digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Gilroy, California
City
City of Gilroy
Old City Hall in April 2014
Old City Hall in April 2014
Flag of Gilroy, California
Flag
Official seal of Gilroy, California
Seal
Nickname(s): "Garlic Capital of the Nation and World"
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°0′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.01194°N 121.58000°W / 37.01194; -121.58000Coordinates: 37°0′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.01194°N 121.58000°W / 37.01194; -121.58000
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Santa Clara
Incorporated March 12, 1870[1]
Government
 • Mayor Don Gage[2]
 • City Administrator Tom Haglund
Area[3]
 • Total 16.156 sq mi (41.845 km2)
 • Land 16.146 sq mi (41.819 km2)
 • Water 0.010 sq mi (0.027 km2)  0.06%
Elevation[4] 200 ft (61 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 48,821
 • Density 3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95020-95021
Area code(s) 408/669
FIPS code 06-29504
GNIS feature IDs 277523, 2410591
Website www.ci.gilroy.ca.us

Gilroy /ˈɡɪl.rɔɪ/ is the southernmost city in Santa Clara County, California. The city's population was 48,821 at the 2010 United States Census.

Gilroy is well known for its garlic crop and for the annual Gilroy Garlic Festival, featuring various garlicky foods, including garlic ice cream. Gilroy also produces mushrooms in considerable quantity. Gilroy's nickname is "Garlic Capital of the World". Boutique wine production is a large part of Gilroy's western portion, mostly consisting of family estates around the base of the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west. [6]

History[edit]

Spanish explorers led by Juan Bautista de Anza first passed through the Santa Clara Valley area in the 1776, and in 1797 Mission San Juan Bautista was established near the Pajaro River. In 1809, Ygnacio Ortega was granted the 13,066-acre (5,288 ha) Spanish land concession Rancho San Ysidro. The village of San Ysidro (not to be confused with the present-day San Diego community) grew nearby, at the foot of Pacheco Pass which linked the El Camino Real and the Santa Clara Valley with the San Joaquin Valley. California's main exports at this time were hides and tallow, of which thousands of barrels were produced and shipped to the rest of New Spain. Trade and diplomatic intercourse with foreigners was strictly forbidden by the royal government but was quietly carried on by Californians desperate for luxury goods.


John Gilroy[edit]

During the War of 1812, the armed merchantman Isaac Todd[7] was sent by the North West Company to seize Fort Astoria, an American trading post at the mouth of the Columbia River. The ship, with a Royal Navy escort, departed from Portsmouth, England, made its way around Cape Horn and proceeded up the Pacific coast of the Americas, stopping at Spanish ports for supplies along the way. In January 1814, having fallen behind its escort, the Isaac Todd arrived at Monterey, California, Spanish colonial government center for Alta California. During the visit, ordinary seaman John Gilroy (a Scotsman who had changed his name from John Cameron when he went to sea to avoid recognition) either (depending on the historical source) jumped ship[8] or was left ashore to recover from scurvy.[9]

John Gilroy (1794–1869) spent the next few years moving around among the missions, pueblos and ranchos, plying his trade as a cooper (barrel maker). At first, by his own account in an 1856 letter to Thomas O. Larkin, Gilroy was one of only two English-speakers resident in Alta California.[10] Eventually, he found his way to Rancho San Ysidro, converted to Roman Catholicism and became the first naturalized English-speaking settler in Alta California. In 1821, the same year Mexico won its independence from Spain, Gilroy married a daughter of his employer, ranchero Ygnacio Ortega. Upon Ygnacio's death in 1833, the rancho was divided among his three children - including Gilroy's wife Maria Clara. In 1867, under U.S. property law, the Rancho San Ysidro (Gilroy) was patented to John Gilroy.

The settlement now known as "Old Gilroy" grew up around Gilroy's rancho complex and, after the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, Gilroy served as alcalde of the village.[11]

After the Gold Rush[edit]

When gold was discovered in 1848 in the Sierra Nevada foothills, the trickle of immigrants from the eastern states and abroad became a flood. As many of the earlier Mexican and Californio landowners sold off their land, lost it to squatters, or were dispossessed through title hearings, the area around San Ysidro became known as Pleasant Valley. On March 12, 1870 it was officially incorporated by the state legislature as the town of Gilroy (John Gilroy had died in 1869[12]). By then the town center had been relocated west of the El Camino Real (Old Gilroy is today a sparsely populated agricultural area). Cattle ranching and timber from the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains were important to the economy for some time but, as in the rest of the valley, agriculture was the town's greatest source of income. Farming remains significant, but in the 1970s the city began evolving into a bedroom community for Silicon Valley to the north.

