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Golden Idol
Fictional "Golden Idol" (Ancient Chachapoyan goddess of fertility) from the 1981 feature film Raiders of the Lost Ark.
Plot element from Indiana Jones franchise
First appearance Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
Created by Steven Spielberg & George Lucas
Genre Adventure
In-story information
Type Fictional idol
Element of stories featuring Indiana Jones

The Chachapoyan Fertility Idol, also known as Golden Idol, is a fictitious artifact that appeared in the opening sequence of Raiders of the Lost Ark, a 1981 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. Its likeness was made famous by the popularity of the film. It is also the first relic that audiences see the protagonist of the film franchise acquire, establishing that hero as a treasure hunter.

In the film[edit]

In the film Raiders of the Lost Ark the idol is portrayed as resting in an ancient, abandoned temple in South America. The specific location is not given in the film, other than a subtitle that reads "South America, 1936". The tribe of "Hovitos" natives is fictional. The idol is located on a booby trapped pedestal, and its weight, approximately 3 pounds(1.36078 kilograms) of gold, precisely counterbalances the trigger for the temple to partially collapse and release falling walls, shooting darts, and a huge rolling boulder which would seal the temple entrance, trapping intruders within.

Fictional history[edit]

Based on the film and Indiana Jones comic books, the idol belonged to the Chachapoyan tribe in Peru, South America. It was sought in 1936, in the Peruvian Amazon jungle, by archaeologist/treasure hunter Indiana Jones. Jones had heard of the idol when a score of golden Chachapoyan figurines began to appear on the antiquities market. Jones and Marcus Brody, curator of the National Museum, believed that hitherto undiscovered Chachapoyan temples had been located and were being plundered. Evidence pointed to one of Jones's competitors, a Princeton archaeologist named Forrestal (another fictional character), who had embarked on an expedition to Peru a year earlier and never returned. With help from the journal of a 19th-century explorer and contacts in South America, Jones follows in Forrestal's footsteps, determined to acquire the real prize: a golden representation of the Chachapoyan goddess of fertility and childbirth, said to be secreted in the heart of the Temple of Warriors. While penetrating the Temple of Warriors, Jones finds Forrestal's remains impaled on the wooden spikes of a booby trap.[1]

The original Aztec birthing figure from Dumbarton Oaks. Recent microscopic analysis of the incisions and drill holes has determined that they were most probably made by modern tools.

The golden idol was placed upon an ancient Chachapoyan altar. It was the exact weight to hold an ancient self-destruct mechanism in place.[1] Jones knows of the booby trap and attempts to replace the idol with a bag of sand. His attempt fails when he incorrectly estimates the weight of the idol. After escaping the many traps set by the Chachapoyans including a giant boulder, he finds rival archaeologist Rene Belloq waiting outside with a group of Hovitos, the local natives. Surrounded and outnumbered, Jones is forced to give up the artifact to Belloq. Jones escapes from Belloq and the Hovitos after a jungle pursuit, flying away on a waiting seaplane.

As related in the Indiana Jones comics, years later, Indy regains the idol from a black market antiquities dealer located in Marrakesh, Morocco. However, also on the trail for the idol is Xomec, a descendant of the Chachapoyans, and Ilsa Toht, sister of Gestapo agent Arnold Toht. The two want to use the idol to unite Amazonian tribes and disrupt wartime rubber production in South America, as well as lure Jones to his death.[1]

Historical Basis[edit]

The movie prop idol was based on an actual greenstone carving in the pre-Columbian collection at Dumbarton Oaks. The artifact is presumed to depict the Aztec goddess Tlazolteotl.[2] Scientific analysis by the Smithsonian, though, shows the Dumbarton figure to be a probable fake from the late 1800s.[3][4] Other scholars are less certain, but express similar doubts.[5]

The Chachapoya culture was a genuine subject of interest for scientists under the Nazi government, particularly Jacques de Mahieu, who like the fictional Belloq was a French collaborator. Based on quotations from Spanish colonists (many of them fabricated), and on his interpretations of archaeological digs (since refuted), he argued that descendants of Vikings had once ruled Peru.[6][7]

In reality the Chachapoya did not build the elaborate trap systems portrayed in the film. However, they were accomplished builders of fortified cities as sites like Kuelap show. These structures were characteristically built on high slopes, unlike the temple hidden in heavily jungled lowlands in the film. Their sculptural style was far different from that of the Golden Idol, as shown by the sarcophagi at Carajía.

