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Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 5,085
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally rejected in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as well as Richard the Lionheart in 1192, one more time escaping from the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria. The fortress continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Erlebnis Burgbau Friesach.

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2249 videos foundNext > 

468 news items

 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 16:48:45 -0700

Juli 2014) beim mittelalterlichen Familienfest "Spectaculum" in Friesach. Der Obmann des Vereines "Mittelalterliches Friesach", Fürst Max I. Max Koschitz, sein Vizedom, Friesachs Bürgermeister Josef Kronlechner sowie Amtsleiterin Irmgard Lechner als ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 00:07:30 -0700

"DA IN FRIESACH SAMSTAGABEND EIN ALKOHOLISIERTER 46-JÄHRIGER MEHRERE PERSONEN ANPÖBELTE, MUSSTE DIE ..." 27.07.14 | 09:13 Uhr | 2 mal gelesen | So gefunden auf kleinezeitung.at. Mann wurde Polizisten gegenüber aggressiv.

ORF.at

ORF.at
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 03:31:11 -0700

Das Deutsch-Ordens-Krankenhaus in Friesach ist verschenkt worden. Zwei Manager, die dem Orden schon bisher verbunden waren, bekamen die Immobilie und damit auch das Krankenhaus geschenkt. Ändern solle sich am Betrieb aber nichts, hieß es.
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 07:15:00 -0700

22.07.14 | 16:51 Uhr | 2 mal gelesen | So gefunden auf meinbezirk.at FRIESACH. Die Pfarren Friesach und Gurk luden zum Vollmondpilgern am Hemmapilgerweg ein. Unter der Leitung von Petra Lattacher und Franz Sadjak begaben sich 110 Pilger auf die ...
 
ORF.at
Sun, 29 Jun 2014 23:18:48 -0700

Die steirische Gemeinde Dürnstein wehrt sich gegen die Gemeindezusammenlegungen in der Steiermark. Statt mit dem steirischen Neumarkt will man mit Friesach fusionieren. In einer Volksbefragung sprachen sich 73 Prozent der Befragten für die ...
 
Kleine Zeitung
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 20:10:30 -0700

Das Deutsch Ordens Spital in Friesach wurde an Familiare verschenkt. Bernhard Tschrepitsch, einer der neuen Eigentümer, über seine Pläne. Tschrepitsch ist neuer Eigentümer des Spitals. Foto © KLZ/Helmuth Weichselbraun, KKTschrepitsch ist neuer ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 07:32:52 -0700

KÄRNTEN - DER DEUTSCHE ORDEN VERSCHENKTE SEIN SPITAL IN FRIESACH. 02.07.14 | 16:28 Uhr | 2 mal gelesen | So gefunden auf derstandard.at Das Krankenhaus bleibt aber in der Ordensfamilie - die neuen Eigentümer sind "Familiare", Laien, ...
 
Kleine Zeitung
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:30:34 -0700

"Leichte Verunsicherung" habe unter den 350 Mitarbeitern des Deutsch Ordens Krankenhauses Friesach geherrscht, als sie per E-Mail von der Neuübernahme des Hauses erfahren hatten, sagt Betriebsratsvorsitzende Ursula Heitzer. Wie berichtet, hat der ...
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