digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,047
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally rejected in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as did Richard the Lionheart returning from the Third Crusade in 1192, attempting to elude the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria. The fortress continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1078 news items

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 10:06:33 -0700

Kürzlich gab es einen Informationsabend in Friesach zur geplanten Lais-Lerngruppe (wir berichteten). Von öffentlicher Seite hat man jedoch keine so große Freude mit derartigen Einrichtungen. Landesschulratspräsident Rudolf Altersberger stellt seine ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 10:05:19 -0700

Geleitet wird die Schule nicht streng hierarchisch, „sondern jeweils vom kompetentesten Menschen.“ Das soll auch in Friesach so geschehen. Die Kinder der LAIS-Schule müssen jedoch nach jedem Schuljahr eine Externistenprüfung absolvieren, wo ihr ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 05:10:15 -0700

Identische Schrift: Einspruch nach Wahl in Friesach. Nach der Gemeinderats- und Bürgermeisterwahl in Friesach: die örtliche FPÖ stellt Stimmen für ÖVP in Frage. Schriftzüge für Vorzugsstimmen seien nämlich identisch. Ähnliche Schriftzüge sollen ...

regionews.at

Tiroler Tageszeitung Online
Sat, 14 Mar 2015 19:37:30 -0700

Friesach (APA) - Bei einem Verkehrsunfall in Friesach wurden am Samstagnachmittag vier Menschen schwer verletzt. Eine 19-jährige Lenkerin steuerte ihr Auto an der Metnitztal Straße in das einer 77-jährigen Pensionistin und ihrem mitfahrenden ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Ilmar Tessmann: „Vor drei Jahren haben wir dann eine Generalsanierung angefangen.“ Dabei hat man auch Karlheinz Simonitsch kennengelernt, dessen Kunstwerke unter anderem im Klinikum Klagenfurt zu finden sind, oder auch im Krankenhaus Friesach.

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 02:45:00 -0700

... die Jägerin Isabella Staudacher, der Hegeringleiter Heinz Ofer, der Fleischer Stefan Malle, das Friseurehepaar Franz und Anna Maria Höfferer, der Jungschützentrainer Albert Ogris, vom Sportschützenverein Friesach Günther und Ruth Steiner, sowie vom ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:56:15 -0700

Katrin Lenart (19), aus Friesach, Schülerin der Höheren Lehranstalt für wirtschaftliche Berufe in St. Veit, siegte beim Bundeswettbewerb für Fremdsprachen. Für Sprachen hat sich die Schülerin schon immer interessiert Foto © Steinmetz. Ich habe mich ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 22:26:15 -0700

Der Radweg R7, der von Klagenfurt nach Friesach und bis zur Landesgrenze führt, hat alle guten Eigenschaften eines Radweges: „Er ist ein sicherer, guter Radweg, es gibt nur ein Stück, wo die Radfahrer die Landesstraße am Krappfeld queren müssen, die ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight