|— MSA —|
|• Urban||1,780,673 (25th)|
|• MSA||2,077,240 (28th)|
|• CSA||3,515,646 (15th)|
|Time zone||ET (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||216, 330, 440, 234|
The Cleveland metropolitan area, or Greater Cleveland as it is more commonly known, is the metropolitan area of Northeast Ohio that contains Cleveland, Ohio, United States and its surrounding area. According to the 2010 Census, the five-county Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Cuyahoga County, Geauga County, Lake County, Lorain County, and Medina County, and has a population of 2,077,240. Greater Cleveland is the 28th most populous metropolitan area in the United States and largest metro entirely in Ohio.
Northeast Ohio refers to a similar but substantially larger area. This article covers the area generally considered to be Greater Cleveland, but includes some information generally applicable to the larger region, which is itself part of what is known historically as the Connecticut Western Reserve.
Combined Statistical Area
The larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area is the 15th-largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States, and includes the above counties plus Ashtabula County, Carroll County, Erie County, Huron County, Portage County, Stark County, Summit County, and Tuscarawas County, with a population of 3,515,646.
The Cleveland-Akron-Canton television Designated Market Area covers this area, and all of Northeast Ohio except for the Youngstown/Warren region. It is the 18th largest in the United States, according to Nielsen Media Research. Changes in house prices for Greater Cleveland are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 20-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market. The Greater Cleveland area is also part of the larger Great Lakes Megalopolis.
Northeast Ohio consists of 16 counties (Ashland, Ashtabula, Carroll, Columbiana, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, Richland, Stark, Summit, Trumbull and Wayne counties) and includes the cities of Cleveland, Akron, Canton, Lorain, Elyria, Medina, Ashtabula, Youngstown, and Warren. Northeast Ohio is home to approximately 4 million people, has a labor force of almost 2 million, and a gross regional product of nearly $170 billion. Other counties are sometimes considered to be in Northeast Ohio. These include Erie, Holmes, Huron and Tuscarawas counties, and their inclusion makes the total population of the entire northeastern section of Ohio well over 4.5 million people.
- Ashtabula County
- Cuyahoga County
- Geauga County
- Lake County
- Lorain County
- Medina County
- Portage County
- Summit County
Cities, townships, and villages
Cities by population
These, in decreasing order of population, are the ten largest cities in the Greater Cleveland of NEO (2010):
According to the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2.88 million in the eight-county CSA of the Greater Cleveland Area, making it the largest combined-statistical area entirely within the state of Ohio.  Approximately 48.2% of the population was male and 51.8% were female. In 2010 the racial makeup of the eight-county Area was 75.0% (2,161,351) Non-Hispanic Whites, 17.2% (497,033) Non-Hispanic Blacks or African Americans, 0.2% (5,608) Native American, 1.9% (55,087) Asian (0.6% Asian Indian 0.5% Chinese 0.2% Filipino, 0.% Korean, 0.1% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese, 0.0% (593) Pacific Islander, 1.4% (39,325) from other races, and 2.0% (58,557) from two or more races. 3.9% (112,307) of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (2.2% Puerto Rican, 0.9% Mexican, 0.1 Spanish or Spaniard, 0.1% Cuban, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan, 0.1% Colombian).
The median income for a household in Greater Cleveland was $48,840 and the median income for a family, $63,228. The per capita income was $27,062. Persons living below the poverty line was 14.5%. According performed by Capgemini and the World Wealth Report by Merrill Lynch, the Cleveland area has nearly 54,000 millionaire household, and is expected to continue to grow at seventeen percent over the next five years.
For the past thirty years the Greater Cleveland area population has been in decline especially in terms of Non-Hispanic whites all the while still being the most diverse region in the State. But at the same time has become even more increasingly diverse as well. ethnic groups. As of 2010 both the Hispanic and Asian population in the area grew by almost 40%, Hispanics now number at 112,307 (up from 80,738 in 2000). And Asian alone accounts for 55,087 (up from 39,586 in 2000) but people who cite Asian and other ethnicites enumerate 67,231. The Chinese Americans are the oldest Asian group residing in the CSA, most visible in Cleveland's Chinatown. Nevertheless the area is also home to hundreds of Thais, Taiwanese, Pakistanis, Laotians, Cambodians, and Burmese peoples as well.
