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Fort Dalles
The Dalles, Oregon at 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667Coordinates: 45°35′59″N 121°11′03″W / 45.5997222°N 121.1841667°W / 45.5997222; -121.1841667[1]
Fort Dalles Surgeons Quarters historic.jpg
The Surgeon’s Quarters of Fort Dalles
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1850
In use 1850-1867
Built by Major Tucker
Materials wood
Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters
Location 15th and Garrison Sts., The Dalles, Oregon
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built 1857
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000682[2]
Added to NRHP September 10, 1971
Garrison information
George Wright
Garrison 9th Infantry

Fort Dalles was a United States Army outpost located on the Columbia River at the present site of The Dalles, Oregon, in the United States. Built when Oregon was a territory, the post was used mainly for dealing with wars with Native Americans. The post was first known as Camp and then Fort Drum.[3]


In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory.[4] This Rifle Regiment established a military base at The Dalles on the Columbia River.[4] Built in 1850, the log fort was constructed under the supervision of Major Tucker.[4] Prior to the arrival of federal troops, the location had been used as a post by the militia of the Oregon Provisional Government under the command of Henry A. G. Lee during the Cayuse War and was named Fort Lee and Fort Wascopam.[5] The post was built at the site of the former Wascopam Mission operated by the Methodist Mission.[5]

New buildings were built from 1856 to 1858 under the direction of the commander Captain Thomas Jordan at a cost of nearly $500,000.[5] In 1858, the log fort was torn down and a new fort was constructed under the command of Colonel George Wright.[4] Wright was in command of the 9th Infantry. The site overlooked an encampment used by Lewis & Clark in October 1805.[4]


During the Yakima Wars Fort Dalles served as operational headquarters for the Army.[6] The garrison had eight companies of troops assigned during this time.[6] After these wars the post was downgraded to a quartermaster’s depot in 1861.[6] A fire burned down the officer’s quarters in 1866.[5] Fort Dalles was then abandoned in 1867.[6]

Fort Dalles Museum[edit]

The Fort Dalles Museum is located in the surgeon’s quarters built in 1856 during the Yakima Wars, and the only remaining officer's house from that period. Exhibits include arrowheads, military and pioneer artifacts, period antiques and photographs, tools, weapons, saddles, and information about the fort.[7]

The Anderson Homestead includes the 1895 Anderson House, which is a Swedish log house, a granary and a barn. Tours are included with admission to the museum.

There is also a building housing antique horse-drawn wagons and carriages, early automobiles and other vehicles.

The Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered one of Oregon's finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture.[8]


  1. ^ "Fort Dalles (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ Main page. Wasco County Historical Society. Retrieved on February 26, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  5. ^ a b c d Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  6. ^ a b c d "The City at The Dalles". Settling the Oregon Country. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  7. ^ http://www.historicthedalles.org/fort_dalles/fort-dalles_gallery.htm Surgeon's Quarters exhibits
  8. ^ "Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Fort Dalles, Oregon". Soldier and Brave. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Dalles — Please support Wikipedia.
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Check out the fun weekend the team spent in sunny (and lightning storming) Fot Dalles, Oregon. They performed 3 nights of rodeo action with 2 new alternates ...

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The Oregon National Guard held a dedication ceremony April 17 for the Fort Dalles Readiness Center at Columbia Gorge Community College.Maj. Gen. Daniel R. Ho...

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21 news items

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 15:41:15 -0700

The Oregon National Guard held a dedication ceremony for the Fort Dalles Readiness Center in The Dalles, Ore., April 17. Maj. Gen. Daniel R. Hokanson, the adjutant general, Oregon hosted Oregon Sens. Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley, Dr. Frank Toda, ...
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 22:46:49 -0700

THE FORT DALLES Readiness Center will loom tall above Scenic Drive with expansive views of the Columbia Gorge, as this rendering shows. The center is due for completion early next year on the Columbia Gorge Community College campus in The Dalles ...
Dalles Chronicle
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 12:36:21 -0700

Dr. Frank Toda, president of Columbia Gorge Community College, thanks members of the official party during dedication ceremonies at Fort Dalles Readiness Center, now home of Oregon National Guard Alpha Company, 3-116 Cavalry. Members of the ...
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 22:33:07 -0700

Tom was also a long-time Kiwanis member and one of the originators of the Kiwanis Steak Feed. During his time there, he got the idea to hold a buffalo feed as part of the Fort Dalles Rodeo events. They hunted the animals in the hills around The Dalles.
Dalles Chronicle
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 12:14:49 -0700

The captain said it is enjoyable to have the Fort Dalles Floozies on the pier to greet passengers from the ship. “You've put together a great dock and a great town to stop in,” he said. “It's fun to see the people turn out and embrace the whole thing ...
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 12 Apr 2014 15:18:45 -0700

... approval to purchase asphalt for street maintenance projects; approval of agreement with The Dalles Area Chamber of Commerce for tourism services; approval of compensation package for exempt employees; report regarding Fort Dalles Fourth of July ...
Dalles Chronicle
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 12:41:15 -0700

MARKER DEDICATION: On Friday, April 11, at 11 a.m., the public is invoted as the Celilo Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution dedicates a basalt marker at the Fort Dalles Museum to recognize the Surgeon's Quarters as the only remaining ...
Dalles Chronicle
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 16:26:15 -0700

... committee reports, opening schedule, bylaws, roof grant, web page, policy manual-staff job descriptions, bike-friendly certification and signage, Blue Book submission, cash register and credit card processing, draft grounds rental agreement, Fort ...

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