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  • GAZ (1953-1955)
  • UAZ (1954-1972)
  • ARO (1957–1975)
Also called
Production 1953-1972
Assembly Moscow, USSR
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Body style 2 door cargo, 4 door field car
Layout F4 layout
Engine 2.1L GAZ-69 I4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (91 in)
Length 3,850 mm (152 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,950 mm (77 in)
Curb weight 1,535 kg (3,384 lb)
Successor UAZ-469

GAZ-69 is a four wheel drive light truck, produced by GAZ (ГАЗ, or Gorkovsky Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Gorky Automobile Factory) between 1953 and 1955. It replaced the GAZ 67.[1] From 1954 until 1972 it was produced by UAZ, as the UAZ-69, though they were commonly known as GAZ-69s as well. (GAZ production stopped in 1956).[2] In Russia, they were nicknamed Kozel (male goat).[3]

Designed by Grigoriy Vasserman beginning in 1953, it was powered by the same Dodge derived 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) 2.1 L (130 cu in) inline four and three-speed transmission as the GAZ M21 Pobeda.[4] This enabled the GAZ 69 to reach 56 mph (90 km/h).[5] It did not enter mass production until December 1964, due to protracted trials [6]

GAZ 69 was also available with a more powerful engine, with 2400cc (derived from the basic 2100cc), delivering 65 hp, with the same three-speed gearbox. This way, it was able to reach 100 km/h (62 mph). These versions were named GAZ 69M, or GAZ 69AM for the four-door version.

It featured two fuel tanks, one of 47 L (12 US gal; 10 imp gal) under the floor, one of 28 L (7 US gal; 6 imp gal) beneath the passenger's seat.[7] All civilian models also had to meet Red Army requirements, in case of wartime requisitioning.[8] (This is also why a hardtop version was not available until 1993.[9])

The GAZ 69 was also produced under licence by ARO in Romania, first as IMS-57, then as Muscel M59, later modernized as the Muscel M461. Many GAZ-69 trucks were used in Poland during the Cold War.

The basic variant GAZ-69 has a pair of doors only and most often appears with standard canvas top and upper sides. Further variant GAZ-69A (UAZ-69A) has two pair of doors. From the UAZ-69 there were developed a rear-wheel drive only van, the GAZ 19, which never passed the prototype stage. The off-road van and light truck UAZ-450 and newer UAZ-469 also traced their origins to the GAZ 69.

Over 600,000 GAZ 69s were built by the end of production in 1972.[10]

Military use[edit]

The GAZ-69 was the basic light off-road vehicle of the Soviet Army, replacing GAZ-67s and Willys Jeeps. The GAZ-69 was itself replaced with the UAZ-469.

It was also used as the basis for the 2P26 tank destroyer, as well as for the GAZ 46 MAV, a light 4x4 amphibious vehicle, whose design was largely copied from the World War II Ford GPA 'Seep'.


  1. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.70.
  2. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  3. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  5. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  6. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  7. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  8. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  9. ^ Thompson, p.176.
  10. ^ Thompson, p.70.

Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAZ-69 — Please support Wikipedia.
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Auto Motor Klassiek Nieuws

Auto Motor Klassiek Nieuws
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 23:07:30 -0800

Opeens in het bezit kwam van een plaatmooie GAZ 69 uit 1967, inclusief Moldavische papieren. De olijfgroene kruising tussen een tractor, een klassieke vrachtauto en een Jeep met valse wimpers neemt echter de plek in van twee zijspancombinaties.
Wed, 31 Dec 2014 22:46:38 -0800

1950s Desoto in Havana Cuba's iconic stock of refurbished vintage American sedans from the 1950s may be facing their last trips to the garage soon, following the historic thawing of ties between Havana and Washington. Flashy Pontiacs, Plymouths, Dodges ...
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 03:12:19 -0800

Samochód napędza silnik żuka, zderzaki pochodzą z autobusu volvo, a dach z radzieckiego auta terenowego GAZ 69. - Pojawiła się okazja kupienia auta do remontu - opowiada dziekan wydziału zarządzania i ekonomiki usług US, Piotr Niedzielski.


Mon, 05 Jan 2015 07:24:00 -0800

Otros modelos que cumplieron las mismas labores fueron el Toyota Land Cruiser, que llegó al país a finales de los cincuentas y el Campero Gaz 69, de origen ruso. AFP. 3. Land Rover Santana: Desde 1955 este campero fue el preferido por las familias ...


Mon, 05 Jan 2015 04:45:00 -0800

C'était avant que le régime ne décide de troquer ces produits du capitalisme contre des véhicules plus "révolutionnaires", comme la fameuse jeep russe GAZ-69 adoptée par le "Comandante". Dans les années 1960 puis 1970, les Peugeot 404 fabriquées en ...

WirtschaftsBlatt.at (Registrierung)

WirtschaftsBlatt.at (Registrierung)
Mon, 29 Dec 2014 23:05:28 -0800

Doch dann beschloss Havanna, die Produkte des Kapitalismus gegen "revolutionärere" Fortbewegungsmittel auszutauschen wie etwa den russischen Geländewagen GAZ-69, für den sich Fidel Castro entschied. In den 1960er und 70er Jahren tauchten ...
L'Orient-Le Jour
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 14:52:30 -0800

Ingrédients immuables du paysage urbain de Cuba, où leur vrombissement n'a jamais cessé de résonner, les rutilantes berlines américaines des années 50 pourraient vivre leurs dernières heures avec le rapprochement annoncé entre Cuba et les États-Unis ...


Fri, 02 Jan 2015 14:52:30 -0800

Doch dann beschloss Havanna, die Produkte des Kapitalismus gegen „revolutionärere“ Fortbewegungsmittel auszutauschen wie etwa den russischen Geländewagen GAZ-69, für den sich Fidel Castro entschied. In den 60er- und 70er-Jahren tauchten ...

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