The Cleveland area is also home to some of the nation's largest Italian (numbering over 285,000), Slavic, and Hungarian populations. The Hungarian population was so great at one time that Cleveland boasted of having the highest concentration of Hungarians outside of Budapest. Cleveland-Akron area is home to a large Slavic population (17.2% far higher than the nation's rate of 6%). The Area is home to roughly 217,000 Polish, 81,000 Slovaks, 42,000 Slovenes 38,000 Czechs, 37,000 Russians, and 26,000 Ukrainians. Slavic Village and Shaker Square once had some of the larger concentration in Cleveland. Today, Slavic Village still continues to be home to many Slavic Ohioans. The Greater Cleveland area is home to the largest Slovak, Slovene, and Hugarian community in the world, outside of Slovakia, Slovenia, and Hungary. In addition Slovenia maintains a Consulate-General in Downtown Cleveland. The city of Cleveland has also received visits from the Presidents of Hungary and Poland.
Greater Cleveland is home to a sizable Jewish community. According to the North American Jewish Data Bank, an estimated 86,600 people or 3.0% as of 2011, above the nation's 1.7%, and up from 81,500 in 1996. The highest proportion in Cuyahoga County at 5.5% (of the county's total population). Today 23 percent of Greater Cleveland's Jewish population is under 17. Twenty-seven percent of Jewish people reside in The Heights (Cleveland Heights, Shaker Heights, and University Heights). In 2010 nearly 2,800 people spoke Hebrew and 541 Yiddish.
Cleveland area is also home to a proportional LGBT community, with an estimated 4.3% LGBT population. In Dec 2008, the Cleveland City Council passed a domestic partnership registry, followed by the Cuyahoga County Council in Jan 2011. In 2009 the City of Cleveland won the bid to host the 2014 Gay Games, in joint with Akron In 2011, Cleveland was named the twelfth "Gayest City in America" by The Advocate magazine.
- German: 21.8%
- Slavic: 17.2% (7.5% Polish, 2.8% Slovak, 1.5% Slovene, 1.3% Czech, 1.3% Russian, 0.9% Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Rusyn, Yugoslav)
- Irish: 14.7%
- British: 12.3% (8.7% English, 1.8% Scottish, 0.9% Scot-Irish, 0.9% Welsh)
- Italian: 9.9%
- Hungarian: 3.6%
- Puerto Rican: 2.2%
- French: 2.0%
- Scandinavian: 1.4% (0.7% Swedish, 0.3 Finnish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic)
- Dutch: 1.1%
- Arab: 1.0%
Place of birth
Approximately 94.8% of the metropolitan area's population was native to the United States. Approximately 93.7% were born in the U.S. while 1.1% were born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, or born abroad to American parents. The rest of the population (5.2%) were foreign-born. The highest percentages of immigrants came from Europe (43.9%), Asia (35.3%), Latin America (13.3%); smaller percentages of newcomers came from Africa (3.9%), other parts of North America (3.3%), and Oceania (0.2%). In 2010, the number of Greater Cleveland area residents born overseas was 150,531 and the leading countries of origin were India (15,163), China (10,699), Mexico (9,988), Ukraine (7,781), Germany (6,973), Russia (5,868), Yugoslavia (5,494), United Kingdom (5,300), Italy (5,225), Philippines (5,212), Canada (4,818), Romania (3,764), Hungary (3,540), Lebanon (3,059), Albania (3,008), and Poland (2,981).
Language spoken at home
English is by far the most commonly spoken language at home by residents; approximately 91.2% of the population over the age of five spoke only English at home. Spanish speakers made up 2.8% of the population; speakers of Asian languages made up 1.1% of the population; speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 3.9% of the population. Individuals who spoke languages other than the ones above represented the remaining 1.0% of the populace. As of 2011, individually in addition to English, 2.7% spoke Spanish, 0.6% German, 0.5% Arabic, and 0.5% Chinese. 1.4% also spoke a Slavic language.
In the 1950s, AT&T assigned Northeast Ohio the 216 area code, and in 1996, Northeast Ohio was divided into two area codes. Area code 216 was reduced in size to cover the northern half of its prior area, centering on Cleveland and its lake shore suburbs. Area code 330 was introduced for remaining outlying areas formerly covered by area code 216, including Akron, Brunswick, Canton, Medina, Warren and Youngstown.
In 1997, area code 216 was further split as the need for additional phone numbers grew. Area code 216 was again reduced in geographical area to cover the city of Cleveland and its inner ring suburbs. Area code 440 was introduced to cover the remainder of was what previously area code 216, including the communities of Mentor, Elyria, Painesville, North Ridgeville, Strongsville, Brecksville, Lorain, Westlake, and other Greater Cleveland communities. Although 216 numbers can still be assigned to communities within the Greater Cleveland, Ohio area. Some communities, such as Parma, and Parma Heights were divided into multiple area codes. In 1999, Congressman Dennis Kucinich introduced federal legislation to protect small and medium-sized cities from being split into two or more area codes.
