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For the person, see Mariano Trías.
General Trias
Component City
Lungsod ng Heneral Trias
Official seal of General Trias
Seal
Nickname(s): Gen-Tri
Map of Cavite showing the location of Gen. Trias
Map of Cavite showing the location of Gen. Trias
Gen. Trias is located in Philippines
Gen. Trias
Gen. Trias
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°23′N 120°53′E / 14.383°N 120.883°E / 14.383; 120.883Coordinates: 14°23′N 120°53′E / 14.383°N 120.883°E / 14.383; 120.883
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
Congr. district 6th District of Cavite
Incorporated (town) December 13, 1748
Renamed 1920
Cityhood December 12, 2015
Barangays 33
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonio Ferrer
 • Vice Mayor Maurito Sison
Area[2]
 • Total 81.46 km2 (31.45 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 243,322
 • Density 3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Gentriseño[4]
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4107
Dialing code 46
Website generaltrias.gov.ph

General Trias (Filipino: Lungsod ng General Trias), formerly San Francisco de Malabon, is a first-class component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. Through Republic Act 10675, a plebiscite was held in December 12, 2015 with majority of its residents voting yes to cityhood, thus converting the municipality into a city, in time for its 267th charter anniversary. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 243,322 people[3] in a land area of 81.46 square kilometers.

Etymology[edit]

During the earlier part of the Spanish colonial period, General Trias was often referred to as Las Estancias (the ranches), which was once a part of Cavite el Viejo, the present-day Kawit. It was also called Malabon Grande. The name Malabon was speculated to have been derived from either the local term "maraming labong," due to the abundance of bamboo shoots in the area, which is a main ingredient in Filipino cuisine; or from "mayabong," referring to the trees and other plants once abundant in the place.

At any rate, the first reference seems to be more probable because General Mariano Trías, a noted writer, adopted the nom de guerre "Labong," a word he often used in his writing and conversation. Grande, on the other hand, was affixed to the appellation because at the time, the place was a vast wilderness covering Sitio Tejero, frequently called by the revolutionary as Salinas (present-day Rosario), Sta. Cruz de Malabon or Malabon el Chico (present-day Tanza) and Tierra Alta (present-day Noveleta). When the town was made independent from Cavite el Viejo, it was finally called by its popular name San Francisco de Malabon, in honor of patron saint, Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1200).

History[edit]

The old friar estate house in General Trias where the Tejeros Convention was held on 22 March 1897.
The Diego Mojica historical marker

First Cry of Cavite[edit]

The first uprising in Cavite known as the "First Cry of Cavite" occurred in San Francisco de Malabon[5] about ten o’clock in the morning of 31 August 1896, when the town tribunal was attacked by Filipino revolutionaries led by Mariano Trías, Diego Mojica and Nicolas Portilla in Pasong Kalabaw (now known as Sta. Clara).[6] The second incident followed at twelve noon at Tierra Alta and the third in Cavite el Viejo between two and three o’clock in the afternoon.

Tejeros Convention[edit]

A chapter of the Katipunan known as Balangay Mapagtiis had already been in existence in the place for sometime. The Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang headed by General Mariano Álvarez of Tierra Alta and the Sangguniang Bayang Mapagtiis of San Francisco de Malabon later merged under the name Magdiwang Council with General Alvarez as president. The Magdiwang Council hosted the Tejeros Convention on 22 March 1897 in a friar estate house in Sitio Tejero wherein Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected president and Mariano Trías, then lieutenant general, as vice-president in a revolutionary government replacing the Katipunan.

Renamed as General Trias[edit]

On 28 February 1914, Legislative Act No. 2390 was passed by the Philippine Assembly, changing the town's name to Malabon. Later, on 24 February 1920, another Legislative Act No. 2889 was approved,[5] finally renaming the town after one of its most famous son, General Mariano Trías.

Cityhood[edit]

On 19 August 2015, Philippine President Benigno S. Aquino III signed Republic Act 10675 which converted the municipality of General Trias into a component city of Cavite.[7] The bill finally came into full effect after majority of the city's residents voted yes to cityhood through a plebiscite.[8] General Trias thus became the seventh city in the province and the 145th in the country.

