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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.


Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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185 news items

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:45:00 -0800

NAN reports that Tambuwal was accompanied to the event by some of his colleagues at the House of Representatives. Sen. Ibrahim Gobir (APC-Sokoto), who currently represents the Sokoto East Senatorial Zone on Friday in Sokoto submitted his completed ...
Codewit World News
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 02:32:17 -0800

Although Senator Umar Dahiru representing Sokoto South and Senator Ibrahim Abdullahi Gobir from Sokoto East defected with Sokoto State Governor, Alhaji Aliyu Wamakko from the PDP to the APC early this year, Senator Ahmed Muhammad Maccido ...


Sun, 09 Nov 2014 06:50:40 -0800

"He lunged at her and headbutted her to her nose causing her to fall backwards into the lounge," said Mr Gobir. He went towards her again and was pulled away by his friend before one of the couple's seven children called police. He left when she handed ...


Fri, 07 Nov 2014 09:27:53 -0800

A dad of seven head-butted his wife after she refused of hand over his bank card. Kevin James had given her the card to keep and not return because, said Nuhu Gobir prosecuting at Merthyr Tydfil Crown Court, he told her he was spending too much money.


Daily Times Nigeria
Sat, 01 Mar 2014 08:41:15 -0800

Unknown arsonists on Saturday set ablaze the campaign office of Sen. Ibrahim Gobir, located on Western Bye-pass Road, Sokoto. The office, a block of six rooms, was partially razed by the attackers, that struck in the early hours of the day. Gobir, an ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 04:03:45 -0700

A descendant of Sultan Mohammadu Tambari and chieftain of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Abdullahi Sarkin Gobir Adiya, yesterday in Sokoto warned that unless the PDP urgently puts its house in order, it will witness mass defection of its ...
Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 04:33:27 -0700

Today, there is a growing threat of religious fundamentalism in many parts of the globe. Worldly organisations driven by otherworldly agenda are on a rampage-waging 'holy wars', killing, maiming, kidnapping, raping in furtherance of their destructive ...


Wed, 22 Oct 2014 07:03:07 -0700

Nuhu Gobir, prosecuting, said the hospital's time keeping system involved swipe cards and PIN numbers which nurses and other staff would use to check in and out of work at various time keeping stations so their hours could be ascertained and logged.

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