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G. Sankara Kurup
Drawing of G. Shankarakurup
Drawing of G. Shankarakurup
Born (1901-06-03)June 3, 1901
Nayathode, Kingdom of Cochin
Died February 2, 1978(1978-02-02) (aged 76)
Vappalassery, Angamaly, Ernakulam, Kerala
Occupation Teacher, Poet, Essayist, Translator, Lyricist, Member of Indian Parliament
Notable works Odakkuzhal (1950)

G. Sankara Kurup, ( Malayalam: ജി.ശങ്കരകുറുപ്പ്, born June 3, 1901, Nayathode, Kingdom of Cochin (now in Ernakulam district, Kerala) - February 2, 1978, Vappalassery, Angamaly, Ernakulam district, Kerala), better known as Mahakavi G (The Great Poet G), was the first winner of the Jnanpith Award, India's highest literary award.[1][2] He won the prize in 1965 for his collection of poems in Malayalam Odakkuzhal (The bamboo flute, 1950). With part of the prize money he established the literary award Odakkuzhal in 1968. He was also the recipient of the Soviet Land Nehru Award, in 1967, and the Padma Bhushan in 1968.[3] His poetry collection Viswadarshanam won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award in 1961 and Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award in 1963.

After completing his education, Kurup worked as the Malayalam teacher in a secondary school in Thiruvillwamala in 1921. Later he became a teacher in the Government Secondary Teacher Training Institute near Trichur. He worked as the Malayalam Pandit in Maharaja's College, Ernakulam, and retired as Professor of Malayalam from the College in 1956.

Kurup published his first poem, called Salutation to Nature in 1918, while still a student. Apart from 25 collections of poetry, Kurup also wrote verse dramas and collections of literary essays—in all about 40 works in Malayalam. He also translated the Rubáiyát (1932) of Omar Khayyám, the Sanskrit poem Meghaduta (1944) of Kalidas, and the collection of poems Gitanjali (1959) of Rabindranath Tagore into Malayalam. Indeed, one often speaks of the influence of Tagore and Gandhi on the humanism and nationalism of Kurup. He has also been described as a “bard of science” who explores the role of science in achieving the human potential.

He also penned the lyrics for P.J.Cherian’s Nirmala, (1948), the first Malayalam film to incorporate music and songs. Kurup also led an active public life as a member (1968–72) of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament.

Sankara Warrier was his father and Vadakkani Lakshmikutty Amma was his mother. G's uncle was a good Sanskrit scholar and astrologer, who had a significant influence in shaping his literary life. In 1931 G married Subhadra Amma from an ancient Nair family - Purathu Veedu in Thiruvanchikulam, capital of the old Chera empire.



  • Suryakaanthi (Sunflower) (1933)
  • Nimisham (The Moment) (1945)
  • Odakkuzhal (Flute) (1950)
  • Padhikante Paattu (The Traveler's Song) (1955)
  • Vishwadarshanam (The Sight of the Universe) (1960)
  • Moonnaruviyum Oru Puzhayum (Three Streams and a River) (1963)
  • Jeevana Sangeetham (The Music of Life) (1964)
  • Sahithya Kauthukam (The Sweetness of Literature), in 3 Volumes (1968)
  • Ente Veil

- Perunthachan


  • Gadhyopahaaram (Honouring with Prose) (1947)
  • Mutthum Chippiyum (Pearl and Oyster) (1958)
  • Ormayude Olangalil (In the Waves of Memory) (1978)


  1. ^ "Jnanpith Laureates Official listings". Jnanpith Website. 
  2. ^ Jnanpith
  3. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._Sankara_Kurup — Please support Wikipedia.
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46 news items

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sun, 22 Jun 2014 20:00:00 -0700

He was speaking after receiving the award instituted by the Thrikkakara Samskarika Kendram in the name of G Sankara Kurup, at the panchayat hall here on Sunday. “The award came as a surprise to me as I am the first person to receive the award that is ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Wed, 26 Feb 2014 18:43:37 -0800

Poet G Sankara Kurup needs no introduction to the people of Kerala. But the lesser known fact is that the mortal remains of the winner of the first Jnanpith Award were cremated in Thrikkakara where a memorial was built. It can be traced to the compound ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 05:45:00 -0700

A stone's throw away from the busy Ernakulam Junction railway station, tucked away on Monastery Road, a typical, narrow, city backstreet, is Bhadralayam, the home of one of India's well-known poets, the first winner of the Jnanapith Award, G. Sankara ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 07:22:53 -0700

Then it was here that the 60th birthday celebrations of Mahakavi G. Sankara Kurup was held and Joseph Mundassery made that speech, which created a controversy that raged through literary circles for sometime,” says journalist and local historian Ravi ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Fri, 22 May 2015 17:33:45 -0700

But at the moment our focus is on G Sankara Kurup”. NV considered Kurup as the greatest of contemporary Malayalam poets, a stand which often brought him into conflict with Kurup's long time critic, the irrepressible Sukumar Azhikode. They fought many ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 03 Apr 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Vallathol Narayana Menon's Sahitya Manjari and G. Sankara Kurup's Sahitya Kouthukam were his favourites. Chacko believes his poetic instincts took shape thus. He soon began to experiment with writing. It was around the time the freedom struggle was ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 17:33:45 -0700

Back in 1985, the Public Service Commission ordered an inquiry into how so many youth from North Punnapra, Alappuzha, alone secured high ranks in PSC exams. Have the questions been leaked or ranklists tampered? However, the findings of the ...


Sat, 27 Dec 2014 03:45:32 -0800

It was instituted by the poet G Sankara Kurup in 1968, with part of the money he received for something in 1965. What did he receive? 6. “There are only three sports: X, motor racing, and mountaineering; all the rest are merely games”. Famous quote by ...

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