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This article is about the space station module. For the chapter of the Bible book, see Book of Genesis.
Genesis I
Image from one of the seven exterior cameras on Genesis I.
Station statistics
COSPAR ID 2006-029A
SATCAT № 29252[1]
Crew Unmanned
Launch 12 July 2006
14:53:30 UTC (3)
Launch pad Dombarovskiy base,
Russia (3)
Reentry 2013–2019 (4)
Mission status On orbit
Mass 1,360 kg (3,000 lb) (5)
Length 4.4 m (14.4 ft) (2)
Diameter 2.54 m (8.3 ft) (2)
Pressurised volume 11.5 m3 (406.1 cu ft) (2)
Atmospheric pressure 51.7 kPa (7.5 psi) (6)
Perigee 502 km (312 mi)[1]
Apogee 569 km (354 mi)[1]
Orbital inclination 64.51 degrees[1]
Average speed 7.56 kilometres per second (27,200 km/h; 16,900 mph)[1]
Orbital period 95.22 minutes[1]
Orbits per day 15.08[1]
Orbit epoch 13 December 2014[1]
Days in orbit 3083
Number of orbits 46292[1]
References: 1[2] 2[3] 3[4] 4[5] 5[6] 6[7]

Genesis I is an experimental space habitat designed and built by the private American firm Bigelow Aerospace and launched in 2006. It was the first module to be sent into orbit by the company, and is testing various systems, materials and techniques related to determining the viability of long-term inflatable space structures. Such structures, including this module and others built by Bigelow Aerospace, are based on the NASA TransHab design, which provides increased interior volume at a reduced launch diameter and potentially reduced mass compared to traditional rigid structures.

Spacecraft history[edit]

Genesis I was launched on 12 July 2006 at 14:53:30 UTC aboard an ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket, launched from Dombarovskiy missile base near Yasniy, Russia. Spacecraft control was transferred to Bigelow Aerospace at 15:08 UTC after a successful orbital insertion.[4] Designed as a one-third scale model of the full size BA 330, when in orbit the main body of the craft measures 4.4 meters (14.4 ft) long and 2.54 meters (8.3 ft) in diameter, with an interior habitable volume of 11.5 cubic meters (406.1 cu ft). As part of the expandable design, however, the module launched with a diameter of only 1.6 meters (5.2 ft), inflating to its full size after entering orbit.[8] The expansion process took approximately ten minutes.[5]

Genesis I suffered a major radiation event in December 2006 as a result of a "solar storm". Mission controllers were able to restart the system in time, though the situation was described as being "one fault away from the spacecraft being dead." Despite this, no lasting damage appears to have occurred and the spacecraft was operating in "excellent shape" as of March 2007.[9]

The spacecraft completed its 10,000th orbit on 8 May 2008, some 660 days after launch. By that time, Genesis I had traveled more than 430 million kilometers (270 million miles), the equivalent of going to the Moon and back 1,154 times, and had taken more than 14,000 images, including images of all seven continents. Its electrical equipment had been continuously powered since it first became operational.[10]

Although the design life of the spacecraft avionics was only six months, the avionics systems worked flawlessly for "over two and a half years" before failure. The data received after the first six months was a re-verification of the validation test suite that was accomplished during the design life period.[11]

In February 2011, Bigelow reported that the vehicle had "performed flawlessly in terms of pressure maintenance and thermal control-environmental containment."[12]

The orbital life was originally estimated to be 12 years, with a gradually decaying orbit resulting in re-entry into Earth's atmosphere and burn-up expected. As of November 2014, the vehicle remains in orbit.[13]

Systems[edit]

Genesis I is outfitted with eight GaAs solar panel arrays, four on each end of the craft, which produce one kilowatt total power[14] and maintain a 26 volt battery charge.[15] It carries thirteen cameras, seven externally to monitor the physical condition of the spacecraft, such as the outer shell and solar arrays, and six internally to photograph the various objects and experiments.[3] Internal systems established an atmospheric pressure of 7.5 psi (51.7 kPa)[7] and use passive thermal control to keep temperatures at an average of 26 °C (79 °F),[15] with observed limits of approximately 4.5 °C (40.1 °F) and 32 °C (90 °F).[16] Genesis I uses a single gas tank for its inflation system, and guidance/stabilization control is performed using a network of torque rods, sun sensors, GPS and a magnetometer.[17]

Payload[edit]

