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Friesach
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Friesach with Petersberg Castle
Coat of arms of Friesach
Coat of arms
Friesach is located in Austria
Friesach
Friesach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417Coordinates: 46°57′N 14°25′E / 46.950°N 14.417°E / 46.950; 14.417
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Sankt Veit an der Glan
Government
 • Mayor Josef Kronlechner (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 120.83 km2 (46.65 sq mi)
Elevation 634 m (2,080 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,047
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9360
Area code 04268
Website www.friesach.at

Friesach (Slovene: Breže) is a historic town in the Sankt Veit an der Glan district of Carinthia, Austria. First mentioned in an 860 deed, it is known as the oldest town in Carinthia.

Town fortification

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Friesach covers an area of 120.83 km² and its mean elevation is 631 meters above sea level. It is located in northern Carinthia near the border with Styria, about 40 km (25 mi) north of its capital Klagenfurt.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Friesach is divided into the following Katastralgemeinden: Friesach, St. Salvator and Zeltschach.

It can be further divided into Friesach proper and the villages and hamlets of Dobritsch, Dörfl, Engelsdorf, Gaisberg, Grafendorf, Guldendorf, Gundersdorf, Gunzenberg, Gwerz, Harold, Hartmannsdorf, Hundsdorf, Ingolsthal, Judendorf, Kräuping, Leimersberg, Mayerhofen, Moserwinkl, Oberdorf I, Oberdorf II, Olsa, Pabenberg, Reisenberg, Roßbach, Sattelbogen, Schratzbach, Schwall, Silbermann, St. Johann, St. Salvator, St. Stefan, Staudachhof, Stegsdorf, Timrian, Wagendorf, Wels, Wiegen, Wiesen, Zeltschach, Zeltschachberg, Zienitzen, Zmuck.

History[edit]

In 860 King Louis the German of East Francia donated the lands of the estate ad Friesah - derived from Slavic Breza (birch) - in the Bavarian March of Carinthia (Carantania) to Archbishop Adalwin of Salzburg. From about 740 Bavarians had crossed the Central Eastern Alps and settled among the Slavic Carantanians.

Petersberg Castle

After the formation of the Duchy of Carinthia in 976, Friesach remained a southern Salzburg exclusive and a strategically important outpost. About 1076 Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a follower of Pope Gregory VII in the Investiture Controversy, had the Petersberg fortress erected above the town in order to prevent Emperor Henry IV from crossing the Alps. The archbishop also had fierce enemies in the Carinthian ducal House of Sponheim, who after his deposition made several attempts to take possession of Friesach. Constant attacks by Duke Engelbert were finally rejected in 1124. In 1149 King Conrad III of Germany stayed at the castle on his way back from the Second Crusade, as did Richard the Lionheart returning from the Third Crusade in 1192, attempting to elude the guards of Duke Leopold V of Austria. The fortress continued to be an important power basis of the Salzburg prince-archbishops throughout the Middle Ages, once again enlarged and strengthened by Leonhard von Keutschach from 1495 onwards.

The settlement of Friesach beneath Petersberg Castle received town privileges in 1215. During the Middle Ages, it was a principal market town and commercial centre due to an important trade route from Vienna to Venice that ran through the city. The town flourished when Archbishop Eberhard II of Regensberg (1200-1246) made it the second largest city in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the most important town in Carinthia. From local silver resources it even minted its own currency called the Friesacher Pfennig or Frizatik, widely used within the Austrian and Hungarian lands in the 12th century. The importance of the town diminished with the rise of the House of Habsburg, Carinthian dukes since 1335. It nevertheless belonged to Salzburg until the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, when Friesach finally fell to Carinthia.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census Friesach had 5,335 inhabitants. Of that, 89.8% are Roman Catholic, 2.6% are Evangelist and 1.5% are Muslims. 4.8% of the population is non-religious.

Objects of interest[edit]

St. Bartholomew
Town centre

The mediæval town around the Romanesque parish church of Saint Bartholomew and its city walls are preserved in quite good condition. From the 13th century on the Salzburg Archbishops stayed at the Fürstenhof residence. Furthermore:

Economy[edit]

Friesach has several small to medium-sized industries, including metalworking and textilemaking. Like most regions of Carinthia, the town mainly depends on tourism. With the Teutonic Order hospital, it is also a supraregional health centre.

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

At the 2009 elections, Friesach's local council (Gemeinderat) consisted of 23 members of the following parties:

  • 13 SPÖ
  • 5 LSM (Independent)
  • 3 BZÖ
  • 2 BFF (Independent)
  • 1 FPÖ

Twin towns[edit]

Friesach is twinned with:

Born in Friesach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friesach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1029 news items

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 25 May 2015 08:22:30 -0700

Bei der Erstellung von Kommentaren haben Nutzer rechtliche Bestimmungen (z. B. Privat-, Strafrecht), die Netiquette und Forenregeln einzuhalten. Was wir in diesem Forum nicht dulden: Beschimpfungen, Verspottungen, Belästigungen, Ehrbeleidigungen, ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Sat, 23 May 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Der Regionale Strukturplan Gesundheit (RSG) 2020, welcher vor wenigen Wochen durch Landeshauptmann-stellvertreterin und Gesundheitsreferentin Beate Prettner (SPÖ) präsentiert wurde, sorgte im Deutsch-Ordensspital Friesach für Diskrepanzen.

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Fri, 22 May 2015 09:05:09 -0700

Während SPÖ, ÖVP und „Bürger für Friesach“ (BFF) den Kurs Frellers mittragen, übt Helmut Wachernig (FPÖ) Kritik: „Das Projekt ist eine Riesenchance, die nicht genutzt wurde.“ Freller dazu: „Von den 6,8 Millionen Euro für den Burgbau, den 2,8 Millionen ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Das war die erste Reaktion von Wolfgang Müller, Geschäftsführer des Deutsch-Ordens Krankenhauses (DOKH) Friesach, auf den am Montag präsentierten Gesundheitsplan von Landeshauptmannstellvertreterin und Gesundheitsreferentin Beate Prettner.

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Fri, 15 May 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Die Tourismusregion Mittelkärnten präsentierte ihre erste Ausgabe der Broschüre Kulturgenuss diese Woche im Fürstenhof in Friesach. Darin schließen sich die Mittelkärntner Genussbetriebe und Kulturinstitutionen zusammen und präsentieren den Gästen ...

ORF.at

ORF.at
Mon, 11 May 2015 08:11:15 -0700

Seit sechs Jahren wird in Friesach ohne moderne Technik an einer Mittelalterburg gebaut. Das Projekt soll zum einen wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse über die Bauweise im Mittelalter bringen, zum anderen aber den Tourismus in der Burgenstadt beleben.

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 11 May 2015 21:52:30 -0700

"Feiert eine Stadt ein großes Jubiläum, darf natürlich ein großer Sohn nicht fehlen", meint Angela Neumann vom Tourismusbüro in Friesach. Die älteste Stadt Kärntens ist heuer 800 Jahre alt und feiert dieses Jubiläum über Pfingsten - unter anderem mit ...

Kleine Zeitung

Kleine Zeitung
Mon, 04 May 2015 06:41:15 -0700

Unter diesem Titel stand das musikalische Konzert-Kabarett von Patrick Hahn, der am Samstagabend auf seiner Tour auch in der Burgenstadt Friesach Station machte. Kulturstadtrat Josef Pepper war es gelungen, den 20-jährigen Steirer von der Laßnitzhöhe ...
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