In 2000, it was anticipated that the available phone numbers in area code 330 would be exhausted, and an overlay area code was introduced. Area code 234 was assigned to overlap existing area code 330. With the creation of area code 234, any new phone number in the geographical area formerly covered by area code 330 could be assigned a phone number in either the 234 or 330 area codes, with no change in local or long distance toll status. This made necessary the use of ten-digit dialing within the 330/234 area code region. After the introduction of area code 234, assignments of new telephone numbers in the area did not continue at an accelerated pace, and new phone numbers for area code 234 were not assigned until 2003.
In 2011 the Greater Cleveland area had a GDP of $134.4 billion (up from $130.7 billion in 2008), which would rank 57th among countries. Cleveland also has the twelfth highest merchandise value at $109.2 billion.
Business and industry
More than 37% of Fortune 500 companies are present in Northeast Ohio, through corporate headquarters, major divisions, subsidiaries, and sales offices. In addition, more than 150 international companies have a presence there. As of 2006[update], Northeast Ohio serves as the corporate headquarters of 25 Fortune 1000 firms (shown with 2006 rankings below):
- (#112) Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company (Akron, rubber)
- (#153) Progressive Insurance (Mayfield Village, insurance)
- (#184) FirstEnergy (Akron, utilities)
- (#210) Eaton Corporation (Cleveland, motor vehicle parts)
- (#279) Parker-Hannifin (Mayfield Heights, aerospace)
- (#311) Sherwin-Williams (Cleveland, paint)
- (#325) KeyCorp (Cleveland, banking)
- (#417) The Timken Company (Canton, specialty steel)
- (#486) Lubrizol Corporation (Wickliffe, lubricants and chemicals)
- (#589) Nacco Industries (Cleveland, industrial equipment)
- (#671) Diebold (Green, electronics)
- (#674) PolyOne Corporation (Avon Lake, chemicals)
- (#678) RPM International (Medina, chemicals)
- (#704) Aleris International, Inc. (Beachwood, metals)
- (#765) The J.M. Smucker Co. (Orrville, food consumer products)
- (#825) American Greetings (Brooklyn, greeting cards)
- (#839) Jo Ann Stores (Hudson, specialty retailer)
- (#846) Medical Mutual of Ohio (Cleveland, health insurance)
- (#878) Cliffs Natural Resources (Cleveland, iron ore mining)
- (#888) Applied Industrial Technologies (Cleveland, bearings)
- (#922) Agilysis (Mayfield Heights, electronics)
- (#928) Lincoln Electric (Cleveland, arc welding equipment)
- (#955) Invacare (Elyria, medical products and equipment)
- (#995) A. Schulman (Fairlawn, chemicals)
Other large employers include:
- Babcock & Wilcox (Barberton, engineering)
- Cafaro Corp (Youngstown, mall management and properties)
- Cleveland Clinic (Cleveland, health care)
- Developers Diversified Realty Corporation (Beachwood, real estate development)
- DeBartolo-York Corp (Boardman Township, Youngstown, mall management and properties)
- Exal Corp Aluminum Production (Youngstown, metals)
- FirstMerit (Akron, banking)
- Forest City Enterprises (Cleveland, real estate development)
- Gojo (Akron, chemicals)
- Home Savings and Loan (Youngstown, banking)
- IMG (Cleveland, sports marketing and management)
- Jones Day (Cleveland, legal services)
- Nestlé USA (Solon, food processing)
- Mayfran International (Cleveland, conveyors)
- Roadway Express (Akron, logistics)
- Summa Health System (Akron, heath care)
- (#429 in 2009) Rockwell Automation (Mayfield Heights, industrial controls)
- University Hospitals of Cleveland (Cleveland, health care)
Small businesses and startups
The Council of Smaller Enterprises coordinates and advocates for small businesses in the region. Many of the area's sustainability-oriented companies are tied into the network Entrepreneurs for Sustainability.
Cleveland area has many options for shopping. Some of the well known shopping areas include:
- Beachwood Place: stores include Saks Fifth Avenue, Nordstrom, Coach, True Religion, Lacoste, H&M.
- Eton Square: stores include Anthropologie, Brooks Brothers, The North Face, Sur La Table.
- Legacy Village: stores include Crate and Barrel, Apple Store, Restoration Hardware, Nordstrom Rack, The Cheesecake Factory.
- Crocker Park: stores include Banana Republic, Guess, BCBGMAXAZRIA, Lucky Brand Jeans, Arhaus Furniture.
