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Gomburza.jpg
Gomburza marker at Luneta Park

Gomburza or GOMBURZA is an acronym denoting the surnames of the priests Mariano Gomez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, three Filipino priests who were executed on 17 February 1872 at Luneta Park in Bagumbayan, Philippines by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny. Their execution had a profound effect on many Filipinos; José Rizal, the national hero, would dedicate his novel El filibusterismo to their memory.[1]

The uprising by workers in the Cavite Naval Yard was the pretext[2][3] needed by the authorities to redress a perceived humiliation from the principal objective, José Burgos, who threatened the established order.

Background[edit]

During the Spanish colonial period, four social class distinctions were observed in the islands. These were 1) Spaniards who were born in Spain— peninsulares, 2) Spaniards born in the colonies of Spain (Latin America or the Philippines)—insulares or criollos, 3) Spanish mestizos, Chinese mestizos or 'Indios' (natives) dwelling within or near the city (or town) and the church, and, finally, 4) Chinese or Sangley and rural Indios.[4]

Burgos was a criollo, a Doctor of Philosophy[citation needed] whose prominence extended even to Spain, such that when the new Governor and Captain-General Carlos María de la Torre arrived from Spain to assume his duties, he invited Burgos to sit beside him in his carriage during the inaugural procession, a place traditionally reserved for the Archbishop and who was a peninsular Spaniard. The arrival of the liberal de la Torre was opposed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, and Franciscans) and their allies in civil government, but supported by the secular priests, most of whom were mestizos and indios assigned to parishes and far-flung communities, who believed that the reforms and the equality they wanted with peninsular Spaniards coming. In less than two years, de la Torre was replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo.

The Cavite Mutiny[edit]

Main article: 1872 Cavite mutiny

The so-called Cavite Mutiny of workers in the arsenal of the naval shipyard over pay reduction owing to increased taxation produced a willing witness to implicate the three priests, who were summarily tried and sentenced to death by garrote on February 17, 1872. The bodies of the three priests were buried in a common, unmarked grave in the Paco Cemetery, in keeping with the practice of burying enemies of the state.[2] Significantly, in the archives of Spain, there is no record of how Izquierdo, himself a liberal, could have been influenced to authorize these executions.[citation needed] Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then the Archbishop of Manila, refused to defrock the priests, citing they did not break any canon law. He ordered the bells of every church to be rung in honor of the executed priests. The aftermath of the investigation produced scores of suspects, most of whom were exiled to Guam in the Marianas. Except for a few who managed to escape to other ports like Hong Kong, most of the suspects died.

Recovery of remains[edit]

Grave site of Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora in Paco Park, Manila.

Early in 1998, bones believed to belong to one of the three executed priests were discovered at the Paco Park Cemetery by the Manila City Engineers Office.[5]

Gomburza sculpture at Parish of the Holy Sacrifice.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Nationalista Party History". Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b "The Secularization Issue and the Execution of Gomburza". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  3. ^ "Padre Jose Ma. Burgos". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  4. ^ "Hidalgo and Luna: Vexed Modernity". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  5. ^ Casipit, Jennifer R. "GOMBURZA. Reluctant martyrs started it all". Retrieved 2007-07-30. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomburza — Please support Wikipedia.
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1115 videos foundNext > 

GomBurZa the Movie

The martyrdom of Fr. Gomez, Fr. Burgos and Fr. Zamora. A school project of Grade IV-SSES Students and Parents of Central III Elementary School, City of Sta. ...

XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA

NEWS@1 - XIAO TIME: XIAO TIME: Ang pag-garote sa 3 pari na sina GOMBURZA - [February 15, 2013] Para sa karagdagang balita, bumisita sa: http://www.ptvnews.ph...

The Execution Of GomBurZa

The death of the three martyrs sparked the Filipino nationalism and united them to reach a common goal and for a common cause. This short film basically pres...

Gomburza and the cavite mutiny

group gomburza, no copyright infringement intended.

Batang Rizal: GomBurZa

A scene from the Ateneo Children's Theater's Batang Rizal (2010) Words written by Christine Bellen. Music composed and arranged by Allan Elgar.

Gomburza

GomBurZa

a partial completion in the subject Jose Rizal (mini clip)

Gomburza

Canción: Vete, de Los Amaya. Intérprete: La Húngara. Imágenes: Mariano Gómez, José Burgos y Jacinto Zamora y ejecuciones a garrote vil.

Tuloy Tuloy (Martyrdom of Gomburza OST)

Martyrdom of Gomburza OST Special thanks to: FG Productions ANP Stainless Gulaman Wilfredo Ebit JCKL DBB-C To God be the glory!

III - Gomburza modern dance competition group 14

August 8, 2013 Modern Dance Competition at Caloocan High School.

1115 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

 
Business Mirror
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 05:11:15 -0700

The first phase will involve the construction of a 3.11-km PCCP road, including a 735.0 lineal meter Steel Girder Type Bridge that crosses the Laoag-Padsan River, and end at the Gomburza Road intersection. The second phase will construct a 4.87-km PCCP ...
 
Sun.Star
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 20:22:30 -0700

One of the most illustrious sons of Vigan who fought for ecclesiastical reforms during the Spanish colonial period is Fr. Jose Apolonio Burgos (of the Gomburza fame). We will have a look also at Pagburnayan (Ruby Jar Factory). This is a pre-colonial ...
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