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A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled. In the case of this broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislators, administrators, and arbitrators.[dubious ] Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state.[dubious ] Forms of government, or forms of state governance, refers to the set of political systems and institutions that make up the organisation of a specific government.[dubious ]
In the Commonwealth of Nations, the word government is also used more narrowly to refer to the ministry (collective executive), a collective group of people that exercises executive authority in a state[need quotation to verify][need quotation to verify] or, more narrowly,[dubious ] the governing cabinet as part of the executive. This usage is analogous to what is called an "administration" in American English. Furthermore, especially in American English, the concepts of the state and the government may be used synonymously to refer to the person or group of people exercising authority over a politically organized territory.[improper synthesis?] Finally, government is also sometimes used in English as a synonym for governance.
In addition to the above political meanings, in grammar and theoretical linguistics, government or rection refers to the relationship between a word and its dependents.
- "government". Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press. November 2010.
- "government.". Oxford Dictionaries e. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- Bealey, Frank, ed. (1999). "government". The Blackwell dictionary of political science: a user's guide to its terms. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 147. ISBN 0631206957.
- "government.". Macquarie Dictionary. Macmillan Publishers Group. 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- See "government" under List of words having different meanings in American and British English: A–L
- "'State' (definition 5) and 'Government' (definitions 4, 5, and 6)", Merriam-Webster Dictionary (Merriam-Webster, Incorporated), 2015