Colleges and universities
Greater Cleveland is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:
- Baldwin-Wallace College (Berea)
- Case Western Reserve University (Cleveland)
- Cleveland College of Jewish Studies (Beachwood)
- Cleveland Institute of Art (Cleveland)
- Cleveland Institute of Music (Cleveland)
- Cleveland State University (Cleveland)
- Cuyahoga Community College (Cleveland, Highland Hills, and Parma)
- DeVry University (Seven Hills)
- Fortis College (Ravenna)
- Hiram College (Hiram)
- John Carroll University (University Heights)
- Kent State University (Kent)
- Lake Erie College (Painesville)
- Lakeland Community College (Kirtland)
- Lorain County Community College (Elyria)
- Myers University (formerly Dyke College) (Cleveland)
- Northeast Ohio Medical University (formerly NEOUCOM) (Rootstown)
- Notre Dame College (South Euclid)
- Oberlin College (Oberlin)
- Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine (Cleveland)
- Stautzenberger College, Brecksville (Brecksville)
- University of Akron (Akron)
- Ursuline College (Pepper Pike)
- Youngstown State University (Youngstown)
Greater Cleveland is served by international, regional and county airports, including:
- Akron-Canton Regional Airport (Green)
- Akron Fulton International Airport (Akron)
- Burke Lakefront Airport (Cleveland)
- Concord Airpark Airport (Concord Township)
- Cuyahoga County Airport
- Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (Cleveland)
- Kent State University Airport (Stow)
- Lansdowne Airport (Youngstown)
- Lorain County Regional Airport (Russia Township)
- Portage County Regional Airport (Shalersville Township)
- Willoughby Lost Nation Municipal Airport (Willoughby)
- Youngstown-Warren Regional Airport (Vienna)
- Interstate 71
- Interstate 76
- Interstate 77
- Interstate 80 (Ohio Turnpike)
- Interstate 90
- Interstate 271
- Interstate 277
- Interstate 480
- Interstate 490
- Interstate 680
- U.S. Route 6
- U.S. Route 20
- U.S. Route 42
- U.S. Route 224
- U.S. Route 250
- U.S. Route 322
- U.S. Route 422
- Ohio State Route 2
- Ohio State Route 3
- Ohio State Route 5
- Ohio State Route 8
- Ohio State Route 10
- Ohio State Route 11
- Ohio State Route 14
- Ohio State Route 17
- Ohio State Route 18
- Ohio State Route 21
- Ohio State Route 43
- Ohio State Route 44
- Ohio State Route 59
- Ohio State Route 83
- Ohio State Route 88
- Ohio State Route 91
- Ohio State Route 113
- Ohio State Route 175
- Ohio State Route 176
- Ohio State Route 225
- Ohio State Route 254
- Ohio State Route 261
- Ohio State Route 700
- Ohio State Route 711
- I-271 and I-480 are the only two three-digit interstates in the nation to be concurrent, near Bedford Heights in Cuyahoga County.
The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority operates a bus system and heavy and light rail in Cuyahoga County. Other transit agencies serve the surrounding counties and provide connections with RTA, including Laketran in Lake County, Metro in Summit County, PARTA in Portage County, SARTA in Stark County, and Lorain County Transit in Lorain County. Cleveland's RTA Red Line which started in 1955, is the eighth oldest heavy rail rapid transit in the Country In 2007, RTA was named the best public transit system in North America by the American Public Transportation Association, for "demonstrating achievement in efficiency and effectiveness."
In addition to Playhouse Square Center, in the Cleveland Theater District, the second largest theater district in the United States, Greater Cleveland has a vibrant theater community throughout the region.
