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GAZ-69
Газ-69.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer
  • GAZ (1953–1955)
  • UAZ (1954–1972)
Also called
  • UAZ-69 (1954–1972))
Production 1953-1972
Assembly Gorky, Ulyanovsk (USSR)
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Body style 2 door cargo, 4 door field car
Layout F4 layout
Related IMS-57, M59, ARO M461
Powertrain
Engine 2.1L GAZ-69 I4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (91 in)
Length 3,850 mm (152 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,950 mm (77 in)
Curb weight 1,535 kg (3,384 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor
Successor UAZ-469
GAZ-69A

GAZ-69 is a four-wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1956 and then by UAZ, in 1956–1972, though all of these cars were known as GAZ-69s. Extremely popular in the Soviet Union, it was copied by a number of foreign companies.[1]

Development and production[edit]

The GAZ-69 was created by the team of chief designer Grigoriy Vasserman as a replacement for the GAZ-67B that would have lower fuel consumption than its predecessor and use the same 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ-M20 Pobeda. The development process started in 1946 and the first prototypes known under the name "Truzhenik" (Toiler) were built in 1948. After extensive on-road testing, the new off-roader went into production on August 25, 1953.[2] Over 600,000 GAZ-69s had been built by the end of production in the USSR in 1972. A similar vehicle basing upon GAZ-69 design was produced by ARO in Romania until 1975, first as the IMS-57, then as the IMS M59, and later modernized as the ARO M461.[3] GAZ-69 were standard military jeeps of the Eastern Bloc and client states.

Design[edit]

The standard GAZ-69 was able to reach 56 mph (90 km/h),[4] but its more powered versions, with 2400 cc (derived from the basic 2100 cc) 65 h.p. engines and the same three-speed gearbox, could reach 100 km/h (62 mph). They were known as the GAZ-69M, or GAZ-69AM for the four-door version.[5]

It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 litres (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 litres (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat.[1] All civilian models also had to meet Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning. (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993)[6] The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors and usually has standard canvas top and upper sides; there are two seats in front and two folding benches for three passengers each on sides. The further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has four doors, folding canvas top and two rows of seats.

It was used as the basis for the rear-wheel drive van GAZ-19 that was built in 1955 but didn't pass the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and the newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ-69.[5]

Military use[edit]

The GAZ-69 had been the basic light off-road vehicle of the Soviet Army, replacing GAZ-67s and Willys Jeeps, before the army adopted the UAZ-469.[5] It was also used as the basis for the 2P26 tank destroyer, as well as for the GAZ 46 MAV, a light 4x4 amphibious vehicle inspired by the Ford GPA 'Seep'.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p. 70.
  2. ^ (Russian) "The history of the development of the GAZ-69". www.off-road-drive.ru. 
  3. ^ IMS M461, "Avtolegendy SSSR i Socstran" No. 168, DeAgostini 2015, ISSN 2071-095X (Russian), p.3-6
  4. ^ Thompson, p. 176.
  5. ^ a b c d Ware, Pat. The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles (Lorenz Books, 2010), p. 177.
  6. ^ Thompson, p. 176

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1671 news items

INAUTONEWS

INAUTONEWS
Wed, 09 Dec 2015 01:00:00 -0800

This is what the Gaz 69 project sounds like, as the St. Petersburg-based studio has decided to make 12 units of the “mountain goat” look like this and also deliver under the hood a beastly V8 power upgrade. For now they only finished work on the first ...

Der Tuning und Styling Blog (Blog)

Der Tuning und Styling Blog (Blog)
Mon, 07 Dec 2015 20:00:15 -0800

Nach der Tuning-Kur die der GAZ 69 über sich ergehen lassen durfte und die vorsieht das der 55PS 2.1 Liter Vierzylinder dran glauben muss steht er nun deutlich spannender, individueller und Dank seiner 465PS aus einem dicken Chrysler V8 auch ...

Origo

Origo
Tue, 08 Dec 2015 23:26:28 -0800

A klasszikus GAZ 69 terepjáróba egy orosz tuningcég amerikai V8-as motort épít be, így egy csapásra felpörögtek az események. A 2,1 literes, 55 lóerős gyári motorral a legendás orosz terepjáró nem éppen fürge járgány: a gyári adatok szerint a ...

Auto.cz

Auto.cz
Sun, 06 Dec 2015 22:56:15 -0800

GAZ 69 získal v bývalém Sovětském svazu přezdívku „kozel“. Vývoj nástupce „čapajeva“ 67B začal už po druhé světové válce, vedl jej Grigorij Mojsejevič Vasserman. První prototypy vyjely v říjnu 1947. Sovětští konstruktéři použili „spodový“ čtyřválec 2 ...

Onet.pl

Onet.pl
Thu, 10 Dec 2015 03:39:54 -0800

Poza tym GAZ 69 otrzymał od Truck Garage regulowane zawieszenie, tylny dyferencjał ARB, nowe hamulce oraz 17-calowe felgi z 35-calowymi oponami terenowymi. W kabinie radzieckiej terenówki nadal panuje klimat retro. Pod klasycznymi kształtami tuner ...

DELFI.lv

DELFI.lv
Fri, 18 Dec 2015 19:30:42 -0800

Atgādinām, ka oriģināli GAZ-69 tika ražots no 1953. līdz 1972. gadam, pavisam izgatavojot 634 tūkstoš vienību. Tas sākotnēji tika komplektēts ar 55 zirgspēku jaudīgu 2,1 litra četrcilindru benzīna motoru, kas ļāva paātrināties līdz 90 km/h. Ar vēlāk ...

DELFI.lv

DELFI.lv
Fri, 11 Dec 2015 04:26:00 -0800

No oriģinālā GAZ-69 plānots saglabāt tikai virsbūvi un rāmi. Modernizētajai versijai būs principiāli jauns interjers, regulējamie amortizatori, jauni dzinēji un "Chrysler 545RFE" transmisija, kas aizgūta, piemēram, no "Jeep Commander" un "Dodge Durango".

Auto Świat

Auto Świat
Mon, 07 Dec 2015 16:00:00 -0800

GAZ 69 to legenda rosyjskiej motoryzacji. Pierwsze prototypy powstały w 1947 roku i były napędzane czterocylindrowym, dolnozaworowym silnikiem czterocylindrowym z Pobiedy o pojemności skokowej 2.2 l i mocy 55 KM. Miały one trzybiegową przekładnię, ...
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