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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
In use 1850–1867
Built by Major Tucker
Materials wood
Garrison information
Past
commanders
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison streets
The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Built by Scholl,Louis; Jordan,Capt. Thomas
Architect Scholl, Louis, Based On Design By A J Downing
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000682
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp Drum and then Fort Drum.[2]

Construction[edit]

In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[3] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[3] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[3] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[4] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[4]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[4] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[3] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[3]

Operations[edit]

During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[5] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[5] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[5] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[4] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[5]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[6]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Military & Supply Forts on the Oregon Trail". National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  4. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  5. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  7. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4563 videos foundNext > 

Rock'n'Roll Cowgirls at the Fort Dalles Day Pro Rodeo 2012

Check out the fun weekend the team spent in sunny (and lightning storming) Fot Dalles, Oregon. They performed 3 nights of rodeo action with 2 new alternates ...

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Susan Buce dishes on Fort Dalles Days, the professional rodeo, Jammin' July, and the historical building tours. July 21, 2010.

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The Oregon National Guard held a dedication ceremony April 17 for the Fort Dalles Readiness Center at Columbia Gorge Community College.Maj. Gen. Daniel R. Ho...

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Fort Dalles Days Rodeo Steer Wrestling

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4 news items

 
Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 12:07:30 -0700

They asked for help from The Fort Dalles Rodeo Association, Earth Friendly 4H Club and Hood River 4H club to provide setup and take down of “base camp.” • Dan Ross of Silverwire Productions was the entertainment liaison. • St. Mary's Academy tackled ...

Dalles Chronicle

Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 12:08:28 -0700

Coleman said people who did not get their name chosen in the 2014 drawing that took place earlier this year at the Fort Dalles Readiness Center will be contacted to see if they are interested in 2015 hunts or fishing. There is no cost for a veteran to ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Out of that first event, the Fort Dalles Floozies were organized and have become well known in the community, as well as very popular with cruise ship passengers. #Another outcome of the event was a brochure entitled” Places of Historic Interest in The ...
 
Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 13:26:15 -0700

#ANNUAL EVENT: Fort Dalles Museum is pleased to welcome back the second annual Living History and Idaho Civil War Volunteers. This event has been expanded to include Union and Confederate camps and Dutch oven cooking, artillery and cannon ...
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