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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.


Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items


Sun, 27 Jul 2014 18:30:00 -0700

Dan Fodio was a muslim teacher, preacher and jihadist who lived in the Hausa state of Gobir. He fell out with local authorities including his former student who later became the ruler of Gobir, Yunfa, due to his 'reformist' views and opposition to the ...

South Wales Argus

South Wales Argus
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 02:10:45 -0700

The court heard how Davies had entered into an argument with the woman at a property on Harrow Road where they were staying with a friend before he slammed her head into the hallway wall. Nuhu Gobir, prosecuting, said: “The complainant said that the ...


Mon, 07 Jul 2014 23:00:31 -0700

Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir said on the night in question Phenny went to McDonald's at 3am, pushing his way to the front of the queue. “He became abusive and escorted outside, focussed on a group of mixed race males shouting 'black ---ts' at them.” He was ...
The News
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 00:59:04 -0700

A teacher he lived in the city-state of Gobir until 1802. Dan Fodio wrote more than a hundred books concerning religion, government, culture, and society. He developed a critique of existing African Muslim elites for what he saw as their greed ...

Osun Defender

Osun Defender
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:07:30 -0700

The chiefdom said Fulani gunmen have attacked and unleashed mayhem on several Numana villages including Kabamu, where 20 persons were killed,and Ankpong where 17 lives were taken, as well as Ungwar Haruna, Dogon Daji, Ambe Sarki, Gobir, ...

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