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Fort Harmar
Part of the Northwest Territory of the United States
Marietta, Ohio
FortHarmar.jpg
Fort Harmar near Marietta by Joseph Gilman
Site history
Built 1785
Built by John Doughty
Battles/wars Northwest Indian War
Events Treaty of Fort Harmar
Garrison information
Past
commanders
Josiah Harmar, John Doughty, David Ziegler
Occupants United States troops
Fort Harmar plaque at Marietta
Fort Harmar
Location of Fort Harmar in Ohio
Location of Fort Harmar in Ohio
Location of Fort Harmar in Ohio
Location Marietta, Ohio
Coordinates 39°24′35.38″N 81°27′27.72″W / 39.4098278°N 81.4577000°W / 39.4098278; -81.4577000Coordinates: 39°24′35.38″N 81°27′27.72″W / 39.4098278°N 81.4577000°W / 39.4098278; -81.4577000
Governing body Private
Part of Harmar Historic District (#74001645)
Designated CP 1974

Fort Harmar was an early United States frontier military fort, built in pentagonal shape during 1785 at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, on the west side of the mouth of the Muskingum River. It was built under the orders of Colonel Josiah Harmar and took his name. The fort was intended for the protection of Indians, i.e., to prevent pioneer squatters from settling in the land to the northwest of the Ohio River. “The position was judiciously chosen, as it commanded not only the mouth of the Muskingum, but swept the waters of the Ohio, from a curve in the river for a considerable distance both above and below the fort.”[1]

It is notable as the site for the 1789 Treaty of Fort Harmar between the United States and several Native American tribes.

The presence of Fort Harmar was influential in the founding of Marietta, Ohio in 1788 to the east across the Muskingum. During the one-year anniversary celebration of the founding of Marietta, the physician Solomon Drowne said:

But to whom is this settlement more indebted than to the generous chieftain [Josiah Harmar] and other worthy officers of yonder fortress, distinguished by the name of Harmer [Fort Harmar]. With what cheerfulness and cordiality have ye ever entered into every measure promotive of the company's interest. Important is the station ye fill in every respect, and not least in this, that you seem reserved to exhibit to mankind a specimen of that military splendor, which ornamented the arms of America, and would do honor to the troops of any potentate on earth.[2]

The fort was abandoned and later demolished, as the area has been redeveloped for other uses, and Marietta expanded to the west side of the river. This area of Marietta is still referred to as Harmar. For instance, a group of historic buildings has been recognized as the Harmar Historic District when listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Nearby forts[edit]

The Campus Martius fortification of the Marietta settlement was built on the east side of the Muskingum and upriver from Fort Harmar during 1788, and fully completed in 1791 at the start of the Northwest Indian War. It was the first settlement of Marietta.

The Picketed Point fortification of Marietta was built in 1791 directly across the Muskingum from Fort Harmar, on the east side of the river's mouth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hildreth, Pioneer History, 317.
  2. ^ Hildreth, Pioneer History, 521.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hildreth, S. P.: Pioneer History: Being an Account of the First Examinations of the Ohio Valley, and the Early Settlement of the Northwest Territory, H. W. Derby and Co., Cincinnati, Ohio (1848).
  • Zimmer, Louise: More True Stories from Pioneer Valley, published by Sugden Book Store, Marietta, Ohio (1993), chapter 5 entitled David Ziegler.
  • Zimmer, Louise: True Stories of Pioneer Times, published by Broughton Foods company, Marietta, Ohio (1987), chapter 2 entitled Fort Harmar.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Harmar — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
400 videos foundNext > 

FT. HARMAR Machine Gun Shoot 2014

Filmed for self pleasure. I'm not affiliated with any companies or persons in this video.

Fort Harmar Machine Gun shoot

Millers MG shoot at Fort Harmar, 10/30/11.

Fort Harmar Machine Gun shoot pt 2

Location Of Old Fort Harmar

A US military post established in 1785 at Marietta, Ohio, this fort was already on the way to becoming obsolete when it was first established. It was the sit...

Fort Harmar Machine gun shoot 05/14 pt 1

Historic machine gun shoot.

Fort Harmar Rifle Club September 2014 IDPA Match

IDPA match at Fort Harmar Rifle Club on September 28th, 2014.

Historical Military Shoot at Fort Harmar Rifle Club

U.S. Navy 20mm OERLIKON 450 rpm anti-aircraft WW II Deck mounted!!

Historical Military Shoot at Fort Harmar Rifle Club

1917 browning water cooled machine gun.

Historical Military Shoot at Fort Harmar Rifle Club

Explosive targets make this event fun and interesting!

Historical Military Shoot at Fort Harmar Rifle Club

More exploding targets!

400 videos foundNext > 

67 news items

 
Frost Illustrated
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 07:48:45 -0700

Here's the rest of the story: If George Washington's Brigadier General Josiah Harmar would have been victorious four years earlier when he attacked Kekionga on October 20, 1790, today we would most likely be living in Fort Harmar, Ind. But ironically, ...
 
Marietta Times
Wed, 07 Apr 2010 05:54:18 -0700

You could say historian Bill Reynolds fell in love with Fort Harmar, the region's first frontier military fort, on his first trip to Marietta's Campus Martius Museum when he was 10 or 12 years old. "My parents brought me here... and I thought, 'Wow ...
 
Parkersburg News
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:41:15 -0700

Workman's dream became reality when he opened Classic Plastics Toy Store at Rinky Dink Flea Market, 404 Fort Harmar Drive. "Rink's has been a great venue for me to get started," said the shop owner. "I easily see anywhere between 250-350 people per ...
 
Parkersburg News
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 21:18:45 -0700

MARIETTA - A Marietta man who led police on a high-speed chase then crashed his vehicle into a power pole in late July is among 36 people indicted by a Washington County grand jury this week. On July 24 Anthony B. Martin, 28, of 700 Greenhill Road was ...
 
Parkersburg News
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 21:18:45 -0700

MARIETTA - Nearly 20 youth from Ohio and West Virginia are spending the week learning about criminal justice and law enforcement in the Criminal Justice Youth Academy at Washington State Community College. Students who will be entering high school ...
 
Marietta Times
Thu, 22 May 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Suited up in Under Armour, a sweater and a set of stiff leather and canvas pants and jacket, Michael Steinel gets ready to shoot his rifle in ranges across the country. Though he's only 17, the Lowell native is making waves for shooting in big-name ...

Marietta Times

Marietta Times
Tue, 03 Dec 2013 00:05:53 -0800

A little cold weather is not about to slow down a group of Marietta volunteers who want to make Marietta flourish. Launched less than six months ago with the goal of beautifying the city, Marietta in Bloom has been working on several planting and ...

Marietta Times

Marietta Times
Sun, 04 Aug 2013 23:36:24 -0700

Fun competitions held at Fort Harmar Rifle Club. August 5, 2013. By Sam Shawver - The Marietta Times (sshawver@mariettatimes.com) , The Marietta Times. Save | Post a comment |. WINGETT RUN - There was a little bit of the old west at the Fort Harmar ...
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