Aside from the various systems and monitoring equipment, Genesis I is orbiting with a wide variety of cargo. Bigelow employees contributed numerous photographs, toys, cards and other items, which can be seen in still images floating around the cabin. Bigelow also placed a life-sciences experiment on board, which contains four Madagascar hissing cockroaches (Gromphadorhina portentosa) and approximately 20 so-called Mexican jumping beans, which are seeds containing the live larva of the moth Cydia deshaisiana.[18][19] In addition, the company allowed NASA to include a prototype for the GeneSat series of nanosatellites. This device, called GeneBox, tested the systems and procedures that will be used on future GeneSat missions. While GeneBox carries no living organisms, future flights will use sensors and optics to measure how weightlessness affects genes and the genetic activity of cells and microscopic life.[20][21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "GENESIS 1 Satellite details 2006-029A NORAD 29252". N2YO. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Peat, Chris (27 December 2013). "GENESIS 1 - Orbit". Heavens-Above. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Genesis I Specs". BigelowAerospace.com. Retrieved February 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Russia inaugurates new space launch site". RussianSpaceWeb.com. July 17, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2007. 
  5. ^ a b David, Leonard (July 21, 2006). "Bigelow Aerospace's Genesis-1 Performing Well". Space.com. Retrieved June 30, 2007. 
  6. ^ Boyle, Alan (April 17, 2007). "Private space station test delayed till May". MSNBC.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2007. 
  7. ^ a b David, Leonard (July 13, 2006). "Bigelow's Genesis-1 Performing Well". LiveScience.com. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Genesis II Calls Home, Says It's Doing Fine". BigelowAerospace.com. June 28, 2007. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. 
  9. ^ David, Leonard (March 26, 2007). "Bigelow Aerospace Sets a Business Trajectory". Space.com. Retrieved August 6, 2007. 
  10. ^ Malik, Tariq (May 9, 2008). "Private Space Station Prototype Hits Orbital Milestone". Space.com. Retrieved May 9, 2008. 
  11. ^ Bigelow, Robert (interviewee) (December 1, 2011). Moonandback Interview With Robert Bigelow, Part 4 – Highlights and Plans (Podcast). Moonandback.com. Event occurs at 2:53. Retrieved December 19, 2011. 
  12. ^ Knapp, George (February 4, 2011). "I-Team: Bigelow Aerospace Begins Big Expansion". 8NewsNow.com. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  13. ^ "GENESIS 1 Satellite details 2006-029A NORAD 29252". N2YO. 10 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Genesis-I & II". SpaceQuest.com. Retrieved June 30, 2007. 
  15. ^ a b David, Leonard (July 12, 2006). "Bigelow Module: Orbital Updates". LiveScience.com. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. 
  16. ^ Ingham, Jay (February 13, 2007). "Genesis I: Performance". BigelowAerospace.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2007. 
  17. ^ Haakonstad, Eric (March 5, 2007). "Genesis II Different From Genesis I". BigelowAerospace.com. Archived from the original on May 8, 2007. 
  18. ^ Ledford, Heidi (August 8, 2006). "Space hotel gets a check-up". Nature. doi:10.1038/news060807-7. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  19. ^ Malik, Tariq; David, Leonard (June 28, 2007). "Bigelow's Second Orbital Module Launches Into Space". Space.com. Retrieved June 30, 2007. 
  20. ^ "Bigelow Spacecraft Carries NASA 'Genebox' For Tests In Orbit" (Press release). NASA Ames Research Center. July 17, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2007. 
  21. ^ Cowing, Keith (July 30, 2006). "A Closer Look at NASA's GeneBox Payload". SpaceRef.com. Retrieved June 30, 2007. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_I — Please support Wikipedia.
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1420 news items

Straight.com (blog)

Straight.com (blog)
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 14:01:16 -0800

I think that for me to stand onstage and play lead-guitar with Genesis, I don't think that's a job that is available to me--whether I wanted it or not. I get the feeling from the way some people talk in the band, if there was a reunion it would ...
 
Patheos (blog)
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 23:52:30 -0800

So of course I thought, “What does Mark Shea have to say about Science and Genesis?” I found surprisingly little when I did a search on your website. Can you point me to an article or two where you might address this topic? I don't believe the great ...

diehard gamefan

diehard gamefan
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 21:03:45 -0800

and do the Sega Scream. History buffs and Sega fans alike with just pour over this chapter, learning all sorts of interesting information about the history of the Sega Genesis. I was shocked about the history of Joe Montana football (one of my favorite ...

The Verge

The Verge
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 08:30:00 -0800

But I'm still glad I stayed true on the playground; I'm glad I chose the oddball console. Because of the SEGA Genesis I have a secret language with this small sub-culture. Each of these titles, when chanted, conjures its own brew of feelings: Shining ...

Entertainment Weekly

Entertainment Weekly
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:03:45 -0800

... first gaming system in the Sega Genesis. I had lobbied hard for the just-released Super Nintendo, but the Genesis ultimately won out because my younger brother preferred sports games, and Sega had that corner of the market almost completely locked up.
 
Publishers Weekly
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 07:53:07 -0800

If you've already read all of PW's Best Books of 2014, don't worry—we have a few more suggestions, this time the personal picks from our staffers. The books below are not necessarily published in 2014, just ones we read in 2014 and wanted to share.

KSDK

KSDK
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 09:02:12 -0800

I no longer play the Sega Genesis. I'm not in grade school and I don't live with my parents. I have turned in my fan card for a Blues media pass. I have a college degree and I live with my wife and son (okay, sometimes I break out the Genesis and ...
 
Chabad.org
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 11:37:25 -0800

When I was in the first grade, just beginning to study the book of Genesis, I was fascinated by the stories, the personalities and the drama. But nothing captured my imagination more than the angels. There was something so mysterious about them ...
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