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Great Queen Street, looking east. Freemasons' Hall is visible on the right.

Great Queen Street is a street in the West End of central London in England. It is a continuation of Long Acre from Drury Lane to Kingsway. It runs from 1 to 44 along the north side, east to west, and 45 to about 80 along the south side, west to east. The street straddles and connects the Covent Garden and Holborn districts and is in the London Borough of Camden.

Early history[edit]

The street was called "Queen Street" from around 1605–9, and "Great Queen Street" from around 1670.[1]

In 1646 William Newton was given permission to build fourteen large houses, each with a forty-foot frontage, on the south side of the street. Although he did not build all the houses himself, selling on some the plots, they were constructed to a uniform design, in a classical style, with Ionic pilasters rising through two storeys from the first floor to the eaves. [2] The regular design of the houses proved influential. According to John Summerson they "laid down the canon which put an end to gabled individualism, and provided a discipline for London's streets which was to endure for two hundred years."[3]

Masonic connections[edit]

Roughly half of the south side is occupied by Freemasons' Hall, the headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England. The first English Grand Lodge was founded in 1717, which explains the dates on the top of the current building. Their first buildings on this site were replaced in 1860 by the architect Frederick Pepys Cockerell. However, this is the third Freemasons' Hall, which was built by international subscriptions in 1927–33 as a Masonic Peace Memorial after the Great War. It is a grade II listed building, and the only Art Deco building in London that is unaltered and still used for its original purpose. There are 29 meeting rooms and the 1,000 seat Grand Temple, which with the Library and Museum are open to the public with hourly guided tours.

The four Masonic Charities are also located in Freemasons' Hall. They are The Freemasons' Grand Charity, a grant-making charity; the Royal Masonic Benevolent Institution(RMBI), which operates 17 care homes for Freemasons and their dependants; the Royal Masonic Trust for Boys and Girls, which provides education for the children of Freemasons; and the Masonic Samaritan Fund, providing medical care and support.

In 1775 the Freemasons' Tavern stood at 61–65, now the hotel and "New Connaught Rooms". Like the original Tavern, the hotel is used by the public as well as by Freemasons for their receptions and dinners: the "New Connaught Rooms" are frequently used for exhibitions, business meetings and award ceremonies. There are conflicting stories about the founding in 1863 of the Football Association to set down the rules of the game. The existing pub "The Freemasons Arms" on Long Acre is sometimes said to be the site of this event, but other sources say it was the "Freemason’s Tavern" where the New Connaught Rooms now stand.

There is a pub called "The Prince of Wales" at 45 Great Queen Street, presumably named after the future George IV who was the Grand Master of the Freemasons in 1809.

The north side of the road is also partly occupied by Masonic regalia shops, Masonic charities and administrative offices. At numbers 19–21 is the premises of the regalia manufacturer Toye, Kenning & Spencer, which has been located at this address since acquiring the rival manufacturer George Kenning in 1956. At 23 is another shop where Masonic regalia is sold. At 30–31 is the Royal Masonic Trust for Girls and Boys, a charity that provides for the education of orphaned children of Masons.

Residents and businesses[edit]

At 72 is the Kingsway Hall Hotel.

At 31 Great Queen Street lived James Basire, a member of the Society of Antiquaries who took on William Blake as an apprentice in 1772. Between 1837 and 1840, the painter Richard Dadd lived in Great Queen Street while studying at the Royal Academy. Shanks and Co. ran their well-known coachbuilding business at 70–71 Great Queen Street from the 1850s, becoming F & R Shanks in 1860. The business moved out of Great Queen Street around 1905. The Shanks coachworks was located in 'New Yard'; this land was sold to the Freemasons around 1920 to build the Freemasons' Hall.[4]

From 1882 to 1959 the Novelty Theatre (later renamed the Great Queen Street Theatre and the Kingsway Theatre) was on Great Queen Street.

At 56–58 lived James Boswell, lawyer, diarist and author.

References[edit]

  1. ^ W. Edward Riley and Sir Laurence Gomme (editors) (1914). "Great Queen Street (general)". Survey of London: volume 5: St Giles-in-the-Fields, pt II. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Summerson, John (1970). Architecture in Britain, 1530 to 1830. Pelican History of Art. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 163-4. 
  3. ^ Summerson, John (1962). Georgian London. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 34. 
  4. ^ Shanks Coachmakers

Coordinates: 51°30′56″N 0°07′16″W / 51.51556°N 0.12111°W / 51.51556; -0.12111


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Queen_Street — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

Time Out London

Time Out London
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 05:11:15 -0700

When you're crammed onto the tube dreaming of grassy parks and a Pimm's picnic, you'll be glad to know about the two summer-themed skips popping up at Great Queen Street. These two ordinary skips have been transformed into gardens offering a ...
 
Property Week News
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

The United Grand Lodge of England, the governing body of freemasonry in England, owns the majority of Great Queen Street, the thoroughfare that links Holborn to Covent Garden. The secretive fraternal society, advised by Farebrother, has secured three ...
 
The Australian
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

To sort out the mess various clubs decided to meet in the Freemason Tavern in Great Queen Street on the 26th October 1863. Two rules stopped them getting a uniform code. a) A player may run with the ball towards his adversaries' goal, if he makes a ...

Mansfield Chad

Mansfield Chad
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 05:33:45 -0700

Starting from Freemasons Hall, in Great Queen Street, London, the party walked along the towpaths of the Grand Union Canal to their provincial headquarters, in Goldsmith Street, Nottingham. The walk was in aid of Nottinghamshire Masons' 2018 Festival ...

Metro

Metro
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 02:58:10 -0700

But there was so much interest that the first bid came in at £175,000 when the lot went under the hammer at Barnard Marcus Auction on Great Queen Street, London. Investors in the saleroom and on the phone battled it out for the freehold garages, which ...
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