport)



The Flight Research Institute was founded on March 8, 1941, in accordance with the decree of Sovnarkom and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gromov, a legendary test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union, became its first chief.

From the very beginning the Institute participated in development and testing of aircraft and airborne systems, conducted flight research in order to pave the way to further scientific activities.

The first years of the Institute's existence fell on the Great Patriotic War, the hardest of times for the whole country. But it is in these days that versatility of the Institute's functions and resources manifested itself the brightest.

During the war, the experts of the Institute kept developing recommendations with respect to maintenance of the highest possible level of the aircraft's' military characteristics, controlled flight trials of the experimental prototypes, aided to combat troops, studied the foreign aircraft and equipment, both purchased and taken as trophies.

Tourist jet fighter flights on Zhukovsky/Ramenskoe airbase[edit]

Due to financial problems in the 1990s, tourist fighter flights in former top secret jets became available, mainly for wealthy western tourists. The security check was comparable to the Russian visa. On offer for flights was the Aero L-39 Albatros jet trainer, the Soviet-built Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, MiG-25 for stratosphere "Edge of Space"-flights, the MiG-29 Fulcrum and even the Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker.[1] From June 2006, flights stopped on Zhukovsky. Today, flights in the Aero L-39 Albatros are available with the famous Aerobatik-Team Wjasma Rus[2] and MiG-29 Fulcrum flights are available in Nizhniy Novgorod.[3]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

55°33′29.54″N 38°8′47.42″E / 55.5582056°N 38.1465056°E / 55.5582056; 38.1465056

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gromov_Flight_Research_Institute — Please support Wikipedia.
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54 news items


Mon, 16 Mar 2015 05:38:29 -0700

Currently, the DRDO operates a low speed FTB (IL-76) suitably modified to carry out Kaveri engine tests at Gromov Flight Research Institute (GFRI) in Moscow. "We felt the need for a high speed FTB capable of high manoeuvres for assessing the engine ...

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 02:25:29 -0700

The Gromov Flight Research Institute (LII) in the southeast Moscow suburb of Zhukovsky, a centre of attention for intelligence services and spy satellites during the Cold War, is set to change from being a top-secret flight test facility for military ...
High Performance Composites
Sun, 29 Dec 2013 17:33:24 -0800

UAC has gathered eight aircraft manufacturing plants, three design bureaus, the Gromov Flight Research Institute and several new technology centers of excellence, including Moscow-based Scientific and Production Corp., Irkut and AeroComposit.

Aviation Week (blog)

Aviation Week (blog)
Tue, 27 Aug 2013 23:00:00 -0700

Russian Helicopters is getting ready to present the first prototype Ka-62 medium twin in the static display at the MAKS 2013 airshow, which opens on August 27. MAKS is being held at Zhukovsky aerodrome, outside Moscow, home of the Gromov Flight ...
Global Times
Tue, 27 Aug 2013 18:45:14 -0700

The MAKS-2013 kicked off in Zhukovsky with flight programs to be held at the airfield of the country's major national testing facility - Gromov Flight Research Institute. The six-day event showcases the products of more than 1,000 aerospace enterprises ...
Wired News
Mon, 25 Jun 2012 03:30:00 -0700

One possible location is near the Gromov Flight Research Institute — an experimental aircraft test base — to Moscow's southeast. The future site, though, may also resemble the Skolkovo Innovation Center, a sort of Silicon Valley for Russia's high ...
Fri, 16 Sep 2011 08:22:30 -0700

The “live” simulation of the flight leading to the plane crash will take place at the Gromov Flight Research Institute, Vesti radio station reported Friday. There will be two parts of the test: virtual – in which computers will reconstruct the deadly ...
Thu, 01 Mar 2012 17:47:54 -0800

The plane got into a spin, and started to dive. It was a very difficult situation, completely unexpected. But we managed to use our experience to recover the plane,” says test pilot at the Gromov Flight Research Institute Vladimir V. Biryukov. With ...

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