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Upright at 90 degrees is full or high Fowler's position. Other Fowler's positions are tilted back.

In medicine, Fowler's position is a standard patient position. It is an intervention used to promote oxygenation via maximum chest expansion and is implemented during events of respiratory distress. Fowler's position facilitates the relaxing of tension of the abdominal muscles, allowing for improved breathing. In immobile patients and infants, the Fowler's position alleviates compression of the chest due that occurs due to gravity. Fowler's position increases comfort during eating and other activities, is used in postpartum women to improve uterine drainage, and in infants when signs of respiratory distress present. The patient is placed in a semi-upright sitting position (45-60 degrees) and may have knees either bent or straight.[citation needed] Fowler's position is also used when oral or nasal gastric feeding tubes have been implemented as it minimizes the risk of aspiration. Peristalsis and swallowing are aided by the effect of gravitational pull.

There are several types of Fowler's positions: Low, Semi, Standard, and High Fowler's. Low Fowler's position is when the head of bed is elevated 15-30 degrees, Semi-Fowler's position is 30-45 degrees, Standard Fowler's is 45-60 degrees, and High Fowler's position is 80-90 degrees.

It is named for George Ryerson Fowler.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ synd/3035 at Who Named It?
  2. ^ G. R. Fowler. Diffuse septic peritonitis, with special reference to a new method of treatment, namely, the elevated head and trunk posture, to facilitate drainage into the pelvis, with a report of nine consecutive cases of recovery. The Medical Record, New York, 1900, 57: 617-623, 1029-1931.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fowler's_position — Please support Wikipedia.
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Fowler's position.


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12 news items

The Morning Journal
Fri, 03 Apr 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Ritenauer noted the nature of Fowler's position invites constant criticism, insult and second guessing. But it is incumbent on Fowler to focus on the tasks at hand rather than engaging in that type of behavior even when others are engaging in that ...

Chicago Tribune

Chicago Tribune
Fri, 20 Feb 2015 17:11:09 -0800

Fowler's position flexibility is particularly intriguing. Pace explained Wednesday how he values that trait in constructing a defense that promises to include 4-3 alignments and varied formations. Fowler played linebacker until 10th grade, when he ...
Farmington Daily Times
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 11:29:03 -0700

Lorenzo Lee, a resident of Shiprock, places flowers outside the Division of Public Safety's Shiprock Police District headquarters on Friday. One of the division's officers, Alex Yazzie, was shot and killed and two others were injured after a shootout ...


Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:17:38 -0800

In fact, he not only recruited Fowler but, along with being UF's defensive coordinator, he was Fowler's position coach as well. In his only start that season, Fowler made a season-high five tackles, two for losses, and a sack. "Dante Fowler Jr. did a ...


Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:18:54 -0800

Mr. Fowler's position is held by a vocal Cuban exile community that always wants to tighten the screws on Cuba. What they've really wanted, of course, is to tighten the screws on Fidel Castro and, more recently, on his slightly younger brother, Raul ...
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:30:00 -0700

If clinical circumstances allows, place obese patients in an upright or semi Fowler's position, depending on the degree of respiratory distress. This shifts the abdominal contents away from the diaphragm and improves ventilation. Even in patients who ...
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 15:52:30 -0700

Fowler's position through the years has been that a hyphen 'is not an ornament, but an aid to being understood, and should be employed only when it is needed for that purpose.' For example: 'The Russians would be well content if they could get all ...
The Chattanoogan
Sun, 18 Aug 2013 18:00:58 -0700

Last week I commented on the fact that same-sex marriage advocates face a dilemma – will they actually tell people what they believe marriage is and why they believe it. But Collegedale, Tennessee, just outside Chattanooga, voted last week to recognize ...

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