digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Guided Bomb Unit 28
GBU-28 xxl.jpg
Type Hard target laser-guided weapon
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1991 to present
Used by United States, Israel
Production history
Designer Defense Systems and Electronics Group (Texas Instruments)
Manufacturer Raytheon
Length 5.6642 metres (18.583 ft)
Diameter 38.8 centimetres (15.3 in)

Wingspan 1.7 metres (5.6 ft)
More than 9 kilometres (4.9 nmi)

The Guided Bomb Unit 28 (GBU-28) is a 5,000-pound (2,268 kg) laser-guided "bunker busting" bomb nicknamed "Deep Throat" (and unofficially nicknamed "The Saddamizer" by a design team worker, alluding to its initial purpose of bombing a bunker believed to be then-occupied by Saddam Hussein during Operation Desert Storm) produced originally by the Watervliet Arsenal, Watervliet, New York. It was designed, manufactured, and deployed in less than three weeks due to an urgent need during Operation Desert Storm to penetrate hardened Iraqi command centers located deep underground. Only two of the weapons were dropped in Desert Storm, both by F-111Fs.[1]

The Enhanced GBU-28 augments the laser-guidance with Inertial navigation and GPS guidance systems.[2]

Design and development[edit]

In August 1990, the U.S. military began planning an air offensive campaign against Iraq. Planners noticed that a few command and control bunkers in Baghdad were located deep underground to withstand heavy fire. Doubts were raised about the ability of the BLU-109/B to penetrate such fortified structures, so the USAF Air Armament Division at Eglin AFB, Florida was asked to create a weapon that could, and engineer Al Weimorts sketched improved BLU-109 variants. By January 1991, as the Persian Gulf War was well underway, it was determined that the BLU-109/B-equipped laser-guided bombs (LGB) would be unable to penetrate fortified bunkers deep underground.[3]

The initial batch of GBU-28s was built from modified 8 inch/203 mm artillery barrels (principally from deactivated M110 howitzers), but later examples are purpose-built[4] with the BLU-113 bomb body made by National Forge of Irvine, Pennsylvania.[2] They weigh 4,700 pounds (2132 kg) and contain 630 pounds (286 kg) of high explosive.

The GBU-28 C/B version uses the 4450 pound BLU-122 bomb body, which contains AFX-757 explosive in a 3500 pound casing machined from a single piece of ES-1 Eglin steel alloy.[5][6]

The operator illuminates a target with a laser designator and the munition guides itself to the spot of laser light reflected from the target.

The bomb underwent testing at the Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, a test facility for United States Department of Energy funded weapon programs. An F-111F of the 431st TES (Test & Evaluation Squadron) based at McClellan AFB in California dropped the first GBU-28 at Tonopah. It proved capable of penetrating over 30 meters (100 ft) of earth or 6 meters (20 ft) of solid concrete; this was demonstrated when a test bomb, bolted to a rocket sled, smashed through 22 ft (6.7 m) of reinforced concrete and still retained enough kinetic energy to travel a mile downrange.[7][8] The GBU-28 is unique in that the total development time from conception to the first drop test took only two weeks, and the weapon went into active service after only one test drop,[9] at Eglin AFB, Florida on 19 February 1991.[10]

Operational history[edit]

An F-15E of the 492d FS, 48th FW, releasing a GBU-28.

On the night of 27/28 February 1991, within hours of the ceasefire, two General Dynamics F-111Fs, loaded with one GBU-28 each, headed towards a target on the outskirts of Baghdad. The al-Taji Airbase, located 15 mi (27.4 km) northwest of the Iraqi capital, had been hit at least three times by GBU-27/Bs from F-117 Nighthawks, "digging up the rose garden".[11] The first GBU-28 was dropped off-target due to target misidentification. The second GBU-28 was a direct hit and penetrated the thick reinforced concrete before detonating, killing everyone inside.

The bomb was used during Operations Enduring Freedom in 2002 and Iraqi Freedom in 2003 by USAF F-15Es.

