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Gomburza.jpg
Gomburza marker at Luneta Park

Gomburza or GOMBURZA is an acronym denoting the surnames of the priests Mariano Gomez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, three Filipino priests who were executed on 17 February 1872 at Luneta Park in Bagumbayan, Philippines by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny. Their execution had a profound effect on many Filipinos; José Rizal, the national hero, would dedicate his novel El filibusterismo to their memory.[1]

The uprising by workers in the Cavite Naval Yard was the pretext[2][3] needed by the authorities to redress a perceived humiliation from the principal objective, José Burgos, who threatened the established order.

Background[edit]

During the Spanish colonial period, four social class distinctions were observed in the islands. These were 1) Spaniards who were born in Spain— peninsulares, 2) Spaniards born in the colonies of Spain (Latin America or the Philippines)—insulares or criollos, 3) Spanish mestizos, Chinese mestizos or 'Indios' (natives) dwelling within or near the city (or town) and the church, and, finally, 4) Chinese or Sangley and rural Indios.[4]

Burgos was a criollo, a Doctor of Philosophy[citation needed] whose prominence extended even to Spain, such that when the new Governor and Captain-General Carlos María de la Torre arrived from Spain to assume his duties, he invited Burgos to sit beside him in his carriage during the inaugural procession, a place traditionally reserved for the Archbishop and who was a peninsular Spaniard. The arrival of the liberal de la Torre was opposed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, and Franciscans) and their allies in civil government, but supported by the secular priests, most of whom were mestizos and indios assigned to parishes and far-flung communities, who believed that the reforms and the equality they wanted with peninsular Spaniards coming. In less than two years, de la Torre was replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo.

The Cavite Mutiny[edit]

Main article: 1872 Cavite mutiny

The so-called Cavite Mutiny of workers in the arsenal of the naval shipyard over pay reduction owing to increased taxation produced a willing witness to implicate the three priests, who were summarily tried and sentenced to death by garrote on February 17, 1872. The bodies of the three priests were buried in a common, unmarked grave in the Paco Cemetery, in keeping with the practice of burying enemies of the state.[2] Significantly, in the archives of Spain, there is no record of how Izquierdo, himself a liberal, could have been influenced to authorize these executions.[citation needed] Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then the Archbishop of Manila, refused to defrock the priests, citing they did not break any canon law. He ordered the bells of every church to be rung in honor of the executed priests. The aftermath of the investigation produced scores of suspects, most of whom were exiled to Guam in the Marianas. Except for a few who managed to escape to other ports like Hong Kong, most of the suspects died.

Recovery of remains[edit]

Grave site of Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora in Paco Park, Manila.

Early in 1998, bones believed to belong to one of the three executed priests were discovered at the Paco Park Cemetery by the Manila City Engineers Office.[5]

Gomburza sculpture at Parish of the Holy Sacrifice.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Nationalista Party History". Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b "The Secularization Issue and the Execution of Gomburza". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  3. ^ "Padre Jose Ma. Burgos". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  4. ^ "Hidalgo and Luna: Vexed Modernity". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  5. ^ Casipit, Jennifer R. "GOMBURZA. Reluctant martyrs started it all". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomburza — Please support Wikipedia.
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1184 videos foundNext > 

78 news items

Philippine Entertainment Portal

Philippine Entertainment Portal
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 06:39:32 -0800

Padre Gomez is part of the Gomburza trio, which stands for Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora. Photography: Photo by Allan Sancon. Manila Vice Mayor Isko Moreno takes a break from his duties as a public servant to portray one of the priests who was part of the ...
 
Pilipino Star Ngayon
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 08:30:00 -0800

Batay sa report ng security guard na si Kenneth Minez, ng RJC Security and Investigation Agency, nasa Gomburza 2 siya nang dakong ala-1 ng madaling-araw ng Nobyembre 23 nang marinig niya ang paghingi ng tulong ng biktimang si Carl Francis Abarro, ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 02 Sep 2008 00:00:00 -0700

Ten Metrobank Outstanding Teachers were presented to the President in Malacañang on Monday. All were women. All came from public institutions. In the higher education category, the two awardees both came from the University of the Philippines ...

Pilipino Star Ngayon

Pilipino Star Ngayon
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 08:46:25 -0800

Si Carl Francis Abarro, 18, ay pinagtripan ng lima hanggang pitong solvent boys na binully at inihulog sa manhole sa Gomburza St. habang papauwi noong Nobyembre 17. Aniya, kahit kanino ay maaaring mangyari ang sinapit ni Abarro. Tumagal ng anim na ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 12:59:22 -0700

It is not well-known that in the nationalistic 1960s, the statue of Carlos IV was replaced by Solomon Saprid's depiction of Gomburza. Thanks to the Intramuros Administration, Carlos IV was returned to his original place in 1981 and Gomburza was ...

Banat

Banat
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 01:48:45 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - In line with the celebration of the National Heroes Day, let us all relive the greatness of our heroes who struggled and sacrificed their lives to free the Philippines from oppression and from the chains of other countries who ...
 
Manila Standard Today
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 08:18:45 -0800

... while away, he received information on the country from his kuya. Remember too, that Paciano was involved in the secularization movement much earlier as student and courier of Father Jose Burgos. He was greatly affected by the execution of GomBurZa.

Philippine Star

GMA News
Wed, 18 Jun 2014 00:06:17 -0700

In a statement, Cayetano criticized Destileria Limtauco Inc. (DLI) for its supposed plan to register as its own trademarks the surnames of Filipino historical figures, including Rizal, Bonifacio and Gomburza. “Dr. Jose Rizal, Gat Andres Bonifacio and ...
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