Emblem of the Ghana Immigration Service
|Jurisdiction||Republic of Ghana|
|Headquarters||Independence Avenue, Accra,
Greater Accra, Ghana
|Parent Department||Ministry of Interior (Ghana)|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Ghana Immigration Service (GIS) is an organization under the Ministry of the Interior of Ghana which regulates the country's dealings with non-citizens. The service also advises on and ensures the effective implementation of all laws and regulations pertaining to immigration and related issues.
Prior to Ghana's independence from Britain, the service was known as the Immigration and Passport Unit, and was under the auspices of the Colonial Police Force of the British-ruled Gold Coast. The unit was headed by Mr. Nevile C. Hill.
After the country gained independence in 1957, the expansion of the Ghanaian economy increased the number of foreign businessmen trading in the country. Again, because of Ghana's lead in the emancipation of the African continent from colonial rule, the number of tourists visiting the country, particularly from neighbouring African states, also increased. To control this influx, a Cabinet decision in 1960 moved the Immigration and Passport Unit to the Ministry of the Interior as a department. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs took over the issuing of passports after the change.
Three years after the Immigration Service was moved to the Ministry of Interior, the Aliens Act 1963 (Act 160) was enacted to give legal backing to immigration operations. The Ghana Immigration Service was established in 1989 under PNDC Law 226. The service has a statutory mandate to regulate and monitor the entry, residence, employment and exit of foreigners in the country. The passage of the Immigration Act of 2000 (Act 573) expanded the functions and roles of the Service to include giving Indefinite Residence and Right of Abode facilities to foreigners.
Functions of the service
The Immigration Service is charged with handling all the needs that relate to the country's dealings with non-citizens. The functions of the service are:
- to create conducive environments, through the establishment of regulatory frameworks that facilitate the entry, residence and employment of foreigners in Ghana
- to promote socio-cultural and economic development, by drawing a tangent between the promotion of tourism, foreign direct investments, international business and technological transfer without compromising on national security.
Head of the service
The Immigration Service is headed by Director of Immigration COP, Dr. Peter Alexander Wiredu.
- Ministry of Interior (Ghana)
- Refugee Board (Ghana)
- Immigration to Ghana
- Illegal immigration in Ghana
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