- Actors' Summit (Hudson)
- Aurora Community Theatre (Aurora, Ohio) 
- Akron Civic Theater (Akron)
- Highland Theater (Akron) 
- Beck Center (Lakewood)
- Blossom Music Center (Cuyahoga Falls)
- Cabaret Dada (Cleveland)
- Cassidy Theater (Parma Heights)
- Cleveland Play House (Cleveland)
- Cleveland Public Theater (Cleveland)
- Dobama Theater (Cleveland Heights)
- Euclid Avenue Opera House (destroyed)
- Lorain Palace Theatre (Lorain)
- Geauga Lyric Theater (Chardon)
- Huntington Playhouse (Bay Village)
- Karamu House (Cleveland)
- Near West Theatre (Cleveland)
- Olde Towne Hall Theatre (North Ridgeville)
- Canton Palace Theater (Canton)
- Playhouse Square Center (Cleveland)
- Powers Auditorium (Youngstown) National Register of Historic Places: The Original Warner Theater
- Bad Epitaph Theater Company (defunct)
- The Bang and Clatter Theatre Company
- Beck Center for the Arts
- Bodwin Theater Company
- Carousel Dinner Theater (defunct)
- Charenton Theatre Company
- Cleveland Shakespeare Festival
- Cleveland Signstage Theatre
- Cleveland Theatre Company (defunct)
- Dobama's Night Kitchen (defunct)
- Fairmount Center for the Arts (Mayfield Village Performing Arts Center)
- Fourth Wall Productions
- Knot Theater (defunct)
- Giant Portions (defunct)
- Great Lakes Theater Festival
- Ground Floor Theater & Improv (defunct)
- The Group
- Pieces of People (POP) Theatre (defunct)
- Portage Lakes Players
- The Public Squares
- Red Hen Productions
- SPOT Improv Comedy Troupe (defunct)
- the Working Theatre (defunct)
Sports and recreation
Cleveland's professional sports teams include the Cleveland Indians (Major League Baseball), Cleveland Browns (National Football League), and Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association). The Indians have two minor league affiliates in the area, the AA Akron Aeros and the Single-A Lake County Captains, who play in Eastlake. Additionally, there is an independent baseball team, the Lake Erie Crushers, in Avon.
Minor league hockey is represented in the area by the Lake Erie Monsters of the American Hockey League. They began play in the 2007–08 AHL season at the Quicken Loans Arena. The team is the minor league affiliate of the Colorado Avalanche of the NHL.
The Cleveland Metroparks are a system of nature preserves that encircle the city, and the Cuyahoga Valley National Park encompasses the Cuyahoga River valley between Cleveland and Akron. The region is home to Mentor Headlands Beach, the longest natural beach on the Great Lakes.
- Albert Ayler
- Jim Backus
- Kaye Ballard
- LeCharles Bentley
- Halle Berry
- Chris Butler
- Eric Carmen
- Drew Carey
- Mary Carey
- Ray Cash
- Drew Carter
- Gerald Casale
- Chris Chambers
- Tracy Chapman
- Cheetah Chrome
- Tim Conway
- Wes Craven
- Kid Cudi
- Dorothy Dandridge
- Cheri Dennis
- Ruby Dee
- Donald DeFreeze
- Phil Donahue
- Stephen R. Donaldson
- Harlan Ellison
- Lee Evans
- James A. Garfield
- Sonny Geraci
- Donald A. Glaser
- Ted Ginn Jr.
- Bob Golic
- Mike Golic
- Anthony Gonzalez
- Jim Graner
- Joel Grey
- Arsenio Hall
- Roy Hall
- Margaret Hamilton
- Steve Harvey
- Patricia Heaton
- Anne Heche
- Mike Hegan
- John W. Heisman
- Kim Herring
- Hal Holbrook
- Bob Hope
- Langston Hughes
- Chrissie Hynde
- LeBron James
- Philip Johnson
- Joe Jurevicius
- Sammy Kaye
- Don King
- Bobby Knight
- Heather Kozar
- Dennis Kucinich
- Dante Lavelli
- Mike Lebowitz
- Gerald Levert
- D. A. Levy
- Bob Lewis
- Peter B. Lewis
- Jim Lovell
- Henry Mancini
- Scott Mescudi
- O.J. McDuffie
- Burgess Meredith
- Toni Morrison
- Bob Mothersbaugh
- Mark Mothersbaugh
- Paul Newman
- Urban Meyer
- Chuck Noll
- Andre Norton
- Charles Oakley
- Jesse Owens
- Harvey Pekar
- Scott Raab
- Dave Ragone
- John D. Rockefeller
- Michael Ruhlman
- Screamin' Jay Hawkins
- Molly Shannon
- Sam Sheppard
- Don Shula
- Jerry Siegel
- Robert Smith
- Troy Smith
- Ruth Simpson
- Steve Stone
- George Steinbrenner
- Carl B. Stokes
- Michael Symon
- David Thomas
- Jim Tressel
- George Voinovich
- Carl E. Walz
- Lew Wasserman
- Debra Winger
- Archibald Willard
- Fred Willard
- Frank Yankovic
- Roger Zelazny
- Connecticut Western Reserve
- List of United States metropolitan statistical areas by population
- List of United States combined statistical areas
- Great Lakes Megalopolis
- Great lakes region
- Rust Belt
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- Table of United States Combined Statistical Areas
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Greater Cleveland|
- Northern Ohio Data & Information Service
- Employer Resource Council site promoting NE Ohio
- Plugged In Cleveland
- Encyclopedia of Cleveland History