digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

GRIB (GRIdded Binary or General Regularly-distributed Information in Binary form[1]) is a concise data format commonly used in meteorology to store historical and forecast weather data. It is standardized by the World Meteorological Organization's Commission for Basic Systems, known under number GRIB FM 92-IX, described in WMO Manual on Codes No.306. Currently there are three versions of GRIB. Version 0 was used to a limited extent by projects such as TOGA, and is no longer in operational use. The first edition (current sub-version is 2) is used operationally worldwide by most meteorological centers, for Numerical Weather Prediction output (NWP). A newer generation has been introduced, known as GRIB second edition, and data is slowly changing over to this format. Some of the second-generation GRIB are used for derived product distributed in Eumetcast of Meteosat Second Generation. Another example is the NAM (North American Mesoscale) model.

Format[edit]

GRIB files are a collection of self-contained records of 2D data, and the individual records stand alone as meaningful data, with no references to other records or to an overall schema. So collections of GRIB records can be appended to each other or the records separated.

Each GRIB record has two components - the part that describes the record (the header), and the actual binary data itself. The data in GRIB-1 are typically converted to integers using scale and offset, and then bit=packed. GRIB-2 also has the possibility of compression.

GRIB History[edit]

GRIB superseded the Aeronautical Data Format (ADF).

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) met in 1985 to create the GRIB (GRIdded Binary) format. The WGDM in February 1994, after major changes, approved revision 1 of the GRIB format. GRIB Edition 2 format was approved in 2003 at Geneva.

Problems with GRIB [2][edit]

No way in GRIB to describe a collection of GRIB records

  • Each record is independent, with no way to reference the GRIB writer's intended schema
  • No foolproof way to combine records into the multidimensional arrays from which they were derived.

The use of external tables to describe the meaning of the data.

  • No authoritative place for centers to publish their local tables.
  • Inconsistent and incorrect methods of versioning local tables.
  • No machine-readable versions of the WMO tables (now available for GRIB-2, but not GRIB-1)

GRIB 1 Header[edit]

There are 2 parts of the GRIB 1 header - one mandatory (Product Definition Section - PDS) and one optional (Grid Description Section - GDS). The PDS describes who created the data (the research/operation center), the involved numerical model/process - can be NWP or GCM, the data that is actually stored (such as wind, temperature, ozone concentration etc.), units of the data (meters, pressure etc.), vertical system of the data (constant height, constant pressure, constant potential temperature), and the time stamp.

If a description of the spatial organization of the data is needed, the GDS must be included as well. This information includes spectral (harmonics of divergence and vorticity) vs gridded data (Gaussian, X-Y grid), horizontal resolution, and the location of the origin.

Software[edit]

Applications[edit]

A number of application software packages have been written which make use of GRIB files. These range from command line utilities to graphical visualisation packages.

  • ATMOGRAPH ModelVis Commercial numerical weather model data visualization software capable of decoding and displaying both GRIB 1 and GRIB 2 data formats
  • WGRIB Command line based program to manipulate, inventory and decode GRIB files
  • Picogrib GRIB 1 C-language (FORTRAN callable) free decoding package compatible to some extent with ECMWF GRIBEX routine
  • NCEP codes free software (C and FORTRAN library) for decoding and encoding data in GRIB 1 format
  • NCEP codes free software (C and FORTRAN library) for decoding and encoding data in GRIB 2 format (some template only)
  • JGrib - Jgrib is a free library for reading GRIB files in Java.
  • Meteosatlib - Meteosatlib is a free software C++ library and set of tools to convert satellite images between various formats; it can read and write GRIB data, and its GRIB encoding/decoding library can be used standalone.
  • The NCAR Command Language can be used to read, analyze and visualize GRIB data, as well convert it to other gridded data formats.
  • PyNIO is a Python programming language module that allows read and/or write access to a variety of data formats using an interface modelled on netCDF.
  • degrib (AKA NDFD GRIB2 Decoder) is a reader for GRIB 1 and GRIB 2 files.
  • wgrib2 is a reader for GRIB 2 files.
  • GRIB API is an API developed at ECMWF to decode and encode GRIB edition 1 and 2 data. A useful set of command line tools is also included.
  • Ugrib – Ugrib is a no cost graphical GRIB viewer designed for reading GRIB 1 files. The website GRIB.US also aims to provide education on the prudent and safe use of GRIB data for forecasting weather
  • SmartMet - SmartMet is a Windows tool that reads, writes and visualises GRIB data
  • Xconv/Convsh – Xconv is a graphical tool for displaying and converting gridded data, and is available for most operating systems. Convsh is the command-line equivalent.
  • The NetCDF-Java Common Data Model is a Java library that can read GRIB 1 and GRIB 2 files.
  • zyGrib a graphical software for Linux, Mac OS X and Windows (GPL3, Qt) to download and display GRIB 1 files.
  • GrADS, Linux/Unix based desktop application that handles GRIB [3]
  • GDAL, a popular open source reading and writing library for geospatial data
  • PyGrib A python language extension module which allows one to read and write GRIB 1 and GRIB 2 formats.
  • PolarView A navigation application that includes a GRIB viewer, supporting both GRIB 1 and GRIB 2. PolarView includes a GRIB download service for GFS (wind/atmospheric pressure), NWW3 (wave height/direction) and RTOFS (Atlantic currents) data from NOAA. Available for Linux, Mac and Windows.
  • OpenCPN Open Source Chart Plotter / Marine Navigator. For day to day cruising or advance route planning. (NOTE: GRIB support is available since version 1.3.5 beta)
  • CDO (Climate Data Operators) is an analysis tool for geoscientific data with GRIB support
  • IDV is a meteorologically oriented, platform-independent application for visualization and analysis of GRIB1, GRIB2 and NetCDF files.
  • SoftwareOnBoard A marine navigation application for Windows that includes GRIB overlays on the chart.
  • GribAE A freeware Windows interface for WGRIB.
  • qtVlm a free software for linux, windows and mac, based on zyGrib but with an interface with GPS and routing functions (+ an interface with virtual sailing game VLM)

