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GAZ-69
Gaz69-2.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer
  • GAZ (1953–1955)
  • UAZ (1954–1972)
  • ARO (1957–1975)
Also called
Production 1953-1972
Assembly Moscow, USSR
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Body style 2 door cargo, 4 door field car
Layout F4 layout
Powertrain
Engine 2.1L GAZ-69 I4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (91 in)
Length 3,850 mm (152 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,950 mm (77 in)
Curb weight 1,535 kg (3,384 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor
Successor UAZ-469
GAZ-69A

GAZ-69 is a four wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1955. It replaced the GAZ-67. From 1954 until 1972 it was produced by UAZ, as the UAZ-69, though they were commonly known as GAZ-69s as well. (GAZ production stopped in 1956). In Russia, they were nicknamed Kozel (male goat).[1]

Design[edit]

The GAZ 69 was also available with a more powerful engine, with 2400 cc (derived from the basic 2100 cc), delivering 65 horsepower, with the same three-speed gearbox. This way, it was able to reach 100 km/h (62 mph). These versions were named GAZ 69M, or GAZ 69AM for the four-door version.[2]

It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 litres (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 litres (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat.[1] All civilian models also had to meet Red Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning. (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993.)[3]

Development[edit]

It was first designed by Grigoriy Vasserman beginning in 1953, it was powered by the same Dodge derived 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ M21 Pobeda. This enabled the GAZ 69 to reach 56 mph (90 km/h).[3] It did not enter mass production until December 1964, due to protracted trials.[3]

The GAZ-69 was also produced under licence by ARO in Romania, first as IMS-57, then as Muscel M59, later modernized as the Muscel M461. Many GAZ-69 trucks were used in Poland during the Cold War.[2]

The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors only and most often appears with standard canvas top and upper sides. The further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has two pair of doors. From the UAZ-69 there were developed a rear-wheel drive only van, the GAZ 19, which never passed the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ 69.[2]

Over 600,000 GAZ 69s were built by the end of production in 1972.[1]

Military use[edit]

The GAZ-69 was the basic light off-road vehicle of the Soviet Army, replacing GAZ-67s and Willys Jeeps. The GAZ-69 was itself replaced with the UAZ-469.[2]

It was also used as the basis for the 2P26 tank destroyer, as well as for the GAZ 46 MAV, a light 4x4 amphibious vehicle, whose design was largely copied from the World War II Ford GPA 'Seep'.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p. 70.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ware, p. 177.
  3. ^ a b c Thompson, p. 176.

Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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254 news items

Auto Świat

Auto Świat
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 07:18:32 -0700

Jeździłem nim w wojsku wiele razy nie był zły w terenie ale GAZ 69 był lepszy ponieważ nie był taki sztywny jak UAZ który przy większych przechyłach potrafił się na bok wywrócić GAZ po za tym szybciej pokonywał dziury i koleiny. wczoraj 13:20 | ocena ...

IzhLife.ru

IzhLife.ru
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 04:00:21 -0700

В Сарапульском районе Удмуртии состоялись соревнования по джип-триалу и кроссу. В гонках приняли участие как профессиональные спортсмены на специальных доработанных автомобилях, так и любители с малыми изменениями серийных ...

Lidovky.cz

Lidovky.cz
Sat, 25 Jul 2015 21:52:30 -0700

V rámci výměny historické techniky zamířily do Švédska z České republiky například transportér OT-810, terénní automobil GAZ-69, průzkumná vozidla nebo kanón ráže 122 mm. S převozem techniky ze Švédska do České republiky pomáhali členové Centra ...

Auto Motor Klassiek Nieuws

Auto Motor Klassiek Nieuws
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 23:07:30 -0800

Opeens in het bezit kwam van een plaatmooie GAZ 69 uit 1967, inclusief Moldavische papieren. De olijfgroene kruising tussen een tractor, een klassieke vrachtauto en een Jeep met valse wimpers neemt echter de plek in van twee zijspancombinaties.
 
CarBuzz
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 23:49:00 -0700

From what we can tell with our limited knowledge of the Russian language (meaning we have none), this group of Russians are apparently trying to get a broken down GAZ-69 off a frozen pond. What's a GAZ-69 you ask? That we can tell you: it's a Russian ...

Ziare.com

Ziare.com
Wed, 15 Jul 2015 10:55:48 -0700

iesti, mai bine ai pune mana pa carte siai afla ca M461 ie frate cu GAZ-69, care si iel ie frate cu Dogele americanilor , casa stiti. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69. Si al doilea, sa stiti ca cu avionu sa cam stiut delan ceput care ie taina, da ...

Metro TV News

Metro TV News
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 02:33:45 -0700

Acara yang berlangsung meriah ini dihadiri oleh berbagai komunitas/klub diantaranya,Komunitas Mobil, Jakarta American Jeep, Jakarta Hotrod & Classic Community, Gaz-69 Indonesia Community, Indonesia Stralet Club, Station Wagon Enthusiasts, Red Car ...

Business Insider

Business Insider
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 11:45:37 -0800

Ernesto "Che" Guevara went for rides, cigar in mouth, at the wheel of a Studebaker. This was before Cuba decided to swap its Western cars for more "revolutionary" vehicles, like the famous Russian GAZ-69 jeep adopted by "El Comandante" Castro.
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