digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Lope de Vega

Fuenteovejuna is a play by the Spanish playwright, Lope de Vega. First published in Madrid in 1619 as part of Docena Parte de las Comedias de Lope de Vega Carpio (Volume 12 of the Collected plays of Lope de Vega Carpio),[1] the play is believed to have been written between 1612 and 1614.[2] The play is based upon an actual historical incident that took place in the village of Fuenteovejuna (now called Fuente Obejuna) in Castile in 1476.[1] While under the command of the Order of Calatrava, a commander, Fernán Gómez de Guzmán, mistreated the villagers, who banded together and killed him. When a magistrate sent by King Ferdinand II of Aragon arrived at the village to investigate, the villagers, even under the pain of torture, responded only by saying "Fuenteovejuna did it."

Background[edit]

Rapid change took place in Spain in the almost 150 years from the original events at Fuenteovejuna in 1476 to the publishing of Lope's play in 1614. In that time, Spain had united under the Habsburgs and become a world super-power with the discovery of the New World. At the time of Lope's writing, Spain was still in the midst of a Golden Age, a renaissance in the arts and academics.

The cross of the Order of Calatrava.

In 1469, seven years before the events at Fuenteovejuna, Princess Isabella I of Castile married Prince Ferdinand II of Aragon. With their marriage, the two major kingdoms of Spain, Castile and Aragon, were joined. This marriage would later ensure the successful completion of the Christian Reconquista of Spain from the Muslim Moors. When Isabella ascended the throne upon the death of her half-brother, Enrique IV, in 1474, Alfonso V of Portugal crossed into Spain in order to secure the throne for Juana, Princess of Castile, the daughter of Enrique. At the Battle of Toro, two years later, Isabella and Ferdinand's forces defeated the forces of Juana and Alfonso.

The same year, Ciudad Real was attacked by knights of the Order of Calatrava under the leadership of its Grand Master, 20-year old Rodrigo Téllez Girón, who supported the claims to the throne by Alfonso and Juana. The city was of strategic importance due to its location near the border of Castile. It was during this invasion that Commander Gómez de Guzmán was killed by the villagers of Fuenteovejuna after he treated them poorly. After no single guilty party was found, Ferdinand pardoned the villagers from Fuenteovejuna.[3]

Summary[edit]

Wedding portrait of Ferdinand and Isabella.

The first act opens in the home of the Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava, Rodrigo Téllez Girón. Here, a commander of the order, Fernán Gómez de Guzmán, urges his superior to seize the town of Ciudad Real in the name of Juana and Alfonso of Portugal. Girón decides to capture the city. The village and villagers of Fuenteovejuna are introduced and speak of love. The Commander enters and attempts to take two of the women, Laurencia and Pascuala, back to his castle, but they resist and escape. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella discuss the capture of Ciudad Real and vow to retake it. Later, two of the lovers, Laurencia and Frondoso meet in the forest. When the Commander approaches, Frondoso hides and watches as the Commander attempts to force himself on Laurencia. As the Commander has put down his crossbow, Frondoso steps out and takes it. As Laurencia escapes his grasp, Frondoso points the crossbow at the Commander, but does not threaten him, leaving with only the crossbow as the Commander curses both of them.

Act II begins in the village with a discussion among the peasants that is interrupted by the entrance of the Commander. He demands Esteban, Laurencia's father, to allow him to have her but he refuses and the Commander takes this as an insult. A soldier enters and begs the Commander to return to Ciudad Real (Royal City) which has just been surrounded by the forces of Ferdinand and Isabella. After the exit of the Commander, Laurencia and Pascuala run on with one of the peasants, Mengo. They are met by another peasant girl, Jacinta, who is being pursued by the Commander's servants. When Mengo protects her, they are both seized by the Commander's lackeys who will whip Mengo while Jacinta is raped by the Commander and then given to his men. Shortly afterwards, Esteban agrees to allow Laurencia and Frondoso to marry. The wedding proceeds but is interrupted by the Commander who arrests Frondoso, for his threat with the crossbow, as well as Esteban and Laurencia who protest his arrest.

