digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For other uses, see Gaucho (disambiguation).
Portrait of a gaucho from Argentina photographed in Peru, 1868.

Gaucho (Spanish: [ˈɡautʃo]) or gaúcho (Portuguese: [ɡaˈuʃu]) is a resident of the South American pampas, Gran Chaco, or Patagonian grasslands, found mainly in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Southeastern Bolivia, Southern Brazil and Southern Chile. In Brazil, gaúcho is also the main demonym of the people from the state of Rio Grande do Sul. In the Argentine pampas gauchos are the main workers on an estancia. Their duty is to herd cattle all year round. They are excellent horsemen. They also use different types of weapons like the bola and lassos for herding cattle.

Gaucho is an equivalent of the North American "cowboy" (vaquero, in Spanish), the Chilean huaso, the Cuban guajiro, the Venezuelan or Colombian llanero, the Puerto Rican jibaro, and the Mexican charro, which are terms that often connote the 19th century more than the present day; then, gauchos made up the majority of the rural population, herding cattle on the vast estancias, and practicing hunting as their main economic activities.

The Gaucho is a nationalistic symbol in both Argentina and Uruguay. The Gauchos became greatly admired and renowned in legends, folklore and in literature and became an important part of their regional cultural tradition. Beginning late in the 19th century, after the heyday of the gauchos, they were celebrated by South American writers.


Gaucho in ring lancing contest, Buenos Aires Province.

There are several hypotheses concerning the origin of the term. It may derive from the Spanish term chaucho (in turn derived from Arabic chauia which means herdsman). The first recorded use of the term dates to Argentine independence in 1816. Another scenario indicates the word may derive from the Portuguese gaudério, which was designated to the inhabitants of the vast regions of Rio Grande do Sul and Río de la Plata in the 18th century or the Portuguese garrucho that points to an instrument used by the gauchos to trap and hamstring cattle. Another possible origin of the word could be from the he Moorish word hawsh which was possibly used to designate the shepherd and the wanderer, pointing the possible influence of Moorish immigrants in the Gaucho region. The 18th century chronicler Alonso Carrió de la Vandera speaks of "Gauderios" when it mentions the Gauchos or "Huasos" as poorly dressed men.


Gauchos drinking mate and playing the guitar in the Argentine Pampas.
Segundo Ramírez, who inspired Ricardo Güiraldes to write Don Segundo Sombra.

The gaucho plays an important symbolic role in the nationalist feelings of this region, especially that of Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The epic poem Martín Fierro by José Hernández (considered by some[1] the national epic of Argentina) used the gaucho as a symbol against corruption and of Argentine national tradition, pitted against Europeanising tendencies. Martín Fierro, the hero of the poem, is drafted into the Argentine military for a border war, deserts, and becomes an outlaw and fugitive. The image of the free gaucho is often contrasted to the slaves who worked the northern Brazilian lands. Further literary descriptions are found in Ricardo Güiraldes' Don Segundo Sombra. Like the North American cowboys, as discussed in Richard W. Slatta, Cowboys of the Americas, gauchos were generally reputed to be strong, honest, silent types, but proud and capable of violence when provoked. The gaucho tendency to violence over petty matters is also recognized as a typical trait. Gauchos' use of the famous "facón" (large knife generally tucked into the rear of the gaucho sash) is legendary, often associated with considerable bloodletting. Historically, the facón was typically the only eating instrument that a gaucho carried.

Also like the cowboy, as shown in Richard W. Slatta, Cowboys of the Americas, gauchos were and remain proud and great horseriders. Typically, a gaucho's horse constituted most of what he owned in the world. During the wars of the 19th century in the Southern Cone, the cavalries on all sides were composed almost entirely of gauchos. In Argentina, gaucho armies such as that of Martín Miguel de Güemes, slowed Spanish advances. Furthermore, many caudillos relied on gaucho armies to control the Argentine provinces.

The gaucho diet was composed almost entirely of beef while on the range, supplemented by yerba mate (erva mate in Portuguese), an herbal infusian made from the leaves of the yerba tree, a type of holly rich in caffeine and nutrients.

Gauchos[2] dressed quite distinctly from North American cowboys, and used bolas or boleadoras - in Portuguese boleadeiras - (three leather bound rocks tied together with approximately three feet long leather straps) in addition to the familiar "North American" lariat or riata. The typical gaucho outfit would include a poncho (which doubled as a saddle blanket and as sleeping gear), a facón (large knife), a rebenque (leather whip), and loose-fitting trousers called bombachas, belted with a tirador, or a chiripá, a loincloth. During winters, gauchos wore heavy wool ponchos to protect against cold.

Modern influences[edit]

Gaúcho is also the common denomination of the current inhabitants of the Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul.