There are a number of extant historical buildings dating from the mid-19th century. Built in 1857, the Christian Church at 160 Fifth Street is the oldest wood framed church in Santa Clara County in continuous use. Blacksmith George Eustice's house at 213 Fifth Street was constructed in 1869; Eustice was an American Civil War veteran who fought at Gettysburg. Samuel Moore was a long time Gilroy postmaster, whose home was built in the 1870s at 7151 Church Street[13] (an apartment complex now stands at the site where the house was built[14]). Nearby to the northeast is the historic resort site Gilroy Yamato Hot Springs, developed in the late 19th century (now closed to the public).

Geography[edit]

Gilroy is located at 37°00′43″N 121°34′48″W / 37.012048°N 121.580080°W / 37.012048; -121.580080.[15] It is approximately 26 km (16 mi) south of San Jose, California (Bailey Avenue (37.206770, -121.729150) to Monterey/Day Road (37.038210, -121.584480)) on U.S. Route 101 and 31 km (19 mi) inland from the Pacific Coast. Lying in a southern extension of the Santa Clara Valley at an elevation of about 61 m (200 ft) above MSL, it is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west and the Diablo Range to the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.2 square miles (42 km2). 16.1 square miles (42 km2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.

Contributing to environmental noise are primarily U.S. Route 101, El Camino Real, Leavesley Road and other major arterials. The number of people exposed to sound levels above 60 CNEL is approximately 4,000.[16]

Climate[edit]

Due to the moderating influence of the Pacific Ocean, Gilroy enjoys a warm, Mediterranean climate. Temperatures range from an average midsummer maximum of 32.3 °C (90.2 °F) to an average midwinter low of 0.9 °C (33.6 °F). Average annual precipitation is 480 mm (18.9 in), and the summer months are typically dry. Snowfall is rare, about once every 20 years, and is light and short-lived when it occurs. Summer months are characterized by coastal fog which arrives from the ocean around 10 p.m. and dissipates the next morning by 10 a.m. Winter months have many sunny and partly cloudy days, with frequent breaks between rainstorms. The local terrain is inconducive to tornadoes, severe windstorms, and thunderstorms. The local climate supports chaparral and grassland biomes, with stands of live oak at higher elevations.

Average temperatures in December, the coldest month, are a maximum of 60 °F (16 °C) and a minimum of 38 °F (3 °C). Average temperatures in July, the hottest month, are a maximum of 88 °F (31 °C) and a minimum of 55 °F (13 °C). There are an average of 7.4 days with highs of 100 °F ( 37.7 °C) or higher and an average of 17.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature of 115 °F was on July 15, 1972. The record low temperature of 17 °F was on December 22–24, 1990.[17]

There are an average of 60 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 37.76 inches and the dryest year was 1977 with 11.17 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 14.64 inches in January 1914.[18]

Climate data for Gilroy, California (1906–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 60
(16)
64
(18)
67
(19)
72
(22)
78
(26)
84
(29)
88
(31)
88
(31)
86
(30)
79
(26)
68
(20)
60
(16)
74.5
(23.7)
Average low °F (°C) 37
(3)
41
(5)
43
(6)
44
(7)
49
(9)
52
(11)
54
(12)
54
(12)
53
(12)
48
(9)
42
(6)
37
(3)
46.2
(7.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.70
(119.4)
3.74
(95)
3.24
(82.3)
1.40
(35.6)
.39
(9.9)
.10
(2.5)
.05
(1.3)
.05
(1.3)
.32
(8.1)
.90
(22.9)
2.21
(56.1)
3.72
(94.5)
20.83
(529.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ .01 in) 10 9 9 6 2 1 0 0 1 3 6 9 58
Avg. rainy days (≥ .1 in) 7 6 6 3 1 0 0 0 1 2 4 6 37
Source: NOAA [17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,625
1880 1,621 −0.2%
1890 1,694 4.5%
1900 1,820 7.4%
1910 2,437 33.9%
1920 2,862 17.4%
1930 3,502 22.4%
1940 3,615 3.2%
1950 4,951 37.0%
1960 7,348 48.4%
1970 12,684 72.6%
1980 25,769 103.2%
1990 26,303 2.1%
2000 41,464 57.6%
2010 48,821 17.7%
Est. 2011 49,582 1.6%
[1]
2011 estimate

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[19] reported that Gilroy had a population of 48,821. The population density was 3,021.7 people per square mile (1,166.7/km2). The racial makeup of Gilroy was 28,674 (58.7%) White, 942 (1.9%) African American, 831 (1.7%) Native American, 3,448 (7.1%) Asian, 111 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 12,322 (25.2%) from other races, and 2,493 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28,214 persons (57.8%).

