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GAZ-69
Gaz69-2.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer
  • GAZ (1953-1955)
  • UAZ (1954-1972)
  • ARO (1957–1975)
Also called
Production 1953-1972
Assembly Moscow, USSR
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Body style 2 door cargo, 4 door field car
Layout F4 layout
Powertrain
Engine 2.1L GAZ-69 I4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (91 in)
Length 3,850 mm (152 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,950 mm (77 in)
Curb weight 1,535 kg (3,384 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor
Successor UAZ-469
GAZ-69A

GAZ-69 is a four wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1955. It replaced the GAZ 67.[1] From 1954 until 1972 it was produced by UAZ, as the UAZ-69, though they were commonly known as GAZ-69s as well. (GAZ production stopped in 1956).[2] In Russia, they were nicknamed Kozel (male goat).[3]

Designed by Grigoriy Vasserman beginning in 1953, it was powered by the same Dodge derived 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ M21 Pobeda.[4] This enabled the GAZ 69 to reach 56 mph (90 km/h).[5] It did not enter mass production until December 1964, due to protracted trials [6]

GAZ 69 was also available with a more powerful engine, with 2400cc (derived from the basic 2100cc), delivering 65 hp, with the same three-speed gearbox. This way, it was able to reach 100 km/h (62 mph). These versions were named GAZ 69M, or GAZ 69AM for the four-door version.

It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 L (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 L (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat.[7] All civilian models also had to meet Red Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning.[8] (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993.[9])

The GAZ 69 was also produced under licence by ARO in Romania, first as IMS-57, then as Muscel M59, later modernized as the Muscel M461. Many GAZ-69 trucks were used in Poland during the Cold War.

The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors only and most often appears with standard canvas top and upper sides. Further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has two pair of doors. From the UAZ-69 there were developed a rear-wheel drive only van, the GAZ 19, which never passed the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ 69.

Over 600,000 GAZ 69s were built by the end of production in 1972.[10]

Military use[edit]

The GAZ-69 was the basic light off-road vehicle of the Soviet Army, replacing GAZ-67s and Willys Jeeps. The GAZ-69 was itself replaced with the UAZ-469.

It was also used as the basis for the 2P26 tank destroyer, as well as for the GAZ 46 MAV, a light 4x4 amphibious vehicle, whose design was largely copied from the World War II Ford GPA 'Seep'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.70.
  2. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  3. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  5. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  6. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  7. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  8. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  9. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  10. ^ Thompson, p.70.

Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1 videos found

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1 videos found

258 news items

 
24
Fri, 08 May 2015 20:23:12 -0700

The renovated GAZ-69 of 1950 production year will head the motorcade. The camapign is timed to the 70th anniversary of the Victory. Columns of people will pass down Abdrakhmanov Street, other participants of the "Immortal regiment" will join them on ...
 
Dziennik Zachodni (subskrypcia)
Fri, 08 May 2015 04:47:11 -0700

W mieście goszczą m.in. ził 157, transporter opancerzony SKOT, terenowy willys MB, gaz 69, moździerz 120 mm, wyrzutnia pocisków niekierowanych Mars, karabiny maszynowego Maxim wz 1910 i Diegtariew wz 28. Są też grupy rekonstrukcyjne Armii ...

Blanenský deník

Blanenský deník
Fri, 08 May 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Stíhačka je nepřehlédnutelnou dominantou náměstí, ale zajímavostí je tam mnohem víc. Třiadvacet exponátů přivezli členové Vojenského veterán klubu Boskovický sedmizubec. „Ukazujeme například tahač raket ZIL 157 KV, lehký terénní automobil GAZ 69, ...
 
CarBuzz
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 23:45:00 -0700

From what we can tell with our limited knowledge of the Russian language (meaning we have none), this group of Russians are apparently trying to get a broken down GAZ-69 off a frozen pond. What's a GAZ-69 you ask? That we can tell you: it's a Russian ...

Feuerwehr-Magazin

Feuerwehr-Magazin
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 08:15:23 -0700

Wie die Polizei mitteilte, hat es zum Unfallzeitpunkt geschneit und die Straße war rutschig. Der Schaden beträgt zirka 7.000 Euro. Der UAZ 469 ist ab 1965 von dem russischen Uljanowsker Automobilwerk hergestellt worden. Er ersetzte den GAZ 69. Der UAZ ...

Independent Online

Independent Online
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 02:32:09 -0800

This was before Cuba decided to swap its Western cars for more “revolutionary” vehicles such as the famous Russian GAZ-69 jeep adopted by “El Comandante” Castro. In the 1960s and 1970s, Peugeot 404s made in Argentina, then Czech Skodas and ...

Russia Beyond the Headlines

Russia Beyond the Headlines
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 05:55:34 -0800

They also drove in a “Jeep,” where the Russian version had them in a “Kozelok” [the common nickname for the Russian-made GAZ-69 light truck]. At first it felt strange, but the translator explained that only poor people eat sardines in France, and they ...
 
NK News
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 23:41:16 -0700

It was also a copy of a Soviet vehicle, GAZ-69, which was in turn a slightly modified copy of a U.S. jeep from the late 1930s. Such antique origins did not prevent the North Koreans from producing Kaengsaeng (slightly modified) until recently. For ...
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