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For other people of the same name, see Flyorov.
Georgy Flyorov
Georgy Flyorov on a 2013 Russian stamp
Born Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov
2 March 1913
Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died 19 November 1990 (aged 77)
Moscow, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
Citizenship Russia-Soviet Union
Nationality Soviet
Fields Thermal and Nuclear Physics
Institutions Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Alma mater St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University
Known for Soviet atomic bomb project

Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov (Russian: Гео́ргий Никола́евич Флёров; IPA: [gʲɪˈorgʲɪj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ ˈflʲɵrəf], also written as Georgii Nikolayevich Flerov; 2 March 1913 – 19 November 1990) was a prominent Soviet nuclear physicist. In 2012, he was honored as the namesake for flerovium.[1]


Flyorov was born in Rostov-on-Don and attended the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now known as the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University) and majored in thermal physics and nuclear physics.

He is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942, while serving as an air force lieutenant, and pointing out the conspicuous silence within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany.[2] Flyorov's urgings to "build the uranium bomb without delay"[3] eventually led to the development of the Soviet atomic bomb project.

He discovered spontaneous fission in 1940 with Konstantin Petrzhak. He also claimed as his discovery two transition metal elements: seaborgium[4] and bohrium.[5]

He founded the Flyorov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (FLNR), one of the main labs of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in 1957, and was director there until 1989. Also during this period, he chaired the Scientific Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

Honours and awards[edit]


  1. ^ Brown, Mark (6 June 2011). "Two Ultraheavy Elements Added to Periodic Table". Wired. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Kean, Sam (12 July 2010). The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements. Little, Brown. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-0-316-08908-1. 
  3. ^ Cochran TB et al. (1995) Making the Russian bomb from Stalin to Yeltsin. Natural Resources Defense Council
  4. ^ Oganesyan Yu.Ts., Tret'yakov Yu.P., M'inov A.S., Demin A.G., A.A. Pleve A.A., Tret'yakova S.P., Plotko V.M., Ivanov M.P., Danilov N.A., Korotkin Yu.S., Flerov G.N. (1974). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters 20 (8): 265. Bibcode:1974JETPL..20..265O.  Original Russian version.
  5. ^ Oganesyan Yu.Ts., Demin A.G., Danilov N.A., Ivanov M.P., Il'inov A.S., Kolesnikov N.N., Markov B.M., Plotko V.M., Tret'yakova S.P., Flerov G.N. (1976). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters 23 (5): 277. Bibcode:1976JETPL..23..277O.  Original Russian version.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgy_Flyorov — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 videos found

Introductive bits

Flerovium - Video Learning - WizScience.com

"Flerovium" is a superheavy artificial chemical element with symbol "Fl" and atomic number 114. It is an extremely radioactive element that has only been ...

Надежда Сергеевна Семашко учитель информатики МБОУ г. Дубны лицей №6 им. Г.Н. Флёрова

Видеоролик на конкурс, на присуждение премии Губернатора Московской области «Лучший учитель-предметник...

Spontaneous fission

Spontaneous fission is a form of radioactive decay that is found only in very heavy chemical elements. The nuclear binding energy of the elements reaches its ...

Flerovium (NEW ELEMENT!) - Periodic Table of Videos

Element 114 now has an official name and symbol on the periodic table. And Brady asks the question, would you rather win a Nobel Prize or have an element ...

5 videos found

21 news items

The Ukrainian Weekly (press release) (subscription)
Fri, 15 May 2015 10:20:50 -0700

A short time later, a Soviet physicist, Georgy Flyorov, who had many friends in the West, noticed that Western physicists were no longer publishing their works in scientific journals. He deduced that such work had become classified and that the West ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 29 Nov 2013 00:00:39 -0800

This laboratory was named to honor Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov. Flerovium can only be found in very special laboratories because it decays so rapidly. Despite the large size of its atoms, no one has seen flerovium so no one knows what it looks like.


Thu, 21 Nov 2013 15:11:58 -0800

Word origin: Flerovium is named for Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov, founder of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, where the element was discovered. Discovery: Flerovium was first produced in 1998 and announced in 1999 by Joint ...


Thu, 09 Jun 2011 23:51:11 -0700

As Sam Kean, author of The Disappearing Spoon, a book about the periodic table, says, "From some of the whispers I've heard, they're going to name one of the elements after a scientist named Georgy Flyorov, and another after Moscow." Chemist Ken ...

GPB (blog)

GPB (blog)
Wed, 28 Aug 2013 05:42:15 -0700

Others are named for their discoverers, like flerovium, which honors Georgy Flyorov. Element 115 was created recently with the aide of scientists from Lund University, so it will be interesting to see if the element is named “lundium” or something similar.


Mon, 07 Nov 2011 07:14:52 -0800

Elements 110, 111, and 112 on the Periodic Table of Elements were discovered some time ago, but their names in the Periodic Table of Elements have been the difficult to pronounce names Ununnilium, Unununium, and Ununbium. They're part of the ...

San Diego Entertainer Magazine

San Diego Entertainer Magazine
Tue, 06 May 2014 13:45:46 -0700

They are: 113, temporarily named ununtrium, in 2003; 114, permanently named flerovium, with a symbol of Fl, named after Soviet physicist Georgy Flyorov, in 1999; 115, temporarily named ununpentium, in 2003; 116, permanently named livermorium, with a ...


Fri, 01 Jun 2012 20:05:25 -0700

Element 114, formerly known by its systematic name ununquadium, now has the official name flevorium and the chemical symbol Fl. The element is named after Soviet physicist Georgy Flyorov, the founder of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna ...

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