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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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216 news items

 
AllAfrica.com
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 04:15:12 -0700

Sokoto — The Senator representing Sokoto East senatorial district in the National Assembly, Senator Ibrahim Gobir, on Sunday expressed reservation over the move by the federal government to deploy the military at polling centres during the forthcoming ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 11:33:45 -0700

Prosecuting Nuhu Gobir told the court that a prison officer at Cardiff Prison received intelligence that Perrett was bringing drugs into the prison January 8. He added that Perrett had already gone through the search procedures at the prison before she ...
 
South Wales Argus
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 07:18:13 -0700

The court heard, from prosecutor Nuhu Gobir, how Evans returned to his mothers address at Taliesin in Cwmbran - where she is living with Mr Green - following a birthday night out. Mr Gobir said the defendant was drunk and, on entering their house ...

Osun Defender

Daily Trust
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 04:08:18 -0700

The All Progressives Congress (APC) governorship candidate in Sokoto State, Alhaji Aminu Waziri Tambuwal, has been described as the best candidate for the April 11, 2015 governorship election in his home state. Rep. Shuaibu Gwanda Gobir, who is ...

Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 17:45:00 -0700

They were Biram, Daura, Kano, Kastina, Zazzau (Zaria), Gobir, and Rano. Thereafter, seven other states which founded by seven others believed to be paternal half-brothers of the Hausa Bakwai emerged, bringing the number of kingdoms in the region to 14.

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 03:56:06 -0800

Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir said: 'It didn't appear the defendant was running a legitimate business.' Smith, of Newport, South Wales, told officers his wife had been diagnosed with cancer in August 2008 and from that date he worked from home and became her ...
 
Glamorgan Gem
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 02:30:00 -0800

Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir said Kerris Williams had been in a relationship for four months with Fear and there had been many arguments. On Christmas Day, she dropped off a relative in Ferndale and was aware that Fear had followed her. She pulled over in ...
 
Premium Times
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 06:39:53 -0800

Ibrahim Gobir representing Sokoto East Senatorial district said that whenever money is requested, a very low percentage is given. The members of the committee on Lands and Housing expressed their worries as to how the housing challenges will be tackled ...
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