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Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,047
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally rejected in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as well as Richard the Lionheart in 1192, one more time escaping from the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria. The fortress continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

280 news items

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Über zu wenige Seelsorger konnte die Stadt Friesach nie klagen, im Gegenteil. "Sie waren überhaupt überversorgt", sagt Historiker Wolfram Hoyer vom Dominikanerorden in Augsburg. Neben jenen Seelsorgern aus der Pfarre gab es dort bisher auch immer ...
 
Kleine Zeitung
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:18:45 -0700

I m kommenden Jahr wird der Holzstraßenkirchtag in Friesach stattfinden. Man habe, so der Bürgermeister bei den Veranstaltungsverantwortlichen interveniert, um die Veranstaltung nach Friesach zu holen. Eigentlich hätte das Fest in St. Urban stattfinden ...

Kleine Zeitung

ORF.at
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:19:04 -0700

Das Krankenhaus in Friesach ist überraschend aus der Gemeinschaft der Christlichen Krankenhäuser ausgeschlossen werden. Hintergrund ist ein Eigentümerwechsel, der Deutsche Orden trat das Spital an ein Klagenfurter Unternehmen ab. Der Name eines ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 20:00:00 -0700

Im Juli wurde bekannt, dass das Deutsch-Ordensspital in Friesach an "Familiare" – weltliche Männer und Frauen, die den Orden fördern – verschenkt wurde. Neue Eigentümerin ist die "DOKH GmbH" von Bernhard Tschrepitsch sowie Heinz und Matthias Paar ...

ligaportal.at - Fußball in Österreich

ligaportal.at - Fußball in Österreich
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 14:22:30 -0700

Danach lief Wietersdorf erneut die restliche Zeit dem Ball hinterher, Friesach drückte ständig auf den Anschlusstreffer. Doch die Offensive rund um Franz Pusar verzweifelte immer wieder an Keeper Kogler. Zu allem Überfluss kassierte die WSG noch eine ...

regionews.at

regionews.at
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 12:07:30 -0700

Zwei Verletzte forderte am Dienstagnachmittag ein Verkehrsunfall in Friesach. Ein 21-jähriger Schüler aus Friesach war mit seinem Pkw auf dem Jakobusweg Richtung Metnitztal Landesstraße unterwegs. Bei der Kreuzung mit der Metnitztal Landesstraße ...

NewsWalk.info (Pressemitteilung)

Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 08:11:15 -0700

28.10.14 | 16:04 Uhr | 3 mal gelesen | So gefunden auf meinbezirk.at FRIESACH. Das Krankenhaus Friesach ist vergangene Woche aus der Gemeinschaft der Christlichen Krankenhäuser ausgeschlossen worden. Hintergrund ist der Eigentümerwechsel.
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 00:30:00 -0700

Die Stadtkappelle Friesach lädt am Samstag, dem 25. Oktober um 19.30 Uhr in die Stadtpfarrkirche Friesach zu einem Chor- und und Orchesterkonzert. Mit dabei sind der MGV Almrose Radenthein, Vox ad libitum und natürlich die Stadtkapelle. Als Sprecher ...
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