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Upright at 90 degrees is full or high Fowler's position. Other Fowler's positions are tilted back.

In medicine, Fowler's position is a standard patient position. It is an intervention used to promote oxygenation via maximum chest expansion and is implemented during events of respiratory distress. Fowler's position facilitates the relaxing of tension of the abdominal muscles, allowing for improved breathing. In immobile patients and infants, the Fowler's position alleviates compression of the chest due that occurs due to gravity. Fowler's position increases comfort during eating and other activities, is used in postpartum women to improve uterine drainage, and in infants when signs of respiratory distress present. The patient is placed in a semi-upright sitting position (45-60 degrees) and may have knees either bent or straight.[citation needed] Fowler's position is also used when oral or nasal gastric feeding tubes have been implemented as it minimizes the risk of aspiration. Peristalsis and swallowing are aided by the effect of gravitational pull.

There are several types of Fowler's positions: Low, Semi, Standard, and High Fowler's. Low Fowler's position is when the head of bed is elevated 15-30 degrees, Semi-Fowler's position is 30-45 degrees, Standard Fowler's is 45-60 degrees, and High Fowler's position is 80-90 degrees.

It is named for George Ryerson Fowler.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ synd/3035 at Who Named It?
  2. ^ G. R. Fowler. Diffuse septic peritonitis, with special reference to a new method of treatment, namely, the elevated head and trunk posture, to facilitate drainage into the pelvis, with a report of nine consecutive cases of recovery. The Medical Record, New York, 1900, 57: 617-623, 1029-1931.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fowler's_position — Please support Wikipedia.
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14 news items

ESPN (blog)

ESPN (blog)
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 17:24:39 -0700

Monday was also the kind of practice that gets a player in Fowler's position noticed even more. He followed a quality performance in a game with another quality performance in the next practice. So while what he had done against the Seahawks was fresh ...

Pro Golf Now

Pro Golf Now
Fri, 08 May 2015 04:37:01 -0700

Fowler's position in this survey is the one that really causes a debate. Prior to last year his popularity was puzzling at times considering he had won just once, yet to seriously contend in a major, and didn't even have a good Ryder Cup record to fall ...

Chicago Tribune

Chicago Tribune
Fri, 20 Feb 2015 17:07:30 -0800

Fowler's position flexibility is particularly intriguing. Pace explained Wednesday how he values that trait in constructing a defense that promises to include 4-3 alignments and varied formations. Fowler played linebacker until 10th grade, when he ...
The Morning Journal
Fri, 03 Apr 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Ritenauer noted the nature of Fowler's position invites constant criticism, insult and second guessing. But it is incumbent on Fowler to focus on the tasks at hand rather than engaging in that type of behavior even when others are engaging in that ...


Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:17:38 -0800

In fact, he not only recruited Fowler but, along with being UF's defensive coordinator, he was Fowler's position coach as well. In his only start that season, Fowler made a season-high five tackles, two for losses, and a sack. "Dante Fowler Jr. did a ...

Liverpool Echo

Liverpool Echo
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 09:16:48 -0700

Fowler was arrested in August 2013 while on a night out with a fellow teacher. He admitted possessing a class A drug but denied he had consumed any. The panel said in its judgment: “Mr Fowler's position is that although he was in possession of the ...


Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:18:54 -0800

Mr. Fowler's position is held by a vocal Cuban exile community that always wants to tighten the screws on Cuba. What they've really wanted, of course, is to tighten the screws on Fidel Castro and, more recently, on his slightly younger brother, Raul ...
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:39:41 -0700

If clinical circumstances allows, place obese patients in an upright or semi Fowler's position, depending on the degree of respiratory distress. This shifts the abdominal contents away from the diaphragm and improves ventilation. Even in patients who ...

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