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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
In use 1850–1867
Built by Major Tucker
Materials wood
Garrison information
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison streets
The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Built by Scholl,Louis; Jordan,Capt. Thomas
Architect Scholl, Louis, Based On Design By A J Downing
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000682
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp Drum and then Fort Drum.[2]


In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[3] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[3] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[3] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[4] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[4]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[4] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[3] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[3]


During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[5] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[5] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[5] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[4] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[5]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[6]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Military & Supply Forts on the Oregon Trail". National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  4. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  5. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  7. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
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7 news items

Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 12:07:30 -0700

ANNUAL EVENT: Fort Dalles Museum welcomes back the second annual Living History and Idaho Civil War Volunteers. This event has been expanded to include Union and Confederate camps and Dutch oven cooking, artillery and cannon firing ...

San Diego Jewish World

San Diego Jewish World
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 00:10:16 -0700

By 1857, acquiescing to the popular French-Canadian name, the Army built more permanent structures, renaming the facility as Fort Dalles. Initially, the role of the fort was to help the westward-bound settlers on their journey, perhaps trading the ...
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 14:22:30 -0700

Tuesday – Mid-Columbia Loan Administration Board, 8 a.m., MCEDD office, 515 E. 2nd St. Agenda: loan modification/extension requests: Fort Dalles Electric, Inc., Van Kessel, Inc.; executive session; decisions following executive session. Wednesday ...
Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 11:56:15 -0700

LEADERS OF OREGON Health and Science University and Mid-Columbia Medical Center celebrate their growing affiliation Monday at Fort Dalles Readiness Center. Pictured from left are Dr. Joe Robertson, OHSU president; Duane Francis, MCMC CEO; and ...
Dalles Chronicle
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 12:07:30 -0700

Many of the top names were on display last Friday for the Fort Dalles Rodeo Golf Tournament on a sunny afternoon at The Dalles Country Club. After 18 holes and some clutch chip shots, level putts and deep drives, the team of Manny Patel, Craig Colquitt ...
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Agenda: 1, public comment, discussion; 1:30, Youth Empowerment Shelter; 2, APHIS budget request; 2:10, Ready to Read grant application; 2:20, Fort Dalles Museum bylaws and grounds use policy; 2:35, Region 35 700 mhz regional planning committee.
The Columbian
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:02:21 -0700

A work group of the Columbia River Gorge Commission will hold a series of meetings in the coming months to clarify urban boundaries within the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area. The scenic area, created by an act of Congress in 1986, includes ...

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