digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

504 news items

Premium Times

Premium Times
Fri, 06 Nov 2015 04:58:00 -0800

A former chairman of the Business Development Committee of the board of Afromedia Plc, Mohammed Gobir, has said the business transaction for which the managing director of the company, Akin Olopade, reported him to the Economic and Financial ...

Leadership Newspapers

Vanguard
Tue, 20 Oct 2015 10:58:09 -0700

SOKOTO Ctizens Forum, has said that it may consider sensitizing the people of Sokoto State across the three senatorail districts on the likelhood of commencing the recall of Senators Aliyu Wammako, Ibrahim Gobir and Ibrahim Danbaba over their percived ...

http://www.newmail-ng.com/ (satire) (press release) (subscription) (blog)

THISDAY Live
Sun, 13 Sep 2015 16:31:35 -0700

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) on Saturday burst a major corporate fraud when it took into custody a popular businessman, Alhaji Mohammed Gobir, for allegedly defrauding foremost outdoor advertising company, Afromedia, ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Fri, 06 Nov 2015 13:11:15 -0800

Alhaji Mohammed Gobir, a former chairman of the Business Development Committee of the board of Afromedia Plc, has said the business transaction for which the managing director of Afromedia Plc, Mr. Akin Olopade reported him to the Economic and ...
 
Vanguard
Fri, 13 Nov 2015 01:51:51 -0800

One such cases is the arrest on September 12 of Alhaji Mohammed Gobir, a former director of Afromedia Plc in his residence in Ikoyi, Lagos. On that day, operatives of the anti-graft agency had stormed his (Gobir's) house, accused him of advanced fee ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Sun, 11 Oct 2015 06:37:37 -0700

Ibrahim Gobir (APC Sokoto East) on Sunday in Abuja, said the nation could generate 45,000 mega watts of electricity if it utilized its coal reserves. He told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) that if the coal resource in Enugu, Benue and Kogi were ...

Daily Trust

Daily Trust
Sat, 16 Jan 2016 20:07:30 -0800

The Gobir histrorian emphasized: “These marks are too important to be abandoned. They are his sole seal of pride and identification as a distinct personality; I suppose you know what Gobir means in the history of Nigeria and the entire Africa. So it ...
 
Leadership Newspapers
Wed, 20 Jan 2016 07:07:14 -0800

Both the Chairman of the Senate Services Committee, Senator Abdullahi Gobir and the Director of Information and Publications, Mr. Ishaku Dibal have confirmed to the Senate President that the delay in the payment was due to the non-release of the fund ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight