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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

894 news items

Premium Times

Premium Times
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 11:01:43 -0700

According to the statement, the appointees are Gobir Hassan Ahmed (Labour Matters), Aliu Gunu, (Local Government), Aanu Iniwoye (Agriculture and Rural Water Support Services), Musa Mohammed (Rural Energy Support Services) and Abdullahi ...

DailyPost Nigeria

DailyPost Nigeria
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 12:52:30 -0700

Those appointed are: Barrister Gobir Hassan Ahmed, Special Adviser of Labour Matters; Alhaji Aliu Zakari Gunu of Special Adviser, Local Government; Aanu Ayodeji Ibiwoye, Special Adviser, Agriculture and Rural Water Support Services; Alhaji Musa ...

BusinessDay

THISDAY Live
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 20:56:15 -0700

While supporting the motion, Senator Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto North), said findings on THE waivers had shown that N585 billion in waivers were granted by the federal government between 2011 and 2014. Gobir argued that if this sum was shared among the 36 ...

The Nation Newspaper

The Nation Newspaper
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 15:52:30 -0700

The critical committees already constituted are Senate Services Committee with Senator Ibrahim Gobir (APC Sokoto East) as its chairman; Rules and Business, which has Senator Babajide Omoworare (APC Osun Central) as Chairman; Ethics and Privileges, ...

DailyPost Nigeria

DailyPost Nigeria
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 08:53:57 -0700

Contributing to the motion, Senator Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto North) disclosed that findings on waivers had shown that N585bn worth of waivers were granted by the Federal Government between 2011 and 2014. He posited that if the amount had been shared ...
 
WorldStage
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 08:22:30 -0700

Visibly, the choice of Senator Samuel Anyanwu as head of the Committee on Ethics and Privileges and Senator Ibrahim Gobir as chairman of the Committee on Senate Services are pointers. They are indeed without the least political sentiments but rather ...

The Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)

The Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 21:52:30 -0700

In his contribution, Senator Ibrahim Gobir (APC, Sokoto East), noted that while some Nigerians put the volume of import at two to three million metric tonnes yearly, the figure could escalate in future if not curtailed. The Senate President, Bukola ...
 
THISDAY Live
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 19:37:30 -0700

While the Senate Services will be chaired by Senator Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto North), Rules and Business Committee will be chaired by Senator Babajide Omoworare (Osun East), Ethics and Privileges Committee will have Sam Anyanwu (Imo East) as it ...
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