digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Graça Machel
DBE
Madame Graca Machel.jpg
Graça Machel in 2010
First Lady of South Africa
In office
18 July 1998 – 14 June 1999
President Nelson Mandela
Preceded by Winnie Madikizela-Mandela*
Succeeded by Zanele Mbeki
First Lady of Mozambique
In office
11 November 1975 – 19 October 1986
President Samora Machel
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Marcelina Chissano
Personal details
Born (1945-10-17) 17 October 1945 (age 69)
Incadine, Portuguese East Africa
Spouse(s) Samora Machel
(m. 1975–1986; his death)
Nelson Mandela
(m. 1998–2013; his death)
Children Josina Z. Machel & Malengani Machel
Alma mater University of Lisbon
Occupation Teacher and then Education Minister
Religion Methodist
Graça and Samora Machel hosting Romanian Communist leader Nicolae Ceauşescu, Maputo, 1979
US President Barack Obama greets Graça at the memorial service for her late husband Nelson Mandela, Johannesburg, 2013

Graça Machel DBE (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾasɐ mɐˈʃɛɫ], née Graça Simbine pronounced: [sĩˈbĩni], 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the widow of former South African president Nelson Mandela and of Mozambican president Samora Machel. She is an international advocate for women's and children's rights and in 1997 was made a British dame for her humanitarian work.

Graça Machel is the only woman in history to have been first lady of two separate republics,[note 1] serving as the First Lady of Mozambique from 1975 to 1986 and the First Lady of South Africa from 1998 to 1999.

Personal life[edit]

Born in rural Incadine, Gaza Province, Portuguese East Africa (modern-day Mozambique), she attended Methodist mission schools before gaining a scholarship to the University of Lisbon in Portugal, where she studied German and first became involved in independence issues. She is also fluent in French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and English, as well as her native Shangaan language. She returned to Portuguese East Africa in 1973, joined the Mozambican Liberation Front (Frelimo) and became a schoolteacher.

Following Mozambique's independence in 1975, Machel was appointed Minister for Education and Culture. In the same year, she married Samora Machel, the first President of Mozambique. Following her retirement from the Mozambique ministry, Machel was appointed as the expert in charge of producing the groundbreaking United Nations report on the impact of armed conflict on children.[1] Her first husband died in a plane crash over South Africa in 1986.

Machel received the 1995 Nansen Medal from the United Nations in recognition of her longstanding humanitarian work, particularly on behalf of refugee children.

She married then South African President Nelson Mandela on 18 July 1998, his 80th birthday. Mandela died on 5 December 2013 after a long sickbed involving pneumonia.

In 1998, she was one of the two winners of the North-South Prize.[2]

Machel currently serves as the chair of The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH). She also serves as the chair of the Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa (AWEPA) Eminent Advisory Board.[3]

Positions and awards[edit]

The Elders[edit]

On 18 July 2007 in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Desmond Tutu convened The Elders, a group of world leaders to contribute their wisdom, leadership and integrity to tackle some of the world's toughest problems. Mandela announced its formation in a speech on his 89th birthday.

Kofi Annan serves as Chair of The Elders and Gro Harlem Brundtland as Deputy Chair. The other members of the group are Martti Ahtisaari, Ela Bhatt, Lakhdar Brahimi, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Jimmy Carter, Hina Jilani, Graça Machel, Mary Robinson and Ernesto Zedillo. Desmond Tutu is an Honorary Elder.

The Elders work globally, on thematic as well as geographically specific subjects. The Elders' priority issue areas include the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Korean Peninsula, Sudan and South Sudan, sustainable development, and equality for girls and women.[7]

Graça Machel has been particularly involved in The Elders' work on child marriage, including the founding of Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage.[8][9]

The Elders are independently funded by a group of donors: Sir Richard Branson and Jean Oelwang (Virgin Unite), Peter Gabriel (The Peter Gabriel Foundation), Kathy Bushkin Calvin (The United Nations Foundation), Jeremy Coller and Lulit Solomon (J Coller Foundation), Niclas Kjellström-Matseke (Swedish Postcode Lottery), Randy Newcomb and Pam Omidyar (Humanity United), Jeff Skoll and Sally Osberg (Skoll Foundation), Jovanka Porsche (HP Capital Partners), Julie Quadrio Curzio (Quadrio Curzio Family Trust), Amy Towers (The Nduna Foundation), Shannon Sedgwick Davis (The Bridgeway Foundation) and Marieke van Schaik (Dutch Postcode Lottery). Mabel van Oranje, former CEO of The Elders, sits on the Advisory Council in her capacity as Advisory Committee Chair of Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage.[10]

The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health[edit]

Machel has been the Chair of The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) since 2013. PMNCH is a multi-constituency partnership hosted by the World Health Organization and seeks to achieve universal access to comprehensive, high-quality reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health care. The Partnership plays a central role in facilitating joint action on many fronts, mainly progress towards the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5, to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health, as tracked by the Countdown to 2015 initiative, and through support for the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health (Global Strategy) and Every Woman Every Child.[11]

The Africa Progress Panel[edit]