Gauchito (a boy in the Argentine colors and a gaucho hat) was the mascot for the 1978 FIFA World Cup.

In popular culture[edit]


See also[edit]



  1. ^ Leopoldo Lugones 1 in "El Payador" (1916)2 and Ricardo Rojas 3 established the canonical view regarding the Martín Fierro as the National Epic of Argentina. The consequences of these considerations are discussed by Jorge Luis Borges in his essay "El Martín Fierro". An assessment of the years-long discussion here, since p. 18
  2. ^ South-images.com Photos: gauchos in Argentina, Photo library South-Images

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaucho — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
947801 videos foundNext > 

Steely Dan Gaucho ( Full Album )

Gaucho Track Listings 1. Babylon Sisters 00:00 2. Hey Nineteen 05:50 3. Glamour Profession 10:57 4. Gaucho 18:27 5. Time Out Of Mind 23:59 6. My Rival 28:12 ...

Steely Dan - Gaucho - HQ Audio

GAÚCHO DA FRONTEIRA - Gaita Companheira [1984]

GAÚCHO DA FRONTEIRA - Gaita Companheira [1984] Album Inteiro. 01.Dê-lhe Boca [0:00] 02.Querido Amor [4:05] 03.Gaita Companheira [07:04] 04.Churrasco Lá em Ca...

Melhores Dribles - Ronaldinho Gaúcho / Best Dribbling - Ronaldinho

Melhores Dribles - Ronaldinho Gaúcho Um monstro , Ronaldinho Gaúcho , de mais esse cara , sem palavras Ronaldinho...

Gaúcho na Festa do Apê !

Música véia legenda.. Eroí (cantor, autor), Pé de Capincho, e Lúcio, tocando e cantando na Marcação da Fazenda Pinheiro, São Borja - RS.

Gaúcho e as Temperaturas.



The gaucho is more than just a cowboy. This Argentine way of life has existed for three centuries. See All National Geographic Videos http://video.nationalge...


Animação produzida sobre a música do Gaúcho da Fronteira.

Dave Matthews Band - Gaucho

"Gaucho", from the upcoming new Dave Matthews Band studio album.

El Gaucho : DOMADOR full version

"El Gaucho", c'est d'abord un film, signé Andrés Jarach. Plus quun documentaire, cest un road movie dans une singulière Argentine : pas celle, urbaine, de Bu...

947801 videos foundNext > 

63366 news items

Santa Barbara Independent

Santa Barbara Independent
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 23:52:30 -0800

UCSB sophomores Nick DePuy and Ismaila Jome were both named to the NSCAA All-Far West Region Team, it was announced this last week. The pair of Gauchos were both named to the Third Team. The Far West Region is comprised of teams from the Big ...


Wed, 03 Dec 2014 09:05:53 -0800

After six years working under former executive chef John Broulette, up-and-comer Sarah Scott has taken over the reins at El Gaucho Bellevue. I got a chance to sit down with her to talk about her style of cooking, what it's like to be a female executive ...

Daily Nexus

Daily Nexus
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 09:14:22 -0800

I am an enthusiastic supporter of Gaucho Athletics, particularly the volleyball program. Last Friday, November the seventh, I was a little discouraged and dismayed at how few Gaucho supporters were in the bleachers opposite the team benches during the ...

San Antonio Current

San Antonio Current
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:11:32 -0800

I'm a sucker for a good grilled cheese—the cheesier, the better. So when Gaucho Gourmet (935 Isom) announced the "reload" of the warehouse last month with a line of to-go sandwiches, snacks and pasta sides (arguably the best sides of all time ...

Swimming World Magazine

Presidio Sports
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 21:33:53 -0800

The men's 200 butterfly championship heat was one to make every Gaucho proud as the Gauchos finished first, second, third, and fourth. Mickey Mowry (1:44.84) sealed the win, followed by Chris Nolan (1:46.66), Richard Davison (1:49.24), and Andy Lau ...

Jewish Daily Forward

Jewish Daily Forward
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:45:00 -0800

Argentine students from four non-Jewish schools, the local Jewish community, the national political Jewish umbrella and the municipal government joined forces to paint over anti-Semitic graffiti. The students painted tolerance messages and art to cover ...
Something Else! Reviews
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 06:07:00 -0800

With so many of rock's finest drumming moments scattered among their first six albums, they sought even greater heights on Gaucho, heavily using click tracks and running through countless hours of takes with full bands just to get the drum track nailed ...
Daily Nexus
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 01:18:15 -0800

Santa Barbara's high cost of health care coupled with the wide range of services offered by Gaucho Health Insurance (GHI) mean undergraduate students pay more for health insurance than students attending any other campus at the UC. The UC system has ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight