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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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202 news items

South Wales Argus

South Wales Argus
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 00:46:04 -0800

Mr Gobir said: "The defendant was spoken to by the officer and when they checked he was a disqualified driver and arrested him for failure to stop. In the interview he gave full admission for dangerous driving while disqualified and of course he had no ...
 
Daily Trust
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 00:22:13 -0800

... for a roadmap for lasting peace in the association. Other members of the interim committee include Hon. Emmanuel Loman as Vice Chairman, North Central; Hon. Cornelius Nnaji, South East; Hon. Maina Gana, North East; and Hon. Idris Gobir, North West.

DailyPost Nigeria

DailyPost Nigeria
Sat, 17 Jan 2015 05:07:30 -0800

Gobir told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Saturday in Sokoto that religious leaders should inform the people through their sermons the benefits of the voter cards. He described the PVC as “the weapon needed by the electorate to elect candidates ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Sun, 04 Jan 2015 08:19:00 -0800

Lewis Finch, who worked at the Cardiff Queen Street branch of telecoms giant EE, fraudulently obtained £3,250 from his employers by failing to put phone debit card transactions through the till. But, prosecutor Nuhu Gobir told Cardiff Crown Court, when ...

Osun Defender

Osun Defender
Sun, 25 Jan 2015 02:18:45 -0800

Others were Adamu Abdulahi, Shaba Lafiagi, Ibrahim Gobir, Aisha Al-Hassan, Magnus Abe, Wilson Ake, Jibrilla Mohammed Bindowo, Danjuma Goje, Ali Ndume and Umar Dahiru. Earlier, on December 18, 2013, 37 members of the PDP in the House of ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Sun, 11 Jan 2015 20:30:00 -0800

Former Lagos State governor, Ahmed Bola Tinubu, yesterday in Sokoto insisted that the opposition All Progressives Congress (APC) is the only cure to the nation's headache. He also advised President Goodluck Jonathan to step down from his post. Tinubu ...
 
THISDAY Live
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:12:22 -0700

Senator representing Sokoto East Senatorial District in the National Assembly, Alhaji Ibrahim Gobir, Sunday accused the Federal Government of not doing enough to rescue the Chibok school girls abducted by the Boko Haram insurgents four months ago.

South Wales Argus

South Wales Argus
Tue, 06 Jan 2015 01:25:47 -0800

A MAN who threatened a terrified Newport shop worker with a meat cleaver has been sentenced to more than three years in a young offenders' institution. Ryan Whitehead, 20, and of no fixed abode, stole £53 from Spar, in Bettws Shopping Centre, at 6.50am ...
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