|Production||1953-1972 (in Romania - until 1975)|
|Assembly||Gorky, Ulyanovsk (both USSR) and in Câmpulung-Muscel, Romania|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2 door cargo, 4 door field car|
|Engine||2.1L GAZ-69 I4|
|Wheelbase||2,300 mm (91 in)|
|Length||3,850 mm (152 in)|
|Width||1,750 mm (69 in)|
|Height||1,950 mm (77 in)|
|Curb weight||1,535 kg (3,384 lb)|
GAZ-69 is a four wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1955. It replaced the GAZ-67. From 1954 until 1972 it was produced by UAZ, as the UAZ-69, though they were commonly known as GAZ-69s as well. (GAZ production stopped in 1956). In Russia, they were nicknamed Kozel (male goat).
The GAZ 69 was also available with a more powerful engine, with 2400 cc (derived from the basic 2100 cc), delivering 65 horsepower, with the same three-speed gearbox. This way, it was able to reach 100 km/h (62 mph). These versions were named GAZ 69M, or GAZ 69AM for the four-door version.
It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 litres (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 litres (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat. All civilian models also had to meet Red Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning. (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993.)
It was first designed by Grigoriy Vasserman beginning in 1953, it was powered by the same Dodge derived 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ M21 Pobeda. This enabled the GAZ 69 to reach 56 mph (90 km/h). It did not enter mass production until December 1964, due to protracted trials.
The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors only and most often appears with standard canvas top and upper sides. The further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has two pair of doors. From the UAZ-69 there were developed a rear-wheel drive only van, the GAZ 19, which never passed the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ 69.
Over 600,000 GAZ 69s were built by the end of production in the USSR in 1972 (Romanian production lasted until 1975).
- Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p. 70.
- Ware, p. 177.
- Thompson, p. 176.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GAZ-69.|
- GAZ-69 – Everything you want to know about the GAZ-69
- GAZ-69 on sale at the Mortar Investments website
- GAZ-69 at the Soviet Armor website