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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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1369 videos foundNext > 

Akaki gobir rathay tumar kotha bebe - ASIF

Bangla song: Akaki gobir rathay tumar kotha bebe. Artist: Asif.

Shagorer Motoi Gobir-Bangla movie hit Song by Andrew Kishore & Kanak Chapa

Bangla movie Song.Bengali movie Song.Bangladesh's movie Song. Bangla movie Song.Bengali movie Song.Bangladesh's movie Song. Bangla New movie Song.Bengali new...

Harouna Goge - Hausa Sarkin Gobir

This is to preserve the real Hausa Culture.

bangla song akaki gobir ratai asif.mpg

EKAKI GOBIR RATE

ataur.1247@yahoo.com.

Moni Kishore: Gobir Rathy Jokon

Sung by: Moni Kishore. Song: Gobir Rathy Jokon. Written by:

Akaki Gobir Rathay Asif Boishakhitv Live Studio Eid Special

Akaki Gobir Rathay Asif Boishakhitv Live Studio Eid Special http://www.facebook.com/asif.akber.bd.

BENGALI REMIX - Asif - Ekaki Gobir Raate - DJ Zedi [aka Zaf & Naz]

www.djzedi.com - DJ Zedi - Ekaki Gobir Raate [Bangla Vybez 3] - R&B - 2005.

Eka Ki Gobir Rate by asif

Asif - Akaki Gobir Ratai

This video is produced by Sylheti Fua, Hopefully you like it, and if you do check out my other videos! *Facebook Page* http://www.facebook.com/SylhetiFuaVide...

1369 videos foundNext > 

137 news items

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 04:03:45 -0700

A descendant of Sultan Mohammadu Tambari and chieftain of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Abdullahi Sarkin Gobir Adiya, yesterday in Sokoto warned that unless the PDP urgently puts its house in order, it will witness mass defection of its ...
 
Osun Defender
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 21:07:30 -0700

A descendant of Sultan Mohammadu Tambari and chieftain of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Abdullahi Sarkin Gobir Adiya, yesterday in Sokoto warned that unless the PDP urgently puts its house in order, it will witness mass defection of its ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 09:36:31 -0700

“He also said his 16-year heterosexual relationship had broken down because of his urges,” prosecutor Nuhu Gobir told the court. On June 13 this year Jones parked his white van, with an armchair in the back, by a moutainside in Cwmbran where children ...

The Nation Newspaper

The Nation Newspaper
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 16:37:30 -0700

A chieftain of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Sokoto State, Alhaji Abdullahi Sarkin Gobir Adiya, has cried out over the manner the party is being run in the state. He said: “Unless this is addressed, PDP may find it difficult to win in Sokoto ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 10:47:12 -0700

Both had thought Desmond, of Watchhouse Parade, Newport, was begging when they saw him sitting in Womanby Street in the early hours of May 31, with Billy by his side, said prosecutor Nuhu Gobir. But an 18-year-old woman from Penarth was taken, ...

Nigerian Tribune

Nigerian Tribune
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 16:12:09 -0700

Those who followed Alimi and his two children, Abdulsalam and Shitta, to Ilorin, who are mainly Hausa, Fulani, Gobir, Kamberi, Baruba and Nupe origin, formed the third group. This group also has among them some Yoruba and non-Nigerians like Malians ...

SaharaReporters.com

SaharaReporters.com
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 18:36:52 -0700

Dan Fodio was a muslim teacher, preacher and jihadist who lived in the Hausa state of Gobir. He fell out with local authorities including his former student who later became the ruler of Gobir, Yunfa, due to his 'reformist' views and opposition to the ...

South Wales Argus

South Wales Argus
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 02:00:00 -0700

The court heard how Davies had entered into an argument with the woman at a property on Harrow Road where they were staying with a friend before he slammed her head into the hallway wall. Nuhu Gobir, prosecuting, said: “The complainant said that the ...
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