The first foreign sale of the GBU-28 was the acquisition of 100 units by Israel, authorized in April 2005.[12] Delivery of the weapons was accelerated at the request of Israel in July 2006. Delivery was described as "upcoming" in a cable dated November 2009 which suggested that the weapon could be used against Iran's nuclear facilities.[13] Fifty-five GBU-28's were delivered to Israel in 2009.[14] There were unconfirmed reports that Israel used the GBU-28 during the 2008–2009 Gaza War.[15]

In June 2009 United States agreed to sell the GBU-28s to South Korea, following the nuclear test conducted on 25 May 2009 by North Korea. The bombs were to be delivered between 2010 and 2014.[16]

According to the Jerusalem Post on 23 December 2011 the US Justice Department announced that it had reached a settlement with Kaman Corp. which allegedly substituted a fuse in four lots of fuses made for the bombs. Under the settlement, Kaman Corp. will pay the government $4.75 million. Israel is concerned it had also received GBU-28 bombs fused to prematurely detonate before penetration or at other times.[17]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Report to Congress on the Conduct of the Persian Gulf War, Es.rice.edu, retrieved 14 July 2011 
  2. ^ a b "PROCUREMENT OF AMMUNITION" (PDF). USAF. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Clancy 1995, p. 154.
  4. ^ Raytheon (Texas Instruments) Paveway III, Designation-systems.net, 21 August 2008, retrieved 14 July 2011 
  5. ^ "BLU-122/B Penetrator" (PDF). General Dynamics. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "Manufacture of Bomb Live Unit-122 (BLU-122), a 5000 pound Class of penetrator warhead case.". Federal Business Opportunities. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Guided Bomb Unit-28 (GBU-28) Bunker Buster — Smart Weapons, FAS.org, retrieved 14 July 2011 
  8. ^ Clancy 1995, p. 155.
  9. ^ Raytheon GBU-28 Bunker Buster, A US Air Power, retrieved 14 July 2011 
  10. ^ "History Eglin Heritage Briefing" (PDF). Nwfdailynews.com. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  11. ^ Clancy 1995, p. 157.
  12. ^ US Wants to Sell Israel 'Bunker-Buster' Bombs, Commondreams.org, retrieved 14 July 2011 
  13. ^ "US embassy cables: Israel seeks to block US planes for SaudiUS embassy cables: Israel seeks to block US planes for Saudi". The Guardian. 28 November 2010. 
  14. ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/09/23/president-obama-secretly-approved-transfer-of-bunker-buster-bombs-to-israel.html
  15. ^ "The Israeli Arsenal Deployed against Gaza during Operation Cast Lead". Journal of Palestine Studies (University of California Press on behalf of the Institute for Palestine Studies) 38 (3): 185. Spring 2009 – via JSTOR. (subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ "US to sell 'bunker-buster' bombs to SKorea: official". AFP. 2 June 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  17. ^ www.jpost.com/Defense/Article.aspx?id=250992.


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GBU-28 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
11102 videos foundNext > 

GBU-28 "Bunker Buster" Laser-Guided Bomb

The Guided Bomb Unit 28 (GBU-28) is a 5000 pound / 2268 kg. laser-guided "bunker busting" bomb nicknamed "deep throat" produced originally by the Texas ...

Team Eglin GBU 28

This video tells the story of the GBU-28 "bunker buster." It was designed, manufactured, and deployed in less than three weeks due to an urgent need during ...

[2015 통합화력 격멸훈련] 벙커버스터 'GBU-28' 타격 영상

벙커파괴폭탄인 GBU-28은 지하에 구축된 지휘센터에 타격을 가할 목적으로 개발된 특수무기이다. 길이 6m, 직경 80cm, 무게 2.2t인 이 무기는 레이저...

GBU-39 Bunker Buster

GBU (Guided Bomb Unit)- 39 SDB Bunker Buster demonstration. Pretty incredible.

