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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.


Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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21 news items

Leadership Newspapers

Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Mohammed Aminu Senator representing Sokoto East Senatorial District in the National Assembly, Alhaji Ibrahim Gobir, Sunday accused the Federal Government of not doing enough to rescue the Chibok school girls abducted by the Boko Haram insurgents ...


Sat, 27 Sep 2014 09:18:45 -0700

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that Abubakar also turbaned the Speaker of the Sokoto State House of Assembly, Alhaji Lawalli Zayanna, as the Sarkin Gobir of Gwadabawa (District Head). The Sultan also turbaned the state's Accountant-General, ...
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 21:30:00 -0700

The five persons turbanned by the Sultan include Tambuwal as Mutawallen Sokoto; Zayyana as Sarkin Gobir Gwadabawa; Kabir Tafida as Sarkin Fadan Sokoto; Aminu Abdullahin as Iyan Sokoto, and Fodio Aliyu as Wambai Sokoto. The turbanning ceremony ...
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 08:45:00 -0700

Our two bosses in the Ministry of Defense at the time were Deputy Permanent Secretary, B. G. Popo an Itsekiri man from Warri and late Yusuf Gobir, a dapper don lawyer from Ilorin who was the Permanent Secretary. I recall serving at the time with an ...
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 18:15:09 -0700

Abdulrazak Gobir, a lawyer with AS Gobir and Associates, who wondered how else to campaign, said what had been going on so far were political campaigns, but that INEC was in a quagmire because the commission was incapacitated due the quantum of ...
Nigerian Observer
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 06:18:45 -0700

Ibrahim Gobir (APC-Sokoto) had recently donated N1 million to the foundation. Gobir represents Sokoto East Senatorial district in the National Assembly. 'All these efforts are aimed at further alleviating the suffering of the people and complementing ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 20:24:14 -0700

Others are former governor of Bayelsa State Timipriye Sylva, Senator Ahmed Yarima, Senator Ibrahim Gobir, former minister of tourism Jibril Gada, former minister of youths and sports development and national vice-chairman, north-west, Inuwa Abdulkadir, ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 20:16:31 -0700

11 senators, in a joint letter to the Senate president, signalled their intention to defect from the PDP to the APC. The senators are Bukola Saraki, Abdullahi Adamu, Shaba Lafiaji, Ibrahim Gobir, Aisha Al-Hassan, Magnus Abe, Wilson Ake, Mohammed ...

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