digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,047
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally repelled in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as did Richard the Lionheart returning from the Third Crusade in 1192, attempting to elude the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The town gained in regional importance, and by the 13th century the Friesach pfennig was the standard coin used in the eastern Alps - circulated even as far as Croatia.[2] The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. The fortress, however, continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2014-01-01.
  2. ^ Freed, John B. "Medieval German Social History". Central European History. 25:1 (1992). 7.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

2462 news items

ORF.at

ORF.at
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 04:00:00 -0800

Mitte März wird im Deutsch-Ordens-Krankenhaus Friesach das „Gesundheitszentrum Nord“ eröffnet. Spitalsärzte und externe Mediziner können dort Räume mieten und Patienten behandeln. Dadurch sollen Wartezeiten verkürzt und Behandlungsabläufe ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 09:03:45 -0800

Und das wird sich auch jetzt, nachdem er als Obmann des Vereins „Mittelalterliches Friesach“ abgedankt hat, nicht ändern. „Ich bin seit 48 Jahren als Funktionär in verschiedenen Organisationen tätig und seit 23 Jahren Fürst. Das reicht ja wohl, oder?

meinbezirk.at

meinbezirk.at
Fri, 29 Jan 2016 05:07:30 -0800

Ein 45-jähriger Schlosser aus Klagenfurt lenkte seinen PKW von Klagenfurt kommend in Richtung Friesach. Auf Höhe Abfahrt Friesach Mitte fuhr er frontal gegen den auf dem Fahrbahnteiler befindlichen Aufpralldämpfer nächst der Abfahrt nach Friesach auf.

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sat, 23 Jan 2016 21:37:30 -0800

Die Räume werden gerade vorbereitet, im März, so sagt Wolfgang Müller, Geschäftsführer des Deutsch Ordens Krankenhauses Friesach, wird das Gesundheitszentrum Nord (GZN) starten. Müller: „Es soll ein Leuchtturmprojekt werden, wie man integrierte ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Tue, 12 Jan 2016 07:00:00 -0800

Große Feier in Friesach, Auszeichnung der Kärntner Gebietskrankenkasse als „G'sunde Lebenswelt Schule“ verliehen. Schwerpunkt soll auch in den kommenden zwei Jahren weiterverfolgt, unter anderem mit "Essbarem Schulgarten". Helene Leitner (10) ...

salzburg24.at

salzburg24.at
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 02:52:30 -0800

Neben Städten wie Gmünd, über das Paris Graf Lodron die Herrschaft ausübte, oder Friesach, wo Salzburg Münzen prägte, waren es vor allem geistlich regierte Gebiete, deren Geschicke über Jahrhunderte von Salzburg aus bestimmt wurden. Das Kärntner ...

Heute.at

Heute.at
Sat, 30 Jan 2016 01:11:15 -0800

Auf Höhe der Abfahrt Friesach Mitte fuhr der 45-jährige Lenker frontal gegen den auf dem Fahrbahnteiler befindlichen Aufpralldämpfer auf. Dabei wurde das Fahrzeug über die Fahrstreifen der B 317 geschleudert. Zur gleichen Zeit lenkte ein 19-jähriger ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 21:05:10 -0800

Denn: Entstehen soll es bei der Burgbaustelle, die dort als Attraktion für die Gäste gelegen kommt – genau dort, wo der Eislaufplatz des FAC Friesach liegt. Der müsste weg. Erich Schabernig, Eishockey-Sektionsleiter des FAC, wehrt sich gegen eine ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight