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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

224 news items

Naija247news

Naija247news
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 02:41:41 -0700

Dr. Abdullahi Sarkin- Gobir Adiya is a prominent politician in Sokoto State and one-time chieftain of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). In this interview, Adiya speaks on why he dumped the party before the governorship election and why the PDP lost ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 21:52:30 -0700

Ibrahim Abdullahi Gobir and Ibrahim Danbaba Danbuwa, elected to represent Sokoto North, Sokoto East and Sokoto South, respectively. Others included House of Representatives members-elect – Hassan Bala Abubakar (Sokoto North/South federal ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 04:15:12 -0700

Sokoto — The Senator representing Sokoto East senatorial district in the National Assembly, Senator Ibrahim Gobir, on Sunday expressed reservation over the move by the federal government to deploy the military at polling centres during the forthcoming ...

Daily Sun

Daily Sun
Thu, 16 Apr 2015 18:30:00 -0700

Senators Abdul Ningi, Ibrahim Gobir and Aloysius Etok in their various contributions stressed the need for the passage of the bill to enhance the performance of the military. Senate President, David Mark, noted: “Since the military remained a centre of ...

Daily Sun

Daily Sun
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 17:56:15 -0700

They are, Senators Kabiru Gaya (Kano) Adamu Aliero (Kebbi, former FCT minister), Abu Ibrahim (Katsina), Ahmed Ru'fai Sani (Zamfara), Kabir Marafa (Zamfara) and Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto). Senators-elect, Bala Ibn Na'Allah and Kano State Governor, Rabiu ...

The Guardian Nigeria

The Guardian Nigeria
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Bunmi Olusona, Engineer Adebayo Ajimoti, Alhaji Gobir Mohammed, Alhaji Dele Sarkinwa, Dr. Mohammed Potun, Funso Agaka, Alhaji Nasiru Ubandawaki, Engineer Yunus Abdullahi and Mr. Dada Abiodun. The former PDP leaders traced their decision to ...

The Streetjournal

The Streetjournal
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 00:31:29 -0700

They are Senators Kabiru Gaya (Kano) Adamu Aliero (Kebbi, and former FCT minister) Abu Ibrahim (Katsina), Ahmed Ru'fai Sani (Zamfara), Kabir Marafa (Zamfara) and Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto). Senators-elect, Bala Ibn Na'Allah and Rabiu Kwankwaso (Kano ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 11:00:00 -0700

He is either a Basakkwace from Sokoto or Bagobiri from Gobir. Igbo land too was rife with emphatic identification with dialects as a man from Aro didn't see himself as one with another from Onitsha. The ancestors of today's "Igbo" men may start a ...
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