digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Lope de Vega

Fuenteovejuna is a play by the Spanish playwright, Lope de Vega. First published in Madrid in 1619 as part of Docena Parte de las Comedias de Lope de Vega Carpio (Volume 12 of the Collected plays of Lope de Vega Carpio),[1] the play is believed to have been written between 1612 and 1614.[2] The play is based upon an actual historical incident that took place in the village of Fuenteovejuna (now called Fuente Obejuna) in Castile in 1476.[1] While under the command of the Order of Calatrava, a commander, Fernán Gómez de Guzmán, mistreated the villagers, who banded together and killed him. When a magistrate sent by King Ferdinand II of Aragon arrived at the village to investigate, the villagers, even under the pain of torture, responded only by saying "Fuenteovejuna did it."

Background[edit]

Rapid change took place in Spain in the almost 150 years from the original events at Fuenteovejuna in 1476 to the publishing of Lope's play in 1614. In that time, Spain had united under the Habsburgs and become a world super-power with the discovery of the New World. At the time of Lope's writing, Spain was still in the midst of a Golden Age, a renaissance in the arts and academics.

The cross of the Order of Calatrava.

In 1469, seven years before the events at Fuenteovejuna, Princess Isabella I of Castile married Prince Ferdinand II of Aragon. With their marriage, the two major kingdoms of Spain, Castile and Aragon, were joined. This marriage would later ensure the successful completion of the Christian Reconquista of Spain from the Muslim Moors. When Isabella ascended the throne upon the death of her half-brother, Enrique IV, in 1474, Alfonso V of Portugal crossed into Spain in order to secure the throne for Juana, Princess of Castile, the daughter of Enrique. At the Battle of Toro, two years later, Isabella and Ferdinand's forces defeated the forces of Juana and Alfonso.

The same year, Ciudad Real was attacked by knights of the Order of Calatrava under the leadership of its Grand Master, 20-year old Rodrigo Téllez Girón, who supported the claims to the throne by Alfonso and Juana. The city was of strategic importance due to its location near the border of Castile. It was during this invasion that Commander Gómez de Guzmán was killed by the villagers of Fuenteovejuna after he treated them poorly. After no single guilty party was found, Ferdinand pardoned the villagers from Fuenteovejuna.[3]

Synopsis[edit]

Wedding portrait of Ferdinand and Isabella.

The first act opens in the home of the Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava, Rodrigo Téllez Girón. Here, a commander of the order, Fernán Gómez de Guzmán, urges his superior to seize the town of Ciudad Real in the name of Juana and Alfonso of Portugal. Girón decides to capture the city. The village and villagers of Fuenteovejuna are introduced and speak of love. The Commander enters and attempts to take two of the women, Laurencia and Pascuala, back to his castle, but they resist and escape. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella discuss the capture of Ciudad Real and vow to retake it. Later, two of the lovers, Laurencia and Frondoso meet in the forest. When the Commander approaches, Frondoso hides and watches as the Commander attempts to force himself on Laurencia. As the Commander has put down his crossbow, Frondoso steps out and takes it. As Laurencia escapes his grasp, Frondoso points the crossbow at the Commander, but does not threaten him, leaving with only the crossbow as the Commander curses both of them.

Act II begins in the village with a discussion among the peasants that is interrupted by the entrance of the Commander. He demands Esteban, Laurencia's father, to allow him to have her but he refuses and the Commander takes this as an insult. A soldier enters and begs the Commander to return to Ciudad Real (Royal City) which has just been surrounded by the forces of Ferdinand and Isabella. After the exit of the Commander, Laurencia and Pascuala run on with one of the peasants, Mengo. They are met by another peasant girl, Jacinta, who is being pursued by the Commander's servants. When Mengo protects her, they are both seized by the Commander's lackeys who will whip Mengo while Jacinta is raped by the Commander and then given to his men. Shortly afterwards, Esteban agrees to allow Laurencia and Frondoso to marry. The wedding proceeds but is interrupted by the Commander who arrests Frondoso, for his threat with the crossbow, as well as Esteban and Laurencia who protest his arrest.

The third act opens with the men of the village meeting to decide how to handle the situation. Laurencia, having been beaten and subject to attempted Droit du seigneur (though she beats off her attackers and escapes) enters, but is not immediately recognized. She reprimands the men for not attempting to rescue her, inspiring the men to kill the Commander. While preparations are being made to hang Frondoso, the band of villagers enters and kills the Commander and one of his servants. Flores, the surviving servant, escapes and rushes to Ferdinand and Isabella to tell what has happened. The shocked rulers order a magistrate to the village to investigate. The villagers, celebrating with the head of the Commander, are told of the magistrate's approach. In order to save themselves, the villagers say "Fuenteovejuna did it". The magistrate proceeds to torture men, women and young boys on the rack but gives up after not receiving a satisfactory answer. Ferdinand and Isabella pardon the Grand Master and when the villagers enter and tell their story, they are pardoned as well.[4]

Recent productions[edit]

It was played at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in 2008, see Stratford Festival production history, with Scott Wentworth as the tyrant and Jonathan Goad and Sara Topham as the two lovers. The Toronto Globe and Mail gave the production a favorable review.[5]

Produced at London's Royal National Theatre 1989, adapter Adrian Mitchell, director Declan Donnellan

The play has been filmed several times in Spanish and other European languages, but never in English. A musical version (called "Fuente Ovehuna") was produced in 1972.[6]

The play was the source for a Soviet era ballet Laurencia

References[edit]

  • Blue, William R. "The Politics of Lope’s Fuenteovejuna." Hispanic Review 59:3 (1991): 295-315.
  • Cañadas, Ivan. "Class, Gender and Community in Thomas Dekker’s The Shoemaker’s Holiday and Lope de Vega’s Fuente Ovejuna." Parergon 19.2 (July 2002): 118-50.
  • Cañadas, Ivan. The Public Theaters of Golden Age Spain and Tudor-Stuart England: Class, Gender and Festive Community. Aldershot, England, and Burlington, VT, USA: Ashgate, 2005 (Chapter 5). ISBN 0-7546-5187-8; ISBN 978-0-7546-5187-1.
  • Carter, Robin. "Fuente Ovejuna and Tyranny: Some Problems of Linking Drama with Political Theory", Forum for Modern Language Studies 13 (1977): 313-35.
  • Darst, David H. "Las analogías funcionales en Fuenteovejuna", Neophilologus 79 (1995): 245-52.
  • Edwards, Gwynne, Ed & Trans. Lope de Vega, Three Major Plays (with The Knight of Olmedo and Punishment without Revenge). Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1999, ISBN 0-19-283337-5.
  • Fischer, Susan L. "Fuente Ovejuna on the Rack: Interrogation of a Carnivalesque Theatre of Terror", Hispanic Review 65:1 (1997): 61-92.
  • Gerli, E. Michael. "The Hunt of Love: The Literalization of a Metaphor in Fuenteovejuna." Neophilologus 63 (1979): 54-58.
  • Herrero, Javier. "The New Monarchy: A Structural Reinterpretation of Fuenteovejuna", RHM 36:4 (1970-1): 173-85.
  • Morley, S. Griswold and C. Bruerton. Cronologia de las Comedias de Lope de Vega. Madrid, 1968.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Edwards xii
  2. ^ Morley 330-1
  3. ^ Edwards xii-xiii
  4. ^ Edwards, pp. 1-79.
  5. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/arts/article694961.ece
  6. ^ A Guide to Critical Reviews: Part II: The Musical, 1909-1989, page 181; third edition; by James M. Salem; published 1991 by The Scarecrow Press; ISBN 0-8108-2387-X

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuenteovejuna — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4524 videos foundNext > 

Fuenteovejuna

Fuenteovejuna.