Geography[edit]

General Trias is an inland city of Cavite located 35 kilometers southwest of Manila. It straddles the northeastern part of the province. The City is surrounded by the municipalities of Rosario and Noveleta in the north, by Tanza and Trece Martires City in the west, by Amadeo in the south, Silang in the southeast, and the cities of Dasmarinas and Imus to the east.[9] General Trias has a total land area of 81.46 square kilometers.[2]

Demographics[edit]

1611 Saint Francis of Assisi Parish Church of General Trias
Population census of General Trias
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 52,888 —    
1995 66,837 +4.48%
2000 107,691 +10.77%
2007 218,387 +10.24%
2010 243,322 +4.01%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Religion[edit]

A vast majority of General Trias residents are Roman Catholics. Protestant Christians accounts for the second largest denomination in the city, with the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, having local churches in the area such as UCCP Buenavista, UCCP Sulukan, UCCP Pasong Kawayan and UCCP Tejero. The Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) has a small but key presence in the city except in Barangay F. Manalo (named after the first INC executive minister), where most residents are INC members.

Language[edit]

General Trias is one of the Hispanic towns in the Philippines because of these Spanish speakers are present in the town . Filipino , English and Spanish are the most used language in the area specially in Buenavista (also known as Camaren) because this has been the hide out of the Spaniards during their era.

Local Government[edit]

City of General Trias
(2015–2016)
Mayor
Antonio Ferrer (NUP)
Vice Mayor
Maurito Sison (NUP)
Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
Kerby Javier Salazar Richard Ricafrente Parin
Christoper Nocon Custodio Mario Collantes Amante
Jowie Sinsay Carampot Florencio Diloy Ayos
Walter Corpuz Martinez Jonas Glyn Porto Labuguen
Liga ng mga Barangay President
Gary A. Grepo
SK Federation President
Jayvie Arisa I. Simpan

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act No. 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[10] the city government is to be composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice-mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Panlungsod alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Executive[edit]

As with every Philippine city, the city mayor serves as General Trias' chief executive. Elected to a term of three years and limited to three consecutive terms, he or she appoints the directors of each city department, which include the office of administration, engineering office, information office, legal office, and treasury office. The current mayor is Antonio Ferrer, brother of former mayor and incumbent 6th District congressman Luis "Jon-Jon" Ferrer IV.

The city's vice mayor performs duties as acting mayor in the absence of the mayor. He or she also automatically succeeds as mayor upon the death of the incumbent, or if the latter is unable to fullfil his/her duties. He or she also convenes the Sangguniang Panlungsod, the city's legislative body. The current vice mayor is Maurito Sison.

Legislative[edit]

Within the city, the City Board or Sangguniang Panlungsod crafts all city ordinances, performs appropriation of city funds, issues franchises and permits, impose fees on city services, and exercise other duties and powers as stipulated by the Local Government Code of 1991.

General Trias is entitled to a City Board composed of 10 members.[11] The current Municipal Board is represented by eight members; additional councilors will be elected in the 2016 local elections to form the new City Board.

Barangays[edit]

General Trias is politically subdivided into 33 barangays:[2][12]

  • Alingaro
  • Arnaldo
  • Bacao I
  • Bacao II
  • Bagumbayan
  • Biclatan
  • Buenavista I
  • Buenavista II
  • Buenavista III
  • Corregidor
  • Dulong Bayan
  • Governor Ferrer
  • Javalera
  • Manggahan
  • Navarro
  • Panungyanan
  • Pasong Camachile I
  • Pasong Camachile II
  • Pasong Kawayan I
  • Pasong Kawayan II
  • Pinagtipunan
  • Prinza
  • Sampalucan
  • Santiago
  • San Francisco
  • San Gabriel
  • San Juan I(Pob.)
  • San Juan II(Pob.)
  • Sta. Clara
  • Tapia
  • Tejero
  • Vibora
  • 96th (Pob.)

Economy[edit]

Barangay San Francisco General Trias aerial photo. Camella Homes Tierra Nevada at center

Industry[edit]

General Trias has been gradually undergoing industrialization since the turn of the 21st century. Several major industrial estates, such as Gateway Business Park, a world class business community in Javalera and the New Cavite Industrial City (NCIC) in Manggahan, have chosen General Trias to be their home base. The Cavite Export Processing Zone (CEPZ) occupies about 0.60 square kilometres of land belonging to General Trias. 110 factories operate in the CEPZ. There are still four industrial estates being developed. One is the Eagle Ridge Golf and Country Club and Residential Estate, which has an area of 7 square kilometres. The others are the Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase I) in Buenavista II and Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase II) in Panungyanan while the rest are found at Barangay Manggahan, Barangay San Francisco and along Governor's Drive.

Private subdivision[edit]

Housing development is also on the upsurge with 45 subdivisions in the area like Maravilla, Bel Aldea, Metrosouth, Tierra Nevada, Metropolis Greens, Eagle Ridge, Pasadena Heights I, Stanford City and Governor Hills. General Trias will also have a large real-estate development, the Lancaster New City Cavite that is being develop on General Trias' 1200 Hectare land.

Public Market[edit]

The 20,000-square meter public market in between Barangay Corregidor and Sampalucan is said to be more or less worth Php 39,000,000.00. General Trias is considered one of the new frontiers of growth and development in the CALABARZON area as attested by the giant industrial subdivisions located in the town.

Infrastructure[edit]

Local Government Projects[edit]

The master plan for General Trias is to achieve an agro-industrial and residential balance. Current developments include the construction of the General Trias Auditorium and Sports Complex at General Trias Memorial Elementary School Grounds in Barangay San Juan I, cementing of roads from Barangay Santiago to Governor's Drive and road widening of Barangay Tejero to San Juan II, the building of General Trias Municipal Hall-Manggahan Annex, completion of a 2-storey Training Center Building at Barangay Pinagtipunan and renovation of the city plaza.

Transportation[edit]

General Trias will soon be accessible with the C6 Expressway's construction Connecting the North and South of Luzon and the CALAX (Cavite-Laguna)Expressway's development connecting CavitEx to SLEx. The expansion of the Light Rail Transit Line 1 from Baclaran to Dasmariñas City will also provide fast access from General Trias to the Prime Financial Center of the Philippines, Makati City.

Festival[edit]

General Trias celebrates their Valenciana Festival every year.[13] Valenciana is originally made in General Trias and became part of their culture.

Education[edit]

The City of General Trias is home to several educational institutions, notably Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite campus,[14]Cavite State University-General Trias campus, which was established in 2012, and the future AMA Computer University located inside Ara Vista Village and set to open its doors in May 2016. A University Town considered a first of its kind in the country. Also in General Trias are several private and public elementary and high schools.

Notable people[edit]

  • Mariano Trías (1868-1914), considered the first de facto Vice President of the revolutionary government established at the Tejeros Convention. The town was renamed in his honor after the Revolution.
  • Diego Mojica, the original high-ranking leader of the Katipunan chapter in San Francisco de Malabon. Known as "Katibayan", he was president of the Sangguniang Balangay (Barangay Council) of Mapagtiis.
  • Marlou Arizala, member of the famous group Hasht 5.
  • Skusta Clee- Singer

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Libreng Training sa Negosyanteng Gentriseño hatid ni Mayor Ferrer « Official Website of General Trias :: Province of Cavite" (in Tagalog). Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Cavite town marks 262nd anniversary - Yahoo! News Philippines". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Heritage Town: General Trias, Cavite". LegendHarry. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 10675". An Act Converting the Municipality of General Trias in the Province of Cavite into a Component City to be known as the City of General Trias. The Official Gazette of the Philippines. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "General Trias in Cavite now a city". Rappler. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  9. ^ "Geography: Municipality of General Trias". Trece Martires City: The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.gov.ph/2015/08/19/republic-act-no-10675/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Component Barangays". General Trias, Cavite: The Municipality of General Trias Official Website. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Cavite celebrates 3rd Valenciana Festival". Tempo. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite (Course Offerings and Contact Information)". WowCavite. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

External links[edit]


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