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M. M. Gromov Flight Research Institute or LII for short (Russian: Лётно-исследовательский институт имени М. М. Громова, Russian: ЛИИ) is an important Russian aircraft test base, scientific research center located in Zhukovsky, 40 km south-east of Moscow.

It has one of the longest runways in Europe at 5,403 m. LII's concrete surfacing covers the area of 2.5 million square meters.

LII was used as the backup landing site for the Shuttle Buran test program and also as a test base for a Buran's aerodynamic prototypes. (See OK-GLI)

LII periodically holds the MAKS event, the International Air Show (Aviasalon).

At present, LII is also used as a cargo airport.

The airfield is also known as Zhukovsky Air Base or Ramenskoye Air Base (Ramenskoye Airport)



The Flight Research Institute was founded on March 8, 1941, in accordance with the decree of Sovnarkom and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gromov, a legendary test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union, became its first chief.

From the very beginning the Institute participated in development and testing of aircraft and airborne systems, conducted flight research in order to pave the way to further scientific activities.

The first years of the Institute's existence fell on the Great Patriotic War, the hardest of times for the whole country. But it is in these days that versatility of the Institute's functions and resources manifested itself the brightest.

During the war, the experts of the Institute kept developing recommendations with respect to maintenance of the highest possible level of the aircraft's' military characteristics, controlled flight trials of the experimental prototypes, aided to combat troops, studied the foreign aircraft and equipment, both purchased and taken as trophies.

Cold War[edit]

Zhukovskiy airfield was the Soviet Union’s equivalent to the USAF’s Edwards and as such many types of aircraft underwent evaluation.[1]

Here some western aircraft were tested or analyzed. it’s unknown if any flight evaluations were made by the USSR. Google Earth look around for the Zhukovskiy airfield and Ramenskoye Airport shows an F-4 parked there.

  • A F-86 Sabre was shot down during Korea and crashlanded in a tidal marsh with limited damage. That aircraft was recovered and evaluated in Russia.
  • Two VNAF F-5s were transferred to Soviet soon after the end of Vietnam war in 1975. One F-5 was extensively tested by Soviet pilots from Chkalov's State Flight Tests Center.
  • An A-37B captured in South Vietnam was also evaluated in Soviet Union.
  • Wrecks from F-111s shot down over North Vietnam were sent to Zhukovskiy to be analyzed.
  • There are also rumors an Iranian F-14 Tomcat defected to Soviet Union. The plane and its AIM-54 Phoenix misseles may have been tested. Some F-14 wrecks were probably brought to Russia for examination.
  • Pieces of the F117 shot down over Serbia were sent to Russia.
  • Pieces of US planes shot down in North Vietnam and their captured electronic countermeasures equipment were taken for evaluation (F-111, A-6, A-7, B-52, F-4, F105, etc.).
  • Captured VNAF helicopters are believed to have been tested (UH-1H, CH-47).

Tourist jet fighter flights on Zhukovsky/Ramenskoe airbase[edit]

Due to financial problems in the 1990s, tourist fighter flights in former top secret jets became available, mainly for wealthy western tourists. The security check was comparable to the Russian visa. On offer for flights was the Aero L-39 Albatros jet trainer, the Soviet-built Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, MiG-25 for stratosphere "Edge of Space"-flights, the MiG-29 Fulcrum and even the Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker.[2] From June 2006, flights stopped on Zhukovsky. Today, flights in the Aero L-39 Albatros are available with the famous Aerobatik-Team Wjasma Rus[3] and MiG-29 Fulcrum flights are available in Nizhniy Novgorod.[4]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

55°33′29.54″N 38°8′47.42″E / 55.5582056°N 38.1465056°E / 55.5582056; 38.1465056

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gromov_Flight_Research_Institute — Please support Wikipedia.
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42 news items


Tue, 03 Nov 2015 05:50:15 -0800

Test pilot Magomed Tolboyev, of the Gromov Flight Research Institute, told the daily Moskovsky Komsomolets: "It is pretty clear even to the layman that the plane has many technical hatches where a bomb may be planted." Russian veteran pilot and former ...


Fri, 28 Aug 2015 13:05:04 -0700

Russia's Gromov Flight Research Institute (LII) expects its latest GLL-AP-02 hypersonic scramjet test vehicle to fly in “three or four years,” with officials telling Flightglobal that funding constraints and technical issues have slowed progress. LII's ...


Tue, 01 Sep 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Russia, China and the U.S. are locked in a hypersonic jet race. China has successfully tested its Wu-14 hypersonic glide vehicle that can travel at 7,000 miles per hour. Now Russia's Gromov Flight Research Institute (LII) has said that its latest GLL ...


Wed, 19 Aug 2015 07:03:45 -0700

Flight tests onboard Il-76 flying testbed operated by the Gromov Flight Research Institute will be started this year,” Aviadvigatel said in a press statement Tuesday. “The United Engine Corporationhas already manufactured 7 test PD-14 engines for ...
Russia and India Report
Wed, 19 Aug 2015 02:33:45 -0700

... the American fighter, the Lockheed/Boeing F-22 Raptor, the MiG 1.44 MFI gave way to a new project, the PAK FA, which began in 2002. The only flying model of the MiG 1.44 was left out in the open at the Gromov Flight Research Institute in Zhukovsky ...
Tasnim News Agency (press release)
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:56:15 -0700

MAKS-2015 opened on Tuesday on the airdrome of the Mikhail Gromov Flight Research Institute in the town of Zhukovsky to the southeast of Moscow. It will continue through August 30. Organizers of the show expect a greater number of participants and ...

Business Insider Australia

Business Insider Australia
Thu, 21 May 2015 08:00:00 -0700

The Russian military has long been a bogeyman for the West, with Cold War memories lingering even after the fall of the Soviet Union. However, over the years Russia's fierce competition has produced a number of duds alongside its successes, as the ...


Mon, 16 Mar 2015 05:38:29 -0700

Currently, the DRDO operates a low speed FTB (IL-76) suitably modified to carry out Kaveri engine tests at Gromov Flight Research Institute (GFRI) in Moscow. "We felt the need for a high speed FTB capable of high manoeuvres for assessing the engine ...

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