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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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251 news items

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Thu, 21 May 2015 08:00:00 -0700

Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir said: “That claim was legally awarded to her and the money went direct to Post Office account.” But later when she set up home with a partner and had children she failed to pass that information on to the authorities. Mr Gobir ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Wed, 20 May 2015 09:02:01 -0700

Cardiff Crown Court heard how she started claiming benefits in 1996 because she was “single, unemployed and incapacitated”. Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir said: “That claim was legally awarded to her and the money went direct to Post Office account.” ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Wed, 20 May 2015 20:45:00 -0700

The meeting co-chaired by four senators; Senator Gobir from Sokoto, Dino Melaye from Kogi state and Governor Godswill Akpabio from Akwa Ibom state, they spoke of expected leadership qualities expected from the would-be senate president that have been ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Mon, 18 May 2015 06:30:00 -0700

Dr. Mohammed Tahir Bello, who worked as Senior Legislative Assistant to incumbent Senator Ibrahim Gobir representing Sokoto East recently sent a petition to Muhammadu Buhari on the abuse of the cash advance for overhead cost. He said I could quote ...

Bloomington Pantagraph

Bloomington Pantagraph
Tue, 12 May 2015 09:31:25 -0700

GRIDLEY — Nicole Butikofer of Elmhurst, and Matthew Gosling of York, U.K., will be married Dec. 31, 2015, at The Silver Fox, Streator. The bride's parents are Mark and Kaylene Butikofer of Gridley. The groom's parents are Anthony and Lorraine Gosling ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Fri, 08 May 2015 11:31:38 -0700

Nuhu Gobir, prosecuting at Merthyr Tydfil Crown Court, said Mr Roach remembers being hit but drifted in and out of consciousness as he waited for help to arrive. Police were able to identify the car by piecing together the debris left strewn on the ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 11 May 2015 05:59:23 -0700

A beautician who mowed down a pedestrian in a high-speed hit-and-run was arrested after police followed the trail of destruction and found her drinking at a house party. Lowri Gallagher, 20, crashed into businessman William Roach, 46, as he was walking ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 04:15:12 -0700

Sokoto — The Senator representing Sokoto East senatorial district in the National Assembly, Senator Ibrahim Gobir, on Sunday expressed reservation over the move by the federal government to deploy the military at polling centres during the forthcoming ...
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