||The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (November 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
A gastrointestinal cocktail, (also known as a GI cocktail or gastric cocktail), is a generic term for a mixture of liquid antacid, viscous lidocaine, and an anticholinergic primarily used to treat dyspepsia. The GI cocktail may also deceptively mask pain originating from the heart.
There is a wide variety of GI cocktail recipes in use today. A very popular one is a mixture of Maalox, viscous lidocaine, and Donnatal, in equal parts. A mixture of 10-30 ml Mylanta, 10 ml Donnatal and 10 ml viscous lidocaine is known as "The Green Goddess," or "Green Lizard." The efficacy of this mixture for the treatment of dyspepsia is generally considered superior to treatment with only any one of its components, due to their varied mechanisms of relief; however, a recent study found that a GI cocktail was no more effective in relieving stomach pain than an antacid alone. The treatment may also provide relief for hiatal hernia patients suffering acute symptoms.
- Paul Dickson (2004). War slang: American fighting words and phrases since the Civil War. Brassey's. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-57488-710-5. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Anh Vu T. Nguyen; Dung A. Nguyen (2005). Learning from medical errors: clinical problems. Radcliffe Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-85775-768-2. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Richard J. Hamilton; Tarascon (2009). Tarascon Pocket Pharmacopoeia 2010 Classic Shirt-Pocket Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-7637-7439-4. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Steven E. Diaz (15 January 2002). Blackwell's primary care essentials: Emergency medicine. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-86542-579-8. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Berman DA, Porter RS, Graber M (2003). "The GI Cocktail is no more effective than plain liquid antacid: a randomized, double blind clinical trial". J Emerg Med 25 (3): 239–44. doi:10.1016/S0736-4679(03)00196-3. PMID 14585449.