The third act opens with the men of the village meeting to decide how to handle the situation. Laurencia, having been beaten and subject to attempted Droit du seigneur (though she beats off her attackers and escapes) enters, but is not immediately recognized. She reprimands the men for not attempting to rescue her, inspiring the men to kill the Commander. While preparations are being made to hang Frondoso, the band of villagers enters and kills the Commander and one of his servants. Flores, the surviving servant, escapes and rushes to Ferdinand and Isabella to tell what has happened. The shocked rulers order a magistrate to the village to investigate. The villagers, celebrating with the head of the Commander, are told of the magistrate's approach. In order to save themselves, the villagers say "Fuenteovejuna did it". The magistrate proceeds to torture men, women and young boys on the rack but gives up after not receiving a satisfactory answer. Ferdinand and Isabella pardon the Grand Master and when the villagers enter and tell their story, they are pardoned as well.[4]

Recent productions[edit]

It was played at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in 2008, see Stratford Festival production history, with Scott Wentworth as the tyrant and Jonathan Goad and Sara Topham as the two lovers. The Toronto Globe and Mail gave the production a favorable review.[5]

Produced at London's Royal National Theatre 1989, adapter Adrian Mitchell, director Declan Donnellan

The play has been filmed several times in Spanish and other European languages, but never in English. A musical version (called "Fuente Ovehuna") was produced in 1972.[6]

The play was the source for a Soviet era ballet Laurencia

References[edit]

  • Blue, William R. "The Politics of Lope’s Fuenteovejuna." Hispanic Review 59:3 (1991): 295-315.
  • Cañadas, Ivan. "Class, Gender and Community in Thomas Dekker’s The Shoemaker’s Holiday and Lope de Vega’s Fuente Ovejuna." Parergon 19.2 (July 2002): 118-50.
  • Cañadas, Ivan. The Public Theaters of Golden Age Spain and Tudor-Stuart England: Class, Gender and Festive Community. Aldershot, England, and Burlington, VT, USA: Ashgate, 2005 (Chapter 5). ISBN 0-7546-5187-8; ISBN 978-0-7546-5187-1.
  • Carter, Robin. "Fuente Ovejuna and Tyranny: Some Problems of Linking Drama with Political Theory", Forum for Modern Language Studies 13 (1977): 313-35.
  • Darst, David H. "Las analogías funcionales en Fuenteovejuna", Neophilologus 79 (1995): 245-52.
  • Edwards, Gwynne, Ed & Trans. Lope de Vega, Three Major Plays (with The Knight of Olmedo and Punishment without Revenge). Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1999, ISBN 0-19-283337-5.
  • Fischer, Susan L. "Fuente Ovejuna on the Rack: Interrogation of a Carnivalesque Theatre of Terror", Hispanic Review 65:1 (1997): 61-92.
  • Gerli, E. Michael. "The Hunt of Love: The Literalization of a Metaphor in Fuenteovejuna." Neophilologus 63 (1979): 54-58.
  • Herrero, Javier. "The New Monarchy: A Structural Reinterpretation of Fuenteovejuna", RHM 36:4 (1970-1): 173-85.
  • Morley, S. Griswold and C. Bruerton. Cronologia de las Comedias de Lope de Vega. Madrid, 1968.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Edwards xii
  2. ^ Morley 330-1
  3. ^ Edwards xii-xiii
  4. ^ Edwards, pp. 1-79.
  5. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/arts/article694961.ece
  6. ^ A Guide to Critical Reviews: Part II: The Musical, 1909-1989, page 181; third edition; by James M. Salem; published 1991 by The Scarecrow Press; ISBN 0-8108-2387-X

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuenteovejuna — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
5036 videos foundNext > 

Fuenteovejuna

Fuenteovejuna.

Fuente Ovejuna - Lope de Vega

Anche a questa commedia mancano i primi minuti, ma nulla toglie al racconto e al piacere di rivedere i grandi attori quando registravano per la RAI in dirett...

