Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov (Russian: Гео́ргий Никола́евич Флёров, IPA: [gʲɪˈorgʲɪj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ ˈflʲɵrəf], also written as Georgii Nikolayevich Flerov; March 2, 1913 – November 19, 1990) was a prominent Soviet Russian nuclear physicist. In 2012, he was honored as the namesake for flerovium.
Flyorov was born in Rostov-on-Don and attended the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now known as the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University) and majored in thermal physics and nuclear physics.
He is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942 and pointing out the conspicuous silence within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany (a real-life example of the curious incident of the dog in the night-time from the Sherlock Holmes story Silver Blaze). Flyorov's urgings to "build the uranium bomb without delay" eventually led to the development of the USSR's own atomic bomb project.
He was one of the discoverers of spontaneous fission. He also claimed as his discovery two transition metal elements: seaborgium and bohrium.
He founded the Flyorov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions in Dubna in 1957, and acted as director there until 1989. Also during this period, he chaired the Scientific Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Honours and awards
- This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
- ^ Brown, Mark (6 June 2011). "Two Ultraheavy Elements Added to Periodic Table". Wired. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=Cky2x4wWvEUC&pg=PT86&lpg=PT86&dq=Flyorov+Stalin+letter&source=bl&ots=3ZC2VkmG0S&sig=nmbjhp6zGkCWsp6riGdW0QLlDYs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6haTUaqKDI-M0QHYpYHgDA&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAg
- ^ http://docs.nrdc.org/nuclear/files/nuc_01019501a_138.pdf
- ^ Yu. Ts. Oganesyan, Yu. P. Tret’yakov, A. S. Il’inov, A. G. Demin, A. A. Pleve, S. P. Tret’yakova, V. M. Plofko, M. P. Ivanov, N. A. Danilov, Yu. S. Korotkin, and G. N. Flerov, Synthesis of Neutron-deficient Isotopes of Fermium, Kurchatovium and Element 106, Письма в Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики (Pis’ma v Zhurnal Eksperimental’noi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki, Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (JETP) Letters), 20(1974)580-585 (in Russian, English translation pp. 265–266)
- ^ Yu. Ts. Oganesyan, A. G. Demin, N. A. Danilov, M. P. Ivanov, A. S. Il’inov, N. N. Kolesnikov, B. N. Markov, V. M. Plotko, S. P. Tret’yakova, and G. N. Flerov, Experiments on the Synthesis of Element 107, Письма в Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики (Pis’ma v Zhurnal Eksperimental’noi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki, Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (JETP) Letters), 23(1976)306-309 (in Russian, English translation pp. 277–279)
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