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G. Sankara Kurup
Drawing of G. Shankarakurup
Drawing of G. Shankarakurup
Born (1901-06-03)June 3, 1901
Nayathode, Kingdom of Cochin
Died February 2, 1978(1978-02-02) (aged 76)
Vappalassery, Angamaly, Ernakulam, Kerala
Occupation Teacher, Poet, Essayist, Translator, Lyricist, Member of Indian Parliament
Notable works Odakkuzhal (1950)

G. Sankara Kurup, ( Malayalam: ജി.ശങ്കരകുറുപ്പ്, born June 3, 1901, Nayathode, Kingdom of Cochin (now in Ernakulam district, Kerala) - February 2, 1978, Vappalassery, Angamaly, Ernakulam district, Kerala), better known as Mahakavi G (The Great Poet G), was the first winner of the Jnanpith Award, India's highest literary award.[1][2] He won the prize in 1965 for his collection of poems in Malayalam Odakkuzhal (The bamboo flute, 1950). With part of the prize money he established the literary award Odakkuzhal in 1968. He was also the recipient of the Soviet Land Nehru Award, in 1967, and the Padma Bhushan in 1968.[3] His poetry collection Viswadarshanam won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award in 1961 and Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award in 1963.

After completing his education, Kurup worked as the Malayalam teacher in a secondary school in Thiruvillwamala in 1921. Later he became a teacher in the Government Secondary Teacher Training Institute near Trichur. He worked as the Malayalam Pandit in Maharaja's College, Ernakulam, and retired as Professor of Malayalam from the College in 1956.

Kurup published his first poem, called Salutation to Nature in 1918, while still a student. Apart from 25 collections of poetry, Kurup also wrote verse dramas and collections of literary essays—in all about 40 works in Malayalam. He also translated the Rubáiyát (1932) of Omar Khayyám, the Sanskrit poem Meghaduta (1944) of Kalidas, and the collection of poems Gitanjali (1959) of Rabindranath Tagore into Malayalam. Indeed, one often speaks of the influence of Tagore and Gandhi on the humanism and nationalism of Kurup. He has also been described as a “bard of science” who explores the role of science in achieving the human potential.

He also penned the lyrics for P.J.Cherian’s Nirmala, (1948), the first Malayalam film to incorporate music and songs. Kurup also led an active public life as a member (1968–72) of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament.

Sankara Warrier was his father and Vadakkani Lakshmikutty Amma was his mother. G's uncle was a good Sanskrit scholar and astrologer, who had a significant influence in shaping his literary life. In 1931 G married Subhadra Amma from an ancient Nair family - Purathu Veedu in Thiruvanchikulam, capital of the old Chera empire.



  • Suryakaanthi (Sunflower) (1933)
  • Nimisham (The Moment) (1945)
  • Odakkuzhal (Flute) (1950)
  • Padhikante Paattu (The Traveler's Song) (1955)
  • Vishwadarshanam (The Sight of the Universe) (1960)
  • Moonnaruviyum Oru Puzhayum (Three Streams and a River) (1963)
  • Jeevana Sangeetham (The Music of Life) (1964)
  • Sahithya Kauthukam (The Sweetness of Literature), in 3 Volumes (1968)
  • Ente Veil

- Perunthachan


  • Gadhyopahaaram (Honouring with Prose) (1947)
  • Mutthum Chippiyum (Pearl and Oyster) (1958)
  • Ormayude Olangalil (In the Waves of Memory) (1978)


  1. ^ "Jnanpith Laureates Official listings". Jnanpith Website. 
  2. ^ Jnanpith
  3. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._Sankara_Kurup — Please support Wikipedia.
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101 news items


Sat, 13 Feb 2016 21:37:30 -0800

Kurup was the fifth recipient of the country's highest literary honour for Malayalam language, after G Sankara Kurup, S K Pottekkat, Thakazhi Shivashankara Pillai and M T Vasudevan Nair. Also read: ONV and the birth of 'Requiem for the Earth'. O.N.V ...
The Hindu
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 16:33:13 -0800

Poet S. Joseph was presented last year's Odakkuzhal Award by Critic M. Leelavathy at an event in Kochi on Tuesday. The award, given by Guruvayoorappan Trust, was instituted by the late poet G. Sankara Kurup to commemorate the Jnanpith Award won by ...


Mon, 18 Jan 2016 03:15:00 -0800

The festival was inaugurated by C.H. Mohammed Koya and prizes were distributed at the closing ceremony by chief minister E.M.S. Nampoothirippad. The first festival souvenir was issued that year. Many literary giants such as G. Sankara Kurup, Uroob, ONV ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Wed, 26 Feb 2014 18:43:37 -0800

Poet G Sankara Kurup needs no introduction to the people of Kerala. But the lesser known fact is that the mortal remains of the winner of the first Jnanpith Award were cremated in Thrikkakara where a memorial was built. It can be traced to the compound ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sun, 22 Jun 2014 20:00:00 -0700

He was speaking after receiving the award instituted by the Thrikkakara Samskarika Kendram in the name of G Sankara Kurup, at the panchayat hall here on Sunday. “The award came as a surprise to me as I am the first person to receive the award that is ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Thu, 13 Feb 2014 18:32:34 -0800

The Thrikkakkara Samskarika Kendram has organised a function to commemorate poet G Sankara Kurup. Floral tribute was offered at 'G Smrithi Mandapam' at Vallathol Nagar at Thrikkakkara. Following this, a commemoration meeting was held at MRA Hall ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 05:45:35 -0700

A stone's throw away from the busy Ernakulam Junction railway station, tucked away on Monastery Road, a typical, narrow, city backstreet, is Bhadralayam, the home of one of India's well-known poets, the first winner of the Jnanapith Award, G. Sankara ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sun, 01 Nov 2015 16:11:15 -0800

Speaking on the 'Indian scenarios in the poems of G.Sankara Kurup', noted writer Arsu, said that G. Sankara Kurup had marked the grandeur of Malayalam much before the language was awarded classical status. A number of poems written by Mr. Kurup ...

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