Mobile Apps[edit]

iOS[edit]

Several iOS Apps support the GRIB format, including:

Android[edit]

Several Android Apps support the GRIB format, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/DPS/FM92-GRIB2-11-2003.pdf
  2. ^ Caron, John. On the suitability of BUFR and GRIB for archiving data
  3. ^ Walter Zwieflhofer; Norbert Kreitz (2004), Realizing Teracomputing: Proceedings of the Tenth Ecmwf Workshop on the Use of High Performance Computers in Meteorology, World Scientific, p. 112, ISBN 978-981-238-376-1 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GRIB — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
31040 videos foundNext > 

Grib - Grib er kult og litt farlig

Featuring Verktøy Pelle.

Tomas Grib - IFBB bodybuilder

Mário Stašák vidmax studio www.vidmax.sk.

cheba kheira b3id wala grib nebghik

le succès de ses débuts.

Lauge - Grib Mig (Special Video)

Special upload. Track in the upcoming album called "Pusterum" from lauge coming soon. Photographer: Goran Matejin Photography. I'm a freelance photographer l...

ŽANĪTIS GRIB ĒST

ŽANĪTIS SPĒLĒJAS Ar ko nodarbojas mūsdienu bērni? Šādu jautājumu uzdeva Alberts Einšteins vizītē pie Parisas Hiltones. Šajā pasākumā netika ielūgts Rikijs Ma...

Grib chancen - danser med drenge

Grib chancen med Danser med drenge. Det er simplethen en dejlig sang. Lyt til teksten, det er et rigtig godt budskab.

Dzelzs Vilks Viņa grib tik daudz

Dzelzs Vilks 2011.

Simone Egeriis & Stig Rossen i Grib Mikrofonen

Simone & Stig in a danish tvshow called "Grib Mikrofonen".

Dzelzs Vilks - Viņa grib tik daudz

dzelzs vilks.

Danser Med Drenge - Grib Chancen

"Danser Med Drenge" 1993.

31040 videos foundNext > 

20927 news items

 
Investor's Business Daily
Thu, 15 Jan 2015 11:18:45 -0800

GrubHub (NYSE:GRUB) is well-positioned to capitalize on the growing online food business, according to a Cowen & Co. analyst. The leading online platform for restaurant delivery and pickup orders in the U.S. appears ready to get big share of a growing ...

Lsm.lv

Lsm.lv
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 23:36:50 -0800

Vajadzēja vai nevajadzēja Skrundas novada domei iegādāties lokatora pilsētiņu - skrundenieku domas dalās. Pēc vairākiem mēģinājumiem iegūt šim īpašumam kārtīgu saimnieku par 12 tūkstošiem eiro to iegādājās Skrundas novada dome. Pašvaldība ...
 
Lsm.lv
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 11:30:00 -0800

Krievija grib Donbasu kā dzeguzes olu atstāt Ukrainas ligzdā, lai tā par to rūpējas, bet pakļausies un kontrolēs tur situāciju Krievija. Uz šī fona Krievija spēlē garu, nogurdinošu spēli ar Rietumiem, izmantojot pretrunas Rietumvalstu starpā un cerot ...
 
TVNET
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 06:09:54 -0800

Liecina par to, ka ASV tomēr grib dominēt, nevis tikai būt pirmās vienlīdzīgo vidū. Viņiem ārpolitiskā filozofija ir agresīvāka,» sacīja Lavrovs. «Man šķiet, ar to neies cauri,» norādīja ministrs. Obama otrdien Kongresā uzrunā par stāvokli valstī ...

Neatkarīgā Rīta Avīze

Neatkarīgā Rīta Avīze
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 05:05:18 -0800

Līdz ar to prasības mazulītes potenciālajiem adoptētājiem būs stingras: nevis izvēlēties sev suni pēc smukuma, bet gan zināt visu par haskiju dabu un būt gataviem ar Čitu nopietni strādāt. Smukules vecums ir 4–5 mēneši; viņa kļuva lieka finansiālās ...
 
Apollo.lv
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 09:13:42 -0800

Saeimas deputāts Arturs Kaimiņš (LRA), iespējams, kļūs par visu laiku aktīvāko un arī atraktīvāko parlamentārieti. Šovs, ko bijušais (ceram, ka ne uz visiem laikiem) aktieris sniedz Saeimā, ir vērtīgs masu medijiem, jo itin pelēcīgo politikas procesu ...
 
TVNET
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 14:07:50 -0800

Pēc viņas teiktā, «Google» grib atvērt biroju Lietuvā. «Tas būtu pirmais Baltijas valstīs,» viņa norādījusi intervijā LRT radio. Runas par šāda biroja atvēršanu bijušas dzirdamas jau labu laiku. Prezidente pastāstījusi, ka jaunu struktūrvienību Viļņā ...
 
Lsm.lv
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:02:02 -0800

“Ārvalstu kaujinieku skaits Eiropā pieaug dramatiski, tāpēc jārīkojas ātri,” – tā iekšlietu ministrs Rihards Kozlovskis skaidro reģistra nepieciešamību. Tas ļautu ES valstu drošības iestādēm sekot līdzi potenciāli bīstamo cilvēku kustībai arī ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight