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General Trias town plaza with the town hall on the foreground
Map of Cavite showing the location of Gen. Trias
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|Congr. district||6th District of Cavite|
|• Mayor||Antonio Ferrer|
|• Vice Mayor||Maurito Sison|
|• Total||81.46 km2 (31.45 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
The Municipality of General Trias (Filipino: Bayan ng General Trias) formerly San Francisco de Malabon, is a first class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 243,322 people in a land area of 81.46 square kilometers.
General Trias used to be called by many names. During the earlier Spanish era, it was often referred to as Las Estancias (the ranches), which was once a part of Cavite el Viejo, the present-day Kawit. It was also called Malabon Grande. The name Malabon was speculated to have been derived from either the local term "maraming labong," meaning plenty of bamboo shoots, a main ingredient of a popular local delicacy; or "mayabong," referring to the trees and other plants once abundant in the place. At any rate, the first reference seems to be more probable because General Mariano Trías, a noted writer, adopted the nom de guerre "Labong," a word he often used in his writing and conversation. Grande, on the other hand, was affixed to the appellation because at the time, the place was a vast wilderness covering Sitio Tejero, frequently called by the revolutionary as Salinas (present-day Rosario), Sta. Cruz de Malabon or Malabon el Chico (present-day Tanza) and Tierra Alta (present-day Noveleta). When the town was made independent from Cavite el Viejo, it was finally called with its popular name San Francisco de Malabon, in honor of patron saint, Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1200).
First Cry of Cavite
The first uprising in Cavite known as the "First Cry of Cavite" occurred in San Francisco de Malabon about ten o’clock in the morning of August 31, 1896, when the town tribunal was attacked by Filipino revolutionaries led by Mariano Trías, Diego Mojica and Nicolas Portilla in Pasong Kalabaw (now known as Sta. Clara). The second incident followed at twelve noon at Tierra Alta and the third in Cavite el Viejo between two and three o’clock in the afternoon.
A chapter of the Katipunan known as Balangay Mapagtiis had already been in existence in the place for sometime. The Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang headed by General Mariano Álvarez of Tierra Alta and the Sangguniang Bayang Mapagtiis of San Francisco de Malabon later merged under the name Magdiwang Council with General Alvarez as president. The Magdiwang Council hosted the Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897 in a friar estate house in Sitio Tejero wherein Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected president and Mariano Trías, then lieutenant general, as vice-president in a Revolutionary Government replacing the Katipunan.
On February 28, 1914, Legislative Act No. 2390 was passed, changing the town's name to Malabon. Later, on February 24, 1920, another Legislative Act No. 2889 was approved, finally renaming the town after one of its most famous son, General Mariano Trías y Closas.
On August 19, 2015, Philippine President Benigno S. Aquino III signed Republic Act 10675 which converted the municipality of General Trias into a component city of Cavite. Once the bill is approved by a majority of the city's residents through a referendum, General Trias will become the seventh city in the province.
- Bacao 1
- Bacao 2
- Gov. Ferrer Pob. (Barangay 1)
- Sampalucan Pob. (Barangay 2)
- Dulong Bayan Pob. (Barangay 3)
- San Gabriel Pob. (Barangay 4)
- Bagumbayan Pob. (Barangay 5)
- Vibora Pob. (Barangay 6)
- Arnaldo Pob. (Barangay 7)
- 1896 Pob. (Barangay 8)
- Prinza Pob. (Barangay 9)
- Corregidor Pob. (Barangay 10)
- Buenavista 1
- Buenavista 2
- Buenavista 3
- Navarro (F.Manalo)
- Pasong Camachile 1
- San Francisco
- Pasong Camachile 2
- Pasong Kawayan 1
- Pasong Kawayan 2
- San Juan 1
- San Juan 2
- Santa Clara
|Population census of General Trias|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
A vast majority of General Trias residents are Roman Catholics. The Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) has a significant presence in the municipality as well, especially in Barangay F. Manalo (named after the first INC executive minister), where most residents are INC members. Other religious institutions which also have a presence in the municipality includes, but are not limited to, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Ang Dating Daan of Eliseo Soriano, and the Evangelical Churches.