In popular culture[edit]

The "Golden Idol" appears in the fictional in-film movie Sand Pirates of the Sahara from the feature film The Majestic (2001). It was also shown briefly in S01E07 of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine in Jadzia Dax's quarters. It also appears briefly in the treasure room in the film Spy Kids 2: The Island of Lost Dreams.

The idol can also be found on display in a museum in the third level of the 1998 video game Blood II: The Chosen.

A spoof of the idol scene shows up in the "Weird Al" Yankovic movie UHF (1989), however the actual idol is replaced with an Academy Award statuette.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Luceno, James (2008). Indiana Jones: The Ultimate Guide. New York: DK Publishing. pp. P. 58–61. ISBN 978-0-7566-3500-8. 
  2. ^ "Tlazolteotl (photo of Dumbarton Oaks idol)". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009. 
  3. ^ Walsh, Jane MacLaren (May–June 2008). "Legend of the Crystal Skulls". Archaeology 61 (3). Retrieved 2009-07-20. the Tlazolteotl idol, like the crystal skulls, is a 19th century fake. 
  4. ^ Walsh, Jane MacLaren (2008). "La Tlazolteotl de Dumbarton Oaks: un regard sous la surface.English: The Dumbarton Oaks Tlazolteotl: looking beneath the surface" (English abstract). Journal of the Society of Américanistes (in French) (Société des Américanistes/ Society of Americanism.) 94 (1): 7–43. Retrieved 2009-07-20. 
  5. ^ Kubler, George. "Ancient American Gods and Their Living Impersonators". Dumbarton Oaks. Retrieved 2009-07-20. 
  6. ^ Ibarra Grasso, Dick Edgar (1997) Los Hombres Barbados en la América Precolombina p. 66
  7. ^ Llanos, Oscar Olmedo (2006) Paranoia Aimara p. 182

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Idol — Please support Wikipedia.
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398 news items

 
Battle Red Blog (blog)
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 07:04:51 -0800

... tried to replace the idol with a sandbag, but the trap was tripped. Watt looked up. To his horror, a blue boulder as big as a house was crashing down on him. Will Watt escape? Will the Hoosiers keep the AFC South golden idol? We will find out soon ...
 
ProWrestling.net
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 07:02:13 -0800

Ben Sapp beat Josh Calisto, Mitch Paradise beat AJ La Rock (w/Ryan Slade), Darin Corbin (w/Golden Idol) beat Craven Knyght, Ryan Slade (w/AJ La Rock) beat Danny Duggan to win the Northern States Championship. Afterward, La Rock turned on Slade.

Den of Geek!

Den of Geek!
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 13:03:23 -0800

Well past the third hour mark, when Moses comes down from the mountain to see that his followers have made a mockery of God by worshipping a golden idol, the film takes on disastrous proportions far greater than any parting of the Red Sea. Intended to ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 03:49:06 -0800

The witch placed a golden idol of the Santa Muerte in my hand and then took a large swig of tequila from a clear bottle. She spat the mouthful of tequila all over the arm and hand which was holding the figure. She said I was to keep the figure and put ...
 
The Hindu
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 04:33:45 -0800

At noon sharp, the priests brought the golden idol of Bala Dattatreya, decked in flowers and nestling on a blue silk cloth in the silver cradle, out of the sanctum sanctorum in full view of the devotees. Devotional songs rent the air. After it was ...
 
TechRepublic
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 12:17:23 -0800

It brings to mind that famous "Raiders of the Lost Ark" scene whereby Indiana Jones tries to swap the golden idol with a bag of sand then the temple falls down. Just like in the movie, even he wouldn't be able to defeat "Don't Move" - moving the sensor ...

Bustle

Bustle
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 11:52:30 -0800

Remain calm, Cumber-verse. I have HUGE news. Professional event photographers have officially captured your golden idol and his bride-to-be at an industry event. It's ALL HAPPENING! This week, Benedict Cumberbatch and Sophie Hunter made their red ...
 
Black Heart Gold Pants
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 13:00:00 -0800

What really matters about Iowa's game with Wisconsin on Saturday? HINT: it's not really the golden idol the two teams are playing for.  Tweet Share on Twitter Share Share on Facebook  Share Share with Hawkeyes friends 20 Comments ⋆ Rec ...
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