Six 1000 lbs. GBU-32 JDAM's Dropped on Taliban Compound

In this video six 1000 lbs. JDAM's are dropped on to a compound/villa in Afghanistan. The exact location is unknown. This might be one of the best airstrike ...

GBU-28 Bunker Buster Images

Slideshow of the Guided Bomb Unit 28 (GBU-28) in U.S. military service. The GBU-28 (Guided Bomb Unit 28) is a 5000-pound laser-guided "bunker buster" ...

صاروخ GBU-28 الذي قصف فيه عائلة القيادي الضيف .. مدمّر الملاجئ

صاروخ GBU-28 الذي قصف فيه عائلة القيادي الضيف .. مدمّر الملاجئ.


美國已經從新設計最大的「碉堡剋星」(Bunker Buster)炸彈,使其具備更先進的功能,能夠摧毀伊朗戒備森嚴和層層防護的核基地。美國官員認為如果...

Boeing Delivers Massive Ordnance Penetrator (MOP) 37,000 LB Bombs To The USAF - GBU-57

http://AviationExplorer.com - The Massive Ordnance Penetrator (the Air Force has ordered 20 from Boeing) is nearly five tons heavier than any other bomb in the ...

Operação GBU 28

Operação GBU-28... Realizada em Benevides no Estado do Pará com a participação dos grupos MERCENÁRIOS, OTAAM, GRPA, GTAC E O GDV.

11102 videos foundNext > 

580 news items

Jerusalem Post Israel News

Jerusalem Post Israel News
Sat, 07 Nov 2015 20:47:57 -0800

Israel also may show interest in purchasing bunker-busting GBU-28 laser-guided bombs and other precision-guided weaponry. The defense establishment could also seek an increase in US financial assistance for Israel's multi-layered missile-defense ...

Middle East Eye

Middle East Eye
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 12:11:38 -0700

On Tuesday, Israeli military used GBU-28 'bunker-buster' missiles - sometimes referred to as 'Deep Throat' - to kill the Aldalou family. The five-meter long missiles smash into homes and then explode. Palestinians in Gaza were made to believe that ...

多维新闻网 (博客)

多维新闻网 (博客)
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 22:33:45 -0800

为了进一步增强钻地性能,中国在仿制俄罗斯制导航空炸弹技术的基础上,于2012年珠海航展上公开展出了新一代1000公斤级天戈激光制导钻地炸弹,该弹采用大长径比的气动外形,具有类似美军GBU-28炸弹的钻地效果,将成为 ...
Hot Air
Fri, 23 Sep 2011 12:33:01 -0700

Numerous other media sources discussed the GBU-28 sale at the time it was being negotiated and approved. (See here, here, and here to get you started.) The Pentagon proposed the sale to Congress in 2005, with – quite obviously – the full approval of ...


Fri, 18 Nov 2011 03:35:35 -0800

Military technology has created some fearsome weapons, such as the 5,000 lb GBU-28 Deep Throat bunker buster, 15,000 lb BLU-82 Daisycutter, 15,650 lb Russian ATBIP (Aviation Thermobaric Bomb of Increased Power), 22,000 lb Grand Slam earthquake ...

Defense Update

Defense Update
Sun, 25 Sep 2011 02:41:07 -0700

GBU-28 dropped from an U.S. Air Force F-15E. The Strike Eagle and B-2A are the only two aircraft in U.S. Air Force inventory capable of carrying this heavy weapon. Photo: USAF. Two versions are available – the EGBU-28B/BLU-113 carried by the Strike ...
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 04:15:00 -0800

В-третьих, применение бетонобойных бомб, которые стоят на вооружении только в США и, возможно, в Израиле. Американская бетонобойная бомба GBU-28 по прозвищу "Глубокая глотка" впервые была применена во время операции "Буря в ...

Washington Times

Washington Times
Tue, 05 May 2015 17:55:58 -0700

With Secretary of State John F. Kerry set to visit Saudi Arabia Wednesday and Thursday, officials privately say the administration is weighing whether to offer Riyadh — already a major buyer of American and European weaponry — GBU-28 bunker buster ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight