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  • GAZ (1953-1955)
  • UAZ (1954-1972)
  • ARO (1957–1975)
Also called
Production 1953-1972
Assembly Moscow, USSR
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Body style 2 door cargo, 4 door field car
Layout F4 layout
Engine 2.1L GAZ-69 I4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (91 in)
Length 3,850 mm (152 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,950 mm (77 in)
Curb weight 1,535 kg (3,384 lb)
Successor UAZ-469

GAZ-69 is a four wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1955. It replaced the GAZ 67.[1] From 1954 until 1972 it was produced by UAZ, as the UAZ-69, though they were commonly known as GAZ-69s as well. (GAZ production stopped in 1956).[2] In Russia, they were nicknamed Kozel (male goat).[3]

Designed by Grigoriy Vasserman beginning in 1953, it was powered by the same 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ M21 Pobeda.[4] This enabled the GAZ 69 to reach 56 mph (90 km/h).[5] It did not enter mass production until December 1964, due to protracted trials [6]

GAZ 69 was also available with a more powerful engine, with 2400cc (derived from the basic 2100cc), delivering 65 hp, with the same three-speed gearbox. This way, it was able to reach 100 km/h (62 mph). These versions were named GAZ 69M, or GAZ 69AM for the four-door version.

It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 L (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 L (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat.[7] All civilian models also had to meet Red Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning.[8] (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993.[9])

The GAZ 69 was also produced under licence by ARO in Romania, first as IMS-57, then as Muscel M59, later modernized as the Muscel M461. Many GAZ-69 trucks were used in Poland during the Cold War.

The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors only and most often appears with standard canvas top and upper sides. Further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has two pair of doors. From the UAZ-69 there were developed a rear-wheel drive only van, the GAZ 19, which never passed the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ 69.

Over 600,000 GAZ 69s were built by the end of production in 1972.[10]

Military use[edit]

The GAZ-69 was the basic light off-road vehicle of the Soviet Army, replacing GAZ-67s and Willys Jeeps. The GAZ-69 was itself replaced with the UAZ-469.

It was also used as the basis for the 2P26 tank destroyer, as well as for the GAZ 46 MAV, a light 4x4 amphibious vehicle, whose design was largely copied from the World War II Ford GPA 'Seep'.


  1. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.70.
  2. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  3. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  5. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  6. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  7. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  8. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  9. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  10. ^ Thompson, p.70.

Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

3 news items

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 00:18:45 -0700

The rocket-launchers used against Israel are mounted on GAZ-69 chassis made at Gorki. They have Ford-type engines made at Gorki. "Thus, a screen of censorship vigorously supported by multinational businessmen has withheld knowledge of a secret shift ...
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 06:03:15 -0700

După terminarea celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial, Jeep-ul rusesc a fost înlocuit cu GAZ-69, care a fost transformat, câţiva ani mai târziu, în binecunoscutul vehicul românesc IMS. În stânga - GAZ-67, în dreapta - GAZ-69a. Apoi, bătrânul IMS a fost ...
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 05:39:04 -0700

UAZ-69 là loại xe tải hạng nhẹ 4 bánh ban đầu được sản xuất bởi hãng GAZ từ năm 1953 - 1955 nên còn có tên gọi là GAZ-69. Từ năm 1954 - 1972 việc sản xuất được thực hiện tại nhà máy của UAZ nên xe có tên định danh mới là UAZ-69. Loại xe này được ...

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