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Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,047
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally rejected in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as did Richard the Lionheart returning from the Third Crusade in 1192, attempting to elude the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria. The fortress continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

916 news items

 
Kleine Zeitung
Fri, 24 Jul 2015 12:18:45 -0700

MAX KOSCHITZ: Ich bin der Fürst. Seit 23 Jahren schleiche ich so in Friesach herum, und schaue zum Beispiel, dass beim Spectaculum alles funktioniert. Aber ich bin nur ein Teil des Ganzen, ohne die 250 fleißigen Teammitglieder wäre ich ein armer ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sat, 25 Jul 2015 09:52:30 -0700

Friesachs „Fürst“ Max Koschitz hat im Laufe von 19 Spectaculum-Festen schon viel erlebt. Aber selten, dass Menschen vor ihm auf die Knie gehen: „Ein ganzer Reisebus voll mit netten chinesischen Touristen aus Hongkong besuchte das Spactaculum.

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 00:20:23 -0700

Bombendrohung gegen das Schulzentrum Friesach: Dieses Gerücht breitete sich – nach einem Posting auf Facebook – Freitagfrüh wie ein Lauffeuer aus. Über die sozialen Netzwerke bekam es eine unheilvolle Eigendynamik. Panik und Aufruhr unter den ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 04:14:22 -0700

"Blasmusik trifft Friesach". Von einer musikalischen Klangwolke umhüllt war am Wochenende die Burgenstadt Friesach. Druckbare Version; Foto per E-Mail versenden · Link mit anderen teilen. WILFRIED GEBENETER. Foto 2 / 26 (Foto © WILFRIED ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 06:30:00 -0700

Kirchtag luden die örtlichen Bürgerfrauen nach Friesach ein. Der Auftakt erfolgte am Hauptplatz mit anschließendem Marsch zum Festplatz in den Fürstenhof, wo im Anschluss die Stadtkapelle Friesach (Leitung: Günther Pachler) ihr musikalisches Können ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 13 Jul 2015 03:00:24 -0700

Grund war die Kärntner Waldarbeitsmeisterschaft mit 80 Teilnehmern und der 21. Holzstraßenkirchtag in Friesach. Hunderte Besucher waren anlässlich der Jubiläumsfeierlichkeiten „800 Jahre civitas Friesach“ auf das Burgbaugelände gepilgert, um dabei zu ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sun, 19 Jul 2015 06:07:30 -0700

Das ist gestern in Friesach passiert, man veranstaltete ein Probegehen mit einigen Leuten, die sich schon gemeldet haben, um den Drachen fortzubewegen. Denn der Drache, den man im Vorjahr beim Spectaculum aus einem großen Ei schlüpfen ließ, soll ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 03:07:30 -0700

Von zahlreichen fleißigen Händen wurde der "Tatzlwurm", so bezeichnete Stadtamtsdirektorin Irmgard Lechner-Pirker den Drachen, in Friesach gefertigt. Nun braucht er Beine, um die Attraktion des Friesacher Spectaculums zu werden, das am Wochenende ...
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