digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Graça Machel
DBE
Madame Graca Machel.jpg
Graça Machel in 2010
First Lady of South Africa
In office
18 July 1998 – 14 June 1999
President Nelson Mandela
Preceded by Winnie Madikizela-Mandela*
Succeeded by Zanele Mbeki
First Lady of Mozambique
In office
11 November 1975 – 19 October 1986
President Samora Machel
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Marcelina Chissano
Personal details
Born (1945-10-17) 17 October 1945 (age 68)
Incadine, Portuguese East Africa
Spouse(s) Samora Machel
(m. 1975–1986; his death)
Nelson Mandela
(m. 1998–2013; his death)
Children Josina Z. Machel & Malengani Machel
Alma mater University of Lisbon
Occupation Teacher and then Education Minister
Religion Methodist
Graça and Samora Machel hosting Romanian Communist leader Nicolae Ceauşescu, Maputo, 1979
US President Barack Obama greets Graça at the memorial service for her late husband Nelson Mandela, Johannesburg, 2013

Graça Machel DBE (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾasɐ mɐˈʃɛɫ], née Graça Simbine pronounced: [sĩˈbĩni], 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the widow of former South African president Nelson Mandela and of Mozambican president Samora Machel. She is an international advocate for women’s and children’s rights and in 1997 was made a British dame for her humanitarian work.

Graça Machel is the only woman in history to have been first lady of two separate republics,[note 1] serving as the First Lady of Mozambique from 1975 to 1986 and the First Lady of South Africa from 1998 to 1999.

Personal life[edit]

Born in rural Incadine, Gaza Province, Portuguese East Africa (modern-day Mozambique), she attended Methodist mission schools before gaining a scholarship to the University of Lisbon in Portugal, where she studied German and first became involved in independence issues. She is also fluent in French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and English, as well as her native Shangaan language. She returned to Portuguese East Africa in 1973, joined the Mozambican Liberation Front (Frelimo) and became a schoolteacher.

Following Mozambique's independence in 1975, Machel was appointed Minister for Education and Culture. In the same year, she married Samora Machel, the first President of Mozambique. Following her retirement from the Mozambique ministry, Machel was appointed as the expert in charge of producing the groundbreaking United Nations report on the impact of armed conflict on children.[1] Her first husband died in a plane crash over South Africa in 1986.

Machel received the 1995 Nansen Medal from the United Nations in recognition of her longstanding humanitarian work, particularly on behalf of refugee children.

She married then South African President Nelson Mandela on 18 July 1998, his 80th birthday. Mandela died on 5 December 2013 after a long sickbed involving pneumonia.

In 1998, she was one of the two winners of the North-South Prize.[2]

Machel currently serves as the chair of the Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa (AWEPA) Eminent Advisory Board.[3]

Positions and awards[edit]

The Elders[edit]

On 18 July 2007 in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Desmond Tutu convened The Elders, a group of world leaders to contribute their wisdom, leadership and integrity to tackle some of the world's toughest problems. Mandela announced its formation in a speech on his 89th birthday.

Kofi Annan serves as Chair of The Elders and Gro Harlem Brundtland as Deputy Chair. The other members of the group are Martti Ahtisaari, Ela Bhatt, Lakhdar Brahimi, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Jimmy Carter, Hina Jilani, Graça Machel, Mary Robinson and Ernesto Zedillo. Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu are Honorary Elders.

The Elders work globally, on thematic as well as geographically specific subjects. The Elders’ priority issue areas include the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Korean Peninsula, Sudan and South Sudan, sustainable development, and equality for girls and women.[7]

Graça Machel has been particularly involved in The Elders’ work on child marriage, including the founding of Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage.[8][9]

The Elders are independently funded by a group of donors: Sir Richard Branson and Jean Oelwang (Virgin Unite), Peter Gabriel (The Peter Gabriel Foundation), Kathy Bushkin Calvin (The United Nations Foundation), Jeremy Coller and Lulit Solomon (J Coller Foundation), Niclas Kjellström-Matseke (Swedish Postcode Lottery), Randy Newcomb and Pam Omidyar (Humanity United), Jeff Skoll and Sally Osberg (Skoll Foundation), Jovanka Porsche (HP Capital Partners), Julie Quadrio Curzio (Quadrio Curzio Family Trust), Amy Towers (The Nduna Foundation), Shannon Sedgwick Davis (The Bridgeway Foundation) and Marieke van Schaik (Dutch Postcode Lottery). Mabel van Oranje, former CEO of The Elders, sits on the Advisory Council in her capacity as Advisory Committee Chair of Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage.[10]

The Africa Progress Panel[edit]

Machel is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. Every year, the Panel releases a report, the Africa Progress Report, that outlines an issue of immediate importance to the continent and suggests a set of associated policies. In 2012, the Africa Progress Report highlighted issues of Jobs, Justice, and Equity.[11] The 2013 report will outline issues relating to oil, gas, and mining in Africa.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other women have been the consort in two separate monarchies. For example, Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122?–1204) was queen consort of France and later of England.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Impact of Armed Conflict on Children. Unicef.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
  2. ^ "The North South Prize of Lisbon". North-South Centre. Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  3. ^ "Eminent Advisory Board". 
  4. ^ Graça Machel (Mozambique). United Nations Foundation profile
  5. ^ http://www.unhcr.org/nansen/50374dc66.html
  6. ^ "Graca Machel to receive honorary doctorate from the University of Stellenbosch". University of Stellenbosch. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "The Elders: Our Work". TheElders.org. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  8. ^ Elisabeth Braw, Metro International (2011-10-10). "Graca Machel: Within Ten Years Women Will Have Changed Africa". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  9. ^ Graça Machel and Desmond Tutu (2012-08-01). "Early marriage robs children of their opportunities". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  10. ^ "The Elders: Donors". TheElders.org. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  11. ^ http://africaprogresspanel.org/en/publications/annual-reports/annual-report-2012/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graça_Machel — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
39524 videos foundNext > 

Graca Machel Of Mozambique On Marrying Nelson Mandela 06/12/2013

06/12/2013 Graca Machel Of Mozambique On Marrying Nelson Mandela.

Mrs Graça Machel Speech Part 1

Graca Machel, 23 October 2011

History Uncut - Samora Machel Funeral

Samora Machel was killed in an aeroplane crash on 20th October 1986. The circumstances surrounding the crash led many to believe South African Security Agenc...

Graca Machel arrives

The widow of former president Nelson Mandela, Graca Machel, other prominent South Africans and foreign dignitaries have arrived at FNB stadium for the nation...

3rd Degree | Graca Machel (Part one)

For more stories visit http://www.enca.com/videos December 5 - It has been a year of pain, protest and pandemonium. Discontent on our mines, our farms, in ou...

Mandela's widow Graca Machel and ex-wife Winnie's hug at memorial ceremony in Soweto

The crowds welcomed Nelson Mandela's wife Graca Machel today into the FNB stadium for the Memorial ceremony. She was followed by his former wife Winnie Madik...

Nelson and Graca: The great Mandela love story

It may be the last great love story of the 20th century. How Graca Machel captured the heart of the late Nelson Mandela.

The world we want: an end to child marriage - Video message by Graça Machel

If we're to ensure that every woman and every child can lead a life of dignity, we must end child marriage, says Graça Machel, a member of The Elders (Founde...

Graca Machel supports bid for Qunu burial for Mandelas

For more on this and other stories please visit http://www.enca.com/ July 9 -- According to affidavits from 12 of the Mandela family, including Graca Machel,...

39524 videos foundNext > 

224 news items

Citizen

Citizen
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 00:40:22 -0700

FILE PIC: Former South African President Nelson Mandela (L) poses for a photo with his wife Graca Machel. PHOTO: AFP PHOTO. Graca Machel has waived her right to half of former president Nelson Mandela's estate. Share & Rate this article. Share on ...

DestinyConnect

eNCA
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 06:35:51 -0700

JOHANNESBURG - Graca Machel has waived the right to half of the estate of her husband, former president Nelson Mandela, acting Chief Justice Dikgang Moseneke said on Tuesday. "I confirm that Mrs Machel has formally and in writing accepted the ...

Sudan Vision

Sudan Vision
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Johannesburg - Nelson Mandela's widow Graca Machel has given up her right to half his more than $4-million estate, an executor of his will said Tuesday. The Nobel peace laureate, who died last December, left several assets to his third wife on ...

A Bola

Notícias ao Minuto
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 15:41:15 -0700

Graça Machel renunciou oficialmente a metade da herança que o marido Nelson Mandela lhe deixou, um conjunto de bens avaliados em cerca de 3,1 mil milhões de euros. Mundo. Graça Machel renunciou formalmente a metade da herança. Reuters. 22:41 ...

RFI

RFI
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 07:03:45 -0700

En Afrique du Sud, la veuve de Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel a officiellement renoncé à la moitié du patrimoine de l'ancien président. Celui-ci est estimé à un peu plus de trois millions d'euros. Selon la loi sud-africaine, Graca Machel aurait pu ...

Citizen

Citizen
Sun, 23 Mar 2014 22:56:47 -0700

FILE PICTURE: Graca Machel in tears after viewing her husband, former President Nelson Mandela lying in state at the newly renamed Nelson Mandela Amphitheatre at the Union buildings in Pretoria. 11/12/2013, Elmond Jiyane, GCIS. The Mandela family ...

Sipse.com

Sipse.com
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 20:56:15 -0700

JOHANNESBURGO, Sudáfrica.- Graça Machel, viuda de Nelson Mandela, renuncia a reclamar el 50 por ciento de la herencia del expresidente sudafricano, anunció hoy el juez Dikgang Moseneke, uno de los ejecutores del testamento del antiguo estadista.
 
Le Soir
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 11:11:15 -0700

La veuve de Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, a formellement renoncé à la moitié du patrimoine du héros de la lutte anti-apartheid, estimé à 46 millions de rands (3,1 millions d'euros), à laquelle elle aurait pu prétendre, a indiqué mardi l'un de ses ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Graça Machel

You can talk about Graça Machel with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!