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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
Built by Major Tucker
In use 1850–1867
Materials wood
Demolished 1867
Garrison information
Past
commanders
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison streets
The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Built by Scholl,Louis; Jordan,Capt. Thomas
Architect Scholl, Louis, Based On Design By A J Downing
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000682
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp Drum and then Fort Drum.[2]

Construction[edit]

In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[3] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[3] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[3] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[4] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[4]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[4] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[3] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[3]

Operations[edit]

During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[5] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[5] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[5] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[4] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[5]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[6]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Military & Supply Forts on the Oregon Trail" (PDF). National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  4. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  5. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  7. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
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186 news items

 
Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 27 May 2015 17:00:00 -0700

#WILD BEAUTY: Historic photos of the Columbia River will be shown by John Laursen on May 29, at 7 p.m., at the Fort Dalles Readiness Center, 402 East Scenic Drive, The Dalles. Family that challenged the community to raise $100,000 for the children's ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 21 May 2015 15:18:45 -0700

#The Dalles Mayor Steve Lawrence this month, is an effort by the Fort Dalles Fourth Committee. #The proclamation stated “a nation must be reminded of the price of war and the debt owed to those who have died in war” and Hometown USA Days will “honor ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 07 May 2015 15:18:45 -0700

#The biggest change is that Summer Fest has been coordinated for the same time as the Fort Dalles Days Pro-Rodeo instead of taking place a week earlier. #The plan on Saturday, July 18, is to stage a variety of family activities from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 13 May 2015 13:37:30 -0700

#Participants then have the option of enjoying the fun at the Fort Dalles Fourth Wine Collection grand launch party at Maryhill Winery, 9774 Highway 14, Goldendale, from 4:30 to 7 p.m., with music, food and fun, and three wines, Rocket Red, Stars and ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 16 May 2015 16:03:45 -0700

#Not only did Lisa Farquharson, chamber director, and staff plan an event that was literally splashed with rainbow color, they also promoted the Fort Dalles Fourth Wine Collection grand launch party at Maryhill Winery in Goldendale, which took place on ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 09 May 2015 13:26:15 -0700

#Pytel teaches full-time in the college's renewable energy technology program, which is housed in the Fort Dalles Readiness Center on the college campus. #Pytel, who was a captain in the U.S. Army and has an extensive martial arts background, said the ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Fri, 15 May 2015 10:26:15 -0700

#Board chairman M.D. Van Valkenburgh opened Tuesday's meeting by talking about the success of a recent open house at the college's Fort Dalles Readiness Center, and made passing mention of “a recent violent incident” occurring in the same location.

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Fri, 01 May 2015 12:18:45 -0700

#ARLINGTON — The Arlington Jackpot Rodeo kicks off its 68th year May 2 and 3 in Arlington, east of The Dalles. #Events will begin Saturday, May 2 with a parade through downtown Arlington at 10 a.m. and the Queen's luncheon immediately following at the ...
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