Monólogo de Laurencia en Fuenteovejuna

Laurencia ha sido violada por el Comendador; los hombres están en consejo; llega Laurencia, les narra los hechos y reclama justicia. Un hito del teatro españ...

Fuenteovejuna obra completa

Versión de LA MUECA, Organización Mexicana de Arte, Cultura y Pensamiento a la obra de Lope de Vega.

Fuenteovejuna, Compañía Antonio Gades

English version Below // FUENTEOVEJUNA -- ANTONIO GADES Inspirada en la obra homónima de Lope de Vega Inspired by the eponymous play by Lope de Vega Sinopsis...

Fuenteovejuna de Lope de Vega

Festival de Teatro Clásico Almagro (España). Compañia Arte Promociones Artísticas en co-producción con compañía Mefisto Teatro de La Habana, el Consejo Nacio...

Fragmentos de Laurencia en Fuenteovejuna

Uno de los mejores personajes femeninos en los clásicos de la literatura española.

DOCUMENTAL FUENTEOVEJUNA

Fuenteovejuna. Escuela de teatro de las Rozas 19-2-2014

Fuente Ovejuna. 1. Laurencia, Frondoso, Comendador.avi

RESEÑA DE fuenteovejuna.

Hola hoy os traigo la reseña de fuenteovejuna.

4524 videos foundNext > 

424 news items

Noticias de Navarra

Noticias de Navarra
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 07:18:50 -0700

PAMPLONA - La Cava servirá de escenario esta noche, a partir de las 21.30 horas, para la representación de uno de los clásicos más conocidos y representados de Lope de Vega. Se trata de Fuenteovejuna y llegará de la mano de la compañía José ...

InfoRegión

InfoRegión
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Representantes de Fuenteovejuna le entregaron a Viñuales un petitorio con algunos temas que consideran importantes para que el Municipio los trate; entre ellos, que se notifique a los vecinos quiénes forman la Comisión Evaluadora, que se encarga de ...
 
Madrid Norte 24horas
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 05:01:48 -0700

Los intérpretes serán alumnos pertenecientes a distintos institutos de educación secundaria de la localidad que, por segundo año consecutivo, representarán Fuenteovejuna para todos los vecinos y vecinas de Sanse. Companía-Joven-Fuenteovejuna def ...

euroXpress

euroXpress
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:18:45 -0700

La compañía Obskené propone una interpretación contemporánea del clásico de Lope de Vega «Fuenteovejuna», que 400 años después sigue vigente haciendo referencia a un poder egoísta y corrupto. También revisitan un clásico los poloneses Teatr ...
 
La Voz de Galicia
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 05:00:00 -0700

-Fuenteovejuna, breve tratado de las ovejas domésticas. Teatro de calle de la compañía catalana Obskené. Recomendado a partir de 10 años. Praza de A Quintana. A las 19.30 horas. Viernes 8. -Supergalácticos. Teatro cómico de Código Morsa. Praza de A ...
 
Te Interesa
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Este lunes, 28 de julio, en el escenario de La Cava, la compañía José Estruch-RESAD, representa a las 21.30 horas la obra Fuenteovejuna. Su puesta en escena complementa las III Jornadas Navarras de teatro clásico, organizadas por el grupo de ...

Diario de Navarra

Diario de Navarra
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 03:18:45 -0700

El programa académico de estas III Jornadas Navarras de Teatro Clásico se completará con la representación teatral de 'Fuenteovejuna', de Lope de Vega, por la Compañía José Estruch-RESAD, con dirección de Pedro Casas, en La Cava. Comentarios.
 
Málaga Hoy
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 20:22:30 -0700

Por último, y aunque Carlos Saura cerró su trilogía sobre Gades en 1986 con El amor brujo, fue sin duda Fuenteovejuna, estrenada en Génova en 1994 y en el Teatro de la Maestranza de Sevilla en 1997 (con él aún en el escenario), la obra de madurez del ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Fuenteovejuna

You can talk about Fuenteovejuna with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!