Gomburza marker at Luneta Park
Gomburza or GOMBURZA is an acronym denoting the surnames of the priests Mariano Gomez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, three Filipino priests who were executed on 17 February 1872 at Luneta Park in Bagumbayan, Philippines by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny. Their execution had a profound effect on many Filipinos; José Rizal, the national hero, would dedicate his novel El filibusterismo to their memory.
The uprising by workers in the Cavite Naval Yard was the pretext needed by the authorities to redress a perceived humiliation from the principal objective, José Burgos, who threatened the established order.
During the Spanish colonial period, four social class distinctions were observed in the islands. These were 1) Spaniards who were born in Spain— peninsulares, 2) Spaniards born in the colonies of Spain (Latin America or the Philippines)—insulares or criollos, 3) Spanish mestizos, Chinese mestizos or 'Indios' (natives) dwelling within or near the city (or town) and the church, and, finally, 4) Chinese or Sangley and rural Indios.
Burgos was a criollo, a Doctor of Philosophy whose prominence extended even to Spain, such that when the new Governor and Captain-General Carlos María de la Torre arrived from Spain to assume his duties, he invited Burgos to sit beside him in his carriage during the inaugural procession, a place traditionally reserved for the Archbishop and who was a peninsular Spaniard. The arrival of the liberal de la Torre was opposed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, and Franciscans) and their allies in civil government, but supported by the secular priests, most of whom were mestizos and indios assigned to parishes and far-flung communities, who believed that the reforms and the equality they wanted with peninsular Spaniards coming. In less than two years, de la Torre was replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo.
The Cavite Mutiny
The so-called Cavite Mutiny of workers in the arsenal of the naval shipyard over pay reduction owing to increased taxation produced a willing witness to implicate the three priests, who were summarily tried and sentenced to death by garrote on February 17, 1872. The bodies of the three priests were buried in a common, unmarked grave in the Paco Cemetery, in keeping with the practice of burying enemies of the state. Significantly, in the archives of Spain, there is no record of how Izquierdo, himself a liberal, could have been influenced to authorize these executions. Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then the Archbishop of Manila, refused to defrock the priests, citing they did not break any canon law. He ordered the bells of every church to be rung in honor of the executed priests. The aftermath of the investigation produced scores of suspects, most of whom were exiled to Guam in the Marianas. Except for a few who managed to escape to other ports like Hong Kong, most of the suspects died.
Recovery of remains
Early in 1998, bones believed to belong to one of the three executed priests were discovered at the Paco Park Cemetery by the Manila City Engineers Office.
- Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press.
||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gomburza.
XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA
NEWS@1 - XIAO TIME: XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA - [February 15, 2013] Para sa karagdagang balita, bumisita sa: http://www.ptvnews.ph Mag-subscribe sa aming: ...
GomBurZa the Movie
The martyrdom of Fr. Gomez, Fr. Burgos and Fr. Zamora. A school project of Grade IV-SSES Students and Parents of Central III Elementary School, City of Sta. Rosa, Province of Laguna.
The Execution Of GomBurZa
The death of the three martyrs sparked the Filipino nationalism and united them to reach a common goal and for a common cause. This short film basically presents the general picture about the...
Batang Rizal: GomBurZa
A scene from the Ateneo Children's Theater's Batang Rizal (2010) Words written by Christine Bellen. Music composed and arranged by Allan Elgar.
Jose Rizal Official Trailer
BEC2A presents a BERNARDO production a film by JEISEMER RONQUILLO, KENNETH BELDEROL and AARON MANGUERA "Jose Rizal" music by GERALD TIANGSING visual effect by KARL ANNE ...
GOMBURZA (Ang Tatlong Paring MARTIR)
Ito ang aming Play :) GOMBURZA :) Nawa'y makatulong ito sa mga studyanteng kagaya namin. na naghanap ng magandang Play ng GOMBURZA! https://www.facebook.com/Aquino.genesisivan Add ...
all grade 5 students in gomburza.
Garrote scene from unknown movie
i found this clip on youtube called Garroting of fromm Maria. i tried to post a question there asking what the movie was but no posts showed up there. i showed it to a friend and she helped...
The Execution of GOMBURZA
1st year CO1 Student of ICCT Colleges " Cogeo Campus " 2013-2014.. happy to upload this video . hope you like it ..
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 02:56:15 -0700
“Gomburza,” is a riveting painting of Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora, who were executed by Spanish authorities in 1872. In the painting are images of politicians, priests, the Statue of Liberty, Jose Rizal, and De Guzman's family: the ...
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 10:45:00 -0800
Textbook history makes it easier for us to remember the three priests as “Gomburza” (for Gomez, Burgos and Zamora). Who thought up this sequence? If we follow the alphabetical order, the acronym should be “Burgomza.” If we follow seniority at the time ...
BusinessWorld Online Edition
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 09:07:30 -0700
PROSECUTING MORO Islamic Liberation Front chief negotiator Mohagher Q. Iqbal for using a nom de guerre would be a form of harassment violating the peace process with the government, Secretary Leila M. de Lima said in a 12-page position paper to the ...
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 04:37:30 -0700
PEACE Camp Convenors include: Fr. Robert P. Reyes of Gomburza, Atty. Aaron Pedrosa of Sanlakas, Atty. Arpee Santiago of the Ateneo Human Rights Center, Misty Amistad of the Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP), Atty. Banjo Lucman of the ...
Tue, 02 Sep 2008 00:00:00 -0700
Ten Metrobank Outstanding Teachers were presented to the President in Malacañang on Monday. All were women. All came from public institutions. In the higher education category, the two awardees both came from the University of the Philippines ...
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 12:30:00 -0700
“Gomburza” is dated 1970—three years before the centennial of the martyrdom of three priests who agitated for the nationalization of the Spaniard-dominated clergy. More dark colors in Jaime's bold expressionist strokes recapture that spark that ...
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 10:00:00 -0800
So the Mamasapano massacre will not be like the execution of Gomburza, or Rizal, not if it does not stir us to love more our country, our freedom and our collective well-being. If we instead succumb to the fascination of speculation, of rumor or gossip ...
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 00:37:30 -0800
Consider Isaiah, St Francis (the Pope's namesake), Muntzer, Gomburza, Martin Luther King Jr, and Cardinal Arns of Sao Paulo (1983): to "subvert means to turn a situation around and look at it from the other side... the side of people who have to die so ...
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