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Gobir (Demonym: Gobirwa) was a city-state in what is now Nigeria. Founded by the Hausa in the eleventh century, Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, and continued under Hausa rule for nearly seven hundred years. Its capital was the city of Alkalawa. In the early 19th century elements of the ruling dynasty fled north to what is today Niger from which a rival dynasty ruling as Sarkin Gobir (Sultan of Gobir) at Tibiri. In 1975 a reunited traditional sultanate took up residence in Sabon Birni, Nigeria

Early history[edit]

Gobir was one of the seven original kingdoms of Hausaland, tracing a lineage back to the 11th century. The seat of the dynasty was at Alkalawa, in northwestern Hausaland.

Fulbe Jihad[edit]

Gobir is particularly remembered as the chief opponent of Fulani Islamic reformer Usman dan Fodio. Bawa, a ruler of Gobir, appears to have invited dan Fodio to the area in 1774; dan Fodio made his home in the small town of Degel, and began preaching. Dan Fodio was given some role in the education of Bawa's nephew and later successor, Yunfa (r.1803-8), but also publicly attacked what he saw as the abuses of the Hausa elite, particularly the burden they placed on the poor.

Sarkin Nafata (r.1797–98) reversed Bawa's tolerant policy, and feared the increase of arms amongst dan Fodio's followers. The next two rulers vacillated between repressive measures and their relaxation.

When Yunfa took the throne in 1803, he soon found himself in conflict with dan Fodio, and after failing to assassinate him, exiled dan Fodio and his followers from Degel. Dan Fodio responded by assembling the nomadic Fulani clans into a jihadist army, beginning the Fulani War. Despite some initial successes by the forces of Gobir and the other Hausaland states (most notably at the Battle of Tsuntua), dan Fodio continued to take surrounding territory. His forces seized the Gobir capital, Alkalawa, in October 1808, killing Sarkin Yunfa. The state was then partially absorbed into the Fulani Empire.

Flight[edit]

Resistance against the Jihadists was continued in the north-east by Sarkin Ali dan Yakubu and Sarkin Mayaki. With the help of the Hausa ruler of Katsina the latter built a new capital of Gobir in Tibiri, 10 km north of Maradi in 1836. Here in present Niger the old dynasty of the Hausa rulers of Gobir is still continued today. A rival branch of the dynasty has its seat in Sabon Birni north of Sokoto in Nigeria.

The former Sarkin Gobir Muhammadu Bawa ruled in Sabon Birni from 1975 to 2004.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobir — Please support Wikipedia.
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194 news items

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 12:07:29 -0800

Prosecutor Nuhu Gobir told the jury that Mr Owen went to the house but when there was no answer went round to the back door. An argument broke out where Mr Owen told Williams he should not have left his children and wife two weeks before Christmas in ...
 
National Mirror
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 16:33:45 -0800

The rest are Senators Adamu Gumba (Bauchi South), Joshua Lidani (Gombe South), Ibrahim Gobir (PDP, Sokoto East) and Sani Salleh (APC, Kaduna Central) amongst others. Some of the senators who will not be returning as a result of their foray into the ...

Daily Sun

Daily Sun
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 19:15:45 -0800

Sokoto State Governor, Alhaji Aliyu Magatakarda Wamakko yesterday picked the All Progressives Congress (APC) ticket to contest for Sokoto North Senatorial seat in the forthcoming general elections. The governor was elected by no fewer than 2,432 ...
 
Leadership Newspapers
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 13:33:29 -0800

In the area of commerce, the Wamakko Administration is attempting to build the achievements of Sarki Abdulrahman during whose reign as Sarkin Gobir of Gwadabawa, Illela, the border town grew into an urban and commercial centre, with the current effort ...
 
The Worldfolio
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 03:03:45 -0800

Based in Gobir, a leading city-state, Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio was an urbanized ethnic Fulani and a leader of the Maliki school of Islam. The prominent, radical mallam was an outspoken advocate of action against the repressive authorities and called for ...
 
Vanguard
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 02:35:14 -0800

NAN reports that Tambuwal was accompanied to the event by some of his colleagues at the House of Representatives. Sen. Ibrahim Gobir (APC-Sokoto), who currently represents the Sokoto East Senatorial Zone on Friday in Sokoto submitted his completed ...

spyghana.com

spyghana.com
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 21:03:45 -0800

The JTB Secretary, who was represented by a director of the board, Hajiya Zainab Gobir, however, commended the management of the state Internal Revenue Board for its efforts to increase revenue generation in the state. Do you have a story or an article ...
 
Nigerian Tribune
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 04:33:22 -0800

The Deputy Chief Imam is titled “IMAM IMALE (MALI), originally from Republic of Mali. The third in hierarchy is Imam Gambari (Hausa) said to have migrated from Hausa/Gobir/Kanuri land. However, the Yoruba who own the land, who constitute 90 per cent of ...
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