digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Gomburza.jpg
Gomburza marker at Luneta Park

Gomburza or GOMBURZA is an acronym denoting the surnames of the priests Mariano Gomez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, three Filipino priests who were executed on 17 February 1872 at Luneta Park in Bagumbayan, Philippines by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny. Their execution had a profound effect on many Filipinos; José Rizal, the national hero, would dedicate his novel El filibusterismo to their memory.[1]

The uprising by workers in the Cavite Naval Yard was the pretext[2][3] needed by the authorities to redress a perceived humiliation from the principal objective, José Burgos, who threatened the established order.

Background[edit]

During the Spanish colonial period, four social class distinctions were observed in the islands. These were 1) Spaniards who were born in Spain— peninsulares, 2) Spaniards born in the colonies of Spain (Latin America or the Philippines)—insulares or criollos, 3) Spanish mestizos, Chinese mestizos or 'Indios' (natives) dwelling within or near the city (or town) and the church, and, finally, 4) Chinese or Sangley and rural Indios.[4]

Burgos was a criollo, a Doctor of Philosophy[citation needed] whose prominence extended even to Spain, such that when the new Governor and Captain-General Carlos María de la Torre arrived from Spain to assume his duties, he invited Burgos to sit beside him in his carriage during the inaugural procession, a place traditionally reserved for the Archbishop and who was a peninsular Spaniard. The arrival of the liberal de la Torre was opposed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, and Franciscans) and their allies in civil government, but supported by the secular priests, most of whom were mestizos and indios assigned to parishes and far-flung communities, who believed that the reforms and the equality they wanted with peninsular Spaniards coming. In less than two years, de la Torre was replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo.

The Cavite Mutiny[edit]

Main article: 1872 Cavite mutiny

The so-called Cavite Mutiny of workers in the arsenal of the naval shipyard over pay reduction owing to increased taxation produced a willing witness to implicate the three priests, who were summarily tried and sentenced to death by garrote on February 17, 1872. The bodies of the three priests were buried in a common, unmarked grave in the Paco Cemetery, in keeping with the practice of burying enemies of the state.[2] Significantly, in the archives of Spain, there is no record of how Izquierdo, himself a liberal, could have been influenced to authorize these executions.[citation needed] Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then the Archbishop of Manila, refused to defrock the priests, citing they did not break any canon law. He ordered the bells of every church to be rung in honor of the executed priests. The aftermath of the investigation produced scores of suspects, most of whom were exiled to Guam in the Marianas. Except for a few who managed to escape to other ports like Hong Kong, most of the suspects died.

Recovery of remains[edit]

Grave site of Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora in Paco Park, Manila.

Early in 1998, bones believed to belong to one of the three executed priests were discovered at the Paco Park Cemetery by the Manila City Engineers Office.[5]

Gomburza sculpture at Parish of the Holy Sacrifice.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Nationalista Party History". Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b "The Secularization Issue and the Execution of Gomburza". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  3. ^ "Padre Jose Ma. Burgos". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  4. ^ "Hidalgo and Luna: Vexed Modernity". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  5. ^ Casipit, Jennifer R. "GOMBURZA. Reluctant martyrs started it all". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomburza — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1126 videos foundNext > 

GomBurZa the Movie

The martyrdom of Fr. Gomez, Fr. Burgos and Fr. Zamora. A school project of Grade IV-SSES Students and Parents of Central III Elementary School, City of Sta. ...

XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA

NEWS@1 - XIAO TIME: XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA - [February 15, 2013] Para sa karagdagang balita, bumisita sa: http://www.ptvnews.ph...

The Execution Of GomBurZa

The death of the three martyrs sparked the Filipino nationalism and united them to reach a common goal and for a common cause. This short film basically pres...

Gomburza

Canción: Vete, de Los Amaya. Intérprete: La Húngara. Imágenes: Mariano Gómez, José Burgos y Jacinto Zamora y ejecuciones a garrote vil.

Gomburza and the cavite mutiny

group gomburza, no copyright infringement intended.

Batang Rizal: GomBurZa

A scene from the Ateneo Children's Theater's Batang Rizal (2010) Words written by Christine Bellen. Music composed and arranged by Allan Elgar.

Gomburza

GomBurZa

a partial completion in the subject Jose Rizal (mini clip)

Jose Rizal Official Trailer

BEC2A presents a BERNARDO production a film by JEISEMER RONQUILLO, KENNETH BELDEROL and AARON MANGUERA "Jose Rizal" music by GERALD TIANGSING visual effect b...

III - Gomburza modern dance competition group 14

August 8, 2013 Modern Dance Competition at Caloocan High School.

1126 videos foundNext > 

5 news items

 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 11:22:30 -0700

Long before he led Katipuneros in tearing up their cedula, a symbol of their defiance of Spanish colonial authority, so many of his country folk, like Gomburza, bravely defied the Spaniards. While many others, like the weeping Filipinos in the vignette ...

Banat

Banat
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 01:48:45 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - In line with the celebration of the National Heroes Day, let us all relive the greatness of our heroes who struggled and sacrificed their lives to free the Philippines from oppression and from the chains of other countries who ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 12:52:30 -0700

It is not well-known that in the nationalistic 1960s, the statue of Carlos IV was replaced by Solomon Saprid's depiction of Gomburza. Thanks to the Intramuros Administration, Carlos IV was returned to his original place in 1981 and Gomburza was ...
 
Manila Standard Today
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 09:17:53 -0700

Until all the facts are in, it would be premature to put Ninoy on the same line as Rizal, Abad Santos, or Gomburza. Especially in the light of the unanswered questions on the Plaza Miranda bombing. The first of these is: where was Ninoy Aquino during ...
 
Sun.Star
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Two of the three in GOMBURZA were born this month. The "GOM", Father Mariano Gomez on August 2, 1799 and the "ZA", Father Jacinto Zamora on August 14, 1835. Marcelo H. Del Pilar, editor of the La Solidaridad, was born on August 30, 1850. Nationalist ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Gomburza

You can talk about Gomburza with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!