For other people of the same name, see Flyorov
Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov (Russian: Гео́ргий Никола́евич Флёров; IPA: [gʲɪˈorgʲɪj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ ˈflʲɵrəf], also written as Georgii Nikolayevich Flerov; 2 March 1913 – 19 November 1990) was a prominent Soviet Russian nuclear physicist. In 2012, he was honored as the namesake for flerovium.
Flyorov was born in Rostov-on-Don and attended the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now known as the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University) and majored in thermal physics and nuclear physics.
He is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942 and pointing out the conspicuous silence within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany. Flyorov's urgings to "build the uranium bomb without delay" eventually led to the development of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
He discovered spontaneous fission in 1940 with Konstantin Petrzhak. He also claimed as his discovery two transition metal elements: seaborgium and bohrium.
He founded the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (now the Flyorov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions) in Dubna in 1957, and was director there until 1989. Also during this period, he chaired the Scientific Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Honours and awards
- This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
- ^ Brown, Mark (6 June 2011). "Two Ultraheavy Elements Added to Periodic Table". Wired. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- ^ Kean, Sam (12 July 2010). The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements. Little, Brown. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-0-316-08908-1.
- ^ Cochran TB et al. (1995) Making the Russian bomb from Stalin to Yeltsin. Natural Resources Defense Council
- ^ Oganesyan Yu.Ts., Tret'yakov Yu.P., M'inov A.S., Demin A.G., A.A. Pleve A.A., Tret'yakova S.P., Plotko V.M., Ivanov M.P., Danilov N.A., Korotkin Yu.S., Flerov G.N. (1974). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters 20 (8): 265. Original Russian version.
- ^ Oganesyan Yu.Ts., Demin A.G., Danilov N.A., Ivanov M.P., Il'inov A.S., Kolesnikov N.N., Markov B.M., Plotko V.M., Tret'yakova S.P., Flerov G.N. (1976). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters 23 (5): 277. Original Russian version.
Fri, 29 Nov 2013 00:00:39 -0800
This laboratory was named to honor Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov. Flerovium can only be found in very special laboratories because it decays so rapidly. Despite the large size of its atoms, no one has seen flerovium so no one knows what it looks like.
San Diego Entertainer Magazine
San Diego Entertainer Magazine
Tue, 06 May 2014 13:45:46 -0700
They are: 113, temporarily named ununtrium, in 2003; 114, permanently named flerovium, with a symbol of Fl, named after Soviet physicist Georgy Flyorov, in 1999; 115, temporarily named ununpentium, in 2003; 116, permanently named livermorium, with a ...
Thu, 21 Nov 2013 15:11:58 -0800
Word origin: Flerovium is named for Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov, founder of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, where the element was discovered. Discovery: Flerovium was first produced in 1998 and announced in 1999 by Joint ...
Wed, 28 Aug 2013 05:42:15 -0700
Others are named for their discoverers, like flerovium, which honors Georgy Flyorov. Element 115 was created recently with the aide of scientists from Lund University, so it will be interesting to see if the element is named “lundium” or something similar.
Mon, 06 Jun 2011 03:49:58 -0700
A committee of international chemists and physicists have officially added two new elements to the periodic table: the ultra-weighty elements 114 and 116. They're the heaviest members of the table yet, with whopping atomic weights of 289 and 292 atomic ...
Mon, 07 Nov 2011 07:14:52 -0800
Elements 110, 111, and 112 on the Periodic Table of Elements were discovered some time ago, but their names in the Periodic Table of Elements have been the difficult to pronounce names Ununnilium, Unununium, and Ununbium. They're part of the ...
Fri, 01 Jun 2012 20:05:25 -0700
Element 114, formerly known by its systematic name ununquadium, now has the official name flevorium and the chemical symbol Fl. The element is named after Soviet physicist Georgy Flyorov, the founder of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna ...
Sat, 03 Dec 2011 23:33:00 -0800
Dacă numele vor fi aprobate, elementul cu numărul atomic 114 va deveni Fleroviu (Fl), denumire aleasă în cinstea renumitului fizician rus Georgy Flyorov, co-fondatorul laboratorului de cercetări nucleare din Dubna, Rusia, unde a fost descoperit elementul.
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