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  • GAZ (1953-1955)
  • UAZ (1954-1972)
  • ARO (1957–1975)
Also called
Production 1953-1972
Assembly Moscow, USSR
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Body style 2 door cargo, 4 door field car
Layout F4 layout
Engine 2.1L GAZ-69 I4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (91 in)
Length 3,850 mm (152 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,950 mm (77 in)
Curb weight 1,535 kg (3,384 lb)
Successor UAZ-469

GAZ-69 is a four wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1955. It replaced the GAZ 67.[1] From 1954 until 1972 it was produced by UAZ, as the UAZ-69, though they were commonly known as GAZ-69s as well. (GAZ production stopped in 1956).[2] In Russia, they were nicknamed Kozel (male goat).[3]

Designed by Grigoriy Vasserman beginning in 1953, it was powered by the same Dodge derived 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ M21 Pobeda.[4] This enabled the GAZ 69 to reach 56 mph (90 km/h).[5] It did not enter mass production until December 1964, due to protracted trials [6]

GAZ 69 was also available with a more powerful engine, with 2400cc (derived from the basic 2100cc), delivering 65 hp, with the same three-speed gearbox. This way, it was able to reach 100 km/h (62 mph). These versions were named GAZ 69M, or GAZ 69AM for the four-door version.

It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 L (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 L (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat.[7] All civilian models also had to meet Red Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning.[8] (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993.[9])

The GAZ 69 was also produced under licence by ARO in Romania, first as IMS-57, then as Muscel M59, later modernized as the Muscel M461. Many GAZ-69 trucks were used in Poland during the Cold War.

The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors only and most often appears with standard canvas top and upper sides. Further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has two pair of doors. From the UAZ-69 there were developed a rear-wheel drive only van, the GAZ 19, which never passed the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ 69.

Over 600,000 GAZ 69s were built by the end of production in 1972.[10]

Military use[edit]

The GAZ-69 was the basic light off-road vehicle of the Soviet Army, replacing GAZ-67s and Willys Jeeps. The GAZ-69 was itself replaced with the UAZ-469.

It was also used as the basis for the 2P26 tank destroyer, as well as for the GAZ 46 MAV, a light 4x4 amphibious vehicle, whose design was largely copied from the World War II Ford GPA 'Seep'.


  1. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.70.
  2. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  3. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  5. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  6. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  7. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  8. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  9. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  10. ^ Thompson, p.70.

Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69 — Please support Wikipedia.
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Fri, 13 Mar 2015 23:49:00 -0700

From what we can tell with our limited knowledge of the Russian language (meaning we have none), this group of Russians are apparently trying to get a broken down GAZ-69 off a frozen pond. What's a GAZ-69 you ask? That we can tell you: it's a Russian ...

Gadzeto Mania

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Tue, 24 Mar 2015 04:27:54 -0700

GAZ-69. Twardy orzech do zgryzienia mieli za to twórcy filmowych adaptacji „Pana Samochodzika”. W pierwszej z nich, czyli nakręconej w 1965 roku „Wyspie Złoczyńców”, rolę wehikułu pełni GAZ 69 z przedłużoną maską i dołożonym, długim bagażnikiem.


Fri, 06 Mar 2015 09:00:45 -0800

Trong lớp thanh niên xẻ dọc Trường Sơn đi cứu nước, có một trung đội của những cô gái tuổi đôi mươi lái xe Zin130, Gaz 51, Gaz 69… vượt núi băng rừng, tải thương, tải đạn suốt những năm chiến tranh ác liệt nhất. Tết Mậu Thân 1968, chiến sự trên các ...

Granma Internacional

Granma Internacional
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 20:23:16 -0700

... los objetos de obra respetan la arquitectura original de la casa, edificada en 1908, y en armonía con ella construyen ahora un garaje con cubierta de madera y tejas que estrenará la exposición del Jeep GAZ-69, asignado a Celia en los primeros años ...
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 09:37:30 -0800

De militaire alleskunner is een doorontwikkeling van de Gorky Automobile Factory (GAZ) 69 uit de jaren 50. Door de jaren heen is de robuuste, eenvoudig te onderhouden Rus aangepakt en ook als personenversie voor de reguliere consument te koop.

Auto Motor Klassiek Nieuws

Auto Motor Klassiek Nieuws
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 23:07:30 -0800

Opeens in het bezit kwam van een plaatmooie GAZ 69 uit 1967, inclusief Moldavische papieren. De olijfgroene kruising tussen een tractor, een klassieke vrachtauto en een Jeep met valse wimpers neemt echter de plek in van twee zijspancombinaties.

Independent Online

Independent Online
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 02:30:00 -0800

This was before Cuba decided to swap its Western cars for more “revolutionary” vehicles such as the famous Russian GAZ-69 jeep adopted by “El Comandante” Castro. In the 1960s and 1970s, Peugeot 404s made in Argentina, then Czech Skodas and ...

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Fri, 28 Nov 2014 05:55:34 -0800

They also drove in a “Jeep,” where the Russian version had them in a “Kozelok” [the common nickname for the Russian-made GAZ-69 light truck]. At first it felt strange, but the translator explained that only poor people eat sardines in France, and they ...

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