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Gomburza marker at Luneta Park

Gomburza or GOMBURZA is an acronym denoting the surnames of the priests Mariano Gomez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, three Filipino priests who were executed on 17 February 1872 at Luneta Park in Bagumbayan, Philippines by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny. Their execution had a profound effect on many Filipinos; José Rizal, the national hero, would dedicate his novel El filibusterismo to their memory.[1]

The uprising by workers in the Cavite Naval Yard was the pretext[2][3] needed by the authorities to redress a perceived humiliation from the principal objective, José Burgos, who threatened the established order.


During the Spanish colonial period, four social class distinctions were observed in the islands. These were 1) Spaniards who were born in Spain— peninsulares, 2) Spaniards born in the colonies of Spain (Latin America or the Philippines)—insulares or criollos, 3) Spanish mestizos, Chinese mestizos or 'Indios' (natives) dwelling within or near the city (or town) and the church, and, finally, 4) Chinese or Sangley and rural Indios.[4]

Burgos was a criollo, a Doctor of Philosophy[citation needed] whose prominence extended even to Spain, such that when the new Governor and Captain-General Carlos María de la Torre arrived from Spain to assume his duties, he invited Burgos to sit beside him in his carriage during the inaugural procession, a place traditionally reserved for the Archbishop and who was a peninsular Spaniard. The arrival of the liberal de la Torre was opposed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, and Franciscans) and their allies in civil government, but supported by the secular priests, most of whom were mestizos and indios assigned to parishes and far-flung communities, who believed that the reforms and the equality they wanted with peninsular Spaniards coming. In less than two years, de la Torre was replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo.

The Cavite Mutiny[edit]

Main article: 1872 Cavite mutiny

The so-called Cavite Mutiny of workers in the arsenal of the naval shipyard over pay reduction owing to increased taxation produced a willing witness to implicate the three priests, who were summarily tried and sentenced to death by garrote on February 17, 1872. The bodies of the three priests were buried in a common, unmarked grave in the Paco Cemetery, in keeping with the practice of burying enemies of the state.[2] Significantly, in the archives of Spain, there is no record of how Izquierdo, himself a liberal, could have been influenced to authorize these executions.[citation needed] Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then the Archbishop of Manila, refused to defrock the priests, citing they did not break any canon law. He ordered the bells of every church to be rung in honor of the executed priests. The aftermath of the investigation produced scores of suspects, most of whom were exiled to Guam in the Marianas. Except for a few who managed to escape to other ports like Hong Kong, most of the suspects died.

Recovery of remains[edit]

Grave site of Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora in Paco Park, Manila.

Early in 1998, bones believed to belong to one of the three executed priests were discovered at the Paco Park Cemetery by the Manila City Engineers Office.[5]

Gomburza sculpture at Parish of the Holy Sacrifice.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 


  1. ^ "Nationalista Party History". Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b "The Secularization Issue and the Execution of Gomburza". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  3. ^ "Padre Jose Ma. Burgos". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  4. ^ "Hidalgo and Luna: Vexed Modernity". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  5. ^ Casipit, Jennifer R. "GOMBURZA. Reluctant martyrs started it all". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomburza — Please support Wikipedia.
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1206 videos foundNext > 

GomBurZa the Movie

The martyrdom of Fr. Gomez, Fr. Burgos and Fr. Zamora. A school project of Grade IV-SSES Students and Parents of Central III Elementary School, City of Sta. ...

XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA

NEWS@1 - XIAO TIME: XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA - [February 15, 2013] Para sa karagdagang balita, bumisita sa: http://www.ptvnews.ph...

The Execution Of GomBurZa

The death of the three martyrs sparked the Filipino nationalism and united them to reach a common goal and for a common cause. This short film basically pres...

Batang Rizal: GomBurZa

A scene from the Ateneo Children's Theater's Batang Rizal (2010) Words written by Christine Bellen. Music composed and arranged by Allan Elgar.

Jose Rizal Official Trailer

BEC2A presents a BERNARDO production a film by JEISEMER RONQUILLO, KENNETH BELDEROL and AARON MANGUERA "Jose Rizal" music by GERALD TIANGSING visual effect b...

GOMBURZA (Ang Tatlong Paring MARTIR)

Ito ang aming Play :) GOMBURZA :) Nawa'y makatulong ito sa mga studyanteng kagaya namin. na naghanap ng magandang Play ng GOMBURZA! https://www.facebook.com/...

Gomburza Final

Rizal's Life and Works Project.

The Execution of GOMBURZA

1st year CO1 Student of ICCT Colleges " Cogeo Campus " 2013-2014.. happy to upload this video . hope you like it ..


a partial completion in the subject Jose Rizal (mini clip)


Canción: Vete, de Los Amaya. Intérprete: La Húngara. Imágenes: Mariano Gómez, José Burgos y Jacinto Zamora y ejecuciones a garrote vil.

1206 videos foundNext > 

80 news items


Thu, 22 Jan 2015 00:37:30 -0800

Consider Isaiah, St Francis (the Pope's namesake), Muntzer, Gomburza, Martin Luther King Jr, and Cardinal Arns of Sao Paulo (1983): to "subvert means to turn a situation around and look at it from the other side... the side of people who have to die so ...

Manila Standard Today

Manila Standard Today
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 08:05:33 -0800

Once branded as Padre Damaso for his intrusion into government concerns, Sin said it was more appropriate to look at him and his close associates as the modernday version of the Gomburza, the Filipino priests Gomez, Burgos and Zamora who were ...

Yahoo Philippines News (blog)

Yahoo Philippines News (blog)
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 20:18:45 -0800

Their deaths are commemorated by Filipinos today in an acronym — Gomburza. However, it was Burgos who caught the attention of the authorities for his liberal views. Burgos was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur Province, on February 9, 1837 to a Spanish army ...
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 13:00:00 -0800

7; 143rd anniversary of the martyrdom of Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora (Gomburza), Feb. 17; 29th Edsa People Power anniversary, Feb. 22-25;. The 164th birth anniversary of Paciano Rizal, revolutionary and older brother of ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 11 Jan 2015 07:56:15 -0800

Well before Rizal's martyrdom, or even that of GomBurZa, it had become an arena for executions, “as early as 1843 with the execution of 82 non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the Tayabas regiment.” While the numbers remain a gray area, it has ...
Tue, 02 Sep 2008 00:00:00 -0700

Ten Metrobank Outstanding Teachers were presented to the President in Malacañang on Monday. All were women. All came from public institutions. In the higher education category, the two awardees both came from the University of the Philippines ...

Philippine Entertainment Portal

Philippine Entertainment Portal
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 06:39:32 -0800

Padre Gomez is part of the Gomburza trio, which stands for Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora. Photography: Photo by Allan Sancon. Manila Vice Mayor Isko Moreno takes a break from his duties as a public servant to portray one of the priests who was part of the ...
Yahoo Philippines News (blog)
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 05:25:59 -0700

The three priests are known in Philippine history books by the acronym Gomburza. Among the hundreds who witnessed the triple executions at a promenade outside Intramuros — Luneta, present-day Rizal Park — was future Philippine national hero Jose ...

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