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Industrialization has become the centerpiece of the municipality's development plans and programs. Several major industrial estates, such as Gateway Business Park, a world class business community in Javalera and the New Cavite Industrial City (NCIC) in Manggahan, have chosen General Trias to be their home base. The Cavite Export Processing Zone (CEPZ) occupies about 0.60 square kilometres of land belonging to General Trias. 110 factories operate in the CEPZ. There are still four industrial estates being developed. One is the Eagle Ridge Golf and Country Club and Residential Estate, which has an area of 7 square kilometres. The others are the Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase I) in Buenavista II and Golden Gate Industrial Park (Phase II) in Panungyanan while the rest are found at Barangay Manggahan, Barangay San Francisco and along Governor's Drive.
The master plan for General Trias is to achieve an agro-industrial and residential balance. Current developments include the construction of the General Trias Auditorium and Sports Complex at General Trias Memorial Elementary School Grounds in Barangay San Juan I, cementing of roads from Barangay Santiago to Governor's Drive and road widening of Barangay Tejero to San Juan II, the building of General Trias Municipal Hall-Manggahan Annex and completion of a 2-storey Training Center Building at Barangay Pinagtipunan.
Housing development is also on the upsurge with 45 subdivisions in the area like Maravilla, Bel Aldea, Metrosouth, Tierra Nevada, Metropolis Greens, Eagle Ridge, Pasadena Heights I, Stanford City and Governor Hills. General Trias will also have a large real-estate development, the Lancaster New City Cavite that is being develop on General Trias' 1200 Hectare land.
The 20,000 square meter public market in between Barangay Corregidor and Sampalucan is said to be more or less worth Php 39,000,000.00. General Trias is considered one of the new frontiers of growth and development in the CALABARZON area as attested by the giant industrial subdivisions located in the town.
General Trias will soon be accessible with the C6 Expressway's construction Connecting the North and South of Luzon and the CALAX (Cavite-Laguna)Expressway's development connecting CavitEx to SLEx. The expansion of the Light Rail Transit Line 1 from Baclaran to Bacoor, Cavite will also provide fast access from General Trias to the Prime Financial Center of the Philippines, Makati City.
The municipality is home to several educational institutions, notably the Cavite campus of Lyceum of the Philippines University, and the General Trias campus of the Cavite State University, which was established in 2012.
Also in General Trias are several private and public elementary and high schools, such as
Diego Mojica Memorial School, Saint Francis School, Fiat Lux Academe of Gen. Trias, Bethel Academy, Colegio De San Francisco, Our Lady of Remedios Montessori School, Gov. Ferrer Memorial National High School, Academy of Saint John - La Salle Greenhills Supervised, San Francisco De Malabon Parochial School, Centennial Academy of the Blessed Trinity, General Artemio Ricarte Memorial school, Corinthian Academy of Cavite St. Edward Integrated School with multiple campuses spread out across Lancaster New City Cavite's General Trias Side.
- Mariano Trías (1868-1914), considered the first de facto Vice President of the revolutionary government established at the Tejeros Convention. The town was renamed in his honor after the Revolution.
- Diego Mojica, the original high-ranking leader of the Katipunan chapter in San Francisco de Malabon. Known as "Katibayan", he was president of the Sangguniang Balangay (Barangay Council) of Mapagtiis.
- Banda San Francisco de Malabon, known for being the first marching band to play the National Anthem. Banda San Francisco de Malabon is now known as Banda Matanda ("Old Band").
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Libreng Training sa Negosyanteng Gentriseño hatid ni Mayor Ferrer « Official Website of General Trias :: Province of Cavite" (in Tagalog). Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- "Cavite town marks 262nd anniversary - Yahoo! News Philippines". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "Heritage Town: General Trias, Cavite". LegendHarry. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Local gov't celebrates 144th birth anniversary of General Trias". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "Republic Act No. 10675". An Act Converting the Municipality of General Trias in the Province of Cavite into a Component City to be known as the City of General Trias. The Official Gazette of the Philippines. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "PNoy OKs law converting General Trias town in Cavite into a city". GMA News Online. 25 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Cavite celebrates 3rd Valenciana Festival". Tempo. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite (Course Offerings and Contact Information)". WowCavite. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to General Trias, Cavite.|
- Municipality of General Trias, Cavite
- Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
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