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Fort Harmar
Part of the Northwest Territory of the United States
Marietta, Ohio
FortHarmar.jpg
Fort Harmar near Marietta by Joseph Gilman
FortHarmar plaque.jpg
Fort Harmar plaque at Marietta
Site history
Built 1785
Built by John Doughty
Battles/wars Northwest Indian War
Events Treaty of Fort Harmar
Garrison information
Past
commanders
Josiah Harmar, John Doughty, David Ziegler
Occupants United States troops
Fort Harmar
Location of Fort Harmar in Ohio
Location of Fort Harmar in Ohio
Location of Fort Harmar in Ohio
Location Marietta, Ohio
Coordinates 39°24′35.38″N 81°27′27.72″W / 39.4098278°N 81.4577000°W / 39.4098278; -81.4577000Coordinates: 39°24′35.38″N 81°27′27.72″W / 39.4098278°N 81.4577000°W / 39.4098278; -81.4577000
Governing body Private
Part of Harmar Historic District (#74001645)
Designated CP 1974

Fort Harmar was an early United States frontier military fort, built in pentagonal shape during 1785 at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, on the west side of the mouth of the Muskingum River. It was built under the orders of Colonel Josiah Harmar and took his name. The fort was intended for the protection of Indians, i.e., to prevent pioneer squatters from settling in the land to the northwest of the Ohio River. “The position was judiciously chosen, as it commanded not only the mouth of the Muskingum, but swept the waters of the Ohio, from a curve in the river for a considerable distance both above and below the fort.”[1]

It is notable as the site for the 1789 Treaty of Fort Harmar between the United States and several Native American tribes.

The presence of Fort Harmar was influential in the founding of Marietta, Ohio in 1788 to the east across the Muskingum. During the one-year anniversary celebration of the founding of Marietta, the physician Solomon Drowne said:

But to whom is this settlement more indebted than to the generous chieftain [Josiah Harmar] and other worthy officers of yonder fortress, distinguished by the name of Harmer [Fort Harmar]. With what cheerfulness and cordiality have ye ever entered into every measure promotive of the company's interest. Important is the station ye fill in every respect, and not least in this, that you seem reserved to exhibit to mankind a specimen of that military splendor, which ornamented the arms of America, and would do honor to the troops of any potentate on earth.[2]

The fort was abandoned and later demolished, as the area has been redeveloped for other uses, and Marietta expanded to the west side of the river. This area of Marietta is still referred to as Harmar. For instance, a group of historic buildings has been recognized as the Harmar Historic District when listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Nearby forts[edit]

The Campus Martius fortification of the Marietta settlement was built on the east side of the Muskingum and upriver from Fort Harmar during 1788, and fully completed in 1791 at the start of the Northwest Indian War. It was the first settlement of Marietta.

The Picketed Point fortification of Marietta was built in 1791 directly across the Muskingum from Fort Harmar, on the east side of the river's mouth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hildreth, Pioneer History, 317.
  2. ^ Hildreth, Pioneer History, 521.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hildreth, S. P.: Pioneer History: Being an Account of the First Examinations of the Ohio Valley, and the Early Settlement of the Northwest Territory, H. W. Derby and Co., Cincinnati, Ohio (1848).
  • Zimmer, Louise: More True Stories from Pioneer Valley, published by Sugden Book Store, Marietta, Ohio (1993), chapter 5 entitled David Ziegler.
  • Zimmer, Louise: True Stories of Pioneer Times, published by Broughton Foods company, Marietta, Ohio (1987), chapter 2 entitled Fort Harmar.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Harmar — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

28 news items

 
Parkersburg News
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 21:30:00 -0700

MARIETTA - City Council discussed options during a Wednesday streets committee meeting for evaluating and possibly reducing the impact of truck traffic on Fort Harmar Drive and Lancaster Street if the Ohio Department of Natural Resources approves ...

Marietta Times

Marietta Times
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 23:41:15 -0800

James was a veteran of the United States Army. He married Sue Anderson on Nov. 26, 1965. James worked as the Storeroom Administrator for the Ohio River Plant of AEP. He was an active member of the Fort Harmar Rifle Club, a Life Member of the NRA, ...
 
Marietta Times
Wed, 07 Apr 2010 05:54:18 -0700

You could say historian Bill Reynolds fell in love with Fort Harmar, the region's first frontier military fort, on his first trip to Marietta's Campus Martius Museum when he was 10 or 12 years old. "My parents brought me here... and I thought, 'Wow ...
 
Marietta Times
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 14:07:30 -0800

Due to the ongoing repair of a burst water main, Lancaster Street between Fort Harmar Drive and Bartlett Street is currently closed until further notice. Work on the line has been ongoing since the break was discovered Monday. Priority for repair crews ...

ThisWeekNews

ThisWeekNews
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:50:02 -0800

Among them was the Ohio Company of Associates who came ashore at Fort Harmar. Among the people on the flatboats descending the Ohio was the Goodale family. Cynthia Goodale became the first free child to step foot into Ohio. Other children had been ...

Parkersburg News

Parkersburg News
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 21:15:00 -0800

MARIETTA - A local oil and gas company is requesting a permit to locate four brine injection wells on property it owns near the Washington County Career Center on Ohio 676 just outside Marietta in Warren Township. The proposal has reportedly generated ...
 
Marietta Times
Fri, 20 Feb 2015 22:00:00 -0800

More than 110 Mid-Ohio Valley residents participated in the seventh year of free Marietta Community Gardening classes in the First Unitarian Universalist Church. Participants heard OSU Extension master gardeners Jim Couts and Sam Doak of Jubilee ...
 
Parkersburg News
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 21:18:45 -0700

MARIETTA - Nearly 20 youth from Ohio and West Virginia are spending the week learning about criminal justice and law enforcement in the Criminal Justice Youth Academy at Washington State Community College. Students who will be entering high school ...
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