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For other people of the same name, see Flyorov.
Georgy Flyorov
RUSMARKA-1660.jpg
Georgy Flyorov on a 2013 Russian stamp
Born Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov
2 March 1913
Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died 19 November 1990 (aged 77)
Moscow, Russian Soviet Socialist Republic
Citizenship Russia-Soviet Union
Nationality Russia
Fields Thermal and Nuclear Physics
Institutions Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Alma mater St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University
Known for Soviet atomic bomb project

Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov (Russian: Гео́ргий Никола́евич Флёров; IPA: [gʲɪˈorgʲɪj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ ˈflʲɵrəf], also written as Georgii Nikolayevich Flerov; 2 March 1913 – 19 November 1990) was a prominent Soviet Russian nuclear physicist. In 2012, he was honored as the namesake for flerovium.[1]

Biography[edit]

Flyorov was born in Rostov-on-Don and attended the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now known as the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University) and majored in thermal physics and nuclear physics.

He is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942 and pointing out the conspicuous silence within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany.[2] Flyorov's urgings to "build the uranium bomb without delay"[3] eventually led to the development of the Soviet atomic bomb project.

He discovered spontaneous fission in 1940 with Konstantin Petrzhak. He also claimed as his discovery two transition metal elements: seaborgium[4] and bohrium.[5]

He founded the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (now the Flyorov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions) in Dubna in 1957, and was director there until 1989. Also during this period, he chaired the Scientific Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, Mark (6 June 2011). "Two Ultraheavy Elements Added to Periodic Table". Wired. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Kean, Sam (12 July 2010). The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements. Little, Brown. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-0-316-08908-1. 
  3. ^ Cochran TB et al. (1995) Making the Russian bomb from Stalin to Yeltsin. Natural Resources Defense Council
  4. ^ Oganesyan Yu.Ts., Tret'yakov Yu.P., M'inov A.S., Demin A.G., A.A. Pleve A.A., Tret'yakova S.P., Plotko V.M., Ivanov M.P., Danilov N.A., Korotkin Yu.S., Flerov G.N. (1974). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters 20 (8): 265.  Original Russian version.
  5. ^ Oganesyan Yu.Ts., Demin A.G., Danilov N.A., Ivanov M.P., Il'inov A.S., Kolesnikov N.N., Markov B.M., Plotko V.M., Tret'yakova S.P., Flerov G.N. (1976). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters 23 (5): 277.  Original Russian version.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgy_Flyorov — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4 videos found

Introductive bits

Sobre mim, microondas, pastéis e Georgy Flyorov. O parque de cachorros: http://nightvale.wikia.com/wiki/the_dog_park O Ig Nobel: http://www.improbable.com/ig/

Надежда Сергеевна Семашко учитель информатики МБОУ г. Дубны лицей №6 им. Г.Н. Флёрова

Видеоролик на конкурс, на присуждение премии Губернатора Московской области «Лучший учитель-предметник и лучший учитель начальных классов»

Яна Рудольфовна Туманян учитель биологии МБОУ г. Дубны Московской области, лицей №6 им. Г.Н. Флёрова

Видеоролик на конкурс, на присуждение премии Губернатора Московской области «Лучший учитель-предметник и лучший учитель начальных классов»

Flerovium (NEW ELEMENT!) - Periodic Table of Videos

Element 114 now has an official name and symbol on the periodic table. And Brady asks the question, would you rather win a Nobel Prize or have an element nam...

4 videos found

19 news items

San Diego Entertainer Magazine

San Diego Entertainer Magazine
Tue, 06 May 2014 13:45:46 -0700

They are: 113, temporarily named ununtrium, in 2003; 114, permanently named flerovium, with a symbol of Fl, named after Soviet physicist Georgy Flyorov, in 1999; 115, temporarily named ununpentium, in 2003; 116, permanently named livermorium, with a ...
 
LiveScience.com
Thu, 21 Nov 2013 15:11:58 -0800

Word origin: Flerovium is named for Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov, founder of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, where the element was discovered. Discovery: Flerovium was first produced in 1998 and announced in 1999 by Joint ...

GPB (blog)

GPB (blog)
Wed, 28 Aug 2013 05:33:45 -0700

Others are named for their discoverers, like flerovium, which honors Georgy Flyorov. Element 115 was created recently with the aide of scientists from Lund University, so it will be interesting to see if the element is named “lundium” or something similar.
 
Wired.co.uk
Mon, 06 Jun 2011 03:49:58 -0700

A committee of international chemists and physicists have officially added two new elements to the periodic table: the ultra-weighty elements 114 and 116. They're the heaviest members of the table yet, with whopping atomic weights of 289 and 292 atomic ...
 
Forbes
Mon, 07 Nov 2011 07:14:52 -0800

Elements 110, 111, and 112 on the Periodic Table of Elements were discovered some time ago, but their names in the Periodic Table of Elements have been the difficult to pronounce names Ununnilium, Unununium, and Ununbium. They're part of the ...
 
Examiner.com
Fri, 01 Jun 2012 20:05:25 -0700

Element 114, formerly known by its systematic name ununquadium, now has the official name flevorium and the chemical symbol Fl. The element is named after Soviet physicist Georgy Flyorov, the founder of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna ...
 
Descopera
Sat, 03 Dec 2011 23:33:00 -0800

Dacă numele vor fi aprobate, elementul cu numărul atomic 114 va deveni Fleroviu (Fl), denumire aleasă în cinstea renumitului fizician rus Georgy Flyorov, co-fondatorul laboratorului de cercetări nucleare din Dubna, Rusia, unde a fost descoperit elementul.
 
Galileo
Wed, 08 Jun 2011 00:04:38 -0700

Da oggi, gli studenti di tutte le scuole avranno due nomi in più da memorizzare, quando si confronteranno con l'abc della chimica. A 10 anni dalla loro scoperta, infatti, fanno il loro ingresso nella tavola periodica degli elementi due nuovi atomi ...
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