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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.


Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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267 news items

Trinidad Guardian
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 22:15:00 -0700

“Between 1600 and 1800, the five Hausa states of Gobir, Zamfara, Kano, Katsina and Zazzau fought dozens of wars...The Yoruba kingdom of Oyo initiated a series of wars that resulted in the enslavement of many people,” he writes. “...By the 18th century, ...

Daily Trust

Daily Trust
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 21:07:30 -0700

The sky was foggy with the fear of trouble, the day was regarded as a make or mar and the atmosphere at the Red Chamber was in red on Tuesday when Senators resumed from the recess that they rushed to in order to settle the rift that enveloped them.

DailyPost Nigeria

DailyPost Nigeria
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 08:53:57 -0700

Contributing to the motion, Senator Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto North) disclosed that findings on waivers had shown that N585bn worth of waivers were granted by the Federal Government between 2011 and 2014. He posited that if the amount had been shared ...
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 22:48:45 -0700

While the Senate Services will be chaired by Senator Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto North), Rules and Business Committee will be chaired by Senator Babajide Omoworare (Osun East), Ethics and Privileges Committee will have Sam Anyanwu (Imo East) as it ...


Fri, 31 Jul 2015 01:26:15 -0700

In his submission, Ibrahim Gobir (Sokoto East), observed that the huge amount the Federal Government spent on waivers between 2011 and 2015 was enough to establish five local industries in each of the states of the federation and the Federal Capital ...


Fri, 24 Jul 2015 08:50:40 -0700

Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir told Cardiff Crown Court: “They went there on April 4 and found him lying on his bed. “His cell mate was taken out and he was strip searched. “When he was down to his underwear, he was asked to squat and a small, white package ...


Wed, 29 Jul 2015 04:26:15 -0700

One of the committees is the senate services committee chaired by Ibrahim Gobir. Some of the members of the committee are Fatima Raji Rasaki, Mohammed Hassan, and Tijani Yahaya. The committee will manage the logistics of the senate. Also, the senate ...

Nigerian Bulletin

Nigerian Bulletin
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 01:48:45 -0700

These are Daura, Katsina, Zaria, Kano, Rano Gobir, and Biram – all descended from the lineage of Babajida and Daurama. Located in Daura is the famous and legendary Kusugu well, where the snake Sarki was said to have been killed. Katsina State ...

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