Fuenteovejuna, Compañía Antonio Gades

English version Below // FUENTEOVEJUNA -- ANTONIO GADES Inspirada en la obra homónima de Lope de Vega Inspired by the eponymous play by Lope de Vega Sinopsis...

Monólogo de Laurencia en Fuenteovejuna

Laurencia ha sido violada por el Comendador; los hombres están en consejo; llega Laurencia, les narra los hechos y reclama justicia. Un hito del teatro españ...

Fuenteovejuna obra completa

Versión de LA MUECA, Organización Mexicana de Arte, Cultura y Pensamiento a la obra de Lope de Vega.

Fuenteovejuna de Lope de Vega

Festival de Teatro Clásico Almagro (España). Compañia Arte Promociones Artísticas en co-producción con compañía Mefisto Teatro de La Habana, el Consejo Nacio...

DOCUMENTAL FUENTEOVEJUNA

Fuenteovejuna. Escuela de teatro de las Rozas 19-2-2014

Fuente Ovejuna. 1. Laurencia, Frondoso, Comendador.avi

FUENTEOVEJUNA ACTO I. LOPE DE VEGA.

UN CLÁSICO DEL SIGLO DE ORO ESPAÑOL. ME RESULTA CURIOSO QUE ESTA OBRA SE DEFINA COMO COMEDIA. VEO QUE NO ESTÁN TAN CLARAMENTE DEFINIDAS COMO EN SHAKESPEARE L...

5036 videos foundNext > 

1088 news items

 
La Cerca
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 08:56:15 -0700

El Claustro de San Juan de la Penitencia en Toledo (sede del Conservatorio de Música 'Jacinto Guerrero') será el escenario donde se representará el montaje teatral 'Fuenteovejuna', obra del dramaturgo Lope de Vega, este viernes día 3 de octubre a las ...

The Michigan Daily

The Michigan Daily
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 20:29:24 -0700

Rose is looking forward to a semester full of shows, including playing the lead role in the play “Fuenteovejuna,” which centers on themes of female empowerment. Life after graduation is still up in the air, but she hopes to move to California to start ...

Taurologia.com

Taurologia.com
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 04:08:36 -0700

El Fuenteovejuna todos a una ya no va con ellos y sus hombres están más que aleccionados para sentarse a hablar con Valencia y Canorea sin demasiados preámbulos”. En suma, la cuestión no está resuelta ni siquiera en eso que algunos denominan ...

Contacto

Contacto
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 10:11:43 -0700

La inteligencia castrista mueve hoy como nunca a sus agentes y “amigos” en Estados Unidos para alimentar el poderoso lobby en Washington --encabezado mediáticamente por The New York Times, que incluso ya alaba abiertamente a Fidel Castro-- que ...
 
La Marea
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 00:57:10 -0700

Todas siguen un idéntico esquema, muy similar al trazado por Sarkozy y Marty McFly. Tomemos como ejemplo Fuenteovejuna, posiblemente su obra más leída y conocida. La trama transcurre en un pueblo cordobés llamado Fuenteovejuna, en la época de ...

La Nación Costa Rica

La Nación Costa Rica
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 10:03:45 -0700

La obra es la cuarta más representada en España desde su estreno el 20 de diciembre de 1918, solo por debajo de Don Juan Tenorio, Fuenteovejuna y La vida es sueño. El montaje cuenta la historia de amor entre Magadalena y don Mendo, quienes viven ...
 
Página 12
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 14:00:00 -0700

Fuenteovejuna no tiene sede ni autoridades, formando una organización horizontal donde los vecinos más activos forman una conducción colegiada que coordina las actividades y representa a la Asociación. La mejor forma de contactarlos es en ...
 
el bierzo noticias
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Todos a una como en Fuenteovejuna. Así reza el dicho que han hecho bueno los usuarios del programa residencial de Proyecto Hombre que han unido sus fuerzas para colaborar en las tareas de limpieza de grafiti en el puente Celso López Gavela.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!