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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
Built by Major Tucker
In use 1850–1867
Materials wood
Demolished 1867
Garrison information
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison streets
The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Built by Scholl,Louis; Jordan,Capt. Thomas
Architect Scholl, Louis, Based On Design By A J Downing
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000682
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp Drum and then Fort Drum.[2]


In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[3] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[3] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[3] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[4] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[4]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[4] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[3] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[3]


During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[5] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[5] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[5] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[4] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[5]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[6]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Military & Supply Forts on the Oregon Trail" (PDF). National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  4. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  5. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  7. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
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Weezy Carrying the American Flag at 2014 Fort Dalles Days Rodeo Tough Enough To Wear Pink Night.

Fort Dalles Fourth 2014

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181 news items

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 11:45:00 -0700

#Doug Kirchhofer, president of the Fort Dalles Fourth Committee, said six veterans instead of one were chosen to lead the parade at 10 a.m. Saturday, July 4, because The Dalles has a higher population of veterans, 12 percent, than the national average ...
Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 18 Jun 2015 12:18:45 -0700

#The annual Fort Dalles Days celebration offers almost two weeks of family activities, including the Fort Dalles Days NPRA Pro Rodeo July 16-18. #The Second Annual Chili Cook-off kicks things off Saturday, July 11. The cook-off is a benefit for Family ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 16:03:45 -0700

#Those who solve the mystery will be put in a drawing during Summerfest to win a ticket and souvenir package to the Pendleton Roundup, Fort Dalles Pro-Rodeo tickets, or an air conditioner from Pioneer Electric to help beat the July heat. #Summerfest is ...
Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 18 Jun 2015 12:30:00 -0700

#July 12 — Community worship and free BBQ, Sorosis Park, 5 to 7 p.m., followed by Pulpit Rock camp revival. #July 15 — Pioneer Camp at the Fort Dalles Museum, 500 W. 15th St., 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.. #July 16-19 — Fort Dalles Pro Rodeo, at the rodeo grounds.

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 11:11:15 -0700

#Fort Dalles Fourth President Doug Kirchhofer said, “I think it will be meaningful as we celebrate our independence to reflect on the amount of major conflicts we've endured over the last several decades and how many generations of Americans have been ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 13:37:30 -0700

FORT DALLES 'A' Hustler player Spencer Honald slashes an extra-basehit in an American Legion baseball game played Tuesday at Quinton Street Ballpark. In two games, the Hustlers swept Roosevelt, 31-3 and 13-3. Photo by Derek Wiley.
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 14:26:00 -0700

If you go to Fort Dalles Fourth, in The Dalles, you can start out your day relaxing with group yoga, before lining up to watch the parade. Live music and a family fun festival will follow, leading up to the popular pyrotechnic fireworks display over ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 12:07:30 -0700

#Fresh off a tryout session and a handful of practices, head coach Ed Ortega has his Fort Dalles 'A' Hustlers ready to hit the regular season in full bore for American Legion summer baseball action. #Ortega has a solid and versatile roster of 18 ...

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