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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

231 news items

NAIJ.COM

NAIJ.COM
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 05:24:16 -0700

... bold to say that Buhari was a good man because I knew him very well from 1968 and for all of my 3 years in the Ministry of Defense as Assistant Secretary (Army) under permanent secretary Damcida and later on under late permanent secretary Yusuf ...

CHANNELS TELEVISION

CHANNELS TELEVISION
Tue, 23 Jun 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Senator Suleiman Nazif told Channels Television that the APC has sent to the Senate President, the names of the senators to fill the leadership positions. But another member of the party serving in the upper legislative chamber, Senator Ibrahim Gobir ...

The Guardian Nigeria

AllAfrica.com
Sun, 28 Jun 2015 02:33:45 -0700

"One of the meetings held at Transcorp Hilton, which Senator Godswill Akpabio co-chaired with Senator Ibrahim Gobir and a few others had both APC and PDP members in attendance. At that meeting, if you heard most of them there, the position they took ...
 
THISDAY Live
Sat, 13 Jun 2015 22:03:45 -0700

The Managing Director of the Agency, Alhaji Yahya Gobir, made this known to newsmen at the commencement of the refuse evacuation exercise in the state. He said the agency was given five days by the state government, within which to evacuate all the ...
 
THISDAY Live
Fri, 12 Jun 2015 21:41:15 -0700

The Chairman of the All Progressives Congress, APC, Chief John Odigie-Oyegun on Friday declared the newly elected President of the Senate, Bukola Saraki as duly elected, an indication that the party was backtracking from its earlier hardline stance ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Sun, 14 Jun 2015 18:53:10 -0700

An official report of the past 7th House of Representatives, tagged “Status of Bills, Petitions and Other Legislative Measures,” released on the authority of the former House speaker and now governor of Sokoto State, Aminu Waziri Tambuwal, shows that a ...

AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 07:37:30 -0700

... Ndume (Borno South), Danjuma Goje (Gombe Central), Abdullahi Adamu (Nasarawa West), Magnus Abe (Rivers South East), Wilson Ake (Rivers West), Bindo Jubrilla (Adamawa North), Abdullahi Gobir (Sokoto East) and Aisha Alhassan (Taraba North).

RTL.lu

RTL.lu
Sun, 14 Jun 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Le Luxembourg est riche. Le Luxembourg est calme. Le Luxembourg est beau. Les habitants de ce pays de cocagne ont donc tout pour être heureux. Tout? Pas sûr. Du Grand Nord au paradis tropical, de Jérusalem au royaume du Gobir, ce film raconte ...
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