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Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 5,085
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally rejected in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as well as Richard the Lionheart in 1192, one more time escaping from the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria. The fortress continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

497 news items

 
Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 11:11:15 -0700

FRIESACH. Wolfgang Müller ist neuer, aber auch alter Geschäftsführer des Deutsch Ordens Krankenhauses. Er führte das Haus als Vorgänger von Gerhard Pöttler, ehemals Wirtschaftsdirektor des Landeskrankenhauses Salzburg. Pöttler hatte die Position in ...
 
Kleine Zeitung
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 11:20:43 -0700

Nicht unweit von der mittelalterlichen Burg entsteht in Friesach auch eine neue "Stadt" - und zwar eine aus Stroh. Am Samstag laden die Initiatoren zum Tag der offenen Tür ein. Foto © Steinmetz. Seit dem vergangenen Wochenende beschäftigen sich 32 ...
 
Kleine Zeitung
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 11:11:15 -0700

In Friesach versucht man, dieses Problem jetzt auf ungewöhnliche Weise zu lösen. Die Stadt will, nachdem 11.000 Stück der neuen Wanderkarte aufgelegt wurden, die heimischen Vereine dazu einladen, die Pflege der einzelnen Routen, unter anderem für ...
 
Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 11:19:48 -0700

"Es wurden jetzt Betonleitwände aufgestellt", sagte Karl Pemberger Chef der Straßenmeisterei Friesach. Der Hang wird am Dienstag durch einen Landesgeologen begutachtet. Wahrscheinlich wird eine Steinschlichtung errichtet. Pemberger: "Vermutlich ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Am vergangenen Donnerstag wurde das Caritas-Haus "Franz Josef" in Friesach in der ehemaligen Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Jubiläumsschule eröffnet. Die Einrichtung ist für Menschen gedacht, die unabhängig bleiben wollen, aber in manchen Aktivitäten des ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 06:52:30 -0700

meinbezirk.at weiter: FRIESACH. Am vergangenen Donnerstag wurde das Caritas-Haus "Franz Josef" in Friesach in der ehemaligen Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Jubiläumsschule eröffnet. Die Einrichtung ist für Menschen gedacht, die unabhängig bleiben wollen, ...
 
WirtschaftsBlatt.at
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 04:48:45 -0700

LG Leoben Johann Trippl, Lutzmannsdorf 54, 8861 St. Georgen Murau Einzelfirma. MV: Dr. Franz Josef Hofer, 9360 Friesach (K) LG Wels DECFOR GmbH, Gmundnerstraße 31, 4840 Vöcklabruck FN315709d. MV: Dr. Andreas Haberl, 4840 Vöcklabruck (SV)

NewsWalk.info

ORF.at
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Bei einem Arbeitsunfall in Dürnstein im Bezirk Murau ist am Mittwoch ein 19-Jähriger schwer verletzt worden: Der Zimmerer war mit der Hand in eine laufende Kreissäge geraten. Der 19-Jährige aus dem Bezirk Murau war gegen 13.00 Uhr auf einer Baustelle ...
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