"Freedom and Justice"
God Bless Our Homeland Ghana
|-||1957||Charles Noble Arden-Clarke|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|-||Independence||6 March 1957|
|-||Republic||1 July 1960|
|Currency||BWA pound (1957–1958)
Ghanaian pound (from 1958)
Part of a series on the
|History of Ghana|
|Years in Ghana|
When British rule ended in 1957, Ghana was given independence as a Commonwealth realm, which persisted until the promulgation of the 1960 constitution. A referendum was held on 27 April 1960, with 88.47% percent of the Ghanaian people voting in favour of a republic, 11.53% against. The republic was declared on 1 July 1960. During the commonwealth realm phase, the British monarch remained head of state of Ghana, and was represented in Ghana by a governor-general. The following governors-general held office in Ghana during the commonwealth realm period:
- Charles Noble Arden-Clarke (6 March – 24 June 1957)
- William Francis Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel (24 June 1957 – 1 July 1960)
Kwame Nkrumah held office as prime minister (and head of government). Following the abolition of the monarchy, a Presidential election was held, which Nkrumah won, and subsequently he became the first President of Ghana.
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