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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
In use 1850–1867
Built by Major Tucker
Materials wood
Garrison information
Past
commanders
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison streets
The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Built by Scholl,Louis; Jordan,Capt. Thomas
Architect Scholl, Louis, Based On Design By A J Downing
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000682
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp Drum and then Fort Drum.[2]

Construction[edit]

In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[3] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[3] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[3] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[4] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[4]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[4] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[3] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[3]

Operations[edit]

During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[5] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[5] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[5] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[4] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[5]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[6]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Military & Supply Forts on the Oregon Trail". National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  4. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  5. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  7. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Fort Dalles Fourth 2014

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Friday July 16th 2010.

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Susan Buce dishes on Fort Dalles Days, the professional rodeo, Jammin' July, and the historical building tours. July 21, 2010.

Localite - Fort Dalles Days (part 2 of 3)

Susan Buce dishes on Fort Dalles Days, the professional rodeo, Jammin' July, and the historical building tours. July 21, 2010.

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6 news items

 
Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 14:22:30 -0700

For more information contact Laury Wymore at 541-436-0797. info@gorgeinnoven ture.com. FALL SCHEDULE: Fort Dalles Museum and the Anderson Homestead buildings will be on fall schedule beginning Monday, Oct. 29, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., 7 days a week.

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 15:18:45 -0700

#Just in time for Breast Cancer Awareness Month, the Mid-Columbia Health Foundation received a donation from the Fort Dalles Rodeo Association for the Breast Health for Strong Families Program. Through their Tough Enough to Wear Pink campaign, ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 12:07:30 -0700

#She greets cruise ships arriving at the new commercial dock and plans events for their passengers. She also arranges visits to the Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, Fort Dalles Museum and other places on both sides of the Columbia River that can ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 14:00:00 -0700

A few indoor and outdoor vendor spaces remain for qualifying residents of Hood River, Wasco, Klickitat, and Skamania counties. #October 29. #FALL SCHEDULE: Fort Dalles Museum and the Anderson Homestead buildings will be on fall schedule beginning ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 12:18:45 -0700

#The Wasco County Sheriff's Mounted Posse will host a ranch sorting clinic and competition Sunday, Oct. 19, at the Fort Dalles Riders Arena, 1023 Irving Street, The Dalles, with a clinic from 9 a.m. to noon and competition at 1:30 p.m.. #Cost of the ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 12:07:30 -0700

They asked for help from The Fort Dalles Rodeo Association, Earth Friendly 4H Club and Hood River 4H club to provide setup and take down of “base camp.” #• Dan Ross of Silverwire Productions was the entertainment liaison. #• St. Mary's Academy tackled ...
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