The Census reported that 48,015 people (98.3% of the population) lived in households, 642 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 164 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,175 households, out of which 7,111 (50.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 8,160 (57.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,212 (15.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 964 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 996 (7.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 102 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,136 households (15.1%) were made up of individuals and 908 (6.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39. There were 11,336 families (80.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.69.

The population was spread out with 14,983 people (30.7%) under the age of 18, 4,514 people (9.2%) aged 18 to 24, 14,104 people (28.9%) aged 25 to 44, 11,122 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,098 people (8.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.4 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

There were 14,854 housing units at an average density of 919.4 per square mile (355.0/km2), of which 8,624 (60.8%) were owner-occupied, and 5,551 (39.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 27,798 people (56.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 20,217 people (41.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile[20] 2010
Total Population 48,821 - 100.0%
One Race 46,328 - 94.9%
Not Hispanic or Latino 20,607 - 42.2%
White alone 15,335 - 31.4%
Black or African American alone 709 - 1.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 180 - 0.4%
Asian alone 3,265 - 6.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 86 - 0.2%
Some other race alone 58 - 0.1%
Two or more races alone 974 - 2.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 28,214 - 57.8%

2000[edit]

As of the United States 2000 Census,[21] there were 41,464 people, 11,869 households, and 9,590 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,615.2 per square mile (1,010.1/km2). There were 12,152 housing units at an average density of 766.5 per square mile (296.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 58.9% White, 1.8% African American, 1.6% Native American, 4.4% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 27.7% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. 53.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,869 households out of which 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.46 and the average family size was 3.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,401, and the median income for a family was $80,371. Males had a median income of $45,759 versus $34,710 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,071. About 7.3% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under 18 and 6.5% of those 65 and older.

Economy[edit]

The unemployment rate in Gilroy, CA, is 15.30%, with job growth of -1.48%. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 21.74%.

Two of the largest employers in Gilroy are Christopher Ranch and Olam Spices & Vegetables.[22]

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

International Relations[edit]

Gilroy is twinned with:

Parks and recreation[edit]

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Gilroy is located in the 17th Senate District, represented by Democrat Bill Monning, and in the 30th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Luis Alejo. Federally, Gilroy is divided between California's 19th congressional district, represented by Zoe Lofgren (DSan Jose) and California's 20th congressional district, represented by Sam Farr (DCarmel).

Education[edit]

  • Gavilan College
  • Gilroy Unified School District
  • Gilroy High School
  • Gilroy Early College Academy (GECA)
  • Christopher High School
  • Mt. Madonna High School
  • South Valley Middle School
  • Brownell Middle School
  • Ascencion Solorsano Middle School
  • Rucker Elementary School
  • Elliot Elementary School
  • Glen View Elementary School
  • Las Animas Elementary School
  • Antonio del Buono Elementary School
  • Luigi Aprea Elementary School
  • El Roble Elementary School
  • Rod Kelley Elementary School

Public libraries[edit]

Santa Clara County Library operates the Gilroy Library.[23]

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Online[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "City Council". City of Gilroy. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Gilroy". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010" (Excel). California Department of Finance. Retrieved March 22, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Gilroy Wine Trail". web site. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Article - "Isaac Todd"". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  8. ^ "Historical plaque". E Clampus Vitus Chapter 1850. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  9. ^ "San Francisco History - The Beginning". San Francisco Genealogy. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  10. ^ Everett Thomas Oliver Larkin, Gordon Hager, Anna Marie Hager (1951). The Larkin Papers. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. pp. 286–87. 
  11. ^ "South County towns' names rich in history". Gilroy Dispatch. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  12. ^ "A trip to the gold mines of California in 1848". California, First Person Narratives. Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  13. ^ Santa Clara County Heritage Resource Inventory, Santa Clara County Historical Heritage Commission, published by Santa Clara County, San Jose, Ca., June, 1979
  14. ^ http://www.redfin.com/CA/Gilroy/7151-Church-St-95020/home/1640672
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Ballard George and Marc Papineau, Noise Element of the General Plan, Earth Metrics, published by the city of Gilroy (1982)
  17. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  18. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca3417
  19. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Gilroy city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  20. ^ http://www.bayareacensus.ca.gov "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  22. ^ Cover Page and City of Gilroy Introduction
  23. ^ "Welcome to the Gilroy Library." Santa Clara County Library. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  24. ^ "Gilroy and Morgan Hill Service". Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  25. ^ "Caltrain timetable effective April 2, 2007". Caltrain. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  26. ^ "Train & Bus Schedules". Amtrak California. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  27. ^ "Line 55 Monterey - San Jose Express". Monterey-Salinas Transit. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  28. ^ "Intercounty Routes". San Benito County Express. Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilroy,_California — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
84460 videos foundNext > 

Gilroy, California

Gilroy is centrally located within a short driving distance of Monterey Bay, Santa Cruz, the San Joaquin Valley, and the San Francisco Bay Area. Gilroy is be...

