This article is about only executive branch, headed by the Prime Minister. For all branches, see Politics of Russia
The Government of the Russian Federation (Russian: Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции) exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the Prime Minister of Russia (Chairman of the Government), the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation".
According to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was a head of executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries".
After the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Council of Ministers had become the main executive body. At some points it contained over 69 state committees, 16–17 ministers, 5 federal services, and over 46 governmental agencies. After the 2004 reform, government duties were split between 17 ministries, 5 federal services, and over 30 governmental agencies.
The prime minister is appointed by the president of the Russian Federation (currently Vladimir Putin), and confirmed by the State Duma. He or she succeeds to the presidency if the current president dies, is incapacitated, or resigns. The current prime minister is Dmitry Medvedev.
The body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union. Since the Russian Federation emerged in 1991, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.
On November 28, 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin signed presidential decree No.242 "On reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR" (Russian: "О реорганизации центральных органов государственного управления РСФСР").
The most recent change took place on May 21, 2012 when President Vladimir Putin signed presidential decree on forming Dmitry Medvedev's Cabinet.
Responsibilities and power
The government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must:
- draft and submit the federal budget to the State Duma; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma;
- ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Russian Federation ;
- ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of culture, science, education, health protection, social security and ecology;
- manage federal property;
- adopt measures to ensure the country's defense, state security, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
- implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order, and crime control;
- exercise any other powers vested in it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and presidential decrees.
The government issues its acts in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Presidential decrees, and are signed by the Prime Minister.
The cabinet consists of the following members:
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 12:48:39 -0700
Russia has shut down four McDonald's restaurants in Moscow for alleged sanitary violations in a move critics said was the latest blow in its tit-for-tat sanctions tussle with the west. The federal monitoring service for consumer rights and wellbeing ...
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 01:15:00 -0700
He thanked the government of Russia for taking care of the heroes. SA, Russia strengthen bilateral relations. Presidents Zuma and Putin then committed themselves to working together in strengthening bilateral relations of both countries and further ...
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 03:41:15 -0700
Armenians began to be systematically relocated to the South Caucasus after the treaties of Gulustan (1813) and Turkmenchay (1828). The Tsarist government of Russia has hundreds of documents in this regard. The first Armenian state was created in 1918 ...
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 21:17:53 -0700
According to BHEL, memorandums of understanding (MoU) have been been signed with the government of Russia's Buryatia for construction of 240 MW Ulan Ude Thermal Power Station - 2 and with the African nation of Malawi for installation of 2 to 4 MW ...
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 02:55:10 -0700
Government of Russia (@GovernmentRF) August 7, 2014. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev made the announcement overnight which affects imports from the European Union, the United States, Canada and Australia. It's in retaliation to sanctions ...
JD Supra (press release)
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 08:22:30 -0700
The Government of Russia was asked to produce a list of products and identify countries subject to the sanction order. The next day, on 7 August, Dimitri Medvedev, the Prime Minister of Russia, announced that all imports of fruit, vegetables, meat ...
The Guardian (Australia)
The Guardian (Australia)
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 23:56:15 -0700
The stakes are high: if the government of Russia can be overthrown, the country broken up into smaller units, vast quantities of raw materials would become available to imperialism, which would also have a free hand then to deal with the emerging ...
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 03:13:55 -0700
President Poroshenko holds urgent talks in Kiev after saying Russian troops are in eastern Ukraine. Ukraine's to bring back conscription - but will not send conscripts to fight in the east. Pro-Russian rebels seize control of Novoazovsk in Ukraine's ...
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
You can talk about Government of Russia with people all over the world in our discussions.