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"Fra" redirects here. For other uses, see FRA (disambiguation).
This article is about members of religious orders. For the surnames, see Fryer (surname) and Fryar. For the butterflies, see Amauris.
"Frays" redirects here. For other uses, see Fray (disambiguation).
A group of friars; novices of the Order of Augustinian Recollects at the Monastery of Marcilla, Navarra, Spain

A friar, or occasionally fray, is a man who is a member of a mendicant Christian religious order. "Fray" is sometimes used in former Spanish colonies such as the Philippines or the American Southwest as a title, such as in Fray Juan de Torquemada.

Friars and monks[edit]

Friars are different from monks in that they are called to live the evangelical counsels (vows of poverty, chastity and obedience) in service to society, rather than through cloistered asceticism and devotion. Whereas monks live in a self-sufficient community, friars work among laypeople and are supported by donations or other charitable support.[1] A monk or nun makes their vows and commits to a particular community in a particular place. Friars commit to a community spread across a wider geographical area known as a province, and so they will typically move around, spending time in different houses of the community within their province.

Etymology[edit]

The English term Friar is derived from the Norman French word frere ("brother"), from the Latin frater ("brother"), which was widely used in the Latin New Testament to refer to members of the Christian community.

Orders[edit]

In the Roman Catholic Church, there are two classes of orders known as friars, or mendicant orders: the four "great orders" and the so-called "lesser orders".

Four great orders[edit]

The four great orders were mentioned by the Second Council of Lyons (1274), and are:

  • The Dominicans, founded ca. 1216. They are also known as the "Friar Preachers", or the "Black Friars", from the black mantle ("cappa") worn over their white habit. The Dominicans were founded by St. Dominic and received papal approval from Honorius III in 1216 as the "Ordo Praedicatorum" under the Rule of St. Augustine. They became a mendicant order in 1221.
  • The Franciscans, founded in 1209. They are also known as the "Friars Minor" or the "Grey Friars". The Franciscans were founded by St. Francis of Assisi and received oral papal approval by Innocent III in 1209 and formal papal confirmation by Honorius III in 1223. Today the Friars Minor is composed of three branches: the Order of Friars Minor (Brown Franciscans), Capuchin reform (Grey Friars) and the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Capuchins): Conventual Franciscans wearing black habits.
  • The Carmelites, founded ca. 1155.[2] They are also known as the "White Friars" because of the white cloak which covers their brown habit. They received papal approval from Honorius III in 1226 and later by Innocent IV in 1247. The Carmelites were founded as a purely contemplative order, but became mendicants in 1245. There are two types of Carmelites, those of the Ancient Observance (O.Carm.) and those of the Discalced Carmelites (O.C.D.), founded by St. Teresa of Avila in the 16th century.
  • The Augustinians, founded in 1244 (the "Little Union") and enlarged in 1256 (the "Grand Union"). They are also known as the "Hermits of St. Augustine", or the "Austin Friars". Their rule is based on the writings of Augustine of Hippo. The Augustinians were assembled from various groups of hermits as a mendicant order by Pope Innocent IV in 1244 (Little Union). Additional groups were added by Alexander IV in 1256 (Grand Union).

Lesser orders[edit]

Some of the lesser orders are:

Uses by other Christian traditions[edit]

Orders of friars (and sisters) exist in other Christian traditions, including the Order of Lutheran Franciscans and the Order of Ecumenical Franciscans.

Although not a permanent position in the church, missionaries in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints serve in a similar way. They travel away from home, and serve the community they are called to.

Other name use[edit]

Several high schools, as well as Providence College, use friars as their mascot. The MLB's San Diego Padres have the Swinging Friar.

The University of Michigan's oldest a cappella group is a male octet known as The Friars.[3]

The University of Pennsylvania has a senior honor society known as Friars.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Vocation-Network.org information about Catholic religious communities and life as a sister, brother, or priest.
  • VocationMatch.com helps those discerning a Catholic religious vocation sort through options and find the order or vocation that may be right for them.
  • DigitalVocationGuide.org digital edition of VISION, the annual Catholic religious vocation discernment guide.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friar — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1964 news items

Friar Basketball

Friar Basketball
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 10:25:13 -0700

Friar fans have a unique opportunity to create home court advantages for all three neutral court games, if they come out in full force. There is also the opportunity to have thousands of PC fans turn out for the game at Boston College. This is the type ...
 
Madison.com
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 13:48:45 -0700

WOODMAN - Doris R. Friar, age 95, of Woodman, passed away on Tuesday Aug. 19, 2014, at the Lancaster Care Center in Lancaster. She was born in Bloomington Township Grant County Wis.; the daughter of Frank J. Vogt and Esther (Taylor) Vogt.
 
Gaslamp Ball
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 12:30:00 -0700

Dancing Friar still dancing. +. posted by jbox on Aug 26, 2014. Fresh robe, fresher moves. http://t.co/vILmwIWc2y. — MLB GIFS (@MLBGIFs) August 26, 2014. I love that the score is 10-1 and the Dancing Friar is still gyrating. Small_gaslampball.com ...

NBCSports.com

Friar Basketball
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 18:41:15 -0700

Providence has followed up a top 25 recruiting class in 2014 with a '15 haul that should only help diversify the team that Ed Cooley and his staff can roll out in the fall of 2015. The addition of punishing 2015 power forward Alex Owens should make the ...

TVWise

TVWise
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 16:15:20 -0700

Poppy Lee Friar and Jane Asher have been cast in leading roles in CBBC's series EVE, TVWise has learned. EVE is a 13 episode science fiction series which follows the adventures of a robot living with a family in suburbia and trying to make sense of ...

Citizen

Citizen
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 00:41:15 -0700

Even with Anton Marcus up it is hard to go with Goldie Coast and it could be better to go with Friar Tuck. Mark Dixon's charge has improved since fitted with blinkers and has won his last two starts, both at this course, over 1400m and 1600m respectively.
 
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Thu, 14 Aug 2014 07:26:15 -0700

4. ICYMI Craig Belhumeur did an interview with Jon Rothstein after he took in the Friars last practice before they left for Italy.Check out his podcast here. 5. New Friar Commit Alex Owens has been named to the USA South team for the upcoming Nike ...

Friar Basketball

Friar Basketball
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 12:30:00 -0700

PROVIDENCE, R.I. — Providence College Head Coach Ed Cooley announced the 2014-15 men's basketball team's non-conference schedule on Friday, August 29. The non-conference schedule is highlighted by a game versus SEC foe Kentucky (November ...
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