Machel is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. Every year, the Panel releases a report, the Africa Progress Report, that outlines an issue of immediate importance to the continent and suggests a set of associated policies. In 2012, the Africa Progress Report highlighted issues of Jobs, Justice, and Equity.[12] The 2013 report will outline issues relating to oil, gas, and mining in Africa.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other women have been the consort in two separate monarchies. For example, Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122?–1204) was queen consort of France and later of England.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Impact of Armed Conflict on Children. Unicef.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
  2. ^ "The North South Prize of Lisbon". North-South Centre. Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  3. ^ "Eminent Advisory Board". 
  4. ^ Graça Machel (Mozambique) at the Wayback Machine (archived July 4, 2011). United Nations Foundation profile
  5. ^ http://www.unhcr.org/nansen/50374dc66.html
  6. ^ "Graca Machel to receive honorary doctorate from the University of Stellenbosch". University of Stellenbosch. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "The Elders: Our Work". TheElders.org. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  8. ^ Elisabeth Braw, Metro International (2011-10-10). "Graca Machel: Within Ten Years Women Will Have Changed Africa". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  9. ^ Graça Machel and Desmond Tutu (2012-08-01). "Early marriage robs children of their opportunities". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  10. ^ "The Elders: Donors". TheElders.org. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  11. ^ "Reaching Every Woman and Every Child through Partnership". World Health Organization. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  12. ^ http://africaprogresspanel.org/en/publications/annual-reports/annual-report-2012/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graça_Machel — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
80804 videos foundNext > 

Africa 360 - Graca Machel exclusive

Africa 360 - Graca Machel exclusive Subscribe to eNCA for latest news. No Fear. No Favour: http://bit.ly/eNCAnews Lusaka, Zambia, 2 August 2014 - Africa 360 ...

A Conversation with Secretary Clinton and Graça Machel - CGI 2014 Annual Meeting

At the 10th Annual Meeting of the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI), former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton honored Graça Machel with a Clinton Globa...

Graça Machel mourns her husband, Mandela

Christiane Amanpour speaks with Graça Machel about her late husband, her first TV interview after six months of mourning.

Graca Machel Of Mozambique On Marrying Nelson Mandela 06/12/2013

06/12/2013 Graca Machel Of Mozambique On Marrying Nelson Mandela.

Mandela’s passing devastated me: Graca Machel

The widow of former President Nelson Mandela says the early days after Madiba passed away devastated her, but she found relief in the fact that he was with t...

Graça Machel mourns her husband, Mandela

Uganda should consider having woman president, says Graca Machel.

The widow of former South African President Nelson Mandela,Gracia Machel says Ugandans should look to having a woman President when the current President Yow...

Graca Machel wife of late Nelson Mandela speaks at Trofeu Raca Negra-Sao Paulo

ACESSE JÁ NOVO SITE DA UGA BUGA NEWS: http://ugabuganews.com/INICIO.aspx ugabuganews@hotmail.com http://facebook.com/ugabuganews https://twiiter.com/ugabugan...

Graca Machel Profile

Nelson and Graca: The great Mandela love story

It may be the last great love story of the 20th century. How Graca Machel captured the heart of the late Nelson Mandela.

80804 videos foundNext > 

8551 news items

 
AllAfrica.com
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 05:30:35 -0800

Tarime — FORMER Mozambican and South African First Lady, Ms Graca Machel, has congratulated nearly 800 girls who refused to undergo female genital mutilation (FGM) in Tarime and Serengeti districts December last year. The girls mostly school girls ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 27 Jun 2014 11:35:30 -0700

As Nelson Mandela's coffin was slowly lowered into the ground in the hills close to where he grew up, his widow, Graça Machel,crumpled with grief. There would, as is customary, be six more months of mourning. But on Friday, Machel broke her silence to ...

Jeune Afrique

Jeune Afrique
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 05:32:28 -0800

Mais Graça Machel, 69 ans, est bien plus respectée sur la scène internationale. Cela tient en partie à son style, à l'opposé de celui de Winnie : engagée mais discrète et pudique, elle se garde de répondre aux attaques de cette dernière et n'a pas ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 02:22:39 -0800

Musoma — FORMER Mozambican and South African First Lady Graca Machel is on Thursday expected to arrive here to assess progress of campaigns against female genital mutilation (FGM) and child marriages in Mara Region, especially in Tarime District.
 
Daily News
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 14:30:00 -0800

FORMER Mozambican and South African First Lady, Ms Graca Machel, is on Friday in the afternoon expected to visit two modern primary schools that have been built by Acacia Mining Plc in Mara Region. The schools are Matare and Nyangoto which are ...

The Citizen

The Citizen
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 06:06:47 -0800

However, the stage belonged to Graça Machel (pictured) as she staked her position as matriarch of the Mandela family. Cementing her place as the woman at Madiba's side when he died, Machel said it was her “singular privilege” to be the shoulder Mandela ...

Johannesburg Sunday World

AllAfrica.com
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 05:45:37 -0800

Johannesburg — Winnie Madikizela-Mandela believes that former president Nelson Mandela's widow Graca Machel should not inherit a property in Qunu because she owns "a whole world in Mozambique", Sowetan reported on Tuesday. "This property is ...
 
euronews
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 10:08:03 -0800

Nelson Mandela's widow, Graca Machel, has led a commemorative march for her late husband in Pretoria, South Africa. Hundreds gathered at Freedom park, and a wreath was laid at the foot of Mandela's larger-than-life statue. Mandela, South Africa's first ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight