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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.


Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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740 news items

The Eagle Online

The Eagle Online
Tue, 19 Apr 2016 12:10:30 -0700

Rather, Gobir said the Senate only bought 36 Land Cruiser Jeep VXR, which are meant for oversight functions. Gobir, while addressing journalists, revealed that each vehicle cost the Senate about N36.5 million ...
The Nation Newspaper
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 18:41:15 -0700

If the general public and organised labour had not threatened a showdown with these over-pampered set of Nigerians, it was doubtful if the Chairman, Senate Services, Ibrahim Gobir, would have justified why the cars suddenly became a necessity. By the ...


Fri, 18 Mar 2016 06:59:42 -0700

EFCC Docks Gobir For $300m Fraud. Gobir, 55, was arrested by the operatives of EFCC at his Ikoyi residence on the September 12, 2015 following a petition from an Outdoor Advertising Company, Afromedia.

The Panther

The Panther
Sat, 02 Apr 2016 12:24:39 -0700

Nimah Gobir, a '15 peace studies and studio art alumna, is teaching English in India through the Fulbright Scholar Program. Photo courtesy of Gobir. Chapman was recognized as one of the top Fulbright Scholar Program producers for 2015-16 after three ...


Thu, 28 Apr 2016 16:37:30 -0700

The physical confrontation with the Gobir authorities which marked the commencement of the Jihad began in 1804 AD and set into motion one of the most extensive political transformations in the West African sub-region and created a polity which ...

Premium Times

Premium Times
Fri, 06 Nov 2015 04:58:00 -0800

A former chairman of the Business Development Committee of the board of Afromedia Plc, Mohammed Gobir, has said the business transaction for which the managing director of the company, Akin Olopade, reported him to the Economic and Financial ...


Wed, 27 Apr 2016 08:21:14 -0700

As I watched Ibrahim Gobir, chairman of the senate committee on Services, trying to justify the purchase of the jeeps on television days ago, I couldn't help but shake my head in pity. What have we done as Nigerians to deserve leaders who are not in ...

The Nation Newspaper

The Nation Newspaper
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 14:47:58 -0700

In vain did Senate Services Chair Ibrahim Abdulla Gobir (Sokoto East), the distinguished senator who handled the deal, explain that it was a testimony to the exceptional prudence of the lawmakers that only 36 Land Cruiser VXR V8 SUVs were bought at ...

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