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Upright at 90 degrees is full or high Fowler's position. Other Fowler's positions are tilted back.

In medicine, Fowler's position is a standard patient position. It is an intervention used to promote oxygenation via maximum chest expansion and is implemented during events of respiratory distress. Fowler's position facilitates the relaxing of tension of the abdominal muscles, allowing for improved breathing. In immobile patients and infants, the Fowler's position alleviates compression of the chest due that occurs due to gravity. Fowler's position increases comfort during eating and other activities, is used in postpartum women to improve uterine drainage, and in infants when signs of respiratory distress present. The patient is placed in a semi-upright sitting position (45-60 degrees) and may have knees either bent or straight.[citation needed] Fowler's position is also used when oral or nasal gastric feeding tubes have been implemented as it minimizes the risk of aspiration. Peristalsis and swallowing are aided by the effect of gravitational pull.

There are several types of Fowler's positions: Low, Semi, Standard, and High Fowler's. Low Fowler's position is when the head of bed is elevated 15-30 degrees, Semi-Fowler's position is 30-45 degrees, Standard Fowler's is 45-60 degrees, and High Fowler's position is 80-90 degrees.

It is named for George Ryerson Fowler.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ synd/3035 at Who Named It?
  2. ^ G. R. Fowler. Diffuse septic peritonitis, with special reference to a new method of treatment, namely, the elevated head and trunk posture, to facilitate drainage into the pelvis, with a report of nine consecutive cases of recovery. The Medical Record, New York, 1900, 57: 617-623, 1029-1931.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fowler's_position — Please support Wikipedia.
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13 news items


Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:03:45 -0800

In fact, he not only recruited Fowler but, along with being UF's defensive coordinator, he was Fowler's position coach as well. In his only start that season, Fowler made a season-high five tackles, two for losses, and a sack. "Dante Fowler Jr. did a ...


Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:18:54 -0800

Mr. Fowler's position is held by a vocal Cuban exile community that always wants to tighten the screws on Cuba. What they've really wanted, of course, is to tighten the screws on Fidel Castro and, more recently, on his slightly younger brother, Raul ...
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:39:41 -0700

If clinical circumstances allows, place obese patients in an upright or semi Fowler's position, depending on the degree of respiratory distress. This shifts the abdominal contents away from the diaphragm and improves ventilation. Even in patients who ...
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 15:52:30 -0700

Fowler's position through the years has been that a hyphen 'is not an ornament, but an aid to being understood, and should be employed only when it is needed for that purpose.' For example: 'The Russians would be well content if they could get all ...

Bleacher Report

Bleacher Report
Tue, 30 Jul 2013 14:46:48 -0700

With all of the recent hubbub surrounding Rory McIlroy, we sometimes forget that there are some other pretty darn good players out there who have yet to turn 25 years old. Due to the sophistication and growth of golf over the past 20 years, today's 25 ...
The Chattanoogan
Sun, 18 Aug 2013 18:00:58 -0700

Last week I commented on the fact that same-sex marriage advocates face a dilemma – will they actually tell people what they believe marriage is and why they believe it. But Collegedale, Tennessee, just outside Chattanooga, voted last week to recognize ...
Wed, 25 May 2011 19:34:16 -0700

And many atheists have written letters to the Bastrop High School administration expressing their support for Fowler's position and their opposition to the prayer. This support isn't only emotional, either. Emotional support is not trivial, of course ...
The George Washington University The GW Hatchet
Sun, 29 Jul 2007 12:07:54 -0700

Fowler's position as chair of the SA Senate Finance Committee makes him one of the most influential students on campus, having responsibility for the disbursement of about $450,000 for student organizations. SA Executive Vice President Brand Kroeger ...

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