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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
Built by Major Tucker
In use 1850–1867
Materials wood
Demolished 1867
Garrison information
Past
commanders
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison streets
The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Built by Scholl,Louis; Jordan,Capt. Thomas
Architect Scholl, Louis, Based On Design By A J Downing
Architectural style Gothic Revival
NRHP Reference # 71000682
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp Drum and then Fort Drum.[2]

Construction[edit]

In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[3] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[3] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[3] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[4] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[4]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[4] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[3] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[3]

Operations[edit]

During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[5] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[5] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[5] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[4] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[5]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[6]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Military & Supply Forts on the Oregon Trail" (PDF). National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  4. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  5. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  7. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
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367 news items

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 19 Jan 2016 15:26:15 -0800

The start of the 2015 rodeo was bittersweet, with the Fort Dalles Rodeo Association celebrating the 50th anniversary of the event while preparing to dismantle the Milt Tumilson Arena on River Road and liquidate its assets. The property was sold to an ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 11 Jul 2015 16:03:45 -0700

#Fort Dalles Days is July 10-19 in The Dalles, with lots of family-friendly activities scheduled, including the Fort Dalles Days NPRA Pro Rodeo July 16-18 and Summerfest July 18. #The Jamin' July Street Fest has been replaced with The Dalles Main ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 30 Jan 2016 15:48:45 -0800

#Linda Wilson will present, “Fairs, Rodeos, and Fort Dalles Riders.” Wilson follows up her 2013 program on women in rodeo competition with a look at the history of local horsemanship, as seen in rodeos and promoted by the riders. #Coffee and cookies ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 18 Jun 2015 12:18:45 -0700

#The annual Fort Dalles Days celebration offers almost two weeks of family activities, including the Fort Dalles Days NPRA Pro Rodeo July 16-18. #The Second Annual Chili Cook-off kicks things off Saturday, July 11. The cook-off is a benefit for Family ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Fri, 29 Jan 2016 11:30:00 -0800

2 at the Fort Dalles Readiness Center, 402 E. Scenic Drive. Hood River will host an English seminar Feb. 3 and Spanish Feb. 4 at Best Western Hood River Inn, 1108 East Marina Way. More info at saif.com/agseminar. All seminars run from 9:30 a.m. to 2:30 ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 11:45:00 -0700

#Doug Kirchhofer, president of the Fort Dalles Fourth Committee, said six veterans instead of one were chosen to lead the parade at 10 a.m. Saturday, July 4, because The Dalles has a higher population of veterans, 12 percent, than the national average ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Fri, 22 Jan 2016 15:48:43 -0800

#The great room at The Fort Dalles Readiness Center was filled to capacity as people turned out to see who had won the nominations. #Many sipped wine and beer provided by Rivertap while they enjoyed hors d'doeuvres and dinner catered by Cousins' ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 12:35:56 -0800

Gorge Roller Girls' Mountain Maven Lady 180 (#718) and teammate Kung Fu Lu (#09) struggle to block out the Rodeo City Roller Girls Jammer (with star on helmet) during a derby competition Saturday evening at the Fort Dalles Readiness Center armory in ...
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