High-Altitude Balloon Launch from Gilroy, CA

On October 12, 2013 a group of friends launched a high-altitude balloon from Christmas Hill Park in Gilroy, CA. Attached to the balloon was a small box carry...

Gilroy, California

Video 1370 of a reality travel show with your host David Rush. Go to www.davidrush.net.

Gilroy, CA

Gilroy, CA.

Drunk Driver DUI BMW HWY 101 South Gilroy CA 95020 01/24/2012

Shot this video of a drunk driver on HWY 101 S Gilroy CA. The vehicle ended up in a ditch. Driver was meet by 3 CHP officers shortly after.

Family Trip At Gilroy Gardens in Gilroy, CA (August 9, 2011)

Watch in HQ (480p). In this video, it shows me and my family travel to Gilroy Gardens in Gilroy, CA. I never been here in a long time. It was pretty much the...

Junior klan!.Gilroy California.7-11-14

7-11-2014..Gilroy California.

Amtrak - Coast Starlight - Gilroy, California

Summer 1989 - Amtrak Coast Starlight #244 headed south from Gilroy to Salinas and onto Los Angeles, on a mid-morning run-by. This was filmed from the Old Bol...

Dentist Gilroy California | Dr. Richard Gallagher | (408) 846-5887 | Gilroy CA Dentist

Dentist Gilroy California - Dr. Richard Gallagher is a local dental practicioner who servies the Gilroy CA community. He is devoted to providing all of his p...

Discover Gilroy California

Video commercial showcasing Gilroy California. Gilroy is strategically located in southern Silicon Valley, approximately 25 miles south of San Jose, Californ...

84460 videos foundNext > 

188 news items

KSBW The Central Coast

KSBW The Central Coast
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 17:00:00 -0700

FRESNO, Calif. —California farmers who spray a widely used insecticide on some of the state's most abundant crops may soon have to overcome the nation's steepest restrictions or find another pest killer, officials said Thursday. Regulators are ...

MyWabashValley

MyWabashValley
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

You could find almost anything you need in fruits and vegetables, including fresh garlic from nearby Gilroy, California, the self-proclaimed garlic capital of the country. But there was much more including candy, nuts and locally produced wines. We ...
 
Daily Journal
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 06:30:00 -0700

GILROY, California — Crews are battling a large fire that is burning hay and wood pallets in Gilroy. The flames were reported Wednesday morning and were visible from Highway 101. KNTV in San Jose (http://bit.ly/1otHkbw) says the fire was burning on a ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 08:00:00 -0700

For her 2011 book, The American Way of Eating, author Tracie McMillan spent three weeks in America's garlic capital, Gilroy, California, shuffling on her knees, yanking, clipping and trimming garlic roots. She developed tennis elbow, had horrific ...
 
UI The Daily Iowan
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 01:03:45 -0700

The Gilroy, California, native has had to shoulder some of the slack caused by injuries, switching among a numbers of different spots up and down the lineup. Now facing her final home game as a Hawkeye on Saturday, Hemeon has welcomed her new role ...
 
CalHiSports.com (subscription)
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 16:48:45 -0700

After a few years out west at Gavilan C.C. in Gilroy, California junior college prospect Armani Miller is ready to return to the Midwest to finish his college football career and Indiana is a school that is standing out for him. Peegs.com had a chance ...

Yahoo News

Yahoo News
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 00:01:09 -0700

Firefighters from multiple crews battle a blaze in a pallet yard in Gilroy, California. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). 5. . North Korean Detainee Back on U.S. Soil. 1:17. Now watching Up next. North Korean Detainee Back on U.S. Soil. Jeffrey Fowle ...
 
Juneau Empire (subscription)
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 08:33:45 -0700

It's from Gilroy, California, which bills itself as the garlic capital of the world.) The Juneau garlic lovers then graciously offer us dinner, even though we didn't bring anything to the potluck. We have garlic bread, garlic asparagus, garlic pasta ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!